Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest
Luxembourg has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 37 times since making its debut at the first contest in 1956. Between 1956 and 1993, Luxembourg missed only the 1959 contest. Luxembourg has not participated in the contest since its last participation in 1993. Luxembourg has won the contest five times. Only Ireland (seven) and Sweden (six) have more wins.
|National selection events|
|Host||1962, 1966, 1973, 1984|
|Highest placement||1st: 1961, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1983|
|Luxembourg's page at Eurovision.tv|
| For the most recent participation see|
Luxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993
Luxembourg's first victory was in 1961 when Jean-Claude Pascal won with "Nous les amoureux". France Gall then won in 1965 with "Poupée de cire, poupée de son". Luxembourg achieved back-to-back victories in the early 1970s, with Vicky Leandros winning with "Après toi" in 1972 and Anne-Marie David with "Tu te reconnaîtras" in 1973. Luxembourg's fifth victory was in 1983, when Corinne Hermes won with "Si la vie est cadeau". After hosting the 1984 contest, Luxembourg struggled to make an impact, only reaching the top ten twice, with Sherisse Laurence third (1986) and Lara Fabian fourth (1988). Since being relegated from taking part in 1994, the country withdrew from the contest indefinitely.
In 2014, Luxembourg's Minister of Culture, Maggy Nagel, expressed her desire for the country to return to the contest. This was later explained as a "misunderstanding". A collaboration with San Marino (SMRTV) was proposed, but it was later announced that the project would not move forward due to funding problems.
In 2004, RTL were to return to Eurovision after an absence of 11 years. However, after monetary issues, Luxembourg withdrew. Strong rumours indicated that RTL would participate at the 2005 contest. However, RTL later decided against it, and said that they would "never" return. In 2008, RTL later reiterated their lack of interest in returning to the contest.
In recent years the Luxembourg branch of OGAE has been campaigning for Luxembourg to return to the contest. The 2008 convention held by the organization, featuring Luxembourgish entrants Corinne Hermès and Marion Welter, as well as the Portuguese entrant of the 2008 contest Vânia Fernandes, received major media attention within the country, with RTL reporting twice on the event, and were present to interview Hermès.
Chances of returningEdit
It has been suggested that RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg's public service remit, which contains a strong focus on delivering Luxembourgish news and information content to the Luxembourgish television audience, as well as RTL's status as a publicly traded company, present significant obstacles for the country's return to the ESC.
It was announced in September 2009 that RTL was in serious considerations regarding returning to the contest in 2010. However, they would have had to secure fees regarding participation and the artist's expenses. Although it was rumoured that Luxembourg would return in the 2012 edition of the contest, RTL has announced that no such intentions exist at present.
On 31 July 2014, RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg confirmed that Luxembourg would not be returning to the contest in 2015. It was reported on 26 October 2014 that the country's Minister of Culture, Maggy Nagel, expressed her desire for the country to return to the contest. This was later confirmed by Nagel to be a "misunderstanding" and that the country would not be returning. A collaboration with San Marino has been proposed by the broadcaster SMRTV and singer Thierry Mersch, but later SMRTV clarified that there have only been talks between the two countries and that the broadcaster is evaluating other proposals. However, on 24 November 2014, it was announced that Mersch had failed to raise the necessary funds in time for the project to move forward.
On 21 June 2016, the Petitions Committee of the Government of Luxembourg received five petitions on various matters in relation to the Grand Duchy. One of which was for Luxembourg to return to the Eurovision Song Contest. The Luxembourg government subsequently held a debate to discuss the proposals set out on the petition, and the possible return of the country to the contest. Nevertheless, RTL reiterated its intention not to participate on 22 August.
Between 1956 and 1993 Luxembourg was only absent from the Contest once, in 1959. However, in 1993 Luxembourg was relegated from taking part in the 1994 Contest, and has yet to return.
Due to the country's small size and the national broadcaster's penchant for internal selection, most of Luxembourg's entrants came from outside the Grand Duchy, mainly from France. Solange Berry, Plastic Bertrand and Lara Fabian were from Belgium, Nana Mouskouri and Vicky Leandros from Greece, David Alexandre Winter and Margo from the Netherlands, Ireen Sheer and Malcolm Roberts from the United Kingdom, Geraldine from Ireland, Jürgen Marcus and Chris Roberts from Germany, Baccara from Spain, Jeane Manson, Maggie Parke and Diane Solomon from the United States and Sherisse Laurence from Canada. All five of the winning artists from Luxembourg were foreign, four were French and one was Greek. Out of 38 entries in total and even more performers, only the following nine were native to Luxembourg: Camillo Felgen, Chris Baldo, Monique Melsen, Sophie Carle, Franck Olivier, Park Café, Sarah Bray, Marion Welter and Modern Times. Another singer native to Luxembourg, Mary Christy, represented Monaco in the 1976 contest, reaching 3rd place.
