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Special Troops Command, (pol. Wojska Specjalne) is the 4th military branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland formed in early 2007. It is composed of special forces units and command:

Special Troops Command
Wojska Specjalne
POL Wojska Specjalne.svg
Wojska Specjalne Eagle
Active2007–present
Country Poland
AllegiancePolish Armed Forces
Typespecial forces
Size2,700 (February 2017)[1]
Garrison/HQKraków
EngagementsWar in Afghanistan, Iraq War, Syrian civil war (Personnel recovery, Emergency evacuation)
Commanders
Commandergen. bryg. Piotr Patalong
Chief of Staffgen. bryg. Jerzy Gut

Contents

CompositionEdit

Special Troops Command (Dowództwo Wojsk Specjalnych) based in Kraków:[2]

StructureEdit

 
Multi-role exploitation Reconnaissance Team (MRT) during NATO exercise Trident Juncture 15

GROM - Operational-Maneuver Response Group "Cichociemni" (Silent Unseen)

  • Command and Support Staff – in Warsaw
  • A Squadron (ZB A) – Land Element located in Warsaw
  • B Squadron (ZB B) – Maritime Element located in Gdansk
  • C Squadron (ZB C) – Specialty unknown located in Warsaw
  • Logistic and Security Unit - located in Warsaw

JW Komandosów - Army Commandos

  • Command and Security - insignia of the Batalion Zośka from the Polish Home Army
  • A Squadron (ZB A)- insignia of the Batalion Miotła from the Polish Home Army and insignia of PSBS
  • B Squadron (ZB B)- Combined Operations insignia of the No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando unit and its No. 6 Troop (Polish)
  • C Squadron (ZB C)- insignia of the Batalion Parasol from the Polish Home Army
  • D Squadron (ZB D)- set up in 2016
  • Information Support Group
  • Special Forces Training Center

JW Formoza - name comes from the colloquial name of the units base, the post-German torpedo house in Gdynia, called "Formoza".[3]

  • Special Operations Squadron - at least six special operations sections and a base unit
 
JW AGAT shoulder patch.

JW AGAT - formed on the basis of the Special Branch of the Military Police in Gliwice[4]

  • HQ Staff and Command Group
  • "A" Company
  • "B" Company
  • "C" Company
  • Combat Support Team
  • Logistics Security Team
  • Medical Security Group

JW NIL - Support Unit of Command and Security of Special Forces[5]

  • HQ Staff
  • Command Team
  • Logistics Security Team
  • Information Support Team
  • Medical Security Group

7 Special Operations Aviation Squadron - based in Powidz

  • HQ staff
  • Aerospace Group - equipped with 8 Mi-17, including 4 Mi-17-1W[6], all helicopters are to be equipped with M134Gs[7]
  • Maintenance Group

GalleryEdit

EquipmentEdit

WeaponryEdit

Name Type Photo Notes
Standard Firearms of Polish Armed Forces
AKM Assault Rifle   Virtually phased out
Kbs wz. 1996 Beryl Assault Rifle   Most commonly used weapon.
Pallad grenade launcher Grenade Launcher  
SWD Sniper Rifle  
Sako TRG Sniper Rifle  
PKM General Purpose Machine Gun  
UKM-2000 General Purpose Machine Gun  
Standard (most common) Firearms of Polish Special Forces
Heckler & Koch USP Semi-Auto Pistol   Standard pistol in JW Grom
Glock 17 Semi-Auto Pistol   Standard pistol in JW Komandosów and JW Agat
SIG P226 Semi-Auto Pistol   Standard pistol in JW Formoza
FN Five-seven Semi-Auto Pistol   Standard pistol for close protection in JW Grom
CZ Scorpion Evo 3 Submachine Gun   New addition SMG for direct force operations in JW Grom
Heckler & Koch MP5 Submachine Gun   Standard SMG for direct force operations in JW Grom
FN P90 Submachine Gun   Standard SMG for close protection in JW Grom
Colt M4A1 Assault Rifle   Mostly supplanted the Beryl in JW GROM. Less prevalent in other units.
Heckler & Koch HK416 Assault Rifle   Assault rife used by Polish SOF, used by JW Grom, JW Komandosów and JW Agat; various barrel options used (10, 14.5 and 16.5 inch) Most commonly used assault rifle of the Special Forces
Heckler & Koch AG-C/GLM Grenade Launcher   Standard grenade launcher used with HK416
Heckler & Koch G36 Assault Rifle   used in JW Formoza
Heckler & Koch AG36 Grenade Launcher Standard grenade launcher used with G36
FN Minimi Light Machine Gun   Most common light machine gun in Polish SOF
Carl Gustav Recoilless Rifle  
Other Firearms (less common)
Beretta 92 Semi-auto pistol  
M4 Carbine Assault rifle   Clones made by KAC and Bushmaster
F2000 Assault rifle  
M14 rifle Battle rifle   Upgraded to EBR standard
M203 Grenade launcher  
H&K MZP-1 Grenade launcher
Remington 870 Shotgun  
Heckler & Koch PSG-1 Sniper rifle  
Remington 700 Sniper rifle  
Mauser SP66 Sniper rifle  
Mauser 86 Sniper rifle
Barrett M82 Anti-Material rifle  

