San Mateo, Rizal

San Mateo, officially the Municipality of San Mateo (Tagalog: Bayan ng San Mateo), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 252,527.

San Mateo
Municipality of San Mateo
Welcome facade of San Mateo at Nangka Bridge
Welcome facade of San Mateo at Nangka Bridge
Flag of San Mateo
Official seal of San Mateo
Mountain Biking Capital of the Philippines
"San Mateo, Bayan Ko, Mahal Ko"
(San Mateo, My Town, My Love)
Map of Rizal with San Mateo highlighted
Map of Rizal with San Mateo highlighted
San Mateo is located in Philippines
San Mateo
San Mateo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°41′49″N 121°07′19″E / 14.69694°N 121.12194°E / 14.69694; 121.12194Coordinates: 14°41′49″N 121°07′19″E / 14.69694°N 121.12194°E / 14.69694; 121.12194
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
District3rd District
FoundedSeptember 21, 1571 [1]
Named forSt. Matthew the Apostle
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorCristina C. Diaz
 • Vice MayorJose Rafael E. Diaz
 • RepresentativeJuan Fidel Felipe F. Nograles
 • Electorate106,418 voters (2019)
 • Total55.09 km2 (21.27 sq mi)
80 m (260 ft)
 (2015 census) [4]
 • Total252,527
 • Rank6 out of 1,489 Municipalities
 • Density4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence5.38% (2015)[5]
 • Revenue₱444,643,567.04 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesTagalog

It is bordered by Quezon City to the west, Marikina and Antipolo to the south, and by the Municipality of Rodriguez to the north. San Mateo is approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) east of Manila and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north of Pasig, the former provincial capital of Rizal.

Conurbated to the urban agglomeration of the Greater Manila Area, San Mateo is one of the fastest growing municipalities in Rizal Province, according to the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) and the Provincial Government of Rizal. It is a commuter hub to Metro Manila.

San Mateo is the home of the miraculous image of Our Lady of Aranzazu (Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu).


In his book Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas, Father Gaspar de San Agustin records the Municipality of San Mateo in 1572 as a town annexed to Pasig. He described the inhabitants as "fierce but friendly and of quiet disposition." Father Juan de Medina, in his account Relacion de los Con ventos Y Pueblos Fundados por los PP. Agustinos, likewise put 1572 as the year the Parish of San Mateo was established. However, according to Miguel López de Legazpi, the first Spanish Governor in the Philippines (1571 to 1572), it was Juan de Salcedo, his nephew who discovered the site of present-day San Mateo during one of his expeditions to Manila from Cebu. Accounts say that two years before he came to Manila from Cebu, Legazpi sent Salcedo along with 150 soldiers to prepare the inauguration of the City of Manila. It must have been Salcedo who discovered the town before Legazpi inaugurated Manila on June 24, 1571.

Still, another account was that of Father Cavada, an Augustinian priest, who said that the first chapel in the country, having the Patron Saint Matthew was built by the riverside in 1596 south of the present Poblacion of San Mateo which was then only a Barrio of Tondo. Saint Matthew thus gave to the town its name when the chapel was set up during his feast day.

What may be gleaned from the above accounts somehow is that San Mateo was discovered sometime in 1571, while it was in 1596 when it acquired its first church. It may be true, too, that the Parish of San Mateo was set up in 1572.

Aside from the controversy over the date of its discovery or creation, there is also uncertainty as to how San Mateo acquired its name. According to one account, when the Spaniards made a reconnaissance of Manila's environs, they came upon the San Mateo flood plains and became enamored by the natural beauty of the place. They decided to establish a community in the place and one day, a Spanish scribe happened to stand on a mound with a book on one hand and a pen on the other. His statue-like pose prompted a companion to laugh and comment, "Muy" friend, the way you are now makes you look like Saint Matthew, referring of course to the familiar way the evangelist saint is depicted in his statues. In the midst of their banter and merriment, they decided to call the place they discovered ‘San Mateo’.

Another account says that the Municipality of San Mateo was so called because of its geographical resemblance to another town in Spain with the same name. As described by Paluzie in a geographical book, this small Spanish town was near a high mountain (and) has a river that flows in its center which often floods but quickly recedes. this town is also a grazing ground for big animals and a fishing village. San Mateo is traversed by the Maly and Nangka rivers and its flood plains may have been a lush grazing area then.

