Bushehr province

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Bushehr Province (Persian: استان بوشهر, romanizedOstān-e Būshehr) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline onto the Persian Gulf. Its center is Bushehr, the provincial capital. The province has ten counties: Asaluyeh, Bushehr, Dashtestan, Dashti, Deyr, Deylam, Jam, Kangan, Ganaveh and Tangestan. In 2011, the province had a population of approximately 1 million people.

Bushehr Province
استان بوشهر
Map of Bushehr Province
Map of Bushehr Province
Map of Iran with Bushehr highlighted
Location of Bushehr within Iran
Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382
RegionRegion 2[1]
 • Governor generalAhmad Mohammadizadeh
 • Total22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi)
 • Total1,463,400
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+03:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+04:30 (IRST)
Main language(s)Persian, Arabic and Turkic
HDI (2017)0.812[3]
very high · 9th

The province was put as part of Region 2 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014.[1]


The Greeks knew of Bushehr by Mezambria during the battles of Nearchus. A French excavating team however in 1913 determined the origin of Bushehr to date back to the Elamite Empire. A city there, known as Lyan, contained a temple that was designed to protect the compound from naval attacks. Its remains can still be seen today 10 kilometers south of the present city of Bushehr.

Marco Polo describes this region as part of the Persian province of Shabankareh. It contains the village of Saba, Iran where are buried (he was told) the three Magi which visited the Christ Child.

A key turning point in the history of Bor event of significance is known to have taken place in this region until the arrival of the European colonialists in the 16th century.

The Portuguese, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 and remained there until Shah Abbas Safavi defeated and liberated the Persian Gulf region of their presence. By 1734, Bushehr had once again risen to prominence due to Nader Shah of the Afsharid dynasty, and his military policies in The Persian Gulf.

Map of the Bushehr Region in the Early 1750s

Bushehr was selected by Nader to be the central base of Nader's Naval fleet in the Persian Gulf. He thus changed the name of the city to Bandar e Naderiyeh (Nader's Port). He hired an Englishman by the name of John Elton to help build his fleet. Dutch accounts report his naval fleet to have amounted to 8000-10000 personnel as well as several ship construction installations.

After Nader's death, the Dutch continued to have good commercial relations in Bushehr, until the British made their debut in Bushehr in 1763 by a contract they signed with Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty. By then, the city of Bushehr had become Iran's major port city in the Persian Gulf. By the Qajar era, Britain, Norway, Russia, Italy, France, Germany, and the Ottomans had diplomatic and commercial offices there, with Britain steadily gaining a foothold in the area. Close to 100 British ships are reported to have docked at the port city every year during the Qajar era.

2013 Bushehr earthquakeEdit

A strong earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter magnitude scale struck the town of Shonbeh and villages of Shonbeh and Tasuj District in Dashti County of Bushehr Province on 9 April 2013, killing at least 37 people.[4]



A vast majority of the population speak Persian (mostly the Fars dialect) as first language with a minority of Arabic and Turkic speakers.[5][6]


The vast majority of Bushehr's population are Shia Muslims, with a minority of Sunnis comprising 8.5% of the province's population.[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Map Shahrestan(county) Bakhsh(district) Bakhsh capital city(s) in Bakhsh
Bushehr Central Bushehr Bushehr

Ali Shahr

Kharg Kharg Kharg
Choghadak Choghadak Choghadak
Tangestan Central Ahram Ahram


Delvar Delvar Delvar
Jam Central Jam Jam


Riz Riz Riz


Dashtestan Central Borazjan Borazjan


Ab Pakhsh Ab Pakhsh Ab Pakhsh
Eram Tang-e Eram Tang-e Eram
Bushkan Bushkan Bushkan


Sadabad Sadabad Sadabad


Shabankareh Shabankareh Shabankareh
Dashti Central Khormoj Khormoj
Shonbeh and Tasuj Shonbeh Shonbeh
Kaki Kaki Kaki


Dayyer Central Dayyer Dayyer



Abdan Abdan Abdan
Bord Khun Bord Khun Bord Khun
Deylam Central Bandar Deylam Bandar Deylam
Imam Hassan Imam Hassan Imam Hassan
Asaluyeh Central Asaluyeh Asaluyeh

Nakhl Taqi

Bid Khun

Chah-e Mobarak Chah-e Mobarak Chah-e Mobarak
Kangan Central Bandar Kangan Bandar Kangan


Siraf Bandar Siraf Bandar Siraf
Ganaveh Central Bandar Ganaveh Bandar Ganaveh
Rig Bandar Rig Bandar Rig

Bushehr todayEdit

The coast in Bushehr by the Persian Gulf.
Topological and bathmetery map of Bushehr province

Aside from the revived port city of Bushehr, which is the second main naval port of Iran after Bandar Abbas, Bushehr also has come back recently in the spotlight for three main reasons:

Kharg Island (Khark Island)Edit

During the Iran-Iraq war, Iran's major petroleum exporting ports in Khuzestan sustained damages so severe that a second port in Kharg Island was selected to carry on the major responsibility of Iran's petroleum exports, though even Kharg was not immune from Iraqi air raids.

