List of conflicts in the Philippines

This list of conflicts in the Philippines is a timeline of events that includes pre-colonial wars, Spanish–Moro conflict, Philippine revolts against Spain, battles, skirmishes, and other related items that have occurred in the Philippines' geographical area.[1]

ListEdit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Classical period (Prehispanic Era)
War against the Chinese Tang dynasty (c. 800 AD)[2] Kingdom of Mayd (Ma-i or Madja-as of ancient Philippines)

Kingdom of Musa (Muja, old Brunei)

Tang dynasty Status quo ante

Mayd-Musa Alliance wasn't successful on taking down the Tang Dynasty

First Visayan Raid -(Formosa, East China Sea (c. 1174 AD)[3] Visayan People Song Dynasty Visayan Victory

Successful raiding expedition[4]

Second Visayan Raid -(Formosa, East China Sea (c.1190 AD)[3] Visayan People Song Dynasty Visayan Victory

Successful raiding expedition[4]

Southern Expansion of Tundun (c. 1220 (High Middle Ages)
 
A Kawal holding Sibat.
  Tundun
  •   Rajah Alon
  • Tagalog people
Kumintang (chiefdom in Batangas). Tundun Victory

Fall of Kumintang to Tundun.

Tamil Rebellion (1300 CE.)
 
Visayan Nobles
Sri Lumay
  • Sri Alho & Sri Ukob
  Chola Dynasty Successful Escape of Sri Lumay

Establishment of the Rajahnate of Cebu[5][citation not found]

Battle of Maynila (1365) Majapahit-Luzon conflict Tundun Majapahit
  • Majapahit Naval forces
Tundun Decisive Victory
Unspecified and disputed battle[6] according to the Nagarakretagama.
Moro raid - Po-ni province (modern day Brunei-1369 AD) Sultanate of Sulu
  • Buranun People
Majapahit Empire
  • Majapahit Fleet
Suluan Victory

Majapahit succeeded in driving away the Sulu[7]

Moro Expeditions (ca. 1440 CE.)
 
A Karakowa ancient Battleship with Lantaka Cannons.
Confederation of Madja-as
  • Datu Padojinog
  Sultanate of Sulu[8] Madja-as victory[a]
  • Withdrawal of Sultanate's forces.
Bruneian Invasion of Palawan - Expansion of Bruneian Empire (ca. 1477 CE.)
 
Moro Pirates.
Clans and tribes in Palawan Bruneian Empire
  • Forces from Brunei

Sultanate of Sulu

Tribal Defeat

The southern and central portion of Palawan was annexed by Brunei.[8]

Bruneian Invasion of Mindoro - Fall of the Kingdom of Ma-i
Mindoro c. 1500 C.E.
  Huangdom of Mai   Bruneian Empire Fall of Ma-i
Bruneian Invasion of Tundun -Expansion of Bruneian Empire c.(1500 CE.)
 
A Malay warrior armed with gun and a sword.
  Tundun   Brunei Defeat of Tundun
Foundation of Kota Selurong (Maynila), a vassal state of Kingdom of Brunei.[10][11]
Moro Expeditions (ca. 1450 CE.) Confederation of Madja-as
  • Datu Padojinog
  Sultanate of Maguindanao Madja-as Victory[a]
Chinese Expeditions (ca. 1457 CE.) Confederation of Madja-as
  • Datu Padojinog
Chinese pirates Madja-as Victory[a]
  • Withdrawal of pirate forces.
Muslim Expansion of Mindanao- Battle of Malabang and the Battle of Lanao del Sur , 1475 AD.   Sultanate of Maguindanao Non-Muslim natives Sultanates Victory[12]
Visayan Coalition (1500 CE.)[13]
 
A Visayan Royal couple.
Confederation of Madja-as
Kedatuan of Visayas:
Alliance of the Kota Selurong (Maynila)
  Sultanate of Sulu
Kingdom of Namayan
Sponsored by:   Brunei.
Madja-as Victory
  • Failure to conquer the Visayan confederation.
  • Escape of the hostaged Visayan villagers and slaves.
Battle of Mactan (1521)
Chiefdom of Mactan Island
Datu Lapu Lapu of Mactan
  Spanish conquistadors
  Ferdinand Magellan
  • Kedatuan of Limasawa
  • Rajahnate of Cebu (Rajah Humabon)
Mactan Victory

Death of Magellan, departure of the Spanish expedition

Burmese–Siamese War (1547–49)
Toungoo Dynasty (Burma)   Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam)

  Tondo[b]

