MultiCam is a camouflage pattern designed for use in a wide range of conditions produced by Crye Precision. Variants of it, some unlicensed, are in use with armed forces worldwide. The pattern is also available for civilian usage.
A computerized rendering of a swatch of MultiCam
|Type||Military camouflage pattern|
|Place of origin||United States of America|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||War in Afghanistan|
MultiCam variants made in other countries
|Variants||Arid, Tropic, Alpine, Black|
See Variants for MultiCam camos made in other countries
First unveiled and designed in 2002, MultiCam was designed for the use of the U.S. Army in varied environments, seasons, elevations, and light conditions. It is a seven-color, multi-environment camouflage pattern developed by Crye Precision in conjunction with United States Army Soldier Systems Center.
The pattern was included in the U.S. Army's move to replace the 3-Color Desert and Woodland patterns, but in 2004 lost to the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) that came to be used in the Army Combat Uniform. Nonetheless, it remained in limited use by the Army in the mid-to-late 2000s for its "Future Force Warrior" program demonstrations.
MultiCam was re-commissioned by the U.S. Army in 2010, replacing UCP for units deploying to fight in the War in Afghanistan, under the designation, Operation Enduring Freedom Camouflage Pattern (OEF-CP). It had already been used by some American special operations units and civilian law enforcement agencies. The U.S. Army is scheduled to discontinue the use of UCP in October 2019.
MultiCam is available for commercial sale to civilians.
A version of MultiCam has been adopted by the armed forces of the United Kingdom as the Multi-Terrain Pattern (MTP), replacing their previous DPM camouflage. MTP retains the color palette of Multicam but incorporates shapes similar to the previous DPM scheme. After using the Multicam scheme in Afghanistan, Australia has also adopted its own version, combining the pattern of Multicam with the color palette of its earlier DPCU / Auscam pattern.
On 25 November 2013, Crye Precision unveiled a family of MultiCam variants. The variants are designed for arid, tropical, and snow-covered environments, plus a black variant for use by law enforcement tactical teams.
MultiCam has a background of a brown to light tan gradient, overprinted with a dark green, olive green, and lime green gradient and a top layer of opaque dark brown and cream-colored shapes spread throughout the pattern. This allows for the overall appearance to change from predominantly green to predominantly brown in different areas of the fabric, while having smaller shapes to break up the larger background areas.
The MultiCam color scheme in Hex triplet is as follows:(i) Cream 524 B8A78B; (ii) Dark Brown 530 48352F; (iii) Tan 525 967860; (iv) Brown 529 6F573F; (v) Dark Green 528 5A613F; (vi) Olive 527 8C7D50; and (vii) Pale Green 526 85755C.
Non-licensed copies of the original pattern will often have slightly different colors, creating an altered overall effect.
On 19 November 2010, after trials by Australian special operations forces, the Australian Defence Force announced that Multicam will be standard for all regular Australian Army personnel in Afghanistan. Multicam, it is said, provided "... troops with greater levels of concealment across the range of terrains in Afghanistan – urban, desert and green." Previously, depending upon the terrain, Australian troops had to transition between green and desert colored Australian Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniforms (DPCU or AUSCAM). On 30 May 2011 the Defence Material Organisation announced that they had obtained licence to produce Multicam in Australia for US$4.7 million and Crye would also design a new uniquely Australian pattern for another US$3.1 million.
The Australian Army decided to standardize MultiCam-patterned uniforms starting in October 2014 called the Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform (AMCU). The AMCU is manufactured domestically by Australian Defence Apparel and Pacific Brands Workwear Group and comes in two variations, field and combat, using a tested Australian Multi-Camouflage Pattern that can operate in bush, desert, and jungle conditions. Previous Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniforms and Australian MultiCam Pattern Operational Combat Uniforms will be worn until all Army personnel have been issued with the AMCU.