The Augustinian priests in San Mateo were later formally replaced (in 1689) by the Jesuits who as early as 1637 included San Mateo as one of their missions, with the missions of San Isidro and Paynaan under it. The Jesuit Order brought with them an image of the Virgin Mary which came from the town of Aranzazu, Nueva Vizcaya, Spain. The Jesuits were the ones responsible for building the church now located in the Poblacion since the original chapel set up by the Augustinians beside the river was destroyed during a flood. The location of the present church is in Barangay Santa Ana and its patron saint is the Virgin Mary of Aranzazu. The original images of Saint Matthew which was housed in the old Augustinian chapel has been transferred to Barangay Dulongbayan (formerly llaya) and is now the patron saint of the Barangay and whose feast day is always celebrated on September 21.

Over the centuries, San Mateo has had a colorful and distinguished history. In 1639, a pitched battle ensued between Chinese rebels, on one hand and Spanish and native troops, on the other. The Chinese were defeated and retreated east to the Sierra Madre Mountains, but not before burning the town and its church.

On May 16, 1687, the territory and convent of San Mateo were added to Pasig by the Augustinians, with the headquarters and residences of the missionary at Mariquina (Marikina). Two years later, the Agustinians handed over the ecclesiastical administration of San Mateo to the Jesuits. In 1699, the convent of St. Augustine won in a court case against the native inhabitants with regard to a claim over a ranch in the district of San Mateo.

From 1696 to 1746, the town residents rebelled against the Spanish authority in the municipality. They were forced to go to the mountains and abandon the lowland settlement. However, in 1746, the townspeople returned to the lowlands after having been wooed and persuaded by the Jesuit priests.

The independent-mindedness of the San Mateo people showed itself again in the 15-year period from 1751 to 1765 when the natives rebelled against Spanish governance. The residents were ordered to surrender their weapons, but they refused. With this resistance, the Spanish government was forced to reduce the town to ruins.

In 1712, the Conde de Lizarriaga, the Governor of the Islands, sent Captain Don Lorenzo de Yturriaga together with 12 soldiers to punish Captain Pambila, a native chieftain who was reportedly inciting the residents to revolt against the Spanish government and the local Spanish priest. Captain Pambila attacked the Spanish officer, but the latter was able to parry the blow and shot the native leader dead.

Doctrina Christiana

San Mateo with its large size was dismembered on April 27, 1871 when Captain General Isquierdo issued a decree separating the barrios of Balite, Burgos, Marang and Calipahan from San Mateo and formed them into the new municipality of Montalban (Rodriguez).

During the Spanish Period, there was only one public school in San Mateo and the educational advancement of the youth was very slow. There were very few feathers and the books used were limited to the religious tracts called Eaton, Camia, Castiana and Doctrina Christiana After knowing how to read, most students quit school while a few who were wealthy enrolled in the friar schools in Manila.

General Aguinaldo

In November 1896, during the revolution against Spain, General Llanera of the Filipino forces made San Mateo his headquarters. And on August 6, 1898, San Mateo joined the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. During the Philippine–American War, Gen. Licerio Gerónimo's guerrilla bands from the foothills of San Mateo and Montalban attacked the American troops in October 1900. However, the Filipinos were defeated. A curious twist of history occurred when during the fighting, Gen. Lawton—the famous general who captured the elusive Indian rebel named Geronimo, among his exploits—was also killed by the forces of a Filipino bearing the same name—Gen. Licerio Gerónimo. In the eyes of the Filipino people, Gen. Geronimo became a great man for killing an illustrious American General who distinguished himself during the American Civil War and the American military campaign in Cuba as well as In northern, southern and central Luzon.

During the American Occupation. Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission incorporated San Mateo into the newly created Province of Rizal on June 11, 1901. In line with its policy of fiscal economy and centralized governance, the Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 942 in 1903 which consolidated the municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban, with the former serving as seat of government. On February 29, 1908, Executive Order No. 20 separated San Mateo from Montalban, making the former an independent municipality. Its real divisions then included the barrios of Ampid, Sta Ana, Guitnangbayan, Dulongbayan, Malanday, Guinayang and Maly. However, due to constant development of the rural areas and the increase in population, the barrios of Guitnangbayan and Dulongbayan were divided into two sections.

