All India Institutes of Medical Sciences

Location of the functioning AIIMSs (green) and upcoming AIIMSs (orange)

The All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are a group of autonomous government public medical colleges of higher education. These institutes have been declared by an Act of Parliament as Institutes of National Importance. AIIMS New Delhi, the fore-runner institute, was established in 1956. Since then, 22 more institutes were announced. As of January 2020, fifteen institutes are operating and eight more are expected to become operational until 2025. Proposals were made for six more AIIMS.

HistoryEdit

The first AIIMS was established in 1956 under the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956.[1] Originally proposed by the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru for establishment in Calcutta, it was established in New Delhi following the Chief Minister of West Bengal Bidhan Chandra Roy refusal.[2] The act established AIIMS New Delhi, which was then known simply as All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and gave it the Institutes of National Importance (INI) status.[1]

Phase IEdit

In 2003 the Government of India announced the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) initiative which aimed at "correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/reliable tertiary healthcare services". This was to be done through two main channels: setting up AIIMS-like institutions and upgrading government medical colleges.[3] PMSSY was officially launched in March 2006 and six AIIMS-like medical institutes were announced for under-served states in Patna, Bhopal, Raipur, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur and Rishikesh. Theses were originally assigned 332 crore (equivalent to 858 crore or US$120 million in 2019) per institution, a sum which was raised to 820 crore (equivalent to 15 billion or US$210 million in 2019) in 2010.[4] They were later retroactively denoted "Phase I institutes".[5][6]

The six institutes become operational through an Ordinance from September 2012. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Amendment) Bill, 2012 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 27 August 2012 in order to replace that Ordinance.[7] Lok Sabha passed the Bill on 30 August 2012,[8] it was introduced in Rajya Sabha on 3 September 2012[9] and passed on 4 September 2012.[10] The Act was published on 13 September 2012.[11]

The act also allowed the institutes to operate more autonomously, and awarded them the INI status.[10] In addition, also conferred the power to establish other AIIMS-like institutes by gazette notification and give them equal status.[7]

Phase II-IIIEdit

In 2013 a further gazette notification was made under the same Act, establishing AIIMS Raebareli.[12] It was later denoted as "Phase-II" of PMSSY.[3][6] No new institutes were introduced in Phase III.[6]

Phase IVEdit

On July 2014,[13] in the budget speech for 2014–15,[3] the Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley announced a budget of 500 crore (equivalent to 643 crore or US$90 million in 2019) for setting up four new AIIMS, in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and the Purvanchal region in Uttar Pradesh.[13] These "Phase-IV" institutes, became AIIMS Mangalagiri in Andhra Pradesh and AIIMS Nagpur in Maharashtra, established in 2018[14][15] and later AIIMS Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh and AIIMS Kalyani in West Bengal, which started operation in 2019.[16][17]

Phase VEdit

On 28 February 2015, in the 2015–2016 budget speech, Jaitley announced five more AIIMS, in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Assam and Tamil Nadu and an "AIIMS-like" institute in Bihar.[citation needed] On 7 November 2015, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi had announced development package for Jammu & Kashmir which includes the setting up of two AIIMS, in the capital cities of Jammu and Kashmir.[18] Of these seven "Phase-V" institutes, sites have been assigned for at Changsari in Assam,[19] Vijay Pur in the Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir,[3] Awantipora in the Kashmir Division of Jammu and Kashmir,[3] Bathinda in Punjab,[3] Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh,[20] Madurai in Tamil Nadu[21] and the latest AIIMS Darbhanga in the Darbhanga District in Bihar, serving the Mithila region, which will be established to the near by the campus Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital.[22] As of January 2020, AIIMS is likely to start by the end of this year. It will cost Rs 1,300 crore.[23] In December 2018 the government has approved and assigned funds for the AIIMS in Madurai,[24] and a foundation stone was set in January 2019.[25] AIIMS Bathinda started operation in 2019.[26]

Phase VIEdit

On 1 February 2017, in the budget presentation for 2017–2018, Jaitley announced two more AIIMS, in Jharkhand and Gujarat.[27] Of these "Phase-VI" institutes, sites were identified in Deoghar for the institute in Jharkhand[3] and in Khandheri near Rajkot for Gujarat.[28] As of June 2018, no funds were allocated and no deadline was set for the Gujarat institute.[23] AIIMS Deoghar started operation in 2019.[29]

Phase VIIEdit

A week after the 2017–2018 budget presentation, on 9 February 2017, Jaitley announced an AIIMS in Telangana.[30] On 17 December 2018, the cabinet approved the AIIMS, to be located in Bibinagar, near Hyderabad.[24] This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VII".[3] It started operation in August 2019.[31]

Phase VIIIEdit

On 1 February 2019, in the presentation of the interim budget for 2019–2020, Piyush Goyal, who was given temporary charge of the Minister of Finance a week earlier,[32] announced an AIIMS in Haryana.[33] This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VIII".[3] In March, the cabinet approved the institute in Manethi, Rewari district.[34]

InstitutesEdit

The AIIMS institutes are located in:

