Sea Islands

The Sea Islands are a chain of tidal and barrier islands on the Atlantic Ocean coast of the Southeastern United States. Numbering over 100, they are located between the mouths of the Santee and St. Johns Rivers along the coast of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. The largest of these is Johns Island in South Carolina. The Sea Islands, particularly Sapelo Island, are home to the Gullah people.

Sea Islands
Sea Islands map.png
Map of the Sea islands
Sea Islands is located in the United States
Sea Islands
Sea Islands
LocationAtlantic Ocean
Total islandsOver 100
United States


Settled by indigenous cultures over thousands of years, the islands were selected by Spanish colonists as sites for founding of colonial missions. Historically the Spanish influenced the Guale and Mocama chiefdoms by establishing Christian missions in their major settlements, from St. Catherine's Island south to Fort George Island (at present-day Jacksonville, Florida).[1]

After President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation became effective on January 1, 1863, more than 5,000 slaves on Union-occupied islands obtained their freedom.[2]

Major Sea IslandsEdit

South CarolinaEdit

Charleston CountyEdit

Colleton CountyEdit

Beaufort CountyEdit


Chatham CountyEdit

Liberty CountyEdit

McIntosh CountyEdit

Glynn CountyEdit

Camden CountyEdit


Nassau CountyEdit

Duval CountyEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Mission Santa Catalina de Guale", New Georgia Encyclopedia, 2008, accessed 13 May 2010
  2. ^ William Klingaman, Abraham Lincoln and the Road to Emancipation, 1861-1865 (NY: Viking Press, 2001), p. 234

Further readingEdit

  • Gibson, Count D. (1948). Sea Islands of Georgia—Their Geologic History. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820334943. Retrieved 3 July 2019.

External linksEdit