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List of World Heritage Sites in Iran

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[2] Iran accepted the convention on 26 February 1975, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. As of 2019, twenty-four sites in Iran are included.[1]

The first three sites in Iran, Meidan Emam, Isfahan, Persepolis and Tchogha Zanbil, were inscribed on the list at the 3rd Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Paris, France in 1979.[3] They remained the Islamic Republic's only listed properties until 2003, when Takht-e Soleyman was added to the list.[4] The latest addition was the Hyrcanian forests, inscribed in 2019.

In addition to its inscribed sites, Iran also lists more than 50 properties on its tentative list.[5]

World Heritage SitesEdit

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the   at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the site, area, and year columns; by state party for the location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[6]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[7]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A lack of value implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable
Site Image Location Criteria Area

ha (acre)

Year Description
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran West Azerbaijan Province38°58′44″N 45°28′24″E / 38.97889°N 45.47333°E / 38.97889; 45.47333 Cultural:IrnArm

(ii)(iii)(vi)

129 (320) 2008 [8]
Bam and its Cultural Landscape   Kerman Province29°07′00″N 58°22′00″E / 29.11667°N 58.36667°E / 29.11667; 58.36667 Cultural:IrnBam

(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)

2004 [9]
Bisotun   Kermanshah Province34°23′18″N 47°26′12″E / 34.38833°N 47.43667°E / 34.38833; 47.43667 Cultural:IrnBis

(ii)(iii)

187 (460) 2006 [10]
Cultural Landscape of Maymand   Kerman Province30°10′05″N 55°22′32″E / 30.16806°N 55.37556°E / 30.16806; 55.37556 Cultural:IrnCul

(v)

4,954 (12,240) 2015 [11]
Gonbad-e Qābus   Golestan Province37°15′29″N 55°10′08″E / 37.25806°N 55.16889°E / 37.25806; 55.16889 Cultural:IrnGon

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

1 (2.5) 2012 [12]
Golestan Palace   Tehran35°40′47″N 51°25′13″E / 35.67972°N 51.42028°E / 35.67972; 51.42028 Cultural:IrnGon

(ii)(iii)(iv)

5.3 (13) 2013 [13]
Lut Desert   Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan Provinces

30°12′58″N 58°50′20″E / 30.21611°N 58.83889°E / 30.21611; 58.83889

Natural:IrnLut

(vii)(viii)

2,278,012 (5,629,090) 2016 [14]
The Ensemble of Historical Sassanian Cities in Fars Province (Bishabpur, Firouzabad, Sarvestan)   Fars Province

29°46′39″N 51°34′14″E / 29.77750°N 51.57056°E / 29.77750; 51.57056

Cultural:IrnThePerQan

(ii)(iii)(v)

639.3 (1,580) 2018 [15]
Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan   Isfahan, Isfahan Province

32°40′11″N 51°41′07″E / 32.66972°N 51.68528°E / 32.66972; 51.68528

Cultural:IrnMas

(ii)

2.0756 (5.129) 2012 [16]
Naqsh-e Jahan Square   Isfahan, Isfahan Province

32°39′27″N 51°40′40″E / 32.65750°N 51.67778°E / 32.65750; 51.67778

Cultural:IrnMei

(i)(v)(vi)

1979 [17]
Pasargadae   Fars Province30°11′38″N 53°10′02″E / 30.19389°N 53.16722°E / 30.19389; 53.16722 Cultural:IrnPas

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

160 (400) 2004 [18]
Persepolis   Fars Province29°56′04″N 52°53′25″E / 29.93444°N 52.89028°E / 29.93444; 52.89028 Cultural:IrnPer

(i)(iii)(vi)

12.5 (31) 1979 [19]
Shahr-e Sukhteh   Sistan and Baluchestan Province30°35′38″N 61°19′40″E / 30.59389°N 61.32778°E / 30.59389; 61.32778 Cultural:IrnPer

(ii)(iii)(iv)

275 (680) 2014 [20]
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil   Ardabil Province38°14′55″N 48°17′29″E / 38.24861°N 48.29139°E / 38.24861; 48.29139 Cultural:IrnShe

(i)(ii)(iv)

2 (4.9) 2010 [21]
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System   Khuzestan Province32°01′07″N 48°50′09″E / 32.01861°N 48.83583°E / 32.01861; 48.83583 Cultural:IrnShu

(i)(ii)(v)

240 (590) 2009 [22]
Soltaniyeh   Zanjan Province36°26′07″N 48°47′48″E / 36.43528°N 48.79667°E / 36.43528; 48.79667 Cultural:IrnSha

