Kalibo, officially the Municipality of Kalibo (Aklanon: Banwa it Kalibo; Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Kalibo; Tagalog: Bayan ng Kalibo), is a 1st class municipality and capital of the Province of Aklan, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 89,127 people. [3]

Municipality of Kalibo
San Juan Cathedral
Mangroves at the Bakhawan Eco-Park
A Parade-Goer At The Kalibo Ati-Atihan Festival in the Philippines.jpg
Museo It Akean (cropped).jpg
From top, left to right:
Flag of Kalibo
Official seal of Kalibo
Etymology: Calivo
Ati-Atihan Town
Map of Aklan with Kalibo highlighted
Map of Aklan with Kalibo highlighted
Kalibo is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°42′26″N 122°22′12″E / 11.7072°N 122.37°E / 11.7072; 122.37Coordinates: 11°42′26″N 122°22′12″E / 11.7072°N 122.37°E / 11.7072; 122.37
RegionWestern Visayas
District 1st district
FoundedNovember 3, 1571
Barangays16 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJuris B. Sucro
 • Vice MayorCynthia C. Dela Cruz
 • RepresentativeCarlito S. Marquez
 • Municipal Council
 • Electorate54,660 voters (2022)
 • Total50.75 km2 (19.59 sq mi)
7.0 m (23.0 ft)
Highest elevation
54 m (177 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total89,127
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 457.1 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 1,007 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 405 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 165.5 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityAklan Electric Cooperative (AKELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)36
Native languagesAklan
Websitewww.kaliboaklan.gov.ph Edit this at Wikidata

Kalibo is located in the north-west of Panay. It is the main transportation hub for the resort island of Boracay. The municipality is known for the Ati-Atihan festival, the semi-urban and multi-awarded mangrove forest, the Bakhawan Eco-Park and piña-weaving which in February 2018, the National Commission for Culture and the Arts, along with the government of Aklan, began the process of nominating Kalibo piña-weaving in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. Same nomination for inclusion in the intangible cultural heritage lists is the Ati-atihan festival of the people of Aklan.[5]


The term Kalibo comes from the Aklanon word sangkâ líbo, ("one thousand"), reputedly the number of native Ati who attended the first Catholic Mass celebrated there. Kalibo was originally spelled as Calivo.

The town of Kalibo was originally called Akean by the inhabitants, similar to the name of the river nearby. The word akean itself connotes the warbling of running waters, from the root word akae, meaning "to boil". Akae-akae means "to bubble" or "to boil" or "to make the sound of bubbling or boiling" in the Aklanon language.

The Spaniards interchanged the names Aklan and Calivo to refer to the town. Aside from these two, other names such as Calibo, Daclan, Adan, and Calibog have been used.


Monument of Jose Rizal

When Miguel López de Legazpi arrived in 1569, he discovered that the town had around 2,000 inhabitants, so he recruited 500 of them to help conquer the rest of the Philippines. On November 3, 1571, it became an encomienda and on April 22, 1581, the town became a parish under the Augustinians. During the Spanish era, Kalibo was part of Capiz.

On March 17, 1897, Filipino revolutionaries march to Kalibo but lost the battle against the Spaniards. Some of them escape to the jungle.

On March 23, 1897, the Nineteen Martyrs of Aklan were executed by the Spanish colonial government for their role in the Philippine Revolution.

The town was affected by World War II being under Japanese occupation from 1941 through 1945.[further explanation needed] On November 8, 1956, the province of Aklan was officially inaugurated, and Kalibo became its capital.


During the early 21st century, Aklan congressman Florencio Miraflores filed a bill seeking to convert Kalibo into a city but this has yet to succeed.


Kalibo is located at 11°42′26″N 122°22′12″E / 11.7072°N 122.37°E / 11.7072; 122.37.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 50.75 square kilometres (19.59 sq mi)[6] constituting 2.79% of the 1,821.42-square-kilometre- (703.25 sq mi) total area of Aklan.