Siamese Defensive Victory
  • Burma claims to regain Upper Tenasserim down to Tavoy (Dawei).
    At the same time, Lusung warriors fought alongside the Siamese king.[b]
  • Also, Lusung warriors aided the Burmese king in his invasion of Siam in 1547 AD.[15]
Bool-Ternate War (1563) Kingdom of Bool Sultanate of Ternate Ternatean Victory
  • Death of Prince Dailisan
  • 10,000 people in the Kingdom of Bool flee to Dapitan.[16]
Spanish Period
Spanish Conquest
(1571)
Namayan
Tundun
Maynila
Confederation of Madja-as
  Spanish East Indies
  Spanish Conquistadors
Fall of the Luzon and Visayan Kingdoms. Establishment of Spanish colonial territories in Luzon and islands of Visayas.[17]
Bruneian Civil War (1600-1673)   Brunei   Sultan Abdul Hakkul Mubin's Forces
  • In 1658, the Sultan of Brunei ceded the northern and eastern portion of Borneo to the Sultan of Sulu in compensation for the latter's help in settling the Brunei Civil War in the Brunei Sultanate. Both the Sultanate of Brunei and Sulu later continued to loosely govern the western and eastern part of Sabah respectively as both territories fall into the hand of the British under a series of agreements.
Spanish campaigns in Lanao (1637–1639 CE) Sultanate of Lanao   Spanish Empire Spanish Defeat
  • Failure of the conquest and Christianize the Maranao people.
Spanish Conquest of Mindanao (1888)
 
The Moros on their proas.
  Sultanate of Maguindanao   Spanish Empire Maguindanao is confined into the interior of Mindanao.
Philippine revolts against Spain
Dagami Revolt
(1565)
Chief Dagami of Gabi
Rajah Tupas
  Spanish Conquistadors Ceasefire
Conspiracy of the Maharlikas
(1568)
  Tondo

Sponsored by

  Spanish Empire Tundun Defeat

The uprising failed when they were betrayed to the Spanish authorities by Antonio Surabao (Susabau) of Calamianes. The rebels were arrested, tried and found guilty of treason.

Five leading members were exiled to Mexico: Pedro Balinguit (lord of Pandacan), Pitongatan (a prince of Tondo), Felipe Salonga (lord of Polo), Calao (a commander-in-chief of Tondo), and Agustín Manuguit (Minister of Tondo). They were the very first natives of the Philippines to settle in Mexico.

Cagayan Revolt
(1565)
Ilocanos, Ibanag tribes   Spanish conquistadors Ceasefire
The tax system was reformed.
Magalat Revolt (1596) Chief Magalat of Cagayan   Spanish and Filipino colonial troops
  •   Pedro de Chaves
Revolutionary Defeat
Death of Magalat
Igorot Revolt (Cordillera 1601) Ifugao Clans and tribes   Spanish conquistadors Ceasefire
  • The Spaniards were only able to gain nominal political and military control over them.
Sumuroy Revolt (1649-1650) Agustin Sumuroy   Spanish conquistadors
    • Spanish colonial troops
Revolutionary Defeat
  • Agustin Sumuroy was killed by his own men.
Battle of Manila (1762)
(part of Seven Years' War)
Spanish garrison of Manila British fleet and army with troops from East India Company
(William Draper)
Manila and Cavite was occupied by the British until 1764 when a treaty concluded the war.
Cavite Mutiny (1872) Filipino workers
Felipe Ginoves
  Colonial government
  •   Governor General Rafael Izquierdo
    • Sgt. Ferdinand La Madrid
Mutineer Defeat
  • Aftermath of the mutiny, all Filipino soldiers were disarmed and later sent into exile in Mindanao.
  • Execution of Gomburza and other 44 mutineers.
Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
(1896-1898)
 
Regular soldiers of the Philippine army stand at attention for the inspection.

 
Filipino revolutionaries exiled to Hong Kong. Sitting on Emilio Aguinaldo's right is Lt. Col. Miguel Primo de Rivera, nephew and aide-de-camp of Fernando Primo de Rivera and father of José Antonio Primo de Rivera. Standing behind Aguinaldo is Col. Gregorio del Pilar. Miguel was held hostage until Aguinaldo's indemnity was paid. Standing behind Miguel and to his right is Pedro Paterno.
1896-97

  Sovereign Tagalog Nation

1897
  Republic of Biak-na-Bato
1898
  Filipino Revolutionaries
Supported by:
  United States


  Sulu Sultanate

  Spain Peace Treaty (1897)

Victory (1898)

