Coast Guard Administration (Taiwan)
The Coast Guard Administration of the Ocean Affairs Council (CGA; Chinese: 海洋委員會海巡署; pinyin: Hǎiyángwěiyuánhuì Hǎixúnshǔ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hái-iûⁿ Úi-oân-hōe Hái-sûn-sú), also known as the Taiwan Coast Guard or R.O.C. Coast Guard, is charged with maintaining law and order, protecting the resources of the territorial waters of the Republic of China (Taiwan), which surrounds Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu Islands, Green Island, Orchid Island, Pratas Island (Tungsha/Dongsha), and Nansha Islands as well as providing a first line of defense along coastal areas against smugglers and illegal immigrants. The CGA is considered a civilian law enforcement agency under the administration of the Ocean Affairs Council of the Executive Yuan, though during emergencies it may be incorporated as part of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
|Coast Guard Administration|
Hái-sûn-sú (Taiwanese Hokkien)
Logo of the Coast Guard Administration
|Formed||February 1, 2000|
|Parent agency||Ocean Affairs Council|
The Coast Guard Administration is headed by one minister and three deputy ministers. The CGA includes eight departments, one office and five task forces, as well as a Maritime Patrol Directorate General and a Coastal Patrol Directorate General. Its jurisdiction covers the waters surrounding Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, and the main island of Taiwan to ensure proper protection of the 1,819.8 kilometers coastline and 540,000 square kilometers of "Blue Territory," which is 15 times larger than the island of Taiwan.
Maritime Patrol Directorate GeneralEdit
- 1 - 16th Offshore Flotillas
- Northern, Southern, Central, and Eastern Flotilla Sectors
Coastal Patrol Directorate GeneralEdit
- Northern, Southern, Central, and Eastern Coastal Patrol Offices
Special Task UnitEdit
The Special Task Unit is an elite special forces unit of the CGA similar to the Military Police Special Services Company or the National Police Agency’s Thunder Squad. During the 36th annual Han Kuang exercises they participated alongside special operations units from other branches in anti-decapitation drills.
Article two of the Coast Guard Law splits the responsibilities of the CGA into three zones, their core area (Shoreline to the end of the Exclusive Economic Zone), Waters temporarily or tentatively within the area of law enforcement, and International waters fisheries patrol.
This includes all land within 500 meters of the high tide line, Territorial waters (extending 12 nm from shoreline), the Contiguous zone (extending 24 nm from shore), and the Exclusive Economic Zone (extending 200 nm from shore).
Waters temporarily or tentatively within the area of law enforcementEdit
These are waters within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) were Taiwanese EEZs overlap with those of neighboring nations "where negotiations for delimitation have not yet reached a consensus."
The CGA was established on 1 February 2000, combining the Coast Guard Command (formerly under the Ministry of Defense), the Marine Police Bureau (formerly under the National Police Administration, Ministry of Interior), and several cutters from the Taiwan Directorate General of Customs, Ministry of Finance. The CGA formally unifies coastal and maritime law enforcement agencies.
It has seen a great deal of action for a young agency, participating in numerous search and rescue and anti-smuggling operations. The Coast Guard Administration was also recently involved in escorting Taiwanese fishing boats into waters disputed with Japan claimed by both sides as part of their exclusive economic zones.
In May 2019 the CGA detained two Chinese fishing vessels for illegally fishing inside Taiwan's territorial waters. One vessel was 0.4 nautical miles off Taiwanese shores while the other was 2.1 nautical miles offshore.
In May 2019 the CGA rescued six fishermen aboard a burning boat nineteen miles offshore. Five fisherman were picked up by cutter while the most seriously injured was airlifted to hospital by helicopter. All fishermen survived the ordeal although three required hospitalization.
On March 16 2020 the patrol boats CP-1022 and CP-2006 of the 9th Offshore Flotilla based on Kinmen were attacked by ten Chinese speedboats. They had been assisting a Kinmen County Government Fisheries Research Institute patrol boat in clearing fishing nets illegally left in Taiwanese waters by Chinese fishermen when they came under attack from the men in speedboats throwing rocks and bottles. During the incident CP-1022 was rammed at speed and lost the function of two of their three engines and its hull was damaged. The CGA responded to the attack using less lethal means including stun grenades and bean bag rounds which caused the attacking boats to retreat.
In July 2020 the CGA arrested all 18 crew members of a Chinese fishing vessel caught fishing illegally in Taiwanese waters. The interdiction followed an increase in illegal fishing in Taiwanese waters by Chinese fishing vessels.
Between January and July of 2020 the CGA chased 2,988 Chinese sand dredging vessels out of Taiwanese waters. In July 2020 the CGA seized a dredging vessel and arrested its eight crew as a warning to the rest.