AIIMSs and locations, sorted establishment wise
Name Established City/town State/UT
AIIMS New Delhi 1956 New Delhi Delhi
AIIMS Bhopal 2012 Bhopal Madhya Pradesh
AIIMS Bhubaneswar 2012 Bhubaneswar Odisha
AIIMS Jodhpur 2012 Jodhpur Rajasthan
AIIMS Patna 2012 Patna Bihar
AIIMS Raipur 2012 Raipur Chhattisgarh
AIIMS Rishikesh 2012 Rishikesh Uttarakhand
AIIMS Raebareli 2018[12] Raebareli Uttar Pradesh
AIIMS Mangalagiri 2018[14] Mangalagiri Andhra Pradesh
AIIMS Nagpur 2018[15] Nagpur Maharashtra
AIIMS Gorakhpur 2019[16] Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh
AIIMS Bathinda 2019[26] Bhatinda Punjab
AIIMS Bibinagar 2019[31] Bibinagar Telangana
AIIMS Kalyani 2019[17] Kalyani West Bengal
AIIMS Deoghar 2019[29] Deoghar Jharkhand

Under-development AIIMSEdit

As of June 2020, 8 more AIIMS are under development. In November 2019, the health ministry stated that all 22 new AIIMS will be functional by February 2025.[35] There are also proposals for establishing AIIMS in Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tripura and Mizoram.[35]

Future AIIMSs and locations
Name City/town State/UT Phase
AIIMS Madurai Madurai Tamil Nadu Phase V
AIIMS Darbhanga Darbhanga Bihar
AIIMS Assam Changsari Assam
AIIMS Bilaspur Bilaspur Himachal Pradesh
AIIMS Jammu Vijay Pur Jammu and Kashmir
AIIMS Kashmir Awantipora Jammu and Kashmir
AIIMS Gujarat Rajkot Gujarat Phase VI
AIIMS Haryana Manethi Haryana Phase VIII

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956" (PDF). 2 June 1956. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  2. ^ "The Telegraph – Calcutta : Frontpage". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)". Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  4. ^ "History About PMSSY". pmssy-mohfw.nic.in. PMSSY. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  5. ^ "More about Six AIIMS :: Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)". pmssy-mohfw.nic.in. Retrieved 15 January 2020. ...of each new AIIMS in first phase...
  6. ^ a b c Porecha, Maitri (26 December 2019). "₹5,100 cr spent, but tardy progress on most new AIIMS". Business Line. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  7. ^ a b Raj, Anand (27 August 2012). "Bill on AIIMS-like institutes introduced in Lok Sabha". The Hindu. New Delhi, India.
  8. ^ Raj, Anand (30 August 2012). "Lok Sabha nod to AIIMS bill". The Economic times. New Delhi, India.
  9. ^ "AIIMS bill moved in Rajya Sabha amid uproar". Business Standard. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
  10. ^ a b "Par nod to AIIMS Bill amid uproar". Business Standard. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  11. ^ "The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Amendment) Act, 2012" (PDF). 13 September 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Gazette notification for AIIMS Rae Bareli" (PDF). Retrieved 25 February 2019.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ a b "5 more IIMs, IITs and four more AIIMS to be set up". Hindustan Times. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  14. ^ a b "AIIMS begins its journey with induction of 50 students". The Hindu. 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  15. ^ a b Ganjapure, Vaibhav (3 June 2018). "AIIMS classes to begin from August at GMCH". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  16. ^ a b "AIIMS OPD starts in Gorakhpur". The Times of India. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  17. ^ a b India, Press Trust of (4 July 2019). "First batch of students at Bengal AIIMS to stay on campus". Business Standard India. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Modi announces Rs.80,000-crore package for Jammu and Kashmir". The Hindu. 7 November 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  19. ^ "Modi lays foundation stone for AIIMS unit in Assam; to be completed in 4 years". Hindustan Times. Press Trust of India. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  20. ^ "PM Modi lays foundation stone of AIIMS in Bilaspur". The Indian Express. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  21. ^ "New AIIMS to be set up at Thoppur in Madurai". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  22. ^ {{cihttps://ehealth.eletsonline.com/2020/01/centre-okays-proposal-to-set-up-aiims-at-bihars-darbhanga/
  23. ^ a b Upadhyay, Ashok Kumar (27 June 2018). "Reality check: Modi government fails to keep its promise of 13 more AIIMS". India Today. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Cabinet approves establishment of two new AIIMS at Tamil Nadu & Telangana under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  25. ^ Sivarajah, Padmini; Veerappan, Devanathan (27 January 2019). "PM Modi lays foundation stone of AIIMS in Madurai, says Centre committed to making healthcare affordable". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  26. ^ a b "AIIMS 1st batch of 50 from July". The Tribune. 29 March 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  27. ^ "New AIIMS for Jharkhand and Gujarat: Arun Jaitley". The Times of India. Indo-Asian News Service. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  28. ^ "Gujarat: AIIMS to be set up near Rajkot, says Deputy CM Nitin Patel". The Indian Express. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  29. ^ a b Kumar, Satyajit (17 September 2019). "झारखंड: शुरू हुआ देवघर AIIMS का पहला शैक्षणिक सत्र" [Jharkhand: First academic session of Deoghar AIIMS begins]. Aaj Tak (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  30. ^ "AIIMS for Telangana announced". The Hindu. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  31. ^ a b "Academic session begins at AIIMS-Bibinagar". The Hindu. 27 August 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  32. ^ "Piyush Goyal gets temporary charge of finance ministry, may present Budget". The Times of India. 24 January 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  33. ^ "Interim Budget 2019: 22nd AIIMS to be set up in Haryana, Piyush Goyal announces". India Today. 1 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Cabinet approves setting up of new AIIMS at Manethi, Haryana". Business Standard India. 1 March 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  35. ^ a b Kumar, Dhirendra (29 November 2019). "All 22 new AIIMS to be functional by 2025: Govt". www.millenniumpost.in. Retrieved 14 January 2020.