The location of Iran
An enlargeable map of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iran:

Iransovereign country located in Southwest Asia and the Middle East.[1] Iran is bound by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south and the Caspian Sea to its north. Shi'a Islam is the official religion, and Persian is the official language.[2] The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 square kilometres (636,372 sq mi), Iran has a population of over seventy million. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 4000 BC.[3][4][5] Throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and is a regional power.[6][7] The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 Constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

General referenceEdit

An enlargeable map of Iran

Geography of IranEdit

An enlargeable topographic map of Iran

Geography of Iran

  Iraq 1,458 km
  Turkmenistan 992 km
  Afghanistan 936 km
  Pakistan 909 km
  Azerbaijan 611 km
  Turkey 499 km
  Armenia 35 km
  • Coastline: 2,440 km[9]

Environment of IranEdit

An enlargeable satellite image of Iran

Environment of Iran

Natural geographic features of IranEdit

Regions of IranEdit

Ecoregions of IranEdit

List of ecoregions in Iran

Administrative divisions of IranEdit

Administrative divisions of Iran

Provinces of IranEdit

Provinces of Iran

Counties of IranEdit

Counties of Iran

Municipalities of IranEdit

Municipalities of Iran

Demography of IranEdit

Demographics of Iran

Government and politics of IranEdit

Politics of Iran

Branches of the government of IranEdit

Government of Iran

Executive branch of the government of IranEdit

Legislative branch of the government of IranEdit

  • Majlis of Iran (unicameral parliament)
    • drafts legislation
    • ratifies international treaties
    • approves the national budget
  • Guardian Council
    • 12 members
      • 6 appointed by the Supreme Leader
      • 6 elected by the Majlis
    • Powers and responsibilities:
      • Supervises elections
      • Approves or rejects candidates for President, Majlis, and the Assembly of Experts
      • Reviews all bills passed by the Majlis for constitutionality and compatibility with Islamic law, and approves or vetos them
  • Expediency Discernment Council
    • Appointed by Supreme Leader
    • Main purpose is to mediate disputes between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians
    • Also serves as an advisory board to the Supreme Leader

Judicial branch of the government of IranEdit

Judicial system of Iran

Foreign relations of IranEdit

Foreign relations of Iran

International organization membershipEdit

International organization membership of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran is a member of:[1]

Law and order in IranEdit

Law of Iran

Military of IranEdit

Military of Iran

Local government in IranEdit

Local government in Iran

History of IranEdit

History of Iran

Classic 4-mirrors Chahar-Ai-Ne (Persian چهاﺮآﻳنه)

History of Iran, by periodEdit

Pre-Islam Iranian historyEdit

Post-Islam Iranian historyEdit

Pahlavi and contemporary history of IranEdit

History of Iran, by subjectEdit

Culture of IranEdit

Culture of Iran

Art in IranEdit

Sports in IranEdit

Sports in Iran

Economy and infrastructure of IranEdit

Economy of Iran

Education in IranEdit

Education in Iran

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ a b "Iran". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 15, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  2. ^ قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران (in Persian). Retrieved 23 January 2008.
  3. ^ Xinhua, "New evidence: modern civilization began in Iran", 10 August 2007, retrieved 1 October 2007
  4. ^ Iran Daily, "Panorama", 3 March 2007, retrieved 1 October 2007 Archived January 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^, "Archaeologists: Modern civilization began in Iran based on new evidence", 12 August 2007, retrieved 1 October 2007 Archived June 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^, "Select Committee on Foreign Affairs, Eighth Report, Iran, retrieved 1 October 2007
  7. ^ IRAN @ 2000 and Beyond lecture series, opening address, W. Herbert Hunt, 18 May 2000 Archived 3 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 1 October 2007
  8. ^ "Armenian Highland". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  9. ^ Iran also borders the Caspian Sea, a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of Iran