Baldomero Aguinaldo

Baldomero Aguinaldo y Baloy (27 February 1869 – 4 February 1915) was a leader of the Philippine Revolution. He was the first cousin of Emilio Aguinaldo, the first president of the Philippines, as well as the grandfather of Cesar Virata, a former prime minister in the 1980s.

Baldomero Aguinaldo
Baldomero Aguinaldo.jpg
Baldomero Aguinaldo in 1899
Nickname(s)Baldo
Born(1869-02-27)27 February 1869
Cavite El Viejo, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died4 February 1915(1915-02-04) (aged 45)
Manila, Philippine Islands
Allegiance First Philippine Republic
Flag of the Tagalog people.svg Republic of Biak-na-Bato
Philippine revolution flag kkk1.svg Katipunan (Magdalo)
Service/branchPhilippine Army Seal 1897.jpg Philippine Revolutionary Army
RankPhilippines Aguinaldo flag (obverse).svg General
Battles/warsPhilippine Revolution Philippine-American War
AwardsCruz Roja del Merito Militar (Red Cross for Military Honor)
RelationsPetrona Reyes (wife)

Early lifeEdit

Baldomero Aguinaldo was born in Kawit, Cavite. He was the son of Cipriano Aguinaldo y Jamir and Silveria Baloy. His father was the son of Eugenio Aguinaldo y Kajigas and Maria Jamir.

EducationEdit

He studied law at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila and was still a law student during the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution. He obtained a law degree, but failed to take the bar examination. Unable to practice law, he became a farmer.

CareerEdit

Aguinaldo organized, along with his cousin Emilio, the Magdalo chapter of the Katipunan in Kawit. He became president of the council. In the early days of hostilities, he always stayed at the side of his cousin Emilio. He fought in several bloody battles. He also led the Magdalo faction to the Katipunan which had its headquarters in Kawit, Cavite.

Aguinaldo's knowledge of the law and administrative procedures made him a valuable asset to the revolutionary government. He was appointed to several cabinet positions, and was a signer of two important documents: The Biak-na-bato Constitution, and the Pact of Biak-na-Bato.

During the Philippine–American War, Aguinaldo fought again, becoming commanding general of the revolutionary forces in the southern Luzon provinces. When hostilities ended in 1901, he retired to private life.

He held many various positions in the Aguinaldo Cabinet as Minister of National Defense[1]:29 and Finance Minister. During the American occupation he became the President of the Philippine Veteran's Association.

Personal lifeEdit

He was married to Doña Petrona Reyes with 2 children: Leonor and Aureliano. Leonor was the mother of former Prime Minister Cesar Virata. Agionaldo was a member of the Philippine Independent Church (also known as the Aglipayan Church) as he saw independence from the Roman Catholic Church as a source of national pride.[2]

DeathEdit

Aguinaldo died in Manila of heart failure and rheumatism on February 4, 1915 at the age of 45 and was interred at the Manila North Cemetery. His remains were later exhumed and brought to his home in Binakayan, Cavite.

In popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sonnichsen, A., 1901, Ten Months a Captive Among Filipinos, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  2. ^ Gonzales, Enrique. “The Baptismal Rites in Filipino Christian Churches.” Philippine Studies, vol. 16, no. 1, 1968, pp. 160–168. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/42720578
Political offices
Preceded by
Emiliano Riego de Dios
Philippine Minister of War and Navy
1898–1899
Succeeded by
Mariano Trías