Bushehr Nuclear ReactorEdit

The Bushehr Light water PWR Nuclear Reactor, designed by Siemens AG, built by the Russians, is Iran's first Nuclear Power Plant reactor.

The industrial corridor of AssalouyehEdit

As many as 70,000 foreign engineers and technicians are currently working in this industrial zone 270 kilometers south of the provincial capital. This zone is where the nearby famous South Pars Gas field is located, where Iran has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in infrastructure. The South Pars Gas field is the world's largest natural gas field.

The Assalouyeh industrial zone is deemed so lucrative that even American companies such as American Allied International Corp and Halliburton have bypassed American sanctions to become somehow involved in the zone.[1]

Colleges and universitiesEdit


Football is the most popular sports in Boushehr. Boushehr is home to both famous football teams: Shahin-e Boushehr and Pars Jonoubi jam.

Shahin is one of the oldest soccer team in Iran which has found in 1942. Shahin is one of the most popular teams in current Iranian football league just like Tractor-Sazi from Tabriz.

Sajjad Gharibi (born 19 December 1991) is an Iranian bodybuilder.[8][9] He born on Khozestan, Ahwaz, and has lived in Busher. He has become famous in world because of his special physique. His musculus volume is extraordinary for his height, 186 cm (6'2" tall), and weight, 180 kg (390 lb). He has looked like The Incredible Hulk character, because of his size, his Iranian fans have called him Iranian Hulk.[10]

Some attractions of BushehrEdit

Bandar Gonaveh

Despite its unique potentials, Bushehr remains to be developed for absorbing tourists and seriously lacks the necessary investment for tourism. The city of Bushehr has 3-star hotels, an airport, and modern amenities. The Cultural heritage Organization of Iran lists up to 45 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province. Some are listed below:

  • Persian Gulf Beach(Bushehr)
  • Deje Borazjan
  • Kakhe tauke (borazjan)
  • Shahzade Ebrahim (Shazabreim)
  • Qal'eh Holandiha (The Dutch Castle)
  • Mabad Poseidon, (Poseidon's temple)
  • Gurestan Bastani (the ancient cemetery)
  • Imamzadeh Mir Mohammed Hanifeh
  • Aramgah (tomb of) Haj Mohammed Ibrahim Esfahani
  • The Old Church of Kharg Island
  • Qavam water reservoir
  • Qazi House
  • Maqbareh (tomb of) the English General
  • Shaykh Sadoon Mosque
  • The Holy Christ Church
  • House of Raies Ali Delvari
  • House of Malik
  • The ancient site of Ray-Shahr which is located 8 km south of Bushehr.
  • Tomb of Abdul mohaymrn
  • House Darya Baygui
  • House of Dehdashti
  • Castle of Khormuj


Bushehr has been home to some famous poets. Among them are Faiez Dashti (Dashtestani) (1830-1919) and Manouchehr Atashi. Faiez poems, and Dashti(or Dashtestani) literature in general, resemble Baba Taher's works. Sadeq Chubak, Najaf Daryabandari, and Moniro Ravanipour are among the most prominent writers in the literature of Bushehr.


  1. ^ a b "استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند". همشهری آنلاین (in Persian). 2014-06-22. Retrieved 2022-04-25.
  2. ^ "درگاه ملی آمار > خانه > اطلاعات استانی". Archived from the original on 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ Iran quake kills 37, injures more than 850
  5. ^ "Language distribution: Bushehr Province". Atlas of the Languages of Iran (ALI). Retrieved 27 April 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Anonby, Erik & Taheri-Ardali, Mortaza, et al. (eds.). 2015–2022. Atlas of the Languages of Iran (ALI). Ottawa: Geomatics & Cartographic Research Centre, Carleton University. (http://iranatlas.net/) (Accessed 2022-04-27).
  7. ^ "فضای صمیمی بین اهل سنت و شیعه در استان بوشهر وجود دارد" [There is an intimate atmosphere between Sunnis and Shias in Bushehr province]. Mehr News Agency (in Persian). 2022-03-10. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  8. ^ "'Scariest Man On The Planet' to fight 'Iranian Hulk' in MMA debut". talksport. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  9. ^ "178kg monster is an absolute weapon". news.com.au. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  10. ^ "همه چیز درباره چهره شاخص این روزهای فضای مجازی". tasnimnews.com. Tasnimnews. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2019.

External linksEdit