VehiclesEdit

Name Type Variant In service Notes
HMMWV Four-wheel Drive Multi-Purpose Vehicle M1165A1 5 Polish Armed Forces currently operate 222 different variants of HMMWVes (217 are operated by the Polish Land Forces).
Oshkosh M-ATV MRAP 45 Donated by the USA.[8]
Toyota Four-wheel Drive Vehicle Land Cruiser
Hilux[9]
Used by GROM and 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów
Land Rover Defender Four-wheel Drive Vehicle 90
110
4[10]
6
Used by GROM and Formoza
Mercedes-Benz Four-wheel Drive Vehicle
Truck
G-class
Atego 1323AK
6
10[11]
Polish Armed forces currently operate a total number of 140 G-class vehicles.[12] The Land forces operate 121 GD 290s and MB290GD WDs.[11] The military police uses 13 GD 290s.[11]
Tarpan Honker 4x4 Honker Skorpion 3 special version Used by 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów
Star Truck Star 1444 (MAN TGM 18.280 BB) 1[11]
Volvo Truck Volvo FM 8x4
Volvo FM 6x6
Volvo FM 4x4
10[11]
11[11]
2[11]

Rank insigniaEdit

Officers
NATO Code OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
 
Special Forces
                   
Polish name generał1 generał
broni
generał
dywizji
generał
brygady
pułkownik podpułkownik major kapitan porucznik podporucznik
Abbreviation gen. gen.broni gen.dyw. gen.bryg. płk ppłk mjr kpt. por. ppor.
U.S./U.K. equivalent General Lieutenant
General
Major
General
Brigadier
General
,
Brigadier
Colonel Lieutenant
Colonel
Major Captain First
Lieutenant
,
Lieutenant
Second
Lieutenant

1 Until 2004 Generał armii

Enlisted
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 
Special Forces
                     
Polish name starszy
chorąży
sztabowy
starszy
chorąży
chorąży młodszy
chorąży
starszy
sierżant
sierżant plutonowy starszy
kapral
kapral starszy
szeregowy
szeregowy
Abbreviation st.chor.szt. st.chor. chor. mł.chor. st.sierż. sierż. plut. st.kpr. kpr. st.szer. szer.
U.S./Commonwealth equivalent Command
Sergeant
Major
Sergeant
Major
Master
Sergeant
Sergeant
1st Class
Staff
Sergeant
Sergeant Corporal Specialist
Lance Corporal
Private
1st Class
Private E-1 Private
E-2

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.dz.urz.mon.gov.pl/zasoby/dziennik/pozycje/zalaczniki/2014/02/Zal._do_poz._45_dec._budzet.pdf
  2. ^ a b "Polish Special Forces 2018 GROM / JWK / FORMOZA / AGAT / NIL". funker530.com. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  3. ^ "JW FORMOZA - USSE". usse.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Jednostka Wojskowa "Agat"". www.jednostki-wojskowe.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Jednostka Wojskowa "Nil"". www.jednostki-wojskowe.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Mil Mi-17-1V Hip, lokalizacja: Powidz - (EPPW), autor: Marek Purat". Galeria Aviateam.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Miniguny w końcu kupione". www.altair.com.pl. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Polskie Wojska Specjalne otrzymały od Amerykanów 45 pojazdów opancerzonych M-ATV". technologie.onet.pl. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  9. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09
  10. ^ "Nadjeżdża Huzar". 4 January 2005.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Zakupy pojazdów dla Wojska Polskiego". Gdzie zaczyna się wojsko...
  12. ^ Nowa Technika Wojskowa magazine, issue 03/09 96

External linksEdit