(ii)(iii)(iv)

790 (2,000) 2005 [23]
Susa   Khuzestan Province32°11′22″N 48°15′22″E / 32.18944°N 48.25611°E / 32.18944; 48.25611 Cultural:IrnSus

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

350 (860) 2015 [24]
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex   East Azerbaijan Province38°04′53″N 46°17′35″E / 38.08139°N 46.29306°E / 38.08139; 46.29306 Cultural:IrnTab

(ii)(iii)(iv)

29 (72) 2010 [25]
Takht-e Soleyman   West Azerbaijan Province36°36′14″N 47°14′06″E / 36.60389°N 47.23500°E / 36.60389; 47.23500 Cultural:IrnTak

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

10 (25) 2003 [26]
Tchogha Zanbil   Khuzestan Province32°05′00″N 48°32′00″E / 32.08333°N 48.53333°E / 32.08333; 48.53333 Cultural:IrnTch

(iii)(iv)

1979 [27]
The Persian Garden   Many Provinces (Fars, Kerman, Razavi Khorasan, Yazd, Mazandaran, and Isfahan Provinces) Cultural:IrnThePerGar

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

716 (1,770) 2011 [28]
Persian Qanat   Razavi Khorasan, South Khorasan, Yazd, Kerman, Markazi and Isfahan Provinces

34°17′24″N 58°39′16″E / 34.29000°N 58.65444°E / 34.29000; 58.65444

Cultural:IrnThePerQan

(iii)(iv)

2016 [29]
Historic City of Yazd   Yazd, Yazd Province

31°53′50″N 54°22′4″E / 31.89722°N 54.36778°E / 31.89722; 54.36778

Cultural:IrnThePerQan

(iii)(v)

195.67 (483.5) 2017 [30]
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests   Golestan, Mazandaran and Gilan Provinces

37°25′17.3″N 55°43′27.4″E / 37.421472°N 55.724278°E / 37.421472; 55.724278

Natural:IrnHyr

(ix)

129,484.74 (319,963.8) 2019 Hyrcanian forest covered some parts of Three provinces of Iran including: Golestan Province: The entirety of the southern and southwestern areas as well as parts of the eastern regions of the Gorgan plain is covered with Hyrcanian forest, totaling an area.[31]

Tentative listEdit

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[32] As of February 2018, Iran lists fifty-six properties on its tentative list:[5]

Name Image Location Category

Criteria

Reference

Date
Alisadr Cave   Hamadan Province Natural

(vii)(viii)(ix)

5220

09/08/2007
Arasbaran Protected Area   Azerbaijan Province Natural

(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

5217

09/08/2007
Asbads (windmill) of Iran Khurasan-e Razavi, Sistan and Balochestan Cultural

(i)(ii)(iv)(v)

6192

02/02/2017
Bastam and Kharghan   Cultural

(ii)(iii)(iv)

5198

09/08/2007
Bazaar of Qaisariye in Laar Laar, Fars Province Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(vi)

5196

09/08/2007
Cultural Landscape of Alamout   Village of Alamout,

Qazvin

Mixed

(ii)(iv)(v)(vi)(viii)

5206

09/08/2007
Damavand   Mazandaran Province Natural

(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

5278

05/02/2008
Firuzabad Ensemble   Firuzabad, Fars Cultural

893

22/05/1997
Ghaznavi- Seljukian Axis in Khorasan   Khorasan Province Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

5211

09/08/2007
Hamoun Lake Sistan and Baluchistan Province Natural

(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

5276

05/02/2008
Harra Protected Area   Hormozgan Province Natural

(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

5277

05/02/2008
Hegmataneh Hamadan Province Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

5272

05/02/2008
Historic ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin Qasr-e Shrin, Kermanshah Province Cultural

889

22/05/1997
Historic Monument of Kangavar   Kangavar, Kermanshah Province Cultural

(iii)

5189

09/08/2007
Historical Ensemble of Qasr-e Shirin Qasr-e Shirin, Kermanshah Province Cultural

(ii)(iv)

5188

09/08/2007
Imam Reza Holy Complex   Mashhad, Khurasan-e Razavi Province Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

6194

02/02/2017
Industrial Heritage of textile in the central Plateau of Iran Isfahan, Yazd and Kerman Provinces Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

6196

02/02/2017
Jame' (Congregational) Mosque of Isfahan   Isfahan Province Cultural

888

22/05/1997
Jiroft Kerman Province Cultural

(ii)(iii)(v)(vi)

5210

09/08/2007
Kaboud Mosque   Tabriz, East Azerbaijan Province Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

