Ministry of Energy (Iran)

Ministry of Energy (Persian: وزارت نیرو Vezârat-e Niru), Government regulates and manages the implementation of policies applicable to energy, electricity, water and wastewater services in Iran.

Ministry of Energy
وزارت نيرو
Vezârat-e Niru (emblem).jpg
Flag of the Ministry of Energy (Iran).svg
Flag of the Ministry of Energy
Agency overview
Formed3 December 1936; 86 years ago (1936-12-03)
JurisdictionGovernment of the Islamic Republic of Iran
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
Employees34,181 (2019)[1]
Minister responsible
WebsiteOfficial Website

History and profileEdit

Developed on 17 October 1936 (before the current constitution of Iran (1979)), the ministry was established to provide electricity to the city of Tehran.[2] On 20 May 1943 (before the current constitution of Iran (1979)), its portfolio was expanded to include water management in the country.[2][3] It was later renamed as the ministry of water and electricity on 17 March 1964.[2] Later on 17 February 1975, after the parliamentary approval it became the ministry of energy.[2] On 10 May 1978, under energy minister Jahanguir Mahdmina, the ministry's function was expanded to contain the construction and operation of nuclear power plants in the country.[2]

After the new Iranian constitution was formed (1979) some parliamentary changes took place for the duties of this ministry.[4] On 12 July 1980, some of the functions of the ministry were given to the ministry of agriculture.[2] On 7 March 1983, water management, and fair distribution of water resources were made part of the ministry of energy.[2]

Ministry of Energy is responsible for the management of supply and regulating the demand of water, electricity, energy, and wastewater services. It also promotes goods and services training, research and technological advancement, and rooting. The Ministry also plays a major role in the preservation of natural resources in Iran, environmental science, public health promotion, welfare and self-sufficiency for sustainable development of the country.[5]

The ministry has been on the sanction list of the European Union since 16 October 2012.[6]


The ministry consists of five deputy Ministers as follows:[7]

  • Deputy for Research and Human Resources
  • Deputy for Planning and Economic Affairs
  • Deputy for Electricity and Energy
  • Deputy for Water and Wastewater
  • Deputy for Support, Legal, and Parliamentary Affairs

Ministers since 1979Edit

The last energy minister before the 1979 Iranian revolution was Jahanguir Mahdmina.

The energy ministers of Iran after the 1979 Iranian revolution:[2]

No. Portrait Name Took office Left


Party Head of


1 Not an image Abbas Taj 18 February 1979 5 November 1979 Independent Mehdi Bazargan
2 Not an image Hassan Abbaspour 17 November 1979 28 June 1981 Islamic Republican Party Council of the Islamic Revolution

Mohammad-Ali Rajai

3   Hassan Ghafourifard 17 August 1981 28 October 1985 Islamic Coalition Party Mohammad-Javad Bahonar

Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani (acting)

Mir-Hossein Mousavi
4 Not an image Mohammad Taghi Banki 28 October 1985 13 June 1987 Islamic Coalition Party
5   Bijan Zangeneh 20 September 1988 20 August 1997 Independent
Mir-Hossein Mousavi

Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

6 Not an image Habibollah Bitaraf 20 August 1997 24 August 2005 Islamic Iran Participation Front Mohammad Khatami
7   Parviz Fattah 24 August 2005 3 September 2009 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
8   Majid Namjoo 15 November 2009 15 August 2013
9    Hamid Chitchian 15 August 2013 20 August 2017 Hassan Rouhani
10   Reza Ardakanian 29 October 2017 25 August 2021
11   Ali Akbar Mehrabian 25 August 2021 Incumbent Ebrahim Raisi

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ جزییات تعداد کارمندان دولت در سال ۹۷ Tasnim News
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Mir M.Hosseini. "Foundation of the Ministry of Energy". Fouman. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  3. ^ Nikravesh, Ardakanian and Alemohammad, Institutional Capacity Development of Water Resources Management in Iran: [ Archived 18 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ History, Ministry of Energy, Retrieved 29 June 2010. Archived 3 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Vision, Ministry of Energy, Retrieved 29 June 2010. Archived 26 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Persons referred to at point (2) of Article 1". Official Journal of the EU. October 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  7. ^ Organization Chart, Ministry of Energy, Retrieved 29 June 2010. Archived 29 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 35°46′24.11″N 51°24′25.42″E / 35.7733639°N 51.4070611°E / 35.7733639; 51.4070611