The Islamic Development Bank (Arabic: البنك الإسلامي للتنمية) is a multilateral development finance institution that is focused on Islamic finance for infrastructure development and located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. There are 57 shareholding member states with the largest single shareholder being Saudi Arabia.
|Muhammed Al-Jasser, President|
It was founded in 1973 by the Finance Ministers at the first Organisation of the Islamic Conference (now called the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) with the support of the King of Saudi Arabia at the time (Faisal), and began its activities on 3 April 1975.
On the 22 May 2013, IDB tripled its authorized capital to $150 billion to better serve Muslims in member and non-member countries. The Bank has received credit ratings of AAA from Standard & Poor's, Moody's, and Fitch. Saudi Arabia holds about one quarter of the bank's paid up capital. The IDB is an observer at the United Nations General Assembly.
The present membership of the Bank consists of 57 countries. The basic condition for membership is that the prospective member country should be a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), pay its contribution to the capital of the Bank and be willing to accept such terms and conditions as may be decided upon by the IDB Board of Governors.
- Saudi Arabia (26.57%)
- Algeria (10.66%)
- Iran (9.32%)
- Egypt (9.22%)
- Turkey (8.41%)
- United Arab Emirates (7.54%)
- Kuwait (7.11%)
- Pakistan (3.31%)
- Libya (3.31%)
- Indonesia (2.93%)
IDB has evolved into a group of five entities, consisting of Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Islamic Research & Training Institute (IRTI), Islamic Corporation for Development of the Private Sector (ICD), Islamic Corporation for Insurance of Investment and Export Credit (ICIEC) and International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation (ITFC).
IDB Group is engaged in a wide range of specialized and integrated activities such as:
- Project financing in the public and private sectors;
- Development assistance for poverty alleviation;
- Technical assistance for capacity-building;
- Economic and trade cooperation among member countries;
- Trade financing;
- SME financing;
- Resource mobilization;
- Direct equity investment in Islamic financial institutions;
- Insurance and reinsurance coverage for investment and export credit;
- Research and training programs in Islamic economics and banking;
- Awqaf investment and financing;
- Special assistance and scholarships for member countries and Muslim communities in non-member countries;
- Emergency relief; and
- Advisory services for public and private entities in member countries.
Projects and programsEdit
This section may lend undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. (April 2018)
Dr. Ali had previously declared that IDB was in charge of the financing of al-Quds Intifada Fund and al-Aqsa Fund, both established during an Arab summit in Cairo in October 2000. According to the final communiqué of the summit, "Al-Quds Intifada Fund will have capital of 200 million dollars to be allocated for disbursement to the families of Palestinian martyrs fallen in the Intifada."
According to a US State Department cable sent in 2007 and later released by Wikileaks, a State Department investigation found no "evidence sufficient to corroborate Israeli and press allegations of IDB links to terrorism". However, according to NGO Monitor, a pro-Israeli NGO based in Jerusalem, the Islamic Development Bank is a major contributor to Islamic Relief Worldwide, an organization considered by some to support terrorism and extremism. For example, the United Arab Emirates listed Islamic Relief Worldwide as a terrorist organization in 2014. However, the British government undertook a national investigation into the matter at the request of the UAE government and the final report cleared the international charity. Neither the Islamic Development Bank nor the Islamic Relief Worldwide organization has ever been designated a terrorist entity or as an organization funding terrorism by the UN or the US government.
- Economy of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
- Asian Development Bank
- Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
- African Development Bank
- Caribbean Development Bank
- CAF – Development Bank of Latin America
- European Investment Bank
- International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation
- Islamic banking
- Islamic Organisation for Food Security
- "UN Secretary General Praises IDB Group's Role in Supporting Member Countries' Plans and Programs". Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- Taylor & Francis Group; Dean, Lucy (2003), The Middle East and North Africa 2004: 2004 (Illustrated ed.), Routledge, ISBN 1-85743-184-7
- "About IDB". Islamic Development Bank. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- Epstein, Matthew (September 2003). "Saudi Support for Islamic Extremism in the United States" (PDF). Islam Daily. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Islamic Development Bank triples authorised capital| reuters.com|2013/05/22
- "Capital Markets". ISDB. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Moody's rating" (PDF). ISDB. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Fitch rating" (PDF). ISDB. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "IDB Group in Brief". Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "The Gao Bridge in Mali" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Jihad Economics and Islamic Banking". Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- Dave Clark. "Banking on terrorism in Australia". Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- Silverberg, Kristen (March 23, 2007). "Instructions on Resolution Requesting Observer Status for the Islamic Development Bank Group". WikiLeaks.
- "Islamic Relief Worldwide (IRW)". NGO Monitor. 2020-08-25. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
- "List of groups designated terrorist organizations by the UAE". The National. 2014-11-16. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
- "Report clears Muslim charity of institutional antisemitism". The Guardian. 29 January 2021.
- https://scsanctions.un.org/consolidated/[bare URL]
- "Foreign Terrorist Organizations". U.S. Department of State.