Battle of Manila of 1896 (Manila, Philippines August 29, 1896)   Katipunan   Spain Katipunero Defeat
Battle of Imus (Imus, Cavite September 1–3, 1896)
  Katipunan   Spain Katipunero Victory
  • Death of General Ernesto de Aguirre.
Battle of Zapote Bridge (February 17, 1897)
 
The Zapote Bridge (1899) two years after the battle
  Katipunan   Spain Katipunero Victory
Battle of Alapan (Imus, Cavite May 28, 1898)   Filipino Revolutionaries   Spain Filipino Victory
Battle of Manila Bay (near Manila, Philippines May 1, 1898)
 
Contemporary colored print, showing USS Olympia in the left foreground, leading the U.S. Asiatic Squadron against the Spanish fleet off Cavite. A vignette portrait of Rear Admiral George Dewey is featured in the lower left.
  United States   Spain American Victory
Mock Battle of Manila (Manila, Philippines August 13, 1898)
 
"Raising the American flag over Fort Santiago, Manila, on the evening of August 13, 1898." drawing from Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain.
  United States

  Filipino Revolutionaries

  Spain American Victory
Battle of Barrio Yoting (Pilar Capiz, Visayas - December 3, 1898)
  Katipunan   Spain Filipino Victory
Siege of Baler (Baler, Aurora July 1, 1898 – June 2, 1899)
 
Filipino troops of Colonel Tecson in Baler, May 1899. Tecson is to the right of the cannon, Novicio to the left.
  República Filipina   Spain
  United States
FIlipino Victory
  • Baler held beyond official cessation of hostilities and cession of the Philippine Islands.
  • Failure of American relief efforts.
  • Armistice negotiated on June 2, 1899.
Philippine–American War
Philippine–American War
February 4, 1899 – July 2, 1902
Moro Rebellion: 1899-1913
 
Filipino soldiers outside Manila in 1899.

 
Wounded American soldiers at Santa Mesa, Manila in 1899
1899-1902
  República Filipina

Limited Foreign Support:
  Empire of Japan

1902-1906
  Tagalog Republic

1899-1913
  Sulu Sultanate

1899-1902
  United States

1902-1913
  United States

Filipino Defeat
Battle of Manila
(Manila, Philippines February 4–5, 1899)
 
U.S. soldiers of the First Nebraska volunteers, company B, near Manila in 1899.
  República Filipina   United States FIlipino Defeat
Battle of Caloocan
(Caloocan, Philippines February 10, 1899)
 
Maj. Gen. Arthur MacArthur observing the battle.
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Defeat
Second Battle of Caloocan
(Caloocan, Philippines February 22–24, 1899)
 
Filipinos attack the barracks of the 13th Minnesota Volunteers.
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Defeat
Battle of Balantang
(Balantang, Jaro, Iloilo, Philippines March 10, 1899)
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Victory
  • Filipino troops retaking Jaro from the Americans.
Capture of Malolos
(Malolos, Bulacan, Philippines March 31, 1899)
 
Filipino soldiers in Malolos
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Defeat
  • Capture of the capital of Malolos, Bulacan.
Battle of Quingua
(Quingua - now Plaridel, Bulacan, Philippines April 23, 1899)
 
Kurz & Allison print of the Battle of Quingua
  República Filipina   United States 1st Phase: Filipino Victory

2nd Phase: Filipino Defeat

  • Filipinos retreated to the North.
Battles of Bagbag and Pampanga Rivers
(Calumpit, Bulacan, Philippines April 25–27, 1899)
  República Filipina   United States FIlipino Defeat
Battle of Tirad Pass[19]
(Tirad Pass, Ilocos Sur, Philippines December 2, 1899)
 
Gen.Gregorio del Pilar and his troops, around 1898.
  República Filipina   United States Strategic FIlipino Victory
Tactical Filipino Defeat
  • Death of General Gregorio del Pilar
  • Fall of the defence line
  • Filipino forces successfully delay the American advance
Battle of Paye
(San Mateo, Manila (now Rizal), Philippines December 19, 1899)
 
Death of Major-General Henry Lawton during the battle.
  República Filipina   United States Initial Filipino Victory
  • Death of General Henry Ware Lawton
  • American's 29th Battalion successfully crossed the river at 11 am
  • Filipino forces retreated from San Mateo.
Battle of Pulang Lupa
(Marinduque, Philippines September 13, 1900)
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Victory
Battle of Mabitac
(Mabitac, Laguna, Philippines September 17, 1900)
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Victory
Siege of Catubig
(Catubig, Philippines April 15–19, 1900)
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Victory
  • Filipino guerrillas force US from town after 4 days but at high cost
Battle of Makahambus Hill
(Cagayan de Oro City, Mindanao, Philippines June 4, 1900)
  República Filipina   United States Filipino Victory
Second World war
Japanese invasion of the Philippines
(1941-1942)
Japanese occupation of the Philippines
(1942-1944)
Allied liberation of the Philippines
(1944-1945)
 
