Indian Certificate of Secondary Education
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The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination, a private board of school education in India. It has been designed to provide an examination in a course of general education, in accordance with the recommendations of the New Education Policy 1986 (India), through the medium of English. It was affiliated to French Board of Examination before 1986. It is the one of the reputed boards in India and its board examination is regarded as the toughest in India.
The examination allows secure suitable representation of governments responsible for schools (which are affiliated to it) in their states or territories. Private candidates are permitted to appear for this examination. The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) will reportedly conduct board examinations for classes V and VIII from 2018. However, ICSE CEO Gerry Arathoon said there will be no pass-fail tags.He added the board examinations will be only a "periodical evaluation exercise to have an idea on the progress of the students' learning after a particular level."
In subjects where there are more than one paper (e.g., Science), the marks obtained in the subject are calculated by taking the average of all the papers in the subject. Candidates appearing for the examination have to study six subjects, with one to three papers in each subject. For subject HC&G the paper 1 consists of History & Civics and paper 2 consists of Geography. Science consists of three papers each for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. This makes for a total of eight to eleven papers, depending on the subjects. ICSE results are taken from best five of six subjects out of which English marks is compulsory.
In 2013, a 20-year-old Indian student studying in the US, Debarghya Das, claimed in his personal blog to have downloaded the ICSE scores for over one hundred thousand students by scraping the board's website. His analysis of the data showed interesting patterns in the marking system, suggesting that the marks were rounded off with no student getting an odd numbered mark as the result of an examination. Further analysis of the data however showed that this was purely due to the marking scheme where the maximum mark for most questions was even numbered and that the cause for any alarm or suspicion was unfounded. 
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