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The 2001 Census of India was the 14th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871.[1]

14th Census of India
General information
Country India
Total population 10000000000
Percent change 21.5%

The population of India was counted as 1,00000000consisting of 532,223,0 males and 496,514,346 females.[2] Total population increased by 182,310,397, 21.5% more than the 846,427,039 people counted during the 1991 census.[3]

Contents

Religious demographicsEdit

Hindus comprises 82.75 crore (80.45%) and Muslims were 13.8 crore (13.4%) in 2001 census.[4][5] Census 2001 showed 108 faiths under the head “Other Religions and Persuasion” (ORP) in India.[6]

Population trends for major religious groups in India(2001)
Religious
group
Population
% 2001
Hindu 80.45%
Muslim 13.4%
Christian 2%
Sikh 1.89%
Buddhist 0.74%
Animist, others 0.43%
Jain 0.46%

Language demographicsEdit

Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern parts of India. The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of "Hindi" as a broad variety of "Hindi languages". According to 2001 Census , 53.6% of Indian population know Hindi, in which 41% of them have declared Hindi as their native language or mother tongue.[7][8][9] English is known to 12% Indians in the 2001 census.[10]

First, Second, and Third languages by number of speakers in India (2001 Census)
Language First language
speakers
[11][12]
First language
speakers
as a percentage

of total population[13]

Second language
speakers
[12]
Third language
speakers
[12]
Total speakers[14][12] Total speakers as a

percentage of total

population[13]

Hindi languages 422,048,642 41.03 98,207,180 31,160,696 551,416,518 53.60
English 226,449 0.02 86,125,221 38,993,066 125,344,736 12.18
Bengali 83,369,769 8.10 6,637,222 1,108,088 91,115,079 8.86
Telugu 74,002,856 7.19 9,723,626 1,266,019 84,992,501 8.26
Marathi 71,936,894 6.99 9,546,414 2,701,498 84,184,806 8.18
Tamil 60,793,814 5.91 4,992,253 956,335 66,742,402 6.49
Urdu 51,536,111 5.01 6,535,489 1,007,912 59,079,512 5.74
Kannada 37,924,011 3.69 11,455,287 1,396,428 50,775,726 4.94
Gujarati 46,091,617 4.48 3,476,355 703,989 50,271,961 4.89
Odia 33,017,446 3.21 3,272,151 319,525 36,609,122 3.56
Malayalam 33,066,392 3.21 499,188 195,885 33,761,465 3.28
Sanskrit 14,135 <0.01 1,234,931 3,742,223 4,991,289 0.49

Graphical summariesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vijayanunni, M. (26–29 August 1998). "Planning for the 2001 Census of India based on the 1991 Census" (PDF). 18th Population Census Conference. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Association of National Census and Statistics Directors of America, Asia, and the Pacific. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Home/Census Data 2001/India at a glance". New Delhi: Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. 2001. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  3. ^ "Home/Census Data 2001/India at a glance". New Delhi: Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. 2001. Retrieved 2013-11-08. 
  4. ^ Abantika Ghosh , Vijaita Singh (24 January 2015). "Census: Hindu share dips below 80%, Muslim share grows but slower". Indian Express. Indian Express. Retrieved 2015-01-27. 
  5. ^ "With current trends, it will take 220 years for India's Muslim population to equal Hindu numbers". 
  6. ^ "Fewer minor faiths in India now, finds Census; number of their adherents up". 
  7. ^ "These four charts break down India’s complex relationship with Hindi". 
  8. ^ "Nearly 60% of Indians speak a language other than Hindi". 
  9. ^ 2001 census data
  10. ^ In 1991, there were 90,000,000 "users" of English. (Census of India Indian Census Archived 2007-05-14 at the Wayback Machine., Issue 10, 2003, pp. 8–10, (Feature: Languages of West Bengal in Census and Surveys, Bilingualism and Trilingualism) and Tropf, Herbert S. 2004. India and its Languages. Siemens AG, Munich.)
  11. ^ ORGI. "Census of India: Comparative speaker's strength of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001". 
  12. ^ a b c d S, Rukmini. "Sanskrit and English: there’s no competition". 
  13. ^ a b http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/India_at_glance/popu1.aspx
  14. ^ "Indiaspeak: English is our 2nd language - Times of India". 

External linksEdit