With regard to education, it was in 1909 during the American Period when public schools were opened in the country under the supervision of Dr. David Burrows. San Mateo became one of the recipients of the benefits of the new democratized system of education when Mr. Frank Green was assigned to the town as the first school supervisor who was assisted by two Filipino teachers, namely, Jose Bernabe and Miguel Cristi. The English language was also taught in the public school. Transportation and other facilities in the municipality were increased and repaired thus resulting to more communication and exchange of goods and services.

During the Japanese Occupation, the Japanese Army occupied San Mateo, but no battle transpired between the Japanese and Filipino forces. There were only minor encounters between the Japanese soldiers and members of the Filipino guerrilla forces. Nevertheless, some prominent residents of the town were killed and maltreated by the Japanese military on suspicion that they were either members or supporters of guerillas.

Upon their arrival in the municipality, the Japanese forces recommended the appropriation of school buildings and some big houses and used them as their headquarters. Productive rice lands irrigated by water from the main pipe of the Metropolitan Water District have also been forcibly appropriated and tilled under the direct supervision of the Japanese officials. Livestock and crops were likewise confiscated to supply the food needs of the Japanese military in San Mateo and Montalban.

When the American forces landed in the north of Manila on February 3, 1945 and started recapturing the surrounding areas, San Mateo came under the line of fire of the U.S. Liberation Forces was continued by helped to the Filipino soldiers under the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary and local guerrilla fighters. Residents were advised by the Air Raid Warden to vacate the Poblacion and seek refuge in Sitio Kalamyong on the west bank of the Marikina River. There they built temporary shelters while the U.S. Army Air Forces bombarded the Japanese Headquarters in Montalban everyday. However, one afternoon a lamentable thing happened when a bomb carried by one American Air Force plane was accidentally released over the evacuation area at Sitio Kalamyong. About one hundred civilians died from the accidental bomb explosion.

Although in the aftermath of the war the American Government compensated the people of San Mateo for the war damages they sustained, there were cases when the amounts received were not considered commensurate with the sufferings endured. When municipal governance was instituted by the Spaniards in San Mateo in 1799, the town was governed by a Gobernadorcillo who served for one year and exercised the power to appoint the Cabeza de Barangay for the same term of one year. However, there were instances when the Governadorcillo served for two or three years. The first resident appointed to the post of Governadorcillo in 1799 was Donato Sulit while the last one to hold the post in 1895 was Ismael Amado, Jr. who incidentally continued serving up to 1905 even after the establishment of the Civil Government under the American Regime in 1901 when he was appointed Kapitan Municipal by the Military Governor of the United States Army Department.

Republic Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission incorporated this town into the newly created Rizal Province on 11 June 1901. In 1903, the Philippine Commission "in line with the policy of economy and centralization" as opposed to today's policy of decentralization enacted Act No. 942 which consolidated the Municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban, with the seat of government at San Mateo. Executive Order No. 20, dated February 29, 1908 separated Montalban from San Mateo, thus formalizing the latter's status as an independent municipality.

Cityhood and redistricting proposalEdit

As early as 2016, the town's Sangguniang Bayan approved Resolution No. 60, Series of 2016 requesting the Senate of the Philippines thru its president, Franklin Drilon and the House of Representatives thru its speaker, Feliciano Belmonte Jr. to co-sponsor a bill for San Mateo's conversion into a city and creation of a lone legislative district.

This was proposed by Representative Juan Fidel Felipe F. Nograles, through House Bill 336, making sure that the second district of Rizal will be redistricted to a add two more districts, along with Rodriguez (Montalban).


