Sainik School

The Sainik Schools are asystem of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence. They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the Officer cadre of the Indian Military, and to prepare students mentally and physically for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla, Pune and Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala, Kerala. Today there are 33 such schools running and proposed for future covering all the states of the country.[1][2]

The schools come under the purview of respective state governments and the Ministry of Defence. In his Union Budget of 2008, Finance minister, P Chidambaram, allocated 2 crore to each of the 25 Sainik schools, to counter rising attrition in the defence forces, especially at the officer level.[3] The first Sainik School was opened by Dr Sampoorna Nand in Uttar Pradesh in 1960 under the Government of Uttar Pradesh and there after other Sainik schools were opened. Sainik School, Lucknow located near Amausi Airport remains the only Sainik School under State Government.


The inspiration for Sainik Schools came from the Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC) which have given India many service chiefs. Sainik schools can be regarded as the ordinary citizen's public school where deserving students can get high quality education irrespective of their income or class background. Seats are reserved for children of SC/ST and serving/retired defence personnel.

Although Uttar Pradesh Sainik School Lucknow, established in 1960 was the first one of such kind, it is not under the Sainik School Society, but rather under Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860).[2]

The objective of the Sainik Schools is to prepare the students to lead as officers in the Defence Services of the country. The schools select bright and promising students through an All India Sainik School Entrance Examination and focus on moulding their overall personality with emphasis on extracurricular activities.

Sainik schools resources allow cadets to develop their skills in sports, academics and other extracurricular activities. Infrastructure in Sainik Schools include running tracks, cross-country tracks, indoor games, parade grounds, boxing rings, firing ranges, canoeing clubs, horse riding clubs, mountaineering clubs, trekking and hiking club, obstacles courses, football, hockey and cricket fields, as well as volleyball and basketball courts. Cadets also become a part of NCC. A cadet who completes their 12th standard usually possess a NCC B certificate.

Cadets are assigned to houses. They are classified as sub-juniors, juniors and seniors respectively depending upon their class of study. Cadets compete in sports, physical training, academics, cross country, drill and various other competitions to win their house trophy.

Sainik Schools SocietyEdit

The Sainik Schools Society is an organisation under the Ministry of Defence. The Chief Executive Body of the Sainik Schools Society is a Board of Governors functioning under the Chairmanship of the Defence Minister. For exercising closer control and supervision over the affairs of Sainik Schools there is an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Defence Secretary. The day-to-day work of the Society is managed by JS (Trg) & Hony Secretary who is assisted by Inspecting Officers, DS (Trg), Under Secretary, Sainik Schools Society (Sainik School Cell). The staff for the cell is provided by the MoD. The local administration of the school is looked after by a Local Board of Administration whose Chairman is the GoC-in-C of the concerned Command where the Sainik School is located.

Sainik SchoolsEdit

Existing Sainik Schools under Sainik Schools Society, MODEdit

List of Existing Sainik Schools[4]
No State Location Established date
1 Andhra Pradesh[5] Korukonda 18-Jan-1962
2 Andhra Pradesh[6] Kalikiri 20-Aug-2014
3 Arunachal Pradesh[7] East Siang 2019
4 Assam[8] Goalpara 12-Nov-1964
5 Bihar[9] Nalanda 12-Oct-2003
6 Bihar[10] Gopalganj 12-Oct-2003
7 Chhattisgarh[11] Ambikapur 01-Sep-2008
8 Gujarat[12] Balachadi 08-Jul-1961
9 Haryana[13] Kunjpura 24-Jul-1961
10 Haryana[14] Rewari 29-Aug-2009
11 Himachal Pradesh[15] Sujanpur Tihra 02-Nov-1978
12 Jammu & Kashmir[16] Nagrota 22-Aug-1970
13 Jammu & Kashmir[17] Manasbal 14-Sep-1981
14 Jharkhand[18] Tilaiya 16-Sep-1963
15 Karnataka[19] Bijapur 16-Sep-1963
16 Karnataka[20] Kodagu 18-Oct-2007
17 Kerala[21] Kazhakootam 26-Jan-1962
18 Madhya Pradesh.[22] Rewa 20-Jul-1962
19 Maharashtra[23] Satara 23-June-1961
20 Maharashtra[24] Chandrapur 2019
21 Manipur[25] Imphal 07-Oct-1971
22 Mizoram[26] Chhingchhip 21 April 2017
23 Nagaland[27] Punglwa 02-Apr-2007
24 Odisha[28] Bhubaneswar 01-Feb-1962
25 Odisha[29] Sambalpur 2020
26 Punjab[30] Kapurthala 08-Jul-1961
27 Rajasthan[31] Chittorgarh 07-Aug-1961
28 Rajasthan[32] Jhunjhunu 13-Dec-2012
29 Tamil Nadu[33] Amaravathinagar 16-Jul-1962
30 Uttarakhand[34] Ghorakhal 21-Mar-1966
31 Uttar Pradesh[35] Jhansi 2019
32 Uttar Pradesh[36] Pilibhit 2019
33 Uttar Pradesh[37] Amethi 2020
34 West Bengal[38] Purulia 29-Jan-1962

Uttar Pradesh - Sainik School, LucknowEdit

Sainik School Lucknow was established in July 1960. The only one of the Sainik Schools to be administered by the State Government, the alumni of which, Captain Manoj Pandey, posthumously received Param Veer Chakra. It was the first Sainik School in the country, and was followed by the setting up of other Sainik Schools, under the Ministry of Defence, Government of India, on the same lines. The education in this school is subsidised by the Government of Uttar Pradesh. It is a residential English medium school affiliated to CBSE Board.