Some people in Taiwan[who?] still regard the Coast Guard Administration as an intelligence agency due to its root. Indeed, the land branch of the Coast Guard Administration is inherited from the former Taiwan Garrison Command. As a result, a lot of intelligence personnel from the Military Police Command or the late Taiwan Garrison Command are still in the ROCCGA.
There are several mobile investigative groups subordinated to four corresponding areas of responsibility of the Coastal Patrol Directorate General. All mobile investigative groups of the Coast Guard Administration are tasked to perform intelligence-gathering mission of State Security. While executing such intelligence-gathering function, The Coast Guard Administration is subjected to the supervisory and coordination from the National Security Bureau.
The CGA cooperates with Japan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, and Vietnam in operations to counter human trafficking and drug smuggling. The CGA and the Japan Coast Guard conduct annual exercises and visits. The CGA and the Philippines Coast Guard have conducted tabletop exercises and drills. The CGA and the US Coast Guard cooperate on monitoring longline fishing, maritime law enforcement, human trafficking, and drug smuggling.
In 2010 the CGA held their first ever drill with China's Maritime Search and Rescue Center. The drill, which simulated a ferry disaster between Kinmen and Xiamen, included 14 vessels, 3 helicopters, and 400 personal. Due to the tense relations between the two countries participating forces used drill flags instead of their national flags and emblems. The second drill in 2012 involved 18 vessels and two helicopters from Taiwan, as well as 11 ships and one helicopter from China. A third drill in 2014 featured 33 vessels, four helicopters, and 550 personnel.
In 2020 the CGA and Chinese authorities worked out a standard operating procedure for dealing with illegal sand dredging by Chinese vessels. From implementation to December 2020 Chinese authorities had taken action in 64 cases and impounded 23 ships which demonstrated to the CGA that the Chinese were serious about cooperating on the issue.
Future of the CGAEdit
As of 2019 the CGA planned to construct a total of 141 ships, including four 4000-tonne, six 1000-tonne, 12 600-tonne, 17 100-tonne, 52 35-tonne patrol ships and 50 coastal multi-purposed ships, by 2027.
In 2021 the CGA had more than 200 vessels.
In 2021 President Tsai Ing-wen ordered the name “Taiwan” to be prominently displayed on all vessels to avoid confusion with the People’s Republic of China Coast which is engaged in a grey-zone campaign against Taiwan and other neighboring countries.
Cutters and Patrol BoatsEdit
|Over 100 Tones|
|Name||Hull number||Class||Displacement (full load)||Builder||Year of enroling||Year of decommissioning|
|Ho-Hsing||CG101||1,800-ton class||1,823 tones||China Shipbuilding Corporation||1992|
|Mo-Hsing||CG105||800-ton class||917 tones||Wilton-Fijenoord||1988|
|Pao-Hsing||CG107||500-ton class (Pao-Hsing)||694 tones||China Shipbuilding Corporation||1980||2008|
|Te-Hsing||CG109||500-ton class (Te-Hsing)||701 tones||USUKI SHIPYARD CO., LTD.||1977||2014|
|Hsun-Hsing||CG110||300-ton class||264 tones||China Shipbuilding Corporation||1986||2005|
|Taipei||CG116||500-ton class (Taipei)||742 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2001|
|Taichung||CG117||600-ton class||827 tones||Ching Fu Shipbuilding||2001|
|Nantou||CG122||500-ton class (Nantou)||742 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2005|
|Kimmen||CG123||500-ton class (Kimmen)||688 tones||2008|
|Tainan||CG126||2,000-ton class||2,105 tones||2011|
|Xinbei||CG127||2,077 tones||CSBC Corporation||2013|
|Yilan||CG128||Yilan-class patrol vessel (3,000-ton class)||3,719 tons||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2015|
|Miaoli||CG131||1,000-ton class||1,899 tones||2015|
|Anping||CG601||Anping-class offshore patrol vessel (600-ton class)||(TBD)||2020|
|Chiayi||CG5001||Chiayi-class patrol vessel (4,000-ton class)||(TBD)||CSBC Corporation||2020|