Date/Year Milestone
1571–1572 San Mateo was discovered as a town annexed to Pasig.
1639 A pitched battle rages between Chinese rebels on one hand, and between Spanish and native troops on the other. The Chinese were defeated and retreated east to the Sierra Madre mountain range.
May 16, 1687 The territory and convent of San Mateo are added to Pasig by the Augustinians.
1689 Jesuit priests formally replace the Augustinian priests who have evangelical mission in San Mateo as early as 1637. They have brought the image of the Virgin Mary that comes from the town of Aranzazu, Nueva Vizcaya, Spain.
1705 Fr. Juan Echazabal, a Jesuit priest starts the devotion to our Lady of Aranzazu from Spain and changes the patron of the town from St. Matthew to Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu.
1799 Donato Sulit is appointed as the first resident Gobernadorcillo of San Mateo.
April 27, 1871 San Mateo initially with its large size is dismembered when Captain General Isquierdo issued a decree separating the barrios of Balite, Burgos, Marang and Calipahan from San Mateo and these are formed into the new municipality of Montalban (Rodriguez).
1895 Ismael Amado, Jr. presides over San Mateo as its last Governadorcillo. He incidentally continues serving up to 1905 even after the establishment of the Civil Government under the American Regime in 1901 when he was appointed Kapitan Municipal by the Military Governor of the United States Army Department.
November 1896 General Llanera of the Filipino forces make San Mateo his headquarters during the revolution against the Spanish oppressors.
August 6, 1898 San Mateo joins the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.
October 1900 Gen. Licerio Gerónimo's guerrilla bands from the foothills of San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez) attack the American troops during the Philippine–American War.
June 11, 1901 San Mateo is incorporated into the newly created province of Rizal through the Philippine Commission Act No. 137 during the American Occupation.
1903 Act No. 942 of the Philippine Commission enacts the consolidation of the municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez) with San Mateo serving as the seat of government in line with its policy of fiscal economy and centralized governance.
1906 Lucas Santiago serves San Mateo as its first mayor.
February 29, 1908 San Mateo becomes an independent municipality under Executive Order No. 20 which separates San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez).
June 25, 1983 The Catholic Church of San Mateo began to be comprised by the newly established Roman Catholic Diocese of Antipolo.
1996 San Mateo rises from being a fourth class municipality in 1993 to a first class municipality under the term (1992–2001) of then Mayor Crispin "Amo" Santos
1997–1999 San Mateo is awarded the title of "The Cleanest and Greenest Municipality" of Rizal.
2001–2006 San Mateo becomes a progressive Municipality, new Municipal hall was established during the term of the late Mayor Jose F. Diaz
2001–2006 during the term of then mayor Jose F.Diaz establishment new municipal hall, lying inn at Gulod Malaya, Pamantasan ng Bayan San Mateo and various improvement road networks becomes gateway for a progressive municipality.
October 2003 Construction began on Timberland Heights, a premier mountain resort town, initially offering Mandala Residential Farm Estates 1.[6] It is nestled in the mountains of San Mateo.
February 2004 The Parish of Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu is proclaimed as a Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu by the Vatican, being the only church in the Philippines under the title of Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu and only sister-parish of the Basilica of Aranzazu in Spain.
June 2004 The Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu is canonically erected.
2007 San Mateo's population exceeded 150,000.
August 11, 2007 Budgetlane Sulitmarket, a member of Philippine Amalgamated Supermarkets Association Incorporated (PAGASA Inc.), opened to the public.
September 2008 San Mateo achieved the record of "longest parade of kakanin" in its history.
December 19, 2008 Puregold Price Club opened in San Mateo along the intersection of Gen. Luna Avenue and Batasan-San Mateo Road.
September 26, 2009 San Mateo was devastated by Typhoon Ondoy. 80% of San Mateo was submerged in muddy water.
September 27, 2011 Typhoon Pedring dumped heavy rains like Ondoy over Luzon including Metro Manila and nearby provinces. The flood submerged houses in several barangays of Marikina City and San Mateo, including Santa Ana, Banaba, Ampid 1, and Ampid 2. In San Mateo, there is one death. On 29 September 2011, the waters subsided in the banks of the Marikina river and the residents started to clean.
May 15, 2015 The country's largest mall developer SM Prime Holdings opens SM City San Mateo to the public, the first full-service mall of San Mateo.
May 31, 2017 The Patroness of the town, Our Lady of Aranzazu received her canonical coronation, being the 34th canonically crowned Marian image in the Philippines.


The town lies in the Marikina Valley. The Marikina River runs through the western portion of the municipality, while Nangka River runs through the south, bounded by Marikina City. San Mateo has lush trees in other high areas. Most of the municipality is composed of residential areas, whereas the eastern side is composed of high plateaus and foothills of the Sierra Madre Mountains.


San Mateo, Rizal Political Map. (This is subject to correction by San Mateo LGU). It can clearly shows the 15 barangays in San Mateo, Rizal and the adjacent cities/municipalities in it.