A domestic variant of MultiCam is in use with the Georgian Armed Forces as standard issue for all military branches as well as special units of the MIA and State Security. The pattern got adopted somewhere in 2010 replacing the DWC and MARPAT and since has been produced in a slightly altered version that fits better to the local environment.
The colors of the Multicam pattern were also used in the development of the British Forces Multi-Terrain Pattern (MTP). British forces deployed in Afghanistan used the Multi-Terrain Pattern from March 2010 onwards. The colors used in Crye's MultiCam technology were determined to be the best performing, across the widest range of environments (by a significant margin) when compared with the two existing Disruptive Pattern Material (DPM) designs in use at the time and was subsequently selected as the basis for the new MTP camouflage, combined with the existing DPM base pattern.
MultiCam is currently in use by the U.S. Special Operations Command, and some private military contractors. Several members of the U.S. Army's Charlie Company, 2d Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment were also seen wearing MultiCam when followed by ABC News. In 2010, U.S. soldiers deployed to Afghanistan were issued MultiCam versions of the Army Combat Uniform, as the existing Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) was found to be inadequate for the terrain.
In May 2014, the Army selected a pattern similar to MultiCam called Scorpion W2 to replace UCP, naming it the Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP). The original Scorpion pattern was jointly developed by Crye Precision and the Army for the Objective Force Warrior program in 2002, and Crye made small adjustments for trademark purposes to create MultiCam. Because Scorpion is similar to MultiCam, the same color Velcro, buttons, and zippers can be reused. OCP resembles MultiCam with muted greens, light beige, and dark brown colors, but uses fewer beige and brown patches and no vertical twig and branch elements. On 31 July 2014, the Army formally announced that OCP would begin being issued in uniforms in summer 2015. Soldiers are allowed to wear uniforms and field equipment patterned in MultiCam until they can acquire OCP, which is allowed until MultiCam uniforms' wear-out date projected on 1 October 2018. Beginning October 1, 2018, USAF personnel will begin transition from ABU's to OCP until 2021.
Some local, state and federal law enforcement agencies also make use of the pattern, including the Drug Enforcement Administration's Foreign-deployed Advisory and Support Teams (FAST) teams operating in Afghanistan as well as the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's Special Reaction Team, the Spokane, Washington Police Department, and the Oregon State Police SWAT team.
- Angola: Used by parachute units of Special Operation Brigade of the Angolan Army.
- Argentina: All the Guarnicion Militar Buenos Aires, Guarnicion de Ejercito City Bell & All Special Forces. In June/September[when?] will be the Standard of the Argentinian Army. As of August 2015, the entirety of the Argentine Army has the uniform as standard issue.
- MultiCam: Currently used by Special Operations Command and Police Tactical Groups.
- Australian Multicam Camouflage Uniform (derived from MultiCam): Adopted by the Australian Defence Force for general issue from 2014 onwards, replacing the Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniform and the Australian MultiCam Pattern Operational Combat Uniform patterns.
- Austria: Austrian Special Forces (Jagdkommando) and troops deployed to Afghanistan of the Austrian Armed Forces (Bundesheer).
- Brazil: Used by Comando de Operações Táticas of the Polícia Federal.
- Canada: Seen in use by Canadian Special Operations Forces Command and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
- Chile: MultiCam is the standard issue uniform of the Marine Corps and the Navy Special Warfare Division. Also used by the Chilean Air Force Commandos
- Czech Republic: 601st Special Forces Group since 2010.
- Denmark: Deployment uniform of the Danish military, in the process of replacing the M/84 as the standard uniform.
- Egypt: All Special forces
- Finland: Seen in use with some members of the Special Jaegers of the Utti Jaeger Regiment
- France: Seen in use with some members of the Commandement des Opérations Spéciales, the French special forces.
- Georgia: Standard uniform of the Defense Forces, modified variant produced locally. Issued also to law enforcement and security agencies.
