5+3+3+4 (or 5+3+3+2+2 or 3+2+3+3+2+2) refers to India's new model of schooling adopted under the National Education Policy 2020 in July 2020. The old model was 10+2. 5+3+3+4 refers to 5 foundational years, whether in an anganwadi, pre-school or balvatika. This is followed by 3 years of preparatory learning from classes 3 to 5. This is followed by a middle stage that is of 3 years length and finally a 4 year secondary stage uptil class 12 or 18 years of age.[1]


This model will be implemented as follows:[2][3]

  • Foundational Stage: This is further subdivided into two parts: 3 years of preschool or anganwadi, followed by classes 1 and 2 in primary school. This will cover children of ages 3-8 years. The focus of studies will be in activity-based learning.
  • Preparatory Stage: Classes 3 to 5, which will cover the ages of 8-11 years. It will gradually introduce subjects like speaking, reading, writing, physical education, languages, art, science and mathematics.
  • Middle Stage: Classes 6 to 8, covering children between ages 11-14. It will introduce students to the more abstract concepts in subjects of mathematics, sciences, social sciences, arts and humanities.
  • Secondary Stage: Classes 9 to 12, covering the ages of 14-18 years. It is again subdivided into two parts: classes 9 and 10 covering the first phase while classes 11 and 12 covering the second phase. These 4 years of study are intended to inculcate multidisciplinary study, coupled with depth and critical thinking. Multiple options of subjects will be provided.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "New National Education Policy 2020: Explained - the breakdown of 10+2 to 5+3+3+4 system of school education". Times Now. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
  2. ^ Kulkarni, Sagar (2020-07-29). "New policy offers 5-3-3-4 model of school education". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
  3. ^ Kumar, Shuchita (31 July 2020). "New education policy: The shift from 10+2 to 5+3+3+4 system". Times Now. Retrieved 2020-08-09.