Climate data for Kalibo, Aklan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
Average low °C (°F) 23
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
Average rainy days 11.4 8.2 9.3 9.7 19.1 25.6 27.4 25.5 25.5 25.2 18.5 14.5 219.9
Source: Meteoblue[7]


Kalibo is politically subdivided into 16 barangays, all classified as urban.[8] Mobo was formerly known as Tinigao Bongoe.[9]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[10]
060407001 Andagao 14.3% 12,703 12,607 0.08%
060407002 Bachaw Norte 2.6% 2,336 2,031 1.41%
060407003 Bachaw Sur 3.5% 3,131 2,688 1.54%
060407004 Briones 1.5% 1,321 1,246 0.59%
060407005 Buswang New 11.7% 10,431 9,231 1.23%
060407006 Buswang Old 3.6% 3,247 2,420 2.98%
060407007 Caano 2.0% 1,803 1,488 1.94%
060407008 Estancia 9.4% 8,372 8,672 −0.35%
060407009 Linabuan Norte 4.6% 4,130 4,058 0.18%
060407010 Mabilo 2.7% 2,378 2,298 0.34%
060407011 Mobo 1.7% 1,543 1,939 −2.26%
060407012 Nalook 3.7% 3,323 2,879 1.44%
060407013 Poblacion 13.2% 11,751 11,018 0.65%
060407014 Pook 6.4% 5,744 5,010 1.38%
060407015 Tigayon 6.3% 5,640 4,648 1.95%
060407016 Tinigaw 3.1% 2,752 2,386 1.44%
Total 89,127 74,619 1.79%


Kalibo Town Hall
Kalibo Plaza (Pastrana Park)
Population census of Kalibo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,574—    
1918 13,926−0.30%
1939 16,095+0.69%
1948 17,842+1.15%
1960 21,303+1.49%
1970 30,247+3.56%
1975 31,947+1.10%
1980 39,894+4.54%
1990 51,387+2.56%
1995 58,065+2.32%
2000 62,438+1.57%
2007 69,700+1.53%
2010 74,619+2.51%
2015 80,605+1.48%
2020 89,127+2.00%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][10][12][13]

In the 2020 census, Kalibo had a population of 89,127. [3] The population density was 1,800 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,700/sq mi).


Aklanon is the main language of Kalibo. Hiligaynon and Capiznon are also spoken as secondary languages of the municipality.


XIX Martyrs' Street
Roxas Avenue

Kalibo's main industry is agriculture, based on rice, coconuts, Piña and Abaca. Handbags made of buri leaves are also some of Kalibo's exports.

Fabric from the town was used during the 1996 APEC Summit in the Philippines (Boracay, Malay, Aklan), when world leaders donned pineapple silk Barong Tagalogs during the obligatory photograph opportunity.

Kalibo also has a meat-processing industry that produces chorizo, tocino and other similar products.

Tourism in Kalibo peaks during the Ati-Atihan Festival, celebrated every second week of January and culminating on the third Sunday.


Ati-Atihan FestivalEdit

Ati-Atihan street dance 2019

The Ati-Atihan Festival is a festival celebrated in Kalibo every second week of January and culminating on the third Sunday of the month. Revelers smear themselves with soot or any blackening substance in order to look like an Ati.

The Ati-Atihan Festival is believed to have started in the year 1212 when Borneans, led by the ten datus, traveled on balangays and crossed the Sulu Sea to land in Panay, making it the oldest festival in the Philippines.

Ati-atihan Festival was included as one of the "World's Best Festivals" by Fest300,[21] dubbed as the "Grand Daddy of Philippine Festivals" by the Largest Travel Guide Book Publisher in the World - Lonely Planet and recognized, as well as, holds the title of "Mother of All Philippine Festivals".[22]


Kalibo Museum (Museo It Akean)
Tigayon Hills

Landmarks of the town include Aklan River, the main river that flows through the town and the origin of the name of the province. Within the town proper lies Freedom Shrine which commemorates World War II veterans and the Museo it Akean, a museum of Aklan's history. Outside the town lies Bakhawan Eco-Park, a 220-hectare (540-acre) mangrove reforestation project that began in 1990 in barangay New Buswang. Tigayon Hill and Caves in Barangay Tigayon, Kalibo which were burial sites during the pre-Hispanic era and a pit for Chinese artifacts which were excavated in the recent past.

Historical MarkersEdit

The table below is the list of Historical Markers installed by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines in Kalibo.

Marker Title Description Date Issued Location
Patriot Defender of Liberty and Leader of the Aklan Revolutionists
1952 (Original) 2019 (Re-created)
Pastrana Park (Poblacion)
Filipino Patriots in Kalibo, Aklan
Acevedo Building (Poblacion)
Glowmoon Hotel (Poblacion)
28th Archbishop of Manila, and the first native Filipino to hold that post
CAP Building (Poblacion)
One of the Aklanon Heroes of World War II
Kalibo Police Station Building (Poblacion)
One of the Aklanon Heroes of World War II
Camp Pastor Martelino (New Buswang)
Filipino Commander during World War II
Provincial Capitol Site (Estancia)
A National Shrine
D. Maagma cor Veterans’ Avenue (Poblacion)
Tableau memorial in honor of the freedom heroes
Goding Ramos Park, Capitol Grounds (Estancia)



Air travel to Kalibo from Manila is about 45 minutes under four airlines: the Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific, AirAsia Zest and PAL Express. These airlines increase their flights during the Kalibo Ati-Atihan Festival every January each year.

