Emilio Jacinto (15 December 1875 – 16 April 1899) was a Filipino General during the Philippine Revolution. He was one of the highest-ranking officers in the Philippine Revolution and was one of the highest-ranking officers of the revolutionary society Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, or simply and more popularly called Katipunan, being a member of its Supreme Council. He was elected Secretary of State for the Haring Bayang Katagalugan, a revolutionary government established during the outbreak of hostilities. He is popularly known in Philippine history textbooks as the Brains of the Katipunan while some contend he should be rightfully recognized as the "Brains of the Revolution" (Filipino: Utak ng Himagsikan, a title that is usually given to Apolinario Mabini). Jacinto was present in the so-called Cry of Pugad Lawin (or Cry of Balintawak) with Andrés Bonifacio, the Supremo (Supreme President) of the Katipunan, and others of its members which signaled the start of the Revolution against the Spanish colonial government in the islands.
15 December 1875
|Died||16 April 1899 (aged 23)|
|Other names||"Pingkian", "Dimasilaw", "Ka Ilyong"|
|Alma mater||Colegio de San Juan de Letran|
University of Santo Tomas
|Spouse(s)||Catalina de Jesus|
Born in Manila, Jacinto was proficient both in Spanish and Tagalog. He attended San Juan de Letran College, and later transferred to the University of Santo Tomas to study law. Manuel Quezon, Sergio Osmeña and Juan Sumulong were classmates. He did not finish college and, at the age of 19, joined the secret society called Katipunan. He became the advisor on fiscal matters and secretary to Andrés Bonifacio. He was later known as Utak ng Katipunan. He and Bonifacio also befriended Apolinario Mabini when they kill to continue José Rizal's La Liga Filipina.
Jacinto also wrote for the Katipunan newspaper called Kalayaan. He wrote in the newspaper under the pen name "Dimasilaw", and used the alias "Pingkian" in the Katipunan. Jacinto was the author of the Kartilya ng Katipunan as well.
After Bonifacio's execution, Jacinto pressed on with the Katipunan's struggle. Like general Mariano Álvarez, he refused to join the forces of general Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Katipunan's Magdalo faction. Jacinto lived in Laguna and also joined the militia fighting the Spaniards. Jacinto contracted malaria and died on April 16, 1899 in Brgy. Alipit, Santa Cruz, Laguna. His remains were initially buried in Brgy.San Juan Santa Cruz, Laguna, and were transferred to Manila North Cemetery a few years later.
In the 1970s, Jacinto's remains were transferred and enshrined at Himlayang Pilipino Memorial Park in Quezon City. At the shrine is a life-size bronze sculpture of a defiant Jacinto riding a horse during his days as a revolutionary. Another statue of Jacinto is located in Mehan Garden. Another Monument Of Jacinto was unveiled in the town plaza of Magdalena, Laguna on April 17, 2017.
Jacinto's likeness used to be featured on the old 20 peso bill that was circulated from 1949 to 1969, and also on the old 20 centavo coin.
In popular cultureEdit
- Portrayed by Smokey Manaloto in 1995 TV series Bayani, in episode "Andres Bonifacio: KKK".
- Portrayed by Cris Villanueva in 1996 TV series Bayani, in 2 episodes.
- Portrayed by Alvin Aragon in official Music Video GMA Lupang Hinirang in 2010
- Portrayed by RJ Agustin in the 2013 TV series Katipunan.
- Portrayed by Joem Bascon in the 2014 film Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo.
- Jose Veloso Abueva (1998). Pagbubuo Ng Bansa at Republika Ng Pilipinas. University of the Philippines Press. p. 483. ISBN 978-971-542-215-4.
- "Emilio Jacinto family". Archived from the original on 2018-03-25. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
- de Viana, Augusto (2013). Stories Rarely Told: The Hidden Stories and Essays on Philippine History. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. pp. 86–87. ISBN 9789711012410.
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