5202

09/08/2007
Kerman Historical-Cultural Structure Kerman Province Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

5271

05/02/2008
Khabr National Park and Ruchun Wildlife Refuge Kerman Province Natural

(vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

5219

09/08/2007
Khorramabad Valley Khorramabad, Luristan Province Cultural

(i)(iii)(iv)(v)

5209

09/08/2007
Kuh-e Khuaja Zabol, Sistan and Baluchistan Province Cultural

(ii)(iii)(iv)

5184

09/08/2007
Nasqsh-e Rostam and Naqsh-e Rajab   Marvdasht, Fars Province Cultural

598

22/05/1997
Natural-Historical Complex / Cave of Karaftoo Kurdistan Province Mixed 02/02/2017
Persepolis and other relevant buildings   Fars Province Cultural 09/08/2007
Persian Caravanserai   Khurasan-e Razavi, Isfahan and Yazd Provinces Cultural 02/02/2017
Qeshm Island   Hormozgan province Natural 09/08/2007
Sabalan   Ardabil Province Natural

5218

09/08/2007
Salt Domes of Iran Fars Province, Bushehr, Hormozgan, Qom and Zanjan Natural 02/02/2017
Shush   100 km south of Ahvaz, Khuzestan province Cultural

894

22/05/1997
Silk Route (Also as Silk Road) Khorasan Province Cultural

(i)

05/02/2008
Tape Sialk   Isfahan Province Cultural 22/05/1997
Taq-e Bostan   Kermanshah, Kermanshah Province Cultural 09/08/2007
The Collection of Historical Bridges   Lorestan Province Cultural 05/02/2008
The Complex of Izadkhast   Fars Province Cultural 09/08/2007
The Cultural Landscape of Uramanat Uramanat Village, Kurdistan Province Cultural 09/08/2007
The Cultural-Natural Landscape of Ramsar City of Ramsar, Province of Mazandaran Mixed 09/08/2007
The Great Wall of Gorgan Golestan Province Cultural 02/02/2017
The Historical City of Masouleh   City of Masouleh, Gilan Province Cultural 09/08/2007
The Historical City of Maybod   Maybod, Yazd Province Cultural 09/08/2007
The Historical Port of Siraf   Province of Bushehr Cultural

(v)

09/08/2007
The Historical Texture of Damghan   Semnan Province Cultural

(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)

09/08/2007
The Historical Village of Abyaneh   Village of Abyaneh, Isfahan Province Cultural

(ii)(iii)(iv)

09/08/2007
The Historical–Cultural Axis of Fin, Sialk, Kashan   Isfahan Province, Kashan Cultural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

09/08/2007
The Natural-Historical Landscape of Izeh Khuzestan Province Natural

(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)

05/02/2008
The Persian House in Central plateau of Iran Isfahan and Yazd Provinces Cultural

(ii)(iv)(v)(vi)

02/02/2017
The Zandiyeh Ensemble of Fars Province   Shiraz, Fars Province Cultural

(vi)

5270

05/02/2008
Touran Biosphere Reserve   Semnan Province Natural

(x)

5275

05/02/2008
Tous Cultural Landscape   Tous, Khorasan Province Cultural

(iii)(iv)(vi)

5203

09/08/2007
Trans-Iranian Railway   Mazandaran, Tehran and Khuzestan Provinces Cultural

(ii)(vi)

6195

02/02/2017
University of Tehran   Tehran Province Cultural

(ii)(vi)

6201

02/02/2017
Zozan Province of Khorasan Cultural

(ii)(iii)(iv)

5208

09/08/2007

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Iran". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  2. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  3. ^ "Report of the 3rd Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Report of the 27th Session of the Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Tentative List – Iran". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  6. ^ "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  7. ^ "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Bam and its Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  10. ^ "Bisotun". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  11. ^ "Cultural Landscape of Maymand". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  12. ^ "Gonbad-e Qābus". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  13. ^ "Golestan Palace". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Lut Desert". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  15. ^ "Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  17. ^ "Meidan Emam, Esfahan". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ "Pasargadae". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  19. ^ "Persepolis". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  20. ^ "Shahr-e Sukhteh". UNESCO. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  22. ^ "Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  23. ^ "Soltaniyeh". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  24. ^ "Susa". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Takht-e Soleyman". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  27. ^ "Tchogha Zanbil". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  28. ^ "The Persian Garden". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  29. ^ "The Persian Qanat". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  30. ^ "Historic City of Yazd". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  31. ^ "Hyrcanian forests". UNESCO. Retrieved 27 Aug 2019.
  32. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 October 2010.