San Mateo is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.[3]

Barangay Area (km²) Population
(2015 census)[7]
Population density
Ampid 1 1.316 69 20,794.07
Ampid 2 0.245 6,242 15,040.82
Banaba 1.382 24,950 15,595.51
Dulong Bayan 1 0.5879 6,944 8,555.88
Dulong Bayan 2 4.3 8,777 1,590
Guinayang 2.73 9,241 2,625.27
Guitnang Bayan 1 4.12 30,598 5,996.84
Guitnang Bayan 2 6.14 17,243 2,228.01
Gulod Malaya 1.394 11,406 6,143.47
Malanday 3.53 15,707 3,836.83
Maly 5.65 13,865 2,638.05
Pintong Bukawe 7.53 4,156 541.83
Santa Ana 0.8 20,160 11,470
Santo Niño 0.8711 19,402 12,650.67
Silangan 7.655 91,312 7,095.32
San Mateo 48.251 608,843 6,915.26

In the 2015 census, the population of San Mateo, Rizal, was 252,527 people, [4] with a density of 4,600 inhabitants per square kilometre or 12,000 inhabitants per square mile.


Climate data for San Mateo, Rizal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
Average low °C (°F) 20
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 4.8 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 174.9
Source: Meteoblue [8]


San Mateo Municipal Hall
Population census of San Mateo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,510—    
1918 4,841+0.47%
1939 6,134+1.13%
1948 6,811+1.17%
1960 12,044+4.86%
1970 29,183+9.24%
1975 38,955+5.96%
1980 51,910+5.91%
1990 82,310+4.72%
1995 99,217+3.56%
2000 135,603+6.93%
2007 184,860+4.37%
2010 205,255+3.88%
2015 252,527+4.03%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][9][10][11]


E. De Los Santos Street


The industrial establishments found in San Mateo are classified as light to medium industries. Welding shops and motor pool are among the predominant industries found within the municipality. Other industrial establishments are relatively small scale, like leather craft and kiskisan. Moreover, agri-business establishments which include poultry and piggery do exist within the municipality.

Various products are being manufactured in San Mateo. In fact, a group of different factories is found along Kambal Road, Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This includes San Mateo Rubber Corp. (Nikon and Durawalk Slippers), Jolly Food Corp., First Win Corp. (Slippers), and Golden Union Footwear Inc. (Evans Shoes). A Coca-Cola warehouse is also situated at Patiis Road corner GSIS Street (Daang Tubo) in Barangay Dulong Bayan 2. San Mateo also primarily manufactures gravel and sand aggregates together with other construction supplies that are found in hardware shops distributed all over the municipality.

Commerce and tradeEdit

Manahan Building in Barangay Ampid 1

The Central Business District is strategically located amidst the concentration of settlements. A major commercial area starts from the vicinity of the public market, bounded by the national road going to Rodriguez (Montalban) and Street of Daang Bakal in Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This commercial zone is a conglomeration of financial institutions, a public market, restaurants/small eateries, retail stores and the like.

Another area, which may be considered as major commercial area, is within the vicinity of De los Santos Street corner Gen. Luna Avenue, in Barangay Ampid 1. Other commercial areas extending to St. Mattheus Medical Hospital near the boundary of San Mateo and Marikina City are located near Puregold San Mateo (formerly the Producer's Market) at Barangay Banaba and another at the corner of Patiis Road and Gen. Luna Avenue, in Barangay Malanday.

SM City San Mateo along Gen. Luna Avenue in Barangay Ampid 1 adds to the list of major commercial centers of San Mateo. This SM Supermall and the very first full-service mall of San Mateo opens on May 15, 2015 serving local residents and from neighboring areas. Further boost in San Mateo's economy is expected with the mall.


San Mateo has many bank branches like Banco de Oro (BDO), Bank of the Philippine Islands, Metrobank, Philippine Savings Bank (PSBank), EastWest Bank, China Bank, Philippine National Bank (PNB), Premiere Bank, Merchants Bank, Banco San Juan, Marikina Valley-San Mateo (MVSM) Bank, RCBC Savings Bank, United Coconut Planters Bank (UCPB), Banco Rodriguez, Country Builders Bank, the Real Bank (a thrift bank). Many automated teller machines in San Mateo are provided with security system such as anti-crime alarms. Security guards are also monitoring the premises of the banks in San Mateo for the safety of the customers.