|(TBD)||CG1001||1,000-ton class||(TBD)||(TBD)||Under planning|
|Hsun-Hu No.1||800-ton class||1,127 tones||United Shipbuilding (Taiwan)||1992|
|Hsun-Hu No.2||400-ton class||839 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||1992||2013|
|Hsun-Hu No.5||100-ton class||140 tones||Feng-Kuo Shipbuilding||1992||2014|
|Hsun-Hu No.6||300-ton class||228 tones||Feng-Kuo Shipbuilding||1992|
|Hsun-Hu No.7||1,000-ton class||1,915 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company||2011|
|Under 100 Tones|
|Class||In service||Hull numbers||Displacement (full load)||Builder|
|100-ton class 1st generation type 1||8||PP-10001
|103 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company|
|100-ton class 1st generation type 2||10||PP-10011
|103 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company |
|100-ton class 2nd generation||3||PP-10025
|118 tones||Jong Shyn Shipbuilding Company|
|100-ton class 3rd generation type 1||3||PP-10028
|95 tones||Lungteh Shipbuilding|
|100-ton class 3rd generation type 2||21
(total 35 in future)
|95 tones||Ching Fu Shipbuilding|
|60-ton class||5||PP-6001,PP-6002,PP-6005,PP-6006,PP-6007||68 tones||Lungteh Shipbuilding|
|55-ton class||10||PP-5501,PP-5502,PP-5503,PP-5505,PP-5506,PP-5507,PP-5508,PP-5509,PP-5510,PP-5511||82 tones||(unknown)|
|50-ton class 1st generation type 1||13||PP-5001,PP-5002,PP-5003,PP-5005,PP-5006,PP-5007,PP-5008,PP-5010,PP-5011,PP-5012,PP-5013,PP-5015,PP-5016||56 tones||Lungteh Shipbuilding|
|50-ton class 1st generation type 2||14||PP-5017,PP-5019,PP-5020,PP-5021,PP-5022,PP-5023,PP-5025,PP-5026,PP-5027,PP-5028,PP-5029,PP-5030,PP-5031,PP-5032||76 tones||TC Yachts|
|50-ton class 2nd generation||9||PP-5033,PP-5035,PP-5037,PP-5038,PP-5039,PP-5050,PP-5051,PP-5052,PP-5053||56 tones||Lungteh Shipbuilding|
|35-ton class 1st generation||28||PP-3501,PP-3502,PP-3503,PP-3505,PP-3506,PP-3507,PP-3508,PP-3509,PP-3510,PP-3511,PP-3512,PP-3513,PP-3516,PP-3517,PP-3518,PP-3519,PP-3520,PP-3521,PP-3522,PP-3523,PP-3525,PP-3526,PP-3527,PP-3528,PP-3529,PP-3530,PP-3531,PP-3532||29 tones||(unknown)|
|35-ton class 2nd generation||24||PP-3535,PP-3536,PP-3537,PP-3538,PP-3539,PP-3550,PP-3552,PP-3553,PP-3555,PP-3556,PP-3557,PP-3558,PP-3559,PP-3560,PP-3561,PP-3562,PP-3563,PP-3565,PP-3566,PP-3567,PP-3568,PP-3572,PP-3576,PP-3580||33 tones||Lungteh Shipbuilding|
|30-ton class||13||PP-3002,PP-3003,PP-3005,PP-3006,PP-3007,PP-3009,PP-3011,PP-3012,PP-3015,PP-3016,PP-3017,PP-3018,PP-3019||29 tones||Lungteh Shipbuilding|
|20-ton class||45||PP-2001,PP-2003,PP-2005,PP-2006,PP-2007,PP-2008,PP-2009,PP-2010,PP-2012,PP-2013,PP-2015,PP-‐2016,PP-2017,PP-2018,PP-2019,PP-2021,PP-2022,PP-‐2023,PP-2025,PP-2027,PP-2028,PP-2029,PP-2030,PP-2031,PP-2032,PP-2033,PP-2035,PP-2036,PP-2037,PP-2038,PP-2050,PP-2051,PP-2052,PP-2053,PP-2055,PP-2056,PP-2058,PP-2059,PP-2060,PP-2061,PP-2062,PP-2063,PP-2065,PP-2066,PP-2067||21 tones||Lungteh Shipbuilding|
- RB-01 (Search/Rescue Boat)
- RB-02 (Search/Rescue Boat)
- RB-03 (Search/Rescue Boat)
- Type CP-1001 (Rubber raft) x9
- Type SF-801 (Speedboat) x6
- Type PP-601 (Speedboat) x9
Helicopters and dronesEdit
- MBB/Kawasaki BK 117B-2 light utility
- Eurocopter AS365 N2 Dauphin medium utility/search and rescue helicopter
- Sikorsky S-76 Spirit medium utility/search and rescue helicopter
- Boeing B-234 heavy transport helicopter
- Bell UH-1H utility helicopter
- 20 x AVIX AXH E320RS drone helicopters
Ministers (CGA under Executive Yuan)Edit
|№||Name||Term of Office||Days||Premier|
|25 January 2006||7 December 2014||3238||Su Tseng-chang|
Chang Chun-hsiung II
|8 December 2014||19 May 2016||528||Mao Chi-kuo|
|20 May 2016||27 April 2018||1740||Lin Chuan|
Su Tseng-chang II
Chairpersons (CGA under Ocean Affairs Council)Edit
|№||Name||Term of Office||Days||Premier|
|28 April 2018||13 February 2019||291||William Lai|
Su Tseng-chang II
|19 February 2019||1 October 2020||590||Su Tseng-chang II|
|1 October 2020||31 December 2020||91||Su Tseng-chang II|
|31 December 2020||incumbent||54||Su Tseng-chang II|
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- ROC Coast Guard Administration Website (in English)