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1991 Census of India

The 1991 Census of India was the 13th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1872.[1]

1991 Census of India
General information
Total population838,583,988

The population of India was counted as 838,583,988.[2] The number of enumerators was 1.6 million.[1]


Religious demographicsEdit

Hindus comprises 69.01 crore(81.53%) and Muslims were 10.67 crore(12.61%) in 1991 census.[3]

Population trends for major religious groups in India (1991)
Religious group Population % 1991
Hindu 81.53%
Muslim 12.61%
Christian 2.32%
Sikh 1.94%
Buddhist 0.77%
Jain 0.40%
Parsi 0.08%
Animist, others 0.44%

Language dataEdit

The 1991 census recognizes 1,576 classified "mother tongues". According to the 1991 census, 22 'languages' had more than a million native speakers, 50 had more than 100,000 and 114 had more than 10,000 native speakers. The remaining accounted for a total of 566,000 native speakers (out of a total of 838 million Indians in 1991).[4] The number of Sanskrit speakers in India in 1991 census was 49,736.[5]

Other statisticsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Vijayanunni, M. (26–29 August 1998). "Planning for the 2001 Census of India based on the 1991 Census" (PDF). 18th Population Census Conference. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Association of National Census and Statistics Directors of America, Asia, and the Pacific. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  2. ^ Dev, Amiya (2010). "Literary Multilingualism II : Multilingualism in India". In Lisa Block de Behar, Paola Mildonian, Jean-Michel Djian, Djlel Kadir, Alfons Knauth, Dolores Romero Lopez & Marcio Orlando Seligmann-Silva. Comparative Literature : Sharing Knowledges for Preserving Cultural Diversity (PDF). Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS). 2. pp. 172–183. Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, EOLSS Publishers, Paris, France, [1]. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  3. ^ "With current trends, it will take 220 years for India's Muslim population to equal Hindu numbers".
  4. ^ Mallikarjun, B. (7 November 2001). "Languages of India according to 2001 Census". Languages in India. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Where are the Sanskrit speakers?".
  6. ^ "Census findings point to decade of rural distress".
  7. ^ "Where Are India's 2011 Census Figures on Religion?".
  8. ^ "Religion Census: A faithful count".
  9. ^ "Muslims' growth rate much lower".

External linksEdit