The San Mateo Arch in Rizal Province, stands as a boundary between Marikina and this town.
Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu
  • Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu (Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu)


These are some of the notable events in San Mateo:

Events Date Place of Event
Malanday Feast February 13–14 Patiis and Malanday
Ampid Fiesta: Sombrero and Walis Festival May 1 Ampid
Kawan Holiday (Kab Scout of the Phil.) July 21 and 22 All of public schools in San Mateo
San Mateo Festival: Parada ng Kakanin September 9 San Mateo Plaza and San Mateo Municipal Hall Stage
Guitnang Bayan: Parada ng kakanin September 9 Nuestra Señora De Aranzazu Church
San Mateo foundation day September 21 Dulong Bayan Chapel
St. Francis of Assisi Parish Fiesta October 4 Guinayang
Santa Barbara Villas 2 (SBV2) Fiesta October 5 Santa Barbara Villas 2
St. Anthony Maria Zaccaria Parish Fiesta July 5 Silangan



San Mateo has a variety of conveyances that provide the residents with ready means of transportation. These are public utility jeepneys, buses, tricycles, pedicabs and UV Express Service are operating in the town. These facilitate the movement of people and goods to Metro Manila and nearby towns of Rizal.

There are six jeepney terminals in San Mateo: San Mateo Plaza, Barangay Pintong Bukawe, Barangay Banaba (Puregold), Barangay Silangan (AFP Housing & Tierra Monte) and Barangay Santo Niño (Modesta).

Transportation routes passing San Mateo, are Montalban-Cubao (jeepneys), Montalban-San Mateo (jeepneys), and Commonwealth, Philcoa-San Mateo (jeepneys) thru the San Mateo-Batasan Bridge. These routes traverses Quezon City, Marikina City, San Mateo and Rodriguez (Montalban). The only way to get through Pintong Bukawe is through Marcos Hi-way, Cabading & Sapinit Roads in Antipolo.

Long before the Manila Light Rail Transit System opened its services in Santolan in the Pasig-Marikina border in the early 2000s, steam train services had once served those places in the past, even before World War II.

In Marikina, there is a street named "Daangbakal", also called by the names of "Shoe Avenue Extension", "Munding Avenue" and "Bagong Silang". There is also a similar "Daangbakal" in the San Mateo-Montalban (Rodriguez) area, and on the maps one can notice that the two roads should have been connected with each other. In fact, as the name suggests in Tagalog, these streets were once a single railway line. The two sides of the "Daangbakal" roads were once connected by a bridge in the San Mateo-Marikina border. However, as the railroad tracks have been largely ignored after the Japanese Occupation and was transformed into separate highways, the railway connection was abandoned.

The old railroad tracks, called the Marikina Line, was connected from Tutuban station in Manila, passing through Tramo (Barangay Rosario, Pasig) coming all the way to the town of Marikina up to Montalban. On the northern end of the "Daangbakal" road in Montalban is a basketball court. That basketball court which stands today, surrounded by the Montalban Catholic Church and Cemetery, was once the railway station terminus of that particular line.

The present-day Santo Niño Elementary School in Marikina was said to be a train depot. And also it was said that a railroad station once stood in the Marikina City Sports Park.

The Marikina Line was completed in 1906, and continued its operation until 1936. It was said that the Japanese Imperial Army made use of this railway line during the Second World War. These railways were dismantled during the 1960s and were converted into ordinary roads.

Today, the citizens are dependent on tricycles, jeepneys, Taxis, FX, Buses, and AUV's which contribute to the everyday unusual and unbearable traffic of Metropolitan Manila. Even now, there is uncertainty in the Northrail project, which links Manila to the northern provinces of Luzon, because of corruption within the project's construction.

Aside from the Marikina Line, two other lines have existed before but are now removed permanently.

First is the Cavite Line, which passed through Paco, Parañaque, Bacoor and up to Naic, Cavite. Completed in 1908, its operation continued until 1936.

Second is the Antipolo Line, which passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, Cainta, Taytay, up to Antipolo near the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls. There is also a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, where like the "Daangbakal" roads on Marikina and San Mateo, a railway line once existed. The railroad tracks also passed through what is now the Ortigas Avenue Extension. Its operation ceased in 1917.

