Utti Jaeger Regiment
The Utti Jaeger Regiment (Finnish: Utin Jääkärirykmentti, (UTJR)) is the Finnish Army training and development centre for special forces and helicopter operations in charge of the Army Special Forces Unit and the Special Forces Qualification Course.
|Utti Jaeger Regiment|
Colours of the Utti Jaeger Regiment
|Active||1 July 1943 – 30 November 1944: Detached Battalion 4|
1 February 1962 – 31 December 1996: Parachute Jaeger School
1 January 1997 – present: Utti Jaeger Regiment
|Size||400 hired personnel, 220 conscripts (2018)|
|Part of||Army Command Finland|
|Garrison||Lentoportintie 11, Utti, Kouvola|
|Equipment||RK 95 TP, MP5, Sako TRG, FN SCAR, RG-32 Scout, Polaris Sportsman|
|Cross of Merit|
|Trainer||MD 500 (7)|
The Utti Jaeger Regiment is responsible for training special forces for the Finnish Army as well as upkeeping high readiness of the Army Special Forces Unit and helicopter operations and performing executive assistance tasks. The regiment consists of around 400 hired personnel and 220 conscripts according to sources from 2018. It's Special Jaeger Company (Finnish: erikoisjääkärikomppania) served during the War in Afghanistan by training security officials in medical care, firearms, and operational planning, and has been in standby duties as a part of the European Union Battlegroups and NATO Response Force. The Finnish special forces trace their history to the four long-range reconnaissance patrol detachments (Finnish: kaukopartio-osastot) and Detached Battalion 4 (Finnish: Erillinen Pataljoona 4), which fought in the Continuation War and Lapland War during 1941–1944. After the wartime units were demobilized in November 1944, the Army reinitiated organized special forces training in February 1962 by establishing the Parachute Jaeger School (Finnish: Laskuvarjojääkärikoulu, (LjK)) at Utti, near the city of Kouvola. On 1 January 1997, the Utti Jaeger Regiment was formed by merging the Parachute Jaeger School, Military Police School and Helicopter Wing. The Parachute Jaeger School was later reformed into the Special Jaeger Battalion and the Helicopter Wing reinforced into the Helicopter Battalion.
According to the newspaper Helsingin Sanomat, a typical special forces soldier has served in the Defence Forces for seven years and is around 28–29-years-old. On average, they run 3,180 m (3,480 yd) in a Cooper test and bench press 110 kg (240 lb). Before applying for and attending the year-long Special Forces Qualification Course, they often have served as a paratrooper or a combat diver during conscript service. Approximately 12 students are chosen for the course out of a 100 applicants after a four-day exam. All of the course attendees are trained in communications, engineer and medical care, and receive specializations later, such as sniper, vehicle, high-altitude military parachuting, military intelligence or forward air control training. Those chosen for career tracts after the basic course serve at either Utti Jaeger Regiment or the Naval Intelligence Battalion of the Coastal Brigade, the Naval Special Operations Forces.
As of 2018, the Utti Jaeger Regiment is divided into four units in addition to the headquarters:
- Special Jaeger Battalion
- Special Jaeger Company – hosts the special jaeger non-commissioned officers, maintains special forces readiness and capabilities of the Army, and oversees the Special Forces Qualification Course.
- Paratrooper Company – trains conscripts in basic long-range reconnaissance patrol, sissi, urban and air assault operations.
- Helicopter Battalion – equipped with 20 NH90 tactical transport helicopters and 7 MD 500 light helicopters; responsible for all helicopter operations and training of the Defence Forces.
- Support Company – trains conscripts in support tasks and handles logistics in cooperation with the Logistics Centre.
- Logistics Centre
- "Utti Jaeger Regiment". Finnish Army. Archived from the original on 13 June 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Suomen erikoisjoukot pidetään piilossa julkisuudelta – tällaisia taistelijat ovat". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 7 March 2015. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
- Saressalo, Lassi (2011). Päämajan kaukopartiot jatkosodassa [Long-Range Reconnaissance Patrols of Defence Command during the Continuation War] (in Finnish). WSOY. ISBN 9789510381564.
- Saressalo, Lassi; Vilkuna, Janne (1992). Laskuvarjojääkärit : Laskuvarjojääkärikoulu (LjK) 1962–1992. Laskuvarjojääkärikilta. ISBN 952-90-4031-8.
- "Laskuvarjojääkärikoulu ja Utin jääkärirykmentti". Utin Ilmakilta ry (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 4 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Tällainen on erikoisjoukon sotilas". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 7 March 2015. Archived from the original on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
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