Japanese Troops surrender to the 40th Infantry Division.
  United States
  Philippines
  Hukbalahap (Co-belligerent)
  Japan Allied Defeat (1941-1942)

Japanese Occupation (1942-1945)

Allied Victory (1944-1945)

Battle of Bataan (January 7-April 9, 1942)
Battle of Corregidor (May 5–6, 1942)
  Philippines
  United States
  Japan Allied Defeat
  • Fall of Bataan and Corregidor during the Japanese Invasion.
  • Surrender of Filipino-American forces to the Japanese.
Battle of Manila (February 3-March 3, 1945)
.
  Philippines
  United States
  Japan Allied Victory
  • American troops and Filipino resistance liberate Santo Tomas Internment Camp, while the Filipino troops under the Commonwealth Army units are did not send and operated.
  • Liberated Malacanang Palace from the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division and the Filipino guerrillas, while the Filipino troops under the Commonwealth Army units are did not send and operated.
  • Sending of all 48,000 to 85,000 Filipino troops and military officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army from the General Headquarters and Military Camp Base in Central and Southern Luzon and become to combat operated for the liberating battles in Manila and aiding guerrillas and Americans was attacking invaded from the Japanese Imperial Marines and Army forces.
  • Fall of Old Spanish Walled City of Intramuros from the joint American and Filipino ground troops aiding resistance force.
  • End for the Battle for the Liberation of Manila was finally cleared, U.S. and Filipino troops liberated around the capital city from the Japanese.
Battle of Bessang Pass (June 14, 1945)   Philippines
  United States
  Japan Victory
  • Notable of First Filipino military victory during the liberation campaign
The Cold War
Hukbalahap Rebellion
(1942-1954)
  Philippines
  United States
  Hukbalahap Government Victory
  • End of the Hukbalahap Rebellion.
Korean War
(1950-1953)
  United Nations Command including forces from:
  South Korea
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Canada
  Turkey
  Australia
  Ethiopia
  Philippines
  New Zealand
  Thailand
  Greece
  France
  Colombia
  Belgium
  South Africa
  Netherlands
  Luxembourg
  North Korea
  Soviet Union
  China
Armistice
Battle of Yultong (Yultong, South Korea 1951)   UN Command:
  Philippines
  • 10th Bn Combat Team, PEFTOK
    • Dionisio S. Ojeda
  China UN Victory

US 3rd Infantry Division successfully withdraws

Vietnam War
(1964–1973)
 
Masscared villager in hong Nhi and Phong Nut village, Quang Nam Province
  South Vietnam
  United States
  South Korea
  Thailand
  Australia
  New Zealand
  Philippines
  Kingdom of Laos
  Cambodia
  North Vietnam
  Viet Cong
  Khmer Rouge
  Pathet Lao
  North Korea
  China
  Soviet Union
Defeat

Paris Peace Accords lead to withdrawal of American forces from Indochina. Communist governments take power in South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos

Contemporary Era
Moro insurgency
(March 29, 1969 – present)
Operation Enduring Freedom in the Philippines (January 15, 2002 – ongoing)
 
M101 howitzer was widely use as the artillery in the operation against the Moro insurgencies in Mindanao.
  Philippines

  United States (advisers)

  Moro National Liberation Front (until 1996)
  Moro Islamic Liberation Front (until 2014)
  Abu Sayyaf
  Other Islamist groups
Cessation of armed conflict between the Government and MNLF/MILF
  • Ongoing conflict between the Government and Jihadist groups — Abu Sayyaf, Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters, and others
Communist rebellion in the Philippines (1969–present)[20]   Philippines   Communist Party of the Philippines

  New People's Army
  National Democratic Front

Ongoing
1990 Mindanao crisis
(October 4 – 6, 1990)
  Philippines   Federal Republic of Mindanao Government Victory
  • Arrest of Col. Alexander Noble
  • Disestablishment of the Federal Republic of Mindanao
Capture of UN peacekeepers - Golan Heights, March 6 and May 7, 2013 by Syrian rebel forces

(part of United Nations Disengagement Observer Force)

   UN peacekeeping forces - Philippine contingent   Yarmouk Martyrs Brigade Filipino peacekeepers released after UN intervention.[21]
Zamboanga City crisis
(September 9–28, 2013)
 
The Zamboanga City Hall where the MNLF intended to hoist the Bangsamoro Republik flag.
  Philippines   Bangsamoro Republik / Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) Government Victory