The school is run by the Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860). It is the only Sainik School which is completely financed and managed by the State Government.

Proposed Sainik SchoolsEdit

  1. Sainik School, Jaipur, Rajasthan
  2. Sainik School, Godda, Jharkhand
  3. Sainik School, Sambalpur, Odisha[39][40]
  4. Sainik School, Alwar, Rajasthan[41]
  5. Sainik School, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh
  6. Sainik School, Matanhail at Matanhail in Jhajjar district was announced by the Haryana govt in 2018. Foundation stone was laid in 2003 by the then Defence Minister George Fernandez, but no progress was made. In 2018, with the efforts of Haryana Finance Minister, Captain Abhimanyu, the BJP Government of Haryana agreed to provide funds and 100 acre land in Matanhail and Rudiyawas villages for the establishment of this school.[42] With this Haryana will be only state in India with 3 sainik schools.[43]
  7. Sainik School, Pali, Rajasthan
  8. Sainik School, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh
  9. Sainik School, Mumbai, Maharashtra
  10. Sainik School, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
  11. Sainik School Dausa, Rajasthan
  12. Sainik School Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
  13. Sainik School Udaipur, Rajasthan
  14. Sainik School, Kashmir
  15. Sainik School, Leh
  16. Sainik School, Port Blair

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced during Budget 2021 that 100 new Sainik schools will be set up across the country in partnerships with private schools and NGOs.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "official website of ministry of defence, government of india".
  2. ^ a b "Sainik Schools Society".
  3. ^ Budget bounty lifts spirits at Sainik schools The Economic Times, March 5, 2008
  4. ^ "Establishment of Sainik Schools". 2018-02-05.
  5. ^ "Sainik School Korukonda - Home".
  6. ^ "Sainik School Kalikiri".
  7. ^ "Sainik School East Siang".
  8. ^ Sainik School Goalpara, Assam
  9. ^ "HOME".
  10. ^ "Sainik School Gopalganj".
  12. ^ Official website of Sainik School, Balachadi
  13. ^ "Sainik School Kunjpura -".
  14. ^ Administrator. "Welcome to Sainik School Rewari".
  15. ^ "Welcome To Sainik School Sujanpur Tira".
  16. ^ "Sainik School Nagrota – Gyan, Veerta, Anushasan".
  17. ^ "Sainik School Manasbal". Archived from the original on 2019-11-01.
  19. ^ "SAINIK SCHOOL BIJAPUR – ( Under The Ministry Of Defence )".
  20. ^ "Sainik School Kodagu - Home".
  21. ^ Official website of Sainik School, Trivandrum
  22. ^ ":: SAINIK SCHOOL REWA ::".
  23. ^ "Official website of Sainik School, Satara".
  24. ^ "Sainik School Chandrapur".
  25. ^ "c_about_sainik_schools".
  26. ^ "Sainik School Chhingchhip".
  27. ^ "SSPN Home".
  28. ^ "SainikSchool Bhubaneswar - (Seva, Kartyab, Gyana, Virta)".
  29. ^ "Sainik School Sambalpur".
  30. ^ "Official website of Sainik School, Kapurthala".
  31. ^ "Official website of Sainik School, Chittorgarh". Archived from the original on 2006-07-08.
  32. ^ "Sainik School Jhunjhunu".
  33. ^ "Sainik School Amaravathinagar - Index".
  34. ^ "Official website of Sainik School Ghorakhal".
  35. ^ "Sainik School Jhansi".
  36. ^ "Sainik School Mainpuri".
  37. ^ "Sainik School Amethi".
  38. ^ "Sainik School Purulia".
  39. ^ "Second Sainik School near Sambalpur soon". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2013-01-03.
  40. ^ "The Pioneer".
  41. ^ "In-principle approval for 3 Sainik schools in UP, 2 in Rajasthan". Zee News. 2014-07-25.
  42. ^ Matanhail Of Jhajjar District In Haryana Will Have The Third Sainik School Of The State As The Government Will Provide Land And Budget For Its Construction Soon., Public Relations Haryana, Govt of Haryana, 2018.
  43. ^ Haryana’s nod to land, budget for third Sainik School, Times of India, July 2018.

External linksEdit