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Charles Philip Hall (December 12, 1886–January 26, 1953) was a senior officer of the United States Army who fought in both World War I and World War II. He is most notable for being the commander of XI Corps during World War II and the principal commander during the Battle of Bataan to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces.[1]

Charles P. Hall
Charles P. Hall2.jpg
Charles P. Hall
Born(1886-12-12)December 12, 1886
Sardis, Mississippi
DiedJanuary 26, 1953(1953-01-26) (aged 66)
San Antonio, Texas
Buried
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Service/branchUnited States Army seal United States Army
Years of service1911–1948
RankUS-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held93rd Infantry Division (United States) 93rd Infantry Division
XI Corps (United States) XI Corps
Battles/warsWorld War I


World War II

AwardsDistinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star (4)
Bronze Star
Purple Heart

Contents

Early career and World War IEdit

Hall was born in Sardis, Mississippi and attended the University of Mississippi from 1905 to 1907. He then entered the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and was commissioned in 1911 as a second lieutenant of infantry. He served with the 20th Infantry Regiment until 1914, when he became an instructor in mathematics at West Point. In August 1917, he transferred to the 23rd Infantry Regiment, and then went to France for World War I. In March 1918, he became the adjutant of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division. He served at Verdun, Chateau Thierry, at Soissons in the Marne Offensive, in the St. Mihiel sector, and at Champagne in the Aisne Offensive.

Hall received the Army Distinguished Service Cross, second to the Medal of Honor, for extraordinary heroism in action at Vierzy, France on July 18, 1918. His citation read: "At a critical time in the battle, when information was difficult to obtain, Lieutenant Colonel Hall, Brigade Adjutant, volunteered to report on the fighting in Vierzy, which was then in the hands of the enemy. Accompanying a group of French tanks, he entered the town under intense fire; and, during the advance, went forward through machine-gun fire and carried to safety a wounded man. He assisted materially in maintaining organization among the troops and established a first aid station at which many wounded were cared for, returning later to Brigade Headquarters with valuable information." [2]

In addition, Hall was awarded three Silver Star medals for gallantry. He also received the French Croix de Guerre for bravery on October 4, 1918, as well as the Legion of Honor.

Between the warsEdit

After service with the Army of Occupation until August 1919, Hall returned to the United States with the 2nd Division, remaining as brigade and then division adjutant until 1922. He served on the Infantry Board from 1922 to 1923, and was then a student at the Infantry School. From 1924 to 1925, he attended the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, where he was a distinguished graduate. He then served as an instructor at the Infantry School until 1929, when he entered the Army War College.

After graduation from the Army War College in 1930, he spent two years in the Philippines. He then returned to Fort Benning as an instructor at the Infantry School from 1932 to 1937. From 1937 to 1940, he was Director of Ground Arms, Air Corps Tactical School, Maxwell Field, Alabama. In 1940, he took command of the 11th Infantry Regiment.

World War II to retirementEdit

In 1941-42, he served with the 3rd Infantry Division as assistant division commander and briefly as division commanding general. He then commanded the 93rd Infantry Division from May to October 1942.[3]

In October 1942, he took command of XI Corps. He led the corps in combat in the Pacific War, fighting on New Guinea and at Morotai. The corps then fought at Leyte and on Luzon in the Philippine Campaign, most notably in the Battle of Bataan. In September 1945, the corps landed at Yokohama for the initial occupation of Japan. Hall relinquished command of the corps on March 15, 1946.

From March 1946 to December 1948, he served as the Director of Organization and Training on the War Department General Staff (from 1947 the Department of the Army). He retired on December 31, 1948 and was placed on the retired list as a lieutenant general on January 1, 1949. He died on January 26, 1953 in San Antonio, Texas, and was buried in the Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery.[4]

DecorationsEdit

Dates of rankEdit

Insignia Rank Component Date
No insignia Cadet United States Military Academy June 15, 1907
No insignia in 1911 Second Lieutenant Regular Army June 13, 1911
 First Lieutenant Regular Army July 1, 1916
 Captain Regular Army May 15, 1917
 Major National Army May 17, 1918
 Lieutenant Colonel Regular Army May 6, 1919
 Captain Regular Army June 30, 1920
(Discharged and reverted to rank of captain.)
 Major Regular Army July 1, 1920
 Lieutenant Colonel Regular Army August 1, 1935
 Colonel Regular Army March 1, 1940
 Brigadier General Army of the United States January 29, 1941
 Major General Army of the United States March 9, 1942
 Lieutenant General Army of the United States June 4, 1945
 Brigadier General Regular Army June 1, 1946
 Major General Regular Army February 1, 1947
 Lieutenant General Retired List January 1, 1949

[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biography of Lieutenant General Charles Philip Hall (1886 - 1953)". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
  2. ^ "Valor awards for Charles Philip Hall". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
  3. ^ "Officers of US Army 1939-1945". unithistories.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
  4. ^ "Charles Philip Hall (1886 - 1953) - Find a Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
  5. ^ Official Register of Commissioned Officers of the United States Army, 1948. Vol. 1. pg. 731.

External linksEdit