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song ContestEdit
|Artist||Language||Title||At Congratulations||At Eurovision|
|France Gall||French||"Poupée de cire, poupée de son"||Failed to qualify||14 ◁||37||1965||1||32|
|1962||Luxembourg||Villa Louvigny||Mireille Delannoy|
|1973||Nouveau Théâtre Luxembourg||Helga Guitton|
|1984||Théâtre Municipal||Désirée Nosbusch|
|1957||Willy Berking||Host conductor|
|1958||Dolf van der Linden|
|1963||Eric Robinson||N/A||Host conductor|
|1969||Augusto Algueró||Host conductor|
|1984||Pascal Stive||Pierre Cao||[d]|
|1989||Benoît Kaufman||Host conductor|
Commentators and spokespersonsEdit
Through the 37 years Luxembourg took part in the Eurovision Song Contest, the contest was broadcast on two channels (RTL TV and RTL Hei Elei), but the contest was mostly broadcast on the French section of RTL until it was divided in 1991 and after that it was broadcast in Luxembourgish. However, only one commentator (Maurice Molitor) was native to Luxembourg.
|Year||Television commentator||Radio commentator||Spokesperson||Ref.|
|1956||Commentary via RTF||No radio broadcast||No spokesperson|
|1959||Did not participate|
|1962||Nicole Védrès||Robert Diligent|
|1963||Commentary via ORTF||Unknown|
|1966||Jacques Navadic||Camillo Felgen|
|1976||André Torrent||Jacques Harvey|
|1981||Jacques Navadic and Marylène Bergmann|
|1984||Valérie Sarn and Jacques Navadic|
|1985||Valérie Sarn||Frédérique Ries|
|1994–2021||No broadcast||Did not participate|
Notes and referencesEdit
- The full results for the first contest in 1956 are unknown, as only the winner was announced. The official Eurovision site lists all the other songs as being placed second.
- Also conducted the Spanish entry.
- Also conducted the Belgian and Swiss entries.
- Cao conducted the Cypriot and German entries.
- "Luxembourg plans return to Eurovision?". eurovision.tv. EBU. 27 October 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- Bettega, Tania (26 October 2014). "Culture Minister agrees to Luxembourg's Eurovision return". Luxemburger Wort. Luxemburger Wort. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- Fiden, Mustafa (26 October 2014). "Luxembourger culture minister agrees to the country's return". eurovoix.com. Eurovoix. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- Bettega, Tania (28 October 2014). "Luxembourg's Eurovision return is "misunderstanding"". Luxemburger Wort. Luxemburger Wort. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Luxembourg could return to Eurovision in San Marino collaboration". Luxemburger Wort. Luxemburger Wort. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Eurovision Song Contest: rumors sulla partecipazione, la precisazione di Rtv". smtvsanmarino.sm. SMRTV. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "No Eurovision deal for Luxembourg and San Marino". Luxemburger Wort. Luxemburger Wort. 24 November 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Bakker, Sietse (22 April 2003). "Luxembourg back in Eurovision next year?". ESCToday. Retrieved 22 April 2003.
- Bakker, Sietse (19 October 2003). "Luxembourg might withdraw again from Eurovision". ESCToday. Retrieved 19 October 2003.
- Bakker, Sietse (3 November 2003). "Luxembourg won't participate in 2004". ESCToday. Retrieved 3 November 2003.
- Philips, Roel (29 January 2004). "Luxembourg back in 2005?". ESCToday. Retrieved 29 January 2004.
- Philips, Roel (13 October 2004). "'Luxembourg never to return to the contest'". ESCToday. Retrieved 13 October 2003.
- "RTL not interested in Eurovision 2009". Oikotimes. 12 June 2008. Archived from the original on 17 June 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2008.
- Kuipers, Michael (12 June 2008). "Luxembourg: "No interest!"". ESCToday. Retrieved 12 June 2008.
- Costa, Nelson (16 October 2008). "Marion, Vânia and Corinne Hermès in OGAE gala". Oikotimes. Archived from the original on 22 November 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- Floras, Stella (1 November 2008). "OGAE Luxembourg: Eurovision fun and glamour". ESCToday. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- Lucas, John (16 September 2015). "Après Toi… How Luxembourg Fell Out Of Love With Eurovision". ESC Insight. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- "EBU - Active Members". Ebu.ch. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- Al Kaziri, Ghassan (1 September 2009). "CLT will decide on Eurovision in December". Oikotimes. Archived from the original on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
-  Archived January 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Jiandani, Sanjay (30 July 2014). "Luxembourg: RTL will not return to Eurovision in 2015". ESCToday. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- Granger, Anthony (21 June 2016). "Luxembourg government committee to debate Eurovision return". Eurovoix. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Jiandani, Sanjay (22 August 2016). "Luxembourg: RTL will not return to Eurovision in 2017". ESCToday. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 93–101. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
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- Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 142–168. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2016). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Three: The 1980s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Points to and from Luxembourg eurovisioncovers.co.uk