PAL Express also flies to Cebu and Angeles. AirAsia Philippines and SeaAir also have flights to Angeles. AirAsia has a flight to Kuala Lumpur. Meanwhile, Mandarin Airlines, TransAsia Airways, China Southern, China Airlines have weekly flights to and from Taipei; Philippine Airlines and Shanghai Airlines have chartered flights to and from Shanghai; Jin Air does flights to Incheon. Spirit of Manila has its chartered flight to Kalibo from its regional destinations. Zest Air has flights to Seoul, Busan, Shanghai, Taipei, Beijing, and Chengdu. Philippine Airlines has flights to Hong Kong and Seoul.

Kalibo is the major hub for/to Boracay. The Kalibo International Airport is about ten minutes away from Poblacion Kalibo main plaza (Pastrana Park).


Kalibo has four ports near the town. The New Washington port and the Dumaguit port are 20 minutes away from Kalibo. Batan port is accessible via Dumaguit and Altavas while the Malay port is approximately two hours. Travel time from Manila to Aklan is 14 to 18 hours through sea travel.

The Caticlan Jetty Port is part of the Roll-on Roll-off (RORO) Strong Republic Nautical Highway that connects Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao, and it passes through Kalibo to Capiz or Romblon. There is a jetty port in barangay Pook of Kalibo.


Tricycle with 8-passenger sidecar.

Public transportation around the town is by tricycle, taxi, multicab and jeepneys.

Kalibo is 158 kilometres (98 mi) from Iloilo City, 86 kilometres (53 mi) from Roxas City, and 182 kilometres (113 mi) from San Jose, Antique. Land travel from Iloilo City to Kalibo takes approximately three hours, one and a half hours from Roxas City, and four hours from San Jose, Antique. All are accessible by bus and minivans. Trips to Caticlan range from 70 minutes to 90 minutes depending on the mode of transportation.

Public transportEdit

The tricycle dominates the streets in Kalibo and is the main form of public transport. The town has its own version of the design of its tricycle that can accommodate up to 8 passengers. The design was also adopted in the rest of Aklan and some parts of northern Antique. There are about 3,000 tricycles-for-hire that are registered with Sangguniang Bayan-issued franchises operating within the 16 barangays of the Municipality of Kalibo and are distributed in accordance with their following approved routes or zones of operation:

Route No. Color code Coverage Terminal
1 Green
  • Osmena Avenue
  • Estancia
  • Tinigao
  • Mobo
  • Tigayon
  • Linabuan Norte
Kalibo Public Market
2 Blue
  • New Buswang
  • Old Buswang
  • Bakhaw Sur
  • Bakhaw Norte
  • Bakawan Eco-Park
RC Supermart; Gaisano (to Andagao)
3 Orange
  • Cardinal Sin Avenue
  • Andagao
  • Caano
  • Pook
  • Kalibo International Airport
  • Nalook
  • Mabilo (Kalibo)
  • Briones
Allen's Mart / Our Own Little Ways Bakeshop (for Andagao Drivers).
4 White & Purple
  • Poblacion Kalibo
  • Capitol Site
  • BLISS Site
  • ASU
  • Roxas Ave. Extension
Note: All the terminals are along Toting Reyes Street (except those bound for Andagao). The Municipality currently has plans of issuing Night-Trycycle franchises for evening public commuters

Sister citiesEdit

Kalibo has one official sister city:


  1. ^ Municipality of Kalibo | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "Invest in Aklan | The Official Website of Aklan Province". Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  6. ^ "Province: Aklan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  7. ^ "Kalibo: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  8. ^ "Municipal: Kalibo". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  9. ^ "Republic Act No. 715 - An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio Tinigao Bongoe, Municipality of Kalibo, Province of Capiz, to Mobo". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. June 6, 1952. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  10. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  11. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Aklan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  14. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  15. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2000" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  16. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2003" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  17. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2006" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  18. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2012" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  19. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  20. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  21. ^ "Ati-Atihan". Fest300. Archived from the original on April 2, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  22. ^ Lizares, Luci (January 20, 2014). "History of Santo Niño Festivals". Sun.Star Bacolod. Archived from the original on January 29, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016. The Ati-Atihan festival is called the Mother of all Filipino festivals.
  23. ^ "Juneau's Sister Cities". City and Borough of Juneau. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.

External linksEdit