Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) is a NATO programme to acquire an airborne ground surveillance capability (Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program on the Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk). The NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance Force (NAGSF) was activated in September 2015, after it was formally agreed on the configuration of the unit responsible for operating the remotely piloted aircraft.
|NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance Force|
|Active||September 2015 – present|
|Role||Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance|
|Part of||Allied Air Command|
|Commander||Brigadier General Andrew M. Clark|
In a similar fashion as with Strategic Airlift Capability the program is run by 15 NATO member states: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the United States.
The NAGSF comprises five RQ-4D Phoenix remotely piloted aircraft and the associated European-sourced ground command and control stations, and is based at AGS Main Operating Base in Sigonella, Italy. A number of 400 AGS personnel is deployed at Sigonella. Additionally, a small number of AGS staff elements are based at Allied Command Operations in Mons, Belgium and at Allied Air Command in Ramstein, Germany.
The programme originated in NATO's Defence Planning Committee in 1992, with the capability acquisition being defined in 1995. It was initially intended to be based on already existing or in development ground surveillance assets, later also including systems based on American or European radar. These approaches failed to obtain sufficient support however.
In 2004, NATO decided to move forward with a "mixed-fleet approach". The air segment was to include Airbus A321 aircraft and Global Hawk UAVs, while the ground segment was to comprise an extensive set of fixed and deployable ground stations. Due to declining European defence budgets, it was decided to drop the mixed-fleet approach in 2007, in favor of a simplified approach based on an air segment of Global Hawk Block 40 UAV and its associated MP-RTIP sensor, while the ground segment was to remain unchanged.
In September 2009, the NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance Management Agency (NAGSMA) was established after the participating countries agreed on the Programme Memorandum of Understanding (PMOU). At the 2010 Lisbon summit, the AGS featured as one of the most pressing capability needs of the Alliance. A procurement contract was signed with Northrop Grumman on 20 May 2012.
AGS was scheduled to reach initial operational capability by the end of 2017 with a main operating base at Sigonella Air Base, Italy. From 2016 to 2019, a number of test flights took place in order to develop and test AGS capabilities. These included the first remote controlled flight from the AGS Main Operating Base in Sigonella at the end of 2017.
First Global Hawk Block 40 UAVs destined for the NATO AGS program rolled off Northrop Grumman production line in Palmdale, California on 4 June 2015. One arrived at Edwards Air Force Base on December 19, 2015 completing its first flight and the rest stayed in plant 42 located in Palmdale.
In July 2017, the USAF assigned the Mission Designation Series (MDS) of RQ-4D to the NATO AGS air vehicle.
The first RQ-4D aircraft arrived at Sigonella Air Base (NAS2) on 21 November 2019. At that time, all five aircraft were undergoing developmental test flights. Initial operational capability (IOC) was expected in the first half of 2020. The last RQ-4D aircraft arrived on 12 November 2020. Initial operational capability was achieved in February 2021.
In 2015, AGS participated in exercise Trident Juncture 2015 from NATO AGS Capability Testbed (NACT) in The Hague, Netherlands. During Unified Vision 2016, AGS took part in an interoperability trial with NATO AWACS E-3A for two weeks.
Since 2022, the NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance drones conducted multiple missions on eastern flank of the Alliance, mainly in the Black Sea region, following Russia's invasion of Ukraine. On 13 September 2023 an AGS drone flew for the first time over Finland. The mission came as NATO continues to step up reconnaissance missions on the eastern flank. The mission also helped operators familiarize themselves with the new terrain.
See also Edit
- "NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance continues progress made with new Commander". ac.nato.int. 12 July 2022.
- "Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS)". nato.int. 4 September 2023.
- Progress on AGS with completion of first NATO-owned air vehicle, First NATO's RQ-4s roll of the production line.
- Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS), NATO is acquiring the Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) system that will give commanders a comprehensive picture of the situation on the ground.
- First Global Hawk UAV Rolls off the Line, The first of NATO's five unmanned air vehicles rolled off the factory line in San Diego on Thursday, June 4, 2015.
- Northrop Grumman unveils NATO's first Global Hawk UAV, Northrop Grumman rolled out NATO's first RQ-4B Block 40 Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for the Allied Ground Surveillance (AGS) programme on 4 June
- NATO AGS arrives at Edwards Archived 2016-01-06 at the Wayback Machine, NATO's first Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) aircraft arrived at Edwards December 19.
- "NATO AGS RQ-4D AIR SEGMENT AND PILOT TRAINER CONFIGURATION CONTROL. PREPARATION, ASSESSMENT AND APPROVAL OF CONFIGURATION CHANGES FOR THE CONTINUED AIRWORTHINESS IMPLEMENTATION" (PDF). Ministero Della Difesa. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-10-09. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- "First NATO AGS remotely piloted aircraft ferries to Main Operating Base in Italy". North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
- "Fifth Phoenix aircraft arrives at the AGS Main Operating Base". NATO. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-11-13.
- "NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance Force achieves Initial Operational Capability".
- Jay B. Vizcarra (March 2018). "NATO E-3A and AGS Interoperability". The journal of the JAPCC (25 ed.).
- "NATO surveillance drone conducts first mission over Finland". nato.int. 13 September 2023.
- Thomas Nilsen (14 September 2023). "NATO drone on first time mission over Finland". thebarentsobserver.com.