Liu Chao-shiuan (Chinese: 劉兆玄; pinyin: Liú Zhàoxuán; born 10 May 1943) is a Taiwanese educator and politician. He is a former president of the National Tsing Hua University (1987–1993) and Soochow University (2004–2008) and a former Premier of the Republic of China (2008–2009).

Liu Chao-shiuan
2007SCUltraMarathon Day1 Chao-hsuian Liu.jpg
Premier of the Republic of China
In office
20 May 2008 – 10 September 2009
PresidentMa Ying-jeou
DeputyPaul Chiu
Preceded byChang Chun-hsiung
Succeeded byWu Den-yih
2nd Central Committee of the Kuomintang
In office
20 May 2008 – 10 September 2009
Preceded byMa Ying-jeou
Succeeded byWu Den-yih
Vice Premier of the Republic of China
In office
11 December 1997 – 20 May 2000
PremierVincent Siew
Preceded byJohn Chiang
Succeeded byYu Shyi-kun
Minister of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China
In office
27 February 1993 – 9 June 1996
Preceded byEugene Chien
Succeeded byTsay Jaw-yang
Personal details
Born (1943-05-10) 10 May 1943 (age 76)
Liuyang, Hunan, Republic of China
NationalityRepublic of China
Political partyKuomintang
Alma materNational Taiwan University (BS)
Université de Sherbrooke (MS)
University of Toronto (Ph.D.)

Early lifeEdit

Liu was born in Liuyang, Hunan in 1943. He received his bachelor's degree from National Taiwan University in 1965, a master's from Université de Sherbrooke in 1968,[1] and a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 1971.[2] Dr. Liu earned all of his academic degrees in the field of chemistry.

Liu is also an author, and, together with two of his brothers, has published novels of ancient Chinese rovers practicing martial arts under a pen name called "Shangguan Ding" (上官鼎).

Liu started to receive public attention when he was the President of National Tsing-hua University in Hsinchu before 1993. At that time, he and his school had just successfully hosted the annual unified college-entrance examinations in Taiwan. He became the President of Soochow University in 2004.

His nephew is Citizen University founder Eric Liu, who was a White House speechwriter and policy adviser for President Bill Clinton of the United States.

ROC Transportation MinistryEdit

Liu was subsequently served as Minister of Transportation from 1993 to 1996.

ROC Vice PremiershipEdit

Liu next served as the Vice Premier from 1997 to 2000.

ROC PremiershipEdit

In April 2008, Liu was asked by current President Ma Ying-jeou to serve as the Premier of the Republic of China. He accepted the post and his term as Premier took effect with Ma's incoming administration on 20 May 2008.

Liu and his Cabinet resigned en masse on 10 September 2009, with Wu Den-yih succeeding the post of Premiership.

Liu had suffered mounting criticism over the aftermath of Typhoon Morakot, and had initially tendered his resignation to President Ma in mid-August. Liu, however, was asked by President Ma to remain and oversee initial relief efforts as they were carried out. Liu said, during his resignation announcement, that 90% of subsidies have been distributed and 92% of those displaced have been temporarily relocated.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Alma mater" (in French). Université de Sherbrooke. October 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2008.
  2. ^ The Rose Wolfe Distinguished Alumni Award
  3. ^ "Taiwan premier quits over typhoon response -". CNN. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
Academic offices
Preceded by
Mao Kao-wen
President of National Tsing Hua University
Succeeded by
Richard Lee
Preceded by
Liu Yuanjun
President of Soochow University
Succeeded by
Ma Chun-mei
Political offices
Preceded by
Eugene Chien
Minister of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China
Succeeded by
Tsay Jaw-yang
Preceded by
Chang Chun-hsiung
Premier of the Republic of China
Succeeded by
Wu Den-yih
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ma Ying-jeou
Central Committee of the Kuomintang
Succeeded by
Wu Den-yih