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Cambridge Heath railway station

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Cambridge Heath is a London Overground[2][3] station in Cambridge Heath in east London. It is 1 mile 61 chains (2.8 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Bethnal Green and London Fields on the Lea Valley Lines to Cheshunt and Enfield Town. Its three-letter station code is CBH and it is in Travelcard zone 2.

Cambridge Heath London Overground
Cambridge Heath Station - geograph.org.uk - 1719631.jpg
Cambridge Heath railway station in 2010
Cambridge Heath is located in Greater London
Cambridge Heath
Cambridge Heath
Location of Cambridge Heath in Greater London
LocationCambridge Heath
Local authorityLondon Borough of Tower Hamlets
Managed byLondon Overground
OwnerNetwork Rail
Station codeCBH
DfT categoryF1
Number of platforms2
Fare zone2
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 0.358 million[1]
2014–15Increase 0.402 million[1]
2015–16Increase 0.647 million[1]
2016–17Increase 0.766 million[1]
2017–18Increase 0.775 million[1]
Railway companies
Original companyGreat Eastern Railway
Pre-groupingGreat Eastern Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
27 May 1872 (1872-05-27)Station opened
22 May 1916Temporarily closed
5 May 1919Reopened
17 February 1986Temporarily closed
15 March 1986Reopened
Other information
External links
WGS8451°31′56″N 0°03′26″W / 51.5321°N 0.0572°W / 51.5321; -0.0572Coordinates: 51°31′56″N 0°03′26″W / 51.5321°N 0.0572°W / 51.5321; -0.0572
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

HistoryEdit

Great Eastern Railway 1872-1922Edit

The station was opened on 27 May 1872 by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) as part of a more direct route to Enfield Town which before opening was accessed via Angel Road station. When built the station, which is built on a viaduct, had two platforms and a station building on the east side. in 1894 with increasing traffic, the GER opened two additional tracks on the eastern side of the station which are known as the Fast Lines today and allow longer distance trains to pass trains that stop at Cambridge Heath.[4][5]

No platforms were ever built on these new lines. The 1872 station building was demolished and a new building to the east of the new tracks was built with the platforms accessed through a foot tunnel.

During World War One the station was closed as a wartime economy measure from 22 May 1916 reopening on 5 May 1919.[6]

London & North Eastern Railway (1923-1947)Edit

After the Railways Act 1921 the country's railways were grouped into four companies, with effect from 1 January 1923. At Hackney Downs the London & North Eastern Railway (LNER) took over operations of the GER services. The semaphore signalling was replaced by single searchlight signals which were able to display three-aspects (Green, Yellow or Red) through different a changeable lens arrangement, in 1935. It was also in 1935 that electrification of the lines through Cambridge Heath was suggested, although many years were to pass before these plans came to fruition.[7][8]

British Railways (1949-1994)Edit

On nationalisation in 1948 responsibility for operating the station fell to British Railways (Eastern Region).

The lines through Hackney were electrified in the late 1950s with electric services commencing operation on 21 November 1960.[9]

The privatisation era (1994-present day)Edit

The station, along with neighbouring London Fields, was for many years only served during weekday peak periods, with regular daytime services not restarting until 1998, and evening and Saturday services from 2001.[10]

Oyster pay as you go cards were introduced at the station in 2008. The station and all services that call were previously operated by Abellio Greater Anglia. In 2015 Cambridge Heath transferred to London Overground and now appears on the tube map.[11][12]

As of November 2018, the station will take part in a "pay by face" facial technology trial called "Gateless Gatelines". It will be used for a trial to “nudge” passengers into ensuring they tap their payment card.[13] In the three-month data-gathering exercise 3D mapping "stereoscopic depth sensors" resembling ceiling-mounted shower heads will track people's movements. The system will be able to analyse from a person's movement through the gate whether they have touched in on the Oyster reader."[13]

ServicesEdit

The typical weekday off-peak service from Cambridge Heath is four trains per hour southbound to London Liverpool Street and two trains per hour northbound to Cheshunt and two to Enfield Town. Service frequency is increased at peak times.[14] London Overground services pass on the fast lines.

 
Cambridge Heath in 1983

ConnectionsEdit

London Buses services serves the station, key routes 26, 48, 55, 254, 388, local routes 106 and D6, night routes N26, N55 and N253.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ "Cambridge Heath (London) Rail Station". Transport for London.
  3. ^ "National Rail Enquiries - Station facilities for Cambridge Heath". www.nationalrail.co.uk.
  4. ^ Taylor, D J (July 1990). "Camnridge Heath Station". Great Eastern Journal. 63: 11.
  5. ^ Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 21, 22.
  6. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
  7. ^ Unknown, letter (April 2003). "A-Z of GER stations Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 114: 57.
  8. ^ Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 22.
  9. ^ Wilson, Bryan (October 2002). "Hackney Downs Station, Middlesex". Great Eastern Journal. 112: 25.
  10. ^ Cambridge Heath and London Fields RUG - A Brief History of Cambridge Heath & London Fields www.railwatch.org; Retrieved 9 January 2014
  11. ^ "TFL appoints London Overground operator to run additional services" (Press release). Transport for London. 28 May 2014.
  12. ^ "TfL count on LOROL for support". Rail Professional. 28 May 2014.
  13. ^ a b Blunden, Mark (22 November 2018). "Could scanners like these solve tube and train crowds". Evening Standard.
  14. ^ Table 21 National Rail timetable, May 2019

External linksEdit

Preceding station       London Overground   Following station
Enfield & Cheshunt Line