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Timeline of extinctions in the Holocene

  (Redirected from Timeline of extinctions)

This timeline of extinctions is an historical account of species that have become extinct during the time that modern humans have occupied the earth.

The following is a selective list made by sampling a very small proportion, mostly mammals, of some of the well-known extinct species in the recent history. For a more elaborate list see Lists of extinct animals. The vast majority of extinctions, though, are thought to be undocumented. According to the species-area theory and based on upper-bound estimating, the present rate of extinction may be up to 140,000 species per year.[1] See Holocene extinction for more information.

10th millennium BCEEdit

9th millennium BCEEdit

8th millennium BCEEdit

7th millennium BCEEdit

6th millennium BCEEdit

5th millennium BCEEdit

4th millennium BCEEdit

3rd millennium BCEEdit

 
Cape lion

2nd millennium BCEEdit

1st millennium BCEEdit

1st millennium CEEdit

2nd centuryEdit

3rd centuryEdit

4th centuryEdit

5th centuryEdit

6th centuryEdit

7th centuryEdit

8th centuryEdit

9th centuryEdit

10th centuryEdit

2nd millennium CEEdit

12th centuryEdit

14th centuryEdit

15th centuryEdit

16th centuryEdit

17th centuryEdit

  • 1627 - The last known aurochs died in Poland. This large wild cattle formerly inhabited much of Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, central Asia, and India.[26]
  • c. 1645 - Finsch's duck survived in New Zealand until around this time.[3]
  • 1662 - The last definite sighting of a dodo was made in Mauritius.[15] The extinction was due to hunting, but also by the pigs, rats, dogs and cats brought to the island by settlers. The species has become an iconic symbol of animal extinction.[27]
     
    The moa was one of the largest birds that ever existed.
  • The elephant bird Aepyornis maximus was last recorded around the end of the 17th century.[25]

18th centuryEdit

19th centuryEdit

 
Quagga

20th centuryEdit

1900sEdit

  • 1902 - The last known specimens of the Rocky Mountain locust are collected near Brandon, Manitoba.[46]
  • 1905 - The last known Honshū wolf of Japan dies in Nara Prefecture.[47]
  • 1907 - The huia, a native bird of New Zealand, is last seen. Habitat loss, hunting, and disease all played a role in its extinction.[48]
  • 1909 - The last known tarpan, a Polish wild horse, died in captivity.[49]

1910sEdit

  • 1911 - The last Newfoundland wolf was shot.[45]
  • 1914 - The last passenger pigeon, Martha, died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo. Excessive hunting contributed to its extinction; it was formerly one of the world's most abundant birds.[50]
  • 1918 - The last Carolina parakeet died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo. The bird, formerly inhabiting the southeastern United States, was driven to extinction by exploitation, deforestation, and competition with introduced bees.[51]

1920sEdit

1930sEdit

 
The great auk was hunted for its down until its extinction around 1844.
 
The thylacine was exterminated into extinction.

1940sEdit

1950sEdit

1960sEdit

1970sEdit

1980sEdit

1990sEdit

3rd millennium CEEdit

21st centuryEdit

2000sEdit

  • 2000 - "Celia", the last Pyrenean ibex, was found dead in 2000. However, in 2003, a female was cloned back into existence, but died shortly after birth due to defects in the lungs.[85][86]
  • 2003 - The last individual from the St. Helena olive, which was grown in cultivation, dies off. The last plant in the wild had died in 1994.[87]
  • 2006 - A technologically sophisticated survey of the Yangtze River failed to find specimens of the baiji dolphin, prompting scientists to declare it functionally extinct.[88]

2010sEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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