Jeepneys are the most common form of transportation within the municipality because of its convenience and low fare as compared to other forms of transportation. Other modes are tricycles and pedicabs which are used mainly to transport people and goods where regular jeepney routes are not available.

Buses – The Marikina Auto Line Transport Corporation (MALTC) buses are the public utility buses that mainly operate in San Mateo. They operate ordinary-type buses, and newly acquired airconditioned buses which provide safe travel to passengers. There are some private buses that transport people who work at the Fortune Tobacco Plant and other nearby factories in Marikina City.


Power services in the town are provided by the Manila Electric Company (Meralco), except in the mountain barangay of Pintong Bukawe. There were 23,189 customers in San Mateo as of March 1999. Of these, 27,115 or 95.37 percent residential customers while commercial, industrial and streetlights number 971 (4.19 percent), 36 (0.15 percent), and 67 (0.29 percent), respectively. The municipality of San Mateo had a total demand of 55,355 megawatt-hours in 1998.

San Mateo Mini-Hydro Power PlantEdit

A 2.46 megawatt[12] mini-hydro power plant is on the way to start its operation by 2016, the projected year of completion of the spearheading company Hydrotec Renewables, Inc. of Germany, along San Mateo River, part of Marikina River.[13] The company has already obtained Certificate of Non-Coverage from the Department of Energy which permits to proceed with its construction.[14] This hydro project is one among the eight hydro power application projects of Hydrotec in the north-western Rizal-Marikina area which will effectively contribute a combined capacity of 25 to 30 megawatts of environment-friendly and clean energy to the Luzon grid or Meralco franchise area. Flood events within the locality are also expected to be reduced with the upcoming hydro power plant.[15]


The main source of the municipality's water supply are deep wells, pump wells (operated by Manila Water), open wells, springs and other ground water resources. Some of the elevated parts of the municipality are under watershed protected areas since the topography is characterized by rolling to mountainous terrain. From 0.65%, San Mateo's water sanitation reached 100% on 2006 through the operation of Manila Water.[16]

North Manila Septage Treatment PlantEdit

Completed and started operating on May 2007, the Manila Water North Septage Treatment Plant is located in Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This treats 586 cubic meters of septage a day.[17]

Santo Niño-Silangan Water Supply Project

About 42,000 residents are expected to benefit from continuous water supply once Manila Water's P320-M water supply project in San Mateo, Rizal gets completed.

The project, dubbed as Santo Niño-Silangan Water Supply Project, is divided into two phases: Phase 1, which will serve barangays Gulod Malaya, Santo Niño and portion of Silangan, and Phase 2, which will serve the whole of Silangan and the elevated areas of Parang in Marikina.

The project involves the construction of pumping station and reservoirs and the laying of 25 kilometers of water lines including mainlines and will benefit twelve existing subdivisions occupying a total land area of 27 hectares.

Started in October 2007, the water project is expected to provide ample water supply to meet the 15 to 20 million liters per day (MLD) demand of the more than 13,000 households in the area.[18]

San Mateo Sanitary LandfillEdit

In 2008, a proposal to build a 200-hectare sanitary landfill within the jurisdiction of two barangays was met with resistance by several environmental groups. The proposed landfill was to be constructed on ground area within a protected forest.[19]

Bucking opposition by environment activists, the operator of the San Mateo waste dump is ready to give it a go. Andy Santiago, president of the San Mateo Sanitary Landfill and Development Corp., said it has given the green light for the 19-hectare facility in Rizal province to do business.[20]


Telecommunications serve as a major link, within the sub-sectors and among other sectors of the economy, in the population centers and hinterlands. It also serves as a catalyst for growth and development. Telephone (Fixed landline & Wireless), & DSL Broadband Internet services are being provided by the Philippines Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), PT&T and Digital Telecommunications Philippines. While cellular phone services are provide by Globe Telecom, Smart Communications, and Sun Cellular.


