Lord Howe fantail

The Lord Howe fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa cervina), also known as the Lord Howe Island fantail or fawn-breasted fantail, was a small bird in the fantail family, Rhipiduridae. It is an extinct subspecies of the New Zealand fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa). It was endemic to Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea, part of New South Wales, Australia.

Lord Howe fantail
Rhipidura fuliginosa cervina.jpg

Extinct  (ca. 1925) (EPBC Act)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Rhipiduridae
Genus: Rhipidura
Species:
Subspecies:
R. f. cervina
Trinomial name
Rhipidura fuliginosa cervina
Ramsay, 1879
Synonyms
  • Rhipidura cervina

DescriptionEdit

 
Nest

The Lord Howe fantail has sometimes been treated as a full species. It differed from the other subspecies by its entire underparts being light cinnamon-brown, with a paler throat, lacking the white throat with the dark bar delimiting it from the breast.[1][2]

Distribution and habitatEdit

The Lord Howe fantail was restricted to Lord Howe Island, where it inhabited the native subtropical rainforest.

BehaviourEdit

The birds were very tame, commonly seen around buildings which they often entered in search of insects.[1]

BreedingEdit

The fantail built a cup-shaped nest, with a rudimentary tail, of decayed wood fibre and grass, bound with cobwebs and lined with fine grass, situated on a horizontal branch. The clutch was usually three, sometimes two, eggs.[3]

ExtinctionEdit

The Lord Howe fantail was reported as common in 1909 but disappeared not long after black rats were accidentally introduced to the island with the grounding of the ship SS Makambo there in June 1918. It was reported in 1924 that the birds were “practically wiped out” and there are no records from subsequent years.[4] The fantail was only one of a suite of Lord Howe's endemic birds and other fauna exterminated by rat predation.[5]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hindwood, p.68.
  2. ^ Schodde & Mason, p.484.
  3. ^ Hindwood, pp.68-69.
  4. ^ Hindwood, p.68
  5. ^ Garnett & Crowley, pp.567 and 633.

ReferencesEdit

  • Garnett, Stephen T.; & Crowley, Gabriel M. (2000). The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000. Environment Australia: Canberra. ISBN 0-642-54683-5[1]
  • Hindwood, K.A. (1940). Birds of Lord Howe Island. Emu 40: 1-86.
  • Schodde, R.; & Mason, I.J. (1999). The Directory of Australian Birds: Passerines. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne. ISBN 0-643-06456-7