Provinces of Iran

Iran is subdivided into thirty-one provinces (Persian: استانOstān), each governed from a local centre, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-general (Persian: استاندار Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.[1]

Provinces of Iran
استان‌های ایران (in Persian)
  • Also known as:
  • Ostān
    استان
Iran provinces.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationIran
Number31
Populations580,158 (Ilam Province) – 13,267,637 (Tehran)
Areas5,833 km2 (2,252 sq mi) (Alborz) – 183,285 km2 (70,767 sq mi) (Kerman Province)
Government
Subdivisions
Provinces of Iran by population in 2021
Provinces of Iran by population density in 2013
Map of the Iranian provinces by Human Development Index in 2017.
Legend:
  0.800 – 1.000 (Very high)
  0.700 – 0.799 (High)
  0.600 – 0.699 (Medium)
Provinces of Iran by contribution to national GDP in 2014
Provinces of Iran by GDP per capita in 2012

Modern historyEdit

Iran has held its modern territory since the Treaty of Paris in 1857. From 1906 until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[2]

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[2]

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2010 when the new Alborz Province was split from Tehran province, and before that in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was divided into three provinces.[3]

 
Map of the 31 provinces of Iran

InformationEdit

 

Current provincesEdit

According to Donyaye Eqtesad, between 2017 and 2019 some 11 of the 20 poorest Iranian cities were in the province of Sistan and Baluchestan. Three other seriously poor cities were located in Kerman province. [4]

Iranian provinces along with additional information and statistics
Province Capital Population, 2016[5] Population 2011 Annual Population Growth Rate (2006-2016) Population of the capital city Capital's share of provincial population Land Area (km2) Population Density (people per km2) Shahrestans (counties) Life expectancy, male[6] Life expectancy, female[6] Notes Map
Alborz Karaj 2,712,400 2412513 3.21% 1592492 58.71% 5833 465.01 4 74.4 78 Until 23 June 2010, Alborz was part of Tehran province.  
Ardabil Ardabil 1,270,420 1248488 0.50% 529374 41.67% 17800 71.37 9 71.3 75.6 Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[7]  
Azerbaijan, East Tabriz 3,909,652 3724620 1.08% 1558693 39.87% 45650 85.64 19 72.5 75.9  
Azerbaijan, West Urmia 3,265,219 3080576 1.53% 793000 24.29% 37437 87.22 14 71.6 76.3 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[8]  
Bushehr Bushehr 1,163,400 1032949 3.43% 223504 19.21% 22743 51.15 9 71 73.5 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[2]  
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord 947,763 895263 1.23% 190441 20.09% 16332 58.03 6 70.2 75 Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[9]  
Fars Shiraz 4,851,274 4596658 1.49% 1565572 32.27% 122608 39.57 23 72.1 76.3  
Gilan Rasht 2,530,696 2480874 0.63% 713000 28.17% 14042 180.22 16 72.1 76.5  
Golestan Gorgan 1,868,819 1777014 1.73% 350676 18.77% 20195 92.53 11 70.8 74.2 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[2]  
Hamadan Hamadan 1,738,234 1738214 0.50% 554405 31.53% 19368 90.78 8 71.2 75.6 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[2]  
Hormozgān Bandar Abbas 1,776,415 1578183 3.01% 526648 29.65% 70669 25.14 11 69.9 73.7 Originally part of Kerman province.[2] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[2]  
Ilam Ilam 580,158 557599 0.35% 194030 33.44% 20133 28.82 7 70.5 72 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[2]  
Isfahan Isfahan 5,120,850 4879312 1.64% 2132000 41.63% 107029 47.85 21 73 77 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]  
Kerman Kerman 3,164,718 2938988 2.24% 537718 16.99% 183285 17.27 14 71.4 75.5  
Kermanshah Kermanshah 1,952,434 1945227 0.60% 1026000 52.55% 24998 78.10 13 70.4 75.3 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[2]  
Khorasan, North Bojnourd 863,092 867727 0.90% 228931 26.52% 28434 30.35 6 69.8 72.6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]  
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad 6,434,501 5994402 1.67% 3208000 49.86% 118884 54.12 29 72.1 76.2 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]  
Khorasan, South Birjand 768,898 662534 2.80% 203636 26.48% 151913 5.06 8 70.8 73.9 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]  
Khuzestan Ahvaz 4,710,509 4531720 1.24% 1244000 26.41% 64055 73.54 18 71.3 73.9  
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj 713,052 658629 1.47% 134532 18.87% 15504 45.99 5 71.2 73.1 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[2]  
Kurdistan Sanandaj 1,603,011 1493645 1.32% 412767 25.75% 29137 55.02 9 70.6 74.1 Originally part of Gilan province.[2]  
Lorestan Khorramabad 1,760,649 1754243 0.42% 373416 21.21% 28294 62.23 9 71.1 74.5 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[2]  
Markazi Arak 1,429,475 1413959 0.77% 520944 36.44% 29130 49.07 10 72.9 76.7 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[2] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]  
Mazandaran Sari 3,283,582 3073943 1.35% 309820 9.44% 23701 138.54 15 73.5 77  
Qazvin Qazvin 1,273,761 1201565 1.29% 402748 31.62% 15549 81.92 5 71.8 75.3 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[2]  
Qom Qom 1,292,283 1151672 2.47% 1288000 99.67% 11526 112.12 1 71.5 75.6 Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[2]  
Semnan Semnan 702,360 631218 2.30% 134532 19.15% 97491 7.20 4 73.2 76.1 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[2] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]  
Sistan and Baluchestan Zahedan 2,775,014 2534327 1.81% 610000 21.98% 180726 15.35 8 65.7 69.2 Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[2]  
Tehran Tehran 13,267,637 12183391 1.82% 9135000 68.85% 18814 705.20 13 74.3 77.8 Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province.  
Yazd Yazd 1,138,533 1074428 1.88% 529673 46.52% 76469 14.89 10 73.2 76.7 Originally part of Isfahan province.[9] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km2) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[2]  
Zanjan Zanjan 1,057,461 1015734 1.22% 430871 40.75% 21773 48.57 7 73.2 75.8 Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]  
Iran (Total) Tehran 79,926,270 75129615 1.55% 31654423 40% 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi) 49.078 342 72.5 75.9  

See alsoEdit

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ IRNA, Online Edition. "Paris for further cultural cooperation with Iran". Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Gwillim Law, Statoids website. "Provinces of Iran". Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  3. ^ a b c d Online edition, Al-Jazeera Satellite Network. "Iran breaks up largest province". Archived from the original on 20 May 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  4. ^ https://iranintl.com/en/iran/iran-enters-new-economic-era-marked-poverty
  5. ^ "National census 2016". amar.org.ir. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.[]
  6. ^ a b 2015-2016 data, Statistical Centre of Iran, Source
  7. ^ Chamber Society, Iranian. "Ardabil Province". Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  8. ^ "Urmia". Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  9. ^ a b Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Ostandarie. "Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province". Retrieved 23 July 2008.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit

Official provincial websites