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Dayang Kalangitan (Baybayin: ᜃᜎᜅᜒᜆᜈ᜔ , Abecedario: Cálan͠gúitán) (r. 1450–ca. 1515)[attribution needed] is a legendary figure in early Philippine history who was said to be Dayang of the pre-Hispanic Indianized Philippine polity of Pasig.[1] The eldest daughter of Rajah Gambang and ruling Pasig together with her husband, Rajah Lontok, legend considers her one of the most powerful rulers in the early history of the Tagalog people, and one of very few female leaders in early Philippine history.

Dayang of Tondo and Namayan
Reign1450–ca. 1515
PredecessorRajah Lontok
SuccessorRajah Salalila
SpouseRajah Lontok
IssueDayang Panginoan

Dayang Lahat
Rajah Salalila

Gat Kahiya
Full name
HouseTondo and Namayan
FatherRajah Gambang

Under her reign, the Kingdom of Tondo reached its Golden Age,[citation needed] where it spanned from the southern Cordilleras down to Ibalon (now Bicol).[dubious ] She is also notably the last Buddhist[attribution needed] ruler of Tondo, which encompassed land along the banks of the Pasig River in Metro Manila.[dubious ]



Dayang Kalangitan was the daughter of Rajah Gambang,[citation needed] who was then sovereign of Tondo. Since her father died without leaving a male heir, she was appointed queen regnant. Kalangitan married to Gat Lontok, (later Rajah Lontok) of Tondo. Believing herself capable of ruling, she proved to be a strong ruler.[citation needed] Together with her husband, Kalangitan established a small kingdom upstream to the east of Tondo around the Bitukang Manók (today Parian Creek in Pasig City).[citation needed]

Sometime around 1450, she became sole ruler of both Tondo and her own realm in Bitukang Manók.[dubious ] In order to maintain power and influence as queen, Kalangitan assented to the marriage of one of her daughters, Dayang Panginoan, to Prince Balagtas, the son of Empress Sasaban of Namayan. Under her reign, the Kingdom of Tondo reached its Golden Age, where it spanned from the southern Cordilleras down to Ibalon (now Bicol), the greatest extent of the kingdom's historical territories.[dubious ]

Dayang Kalangitan's son Salalila succeeded her as monarch of Tondo; after converting to Islam, he adopted his more famous name, Sulaiman.[1]

In popular mediaEdit


  • Kalangitan is a novel written by A.F. Eleazar. The plot revolves around a princess named Kalangitan, who became the Queen regnant of Namayan, Tondo, and on her realm at Bitukang Manok, which is the seat of power. As described on the novel, Kalangitan is the most powerful woman in the Maisung at the time of her reign. The novel tackled the history of pre-Hispanic Philippines and the tradition of monogamy, justice system, culture and social norms. The main gist of the novel is about feminism during the pre-colonial era as it shows on the way it was written. It also explore the genre of Philippine mythology, epic and legends. It also contains allegories and sublimal messages as seen on the succeeding chapters of the book.[2] The story was set in Manila during 1450 AD.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Odal-Devora, Grace (2000). Alejandro, Reynaldo Gamboa; Yuson, Alfred A. (eds.). The River Dwellers. Pasig : The River of Life. Unilever Philippines. pp. 43–66.
  2. ^ World Famous in the Philippines: Ancient History of the Philippines
  3. ^ "History of the Philippines". Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Rajah Lontok
Dayang of Tondo and Namayan
c. 1450–1515
Succeeded by
Rajah Salalila