- Germany: Special Forces (KSK) of the Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr), Special Forces (GSG 9) of the Federal Police (Bundespolizei)
- Hong Kong: Hong Kong Police Special Duties Unit Diver (nickname "Water Ghosts"), Hong Kong Police Counter Terrorism Response Unit (CTRU)
- Hungary: Special Forces Division (hungarian MC clone developed by Reintex, recently replaced by several different commercial - 101 Inc., Viper, Helikontex etc. - and in some cases Crye Prec. MC uniforms are worn. From 2017 the whole HDF (Hungarian Defence Force) introduced a new combat uniform in a "hungarized" MC pattern called Hungarian camouflage pattern 2015M, but the SFD retained their original MC uniforms.
- Iraq: Emergency Response Battalion, which newly formed by the Ministry of Interior.
- Italy: All Special forces
- Jordan: Jordanian Army Special Operations Force Snipers.
- Lebanon: Operational Camouflage Pattern (based on MultiCam predecessor), Standard issued uniform for all branches replaced U.S. Woodland in 21 November 2017
- Lithuania: Lithuanian Special Operations Force.
- Maldives: Maldives National Defence Force Special Forces.
- Malta: Armed Forces of Malta.
- Montenegro: Standard uniform of the Montenegro military.
- Netherlands: Korps Commandotroepen (KCT) and the Netherlands Marine Corps used it on tour in Afghanistan.
- New Zealand: New Zealand Special Air Service For use by the Special Operations Forces (NZSOF) in Afghanistan and Iraq.
- Norway: Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK) have been seen using MultiCam camouflage in Afghanistan.
- Pakistan: The Pakistan Armed Forces are in the process of transferring to MultiCam.
- Panama: The standard uniform of Panama National Aero-Naval Services SENAN (Servicio Nacional Aeronaval, SENAN).
- Poland: Polish Jednostka Wojskowa GROM, Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego, Biuro Ochrony Rządu and Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów units uses "Suez", a slightly modified MultiCam pattern.
- Russia: Russia's FSB Alpha Group and Vympel and the MVD's SOBR Group. Russian Special Forces in Syria were also seen using Multicams.
- Republika Srpska: Used by the RS' Special Anti-Terrorist Unit.
- South Korea: South Korean UDT/SEAL operators.[failed verification]
- Spain: Spanish Grupo de Operaciones Especiales (Spain)[failed verification]
- Sweden: Seen in use by the Särskilda operationsgruppen
- Taiwan: Army Special Force, Winter Training Center, Mt. Ho-Huan.
- Thailand: Combat Control Team Special Operation Regiment Royal Thai Air Force, Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters's Counter Terorist Operations Center.[failed verification]
- Tunisia:Seen used by USGN in Raoued operation.[failed verification]
- Turkey: Seen used by Su Altı Taarruz (SAT) commando personnel.
- Ukraine: Used by various Ukrainian special forces units.
- United Kingdom:
- United States:
Known to be used by anti-government forces in Syria, including:
- Islamic State of Iraq and Syria[better source needed]
- Free Syrian Army[better source needed]
- Al-Nusra Front[better source needed]
- Hayat Tahrir al-Sham[better source needed]
- Islamic Front[better source needed]
- Ahrar al-Sham[better source needed]
- Sham Legion[better source needed]
- Turkistan Islamic Party[better source needed]
- Ajnad al-Kavkaz[better source needed][better source needed]
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to MultiCam.|
- Crye Precision
- United States patent, number US D487,848 S for Multicam
- Military Morons review and history of MultiCam
- "British Army to get new uniforms – turned down by the US and made in China", The Daily Telegraph, Dec. 20, 2009.
- "British Army to get new camouflage uniform, BBC News, Dec. 20, 2009.
- "Camo Delays and Assessment Team Gouge, DefenseTech 29 Dec 2009.
- English Translation of Hebrew article on MultiCam
- Multicam & Multi Terrain Pattern (MTP) compared