Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Faroese folk dance club with some members in national costumes.

A folk costume (also regional costume, national costume, or traditional garment) expresses an identity through costume, which is usually associated with a geographic area or a period of time in history. It can also indicate social, marital or religious status. If the costume is used to represent the culture or identity of a specific ethnic group, it is usually known as ethnic costume (also ethnic dress, ethnic wear, ethnic clothing, traditional ethnic wear or traditional ethnic garment). Such costumes often come in two forms: one for everyday occasions, the other for traditional festivals and formal wear.

Following the outbreak of romantic nationalism, the peasantry of Europe came to serve as models for all that appeared genuine and desirable. Their dress crystallised into so-called "typical" forms, and enthusiasts adopted that attire as part of their symbolism.

In areas where Western dress codes have become usual, traditional garments are often worn at special events or celebrations; particularly those connected with cultural traditions, heritage or pride. International events may cater for non-Western attendees with a compound dress code such as "business suit or national dress".

In modern times, there are instances where traditional garments are required by sumptuary laws. In Bhutan, the traditional Tibetan-style clothing of gho and kera for men, and kira and toego for women, must be worn by all citizens, including those not of Tibetan heritage. In Saudi Arabia, women are also required to wear the abaya in public.

Contents

AfricaEdit

 
A group of African women wearing pagne.

Central AfricaEdit

Eastern AfricaEdit

Northern AfricaEdit

Southern AfricaEdit

Western AfricaEdit

 
Yoruba men in folk costume

AsiaEdit

Central AsiaEdit

Eastern AsiaEdit

South and South-East AsiaEdit

Southeastern AsiaEdit

 
Indonesian girl wearing traditional Palembangese Songket

Middle East AsiaEdit

EuropeEdit

 
Northern Caucasus folk costumes. The text at the bottom of the picture reads (from left to right): Ossetians, Circassians, Kabardians, and Chechens.
 
Costumes of inhabitants of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1855: Romanian, ethnic Hungarian (Magyar), Slovak and German peasants
 
Traditional kroj from Slovakia
 
Andalusian folk costumes from Spain

Eastern EuropeEdit

Central EuropeEdit

Northern EuropeEdit

Southern EuropeEdit

Western EuropeEdit

North AmericaEdit

 
American senators wearing seersucker suits associated with the Southern US
 
China Poblana dress, emblematic of the City of Puebla and sometimes considered the national costume of Mexico.

CaribbeanEdit

Central AmericaEdit

Northern AmericaEdit

OceaniaEdit

South AmericaEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.estonica.org/en/Culture/Traditional_folk_culture/Folk_costume/
  2. ^ "Носиите – Жеравна 2014". Nosia.bg. 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2014-08-27. 
  3. ^ "Български народни носии – България в стари снимки и пощенски картички". Retrobulgaria.com. Retrieved 2014-08-27. 
  4. ^ Condra, Jill, ed. (2013). Encyclopedia of National Dress, Vol. I. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 123. 
  5. ^ Condra, Jill, ed. (2013). Encyclopedia of National Dress, Vol. I. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 123.