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ a b c It was integrated to the Spanish Empire through pacts and treaties (c.1569) by Miguel López de Legazpi and his grandson Juan de Salcedo. During the time of their hispanization, the principalities of the Confederation were already developed settlements with distinct social structure, culture, customs, and religion.
  2. ^ a b c Lucoes warriors aided the Burmese king in his invasion of Siam in 1547 AD. At the same time, Lusung warriors fought alongside the Siamese king and faced the same elephant army of the Burmese king in the defence of the Siamese capital at Ayuthaya.[14][citation not found]
  1. ^ Grace Estela C. Mateo. "The Philippines : A Story of a Nation" (PDF). Scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu. Retrieved 2015-08-28.
  2. ^ Brunei Rediscovered: A Survey of Early Times By Robert Nicholl p. 38 citing Ferrand. Relations. Page 344.
  3. ^ a b Scott, William Henry (1984). Prehispanic Source Materials. p. 74.
  4. ^ a b Jobers Bersales (June 6, 2013). "Raiding China". Inquirer.net.
  5. ^ Jovito Abellana, Aginid & Bayok sa Atong Tawarik 1952.
  6. ^ Day, Tony & Reynolds, Craig J. (2000). "Cosmologies, Truth Regimes, and the State in Southeast Asia". Modern Asian Studies. Cambridge University Press. 34 (1): 1–55. doi:10.1017/S0026749X00003589. JSTOR 313111. S2CID 145722369.
  7. ^ History for Brunei Darussalam: Sharing our Past. Curriculum Development Department, Ministry of Education. 2009. p. 44. ISBN 978-99917-2-372-3.
  8. ^ a b c "Historical Timeline Of The Royal Sultanate Of Sulu Including Related Events Of Neighboring Peoplesby Josiah C". Seasite.niu.edu. 2000-08-30. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
  9. ^ "Ma-i / Ma-Yi- / Mindoro". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  10. ^ *Scott, William Henry (1994). Barangay: Sixteenth Century Philippine Culture and Society. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. ISBN 971-550-135-4.
  11. ^ del Mundo, Clodualdo (September 20, 1999). "Ako'y Si Ragam (I am Ragam)". Diwang Kayumanggi. Archived from the original on October 25, 2009. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
  12. ^ Halili, Christine N. (2004). "The Natural Setting and its People". Philippine History (First ed.). Manila, Philippines: Rex Book Store. pp. 52–53. ISBN 9712339343. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Iloilo History Part 1 - Research Center for Iloilo". Ilongo.weebly.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
  14. ^ Ibidem, p. 195.
  15. ^ Pigafetta, Antonio (1969) [1524]. "First voyage round the world". Translated by J.A. Robertson. Manila: Filipiniana Book Guild. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. ^ "Significant battles in Bohol: Battle of the Bo-ol Kingdom".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ Gardner, Robert (1995-04-20). "Manila – A History". Philippine Journeys. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
  18. ^ Scott 1992, pp. 50–53, notes 24 and 25 on pp. 62–63.
  19. ^ Jerry Keenan (2001), Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American & Philippine–American Wars, ABC-CLIO, p. 311, ISBN 978-1-57607-093-2
  20. ^ "The Never Ending War in the Wounded Land: The New People's Army on Samar". University of Calgary. 12 November 2013.
  21. ^ Pinoy peacekeepers will remain in Golan Heights
Bibliography
  • Villahermosa, Gilberto N. (2009), Honor and Fidelity: The 65th Infantry in Korea, 1950-1953, Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History, retrieved 2010-11-09
  • Chae, Han Kook; Chung, Suk Kyun; Yang, Yong Cho (2001), Yang, Hee Wan; Lim, Won Hyok; Sims, Thomas Lee; Sims, Laura Marie; Kim, Chong Gu; Millett, Allan R. (eds.), The Korean War, vol. II, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 978-0-8032-7795-3
  • Chinese Military Science Academy (2000), History of War to Resist America and Aid Korea (抗美援朝战争史) (in Chinese), vol. II, Beijing: Chinese Military Science Academy Publishing House, ISBN 7-80137-390-1
  • Hu, Guang Zheng (胡光正); Ma, Shan Ying (马善营) (1987), Chinese People's Volunteer Army Order of Battle (中国人民志愿军序列) (in Chinese), Beijing: Chinese People's Liberation Army Publishing House, OCLC 298945765
  • War History Compilation Committee (1977), The History of the United Nations Forces in the Korean War, vol. 6, Seoul: Republic of Korea Ministry of National Defense, OCLC 769331231

External linksEdit