There are public and private education institutions including colleges in San Mateo.[21][22]

High schoolsEdit

  • Academia Del Tierra Grande, Inc.
  • Ampid National High School
  • Center for Positive Future
  • Charles Science Integrated School of San Mateo Inc.
  • Christian Care Academy
  • Christ the Lord of Harvest Academy
  • Eastern Star Academy, Inc.
  • Guardian Angel Academy
  • Guinayang National High School
  • Holy Name of Mary School
  • Jose F. Diaz Memorial National High School
  • Kids' World Christian Academy High School (Annex)
  • Manila Waldorf School
  • Maria Carmeli Catholic School
  • Moses Cradle Academy
  • Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu Parochial School
  • Pintong Bukawe National High School
  • Roosevelt College San Mateo
  • San Mateo National High School
  • Silangan National High School
  • St. Joseph Banaba
  • St. Joseph Montessori – Branch
  • St. Joseph Montessori – Main
  • St. Mary Integrated Learning School (Ampid I)
  • St. Matthew College
  • Santa Cecilia Parochial School
  • Santo Niño National High School
MCCID College School Building, San Mateo, Rizal

Colleges and universitiesEdit

  • Eastern Star Institute of Science & Technology [ESIST] (TESDA accredited)
  • ICCT Colleges
  • San Mateo Municipal College (Formerly Pamantasan ng Bayan ng San Mateo)
  • St. Matthew College

Special educationEdit

Notable peopleEdit

  • Makisig Morales – child actor of ABS-CBN and 2005 Little Big Star Little Division 2nd Honor
  • Jonalyn Viray – versatile singer/artist in ABS-CBN (formerly from GMA Network) and 1st Pinoy Pop Superstar grand champion
  • Bryan Quitoriano – Veteran Broadcaster(Commentator)/Newscaster/Radio DiscJockey of DWWW 774 (formerly Station Manager of Home Radio 97.9 and WISH 107.5),(formerly Operations Manager of DWIZ 882 Aliw Broadcasting Corporation) and (formerly a DiscJockey of Pinas 95.5, Yesfm 101.1, StarFM 102.7).
  • Jennifer Barrientos – official representative of the Philippines in Miss Universe 2008
  • Dr. Rodolfo John Ortiz Teope - 2012 Most Outstanding Professional of the Philippines Awardee.[23]
  • Rhea Santos – TV host, Newscaster of GMA Network
  • Cesar Apolinario – TV host, Newscaster of GMA Network
  • Kim Rodriguez – TV young actress of GMA Network
  • Lieutenant General Delfin N. Bangit – Armed Forces of the Philippines Chief of Staff, 4 months in 2010
  • General Eduardo Año-48th Chief of Staff of Armed Forces of the Philippines, current DILG secretary
  • Duddley Diaz - Sculptor

Sister citiesEdit

These are the municipality's sister cities or municipalities.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ Municipality of San Mateo | (DILG)
  3. ^ a b "Province: Rizal". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  6. ^ The Peak Life, December 2007 Issue. A Publication of Timberland Heights [1][permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Philippine Statistics Authority's 2015 Census of Population
  8. ^ "San Mateo: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Rizal". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Pending Hydropower Applications". April 2013. Department of Energy Archived 2014-03-28 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Power firm set to build eight hydro plants along Marikina River". Lenie Lectura. January 8, 2014. Business Mirror
  14. ^ "Hydrotec projects obtain permits". Alena Mae S. Flores. March 20, 2014. Manila Standard Today
  15. ^ "Big companies going into pumped storage, run-of-river power plants". Ray S. Eñano. March 27, 2014. Manila Standard Today
  16. ^ Jorge C. Mateo. October 23, 2007. "Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) Regulatory Office". [2]
  17. ^ August 22, 2007. "DENR Updates" Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ July 1, 2008. "P320-M water supply project in San Mateo, Rizal now underway". Manila Water[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ DJ Yap. January 10, 2009. "Plan to Build New San Mateo Landfill Hit". Philippine Daily Inquirer Archived 2009-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Gigi Muoz David and Erika Z. Vizcarra. February 2, 2009. "San Mateo Dump gets the Green Light". Manila Standard Today
  21. ^ Various Schools in San Mateo, Rizal Archived 2011-09-05 at the Wayback Machine – Batang San Mateo Website
  22. ^ List of Public Schools in San Mateo Archived 2010-07-26 at the Wayback Machine- Department of Education
  23. ^
  24. ^ "Zamboanga City Sisterhood". SunStar. 2012. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2012.

External linksEdit