Markazi province

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Markazi Province (Persian: استان مرکزی, Ostān-e Markazi) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The word Markazi means central in Persian. In 2014 it was placed in Region 4.[3]

Markazi Province
(مادستان)استان مرکزی
A view of Amingholamali Saveh Jamee mosque
A view of Amingholamali Saveh Jamee mosque
Counties of Markazi Province
Counties of Markazi Province
Location of Markazi Province in Iran
Location of Markazi Province in Iran
Coordinates: 34°05′43″N 49°41′27″E / 34.0954°N 49.6909°E / 34.0954; 49.6909Coordinates: 34°05′43″N 49°41′27″E / 34.0954°N 49.6909°E / 34.0954; 49.6909
RegionRegion 4
 • Governor-generalFarzad Mokhlesolaemeh
 • Total29,127 km2 (11,246 sq mi)
 • Total1,429,475
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+03:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+04:30 (IRST)
Main language(s)Persian
HDI (2018)0.791[2]
high · 15th

Markazi lies in central Iran. Its capital is Arak. Its population is estimated at 1.41 million.[4] The present borders of the province date to the 1977, when the province was split into the current Markazi and the Tehran Province, with portions being annexed by Esfahan, Semnan Province, and Zanjan.

The major cities of the province are: Saveh, Arak, Mahallat, Zarandiyeh, Khomein, Delijan, Tafresh, Ashtian, Shazand (previously known as Sarband) and Farahan.


The Congregation Mosque of Narāgh. Markazi province is rich in historical and architectural heritage.

Markazi province was part of the Median Empire in the first millennium BC, which included all of the central and western parts of modern-day Iran. The region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau. Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area.

In the early centuries of Islam, the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Kuhestan. By the early 10th century, Khorheh had become a famous city of Jibal province, followed by Tafresh and Khomein.

In recent times, the expansion of the North-South railroad (commonly known as the Persian Corridor) and the establishing of major industries helped boost development in the area.

Many figures in Iranian history trace their beginnings to this province. namely: Mirza Abu'l-Qasem Qa'em-Maqam, Abbas Eqbal Ashtiani, Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, Mirza Bozorg Qa'em-Maqam, Mahmoud Hessabi, Ayatollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Araki, and many others.


Persians make up the majority of the province,[3] the province also include significant minorities of Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Lurs, etc.[5]

Markazi Province Historical population

Colleges and universitiesEdit

  1. Arak University of Medical Sciences
  2. Arak University of Technology
  3. University of Arak
  4. Tafresh University
  5. Islamic Azad University of Khomein[5]
  6. Islamic Azad University of Arak
  7. Islamic Azad University of Saveh[6]
  8. Islamic Azad University of Farahan[7]
  9. Islamic Azad University of Ashtian
  10. Islamic Azad University of Tafresh
  11. Farhangian University of Arak
  12. Energy University (Saveh)[8]

Counties and districtsEdit

Markazi province consists of 12 counties and 18 districts Khondab County was added in 2007). Farahan County was also added later in 2010.

Map Shahrestan Map Key Bakhsh Center
Arak A Central Arak
k Khondab
Ashtian Ash Central Ashtian
Delijan D Central Delijan
Komijan K Central Komijan
m Milajerd
Khomeyn Kh Central Khomeyn
k Kamareh
Mahallat M Central Mahallat
Saveh S Central Saveh
n Nobaran
Shazand Sh Central Shazand
s Sarband
z Zalian
Tafresh T Central Tafresh
f Farahan
Zarandieh Z Central Mamuniyeh
k Kharqan
Neighbor provinces: E: Esfahan, H: Hamedan, L: Lorestan, Qm: Qom, Qz: Qazvin, T: Tehran



  1. ^ "National census 2016". Retrieved 2017-03-14.[]
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ a b "همشهری آنلاین-استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند (Provinces were divided into 5 regions)". Hamshahri Online (in Persian). June 23, 2014. Archived from the original on June 23, 2014.
  4. ^ Selected Findings of National Population and Housing Census 2011 Archived 2013-05-31 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b "Islamic Azad University of Khomein". Archived from the original on 2012-08-12. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  6. ^ Islamic Azad University of Saveh (in Persian). Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  7. ^ "Islamic Azad University of Farahan". Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  8. ^ "موسسه آموزش عالي غير انتفاعي غير دولتي انرژي ساوه". 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2012-08-07.

External linksEdit