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Leo Eric Varadkar (/vəˈrædkər/ və-RAD-kər; born 18 January 1979) is an Irish Fine Gael politician who has served as Taoiseach, Minister for Defence and Leader of Fine Gael since June 2017. He has also been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin West constituency since 2007.

Leo Varadkar

Leo Varadkar 2016.jpg
14th Taoiseach
Assumed office
14 June 2017
PresidentMichael D. Higgins
TánaisteFrances Fitzgerald
Simon Coveney
Preceded byEnda Kenny
Leader of Fine Gael
Assumed office
2 June 2017
DeputySimon Coveney
Preceded byEnda Kenny
Minister for Defence
Assumed office
14 June 2017
Preceded byEnda Kenny
Minister for Social Protection
In office
6 May 2016 – 14 June 2017
TaoiseachEnda Kenny
Preceded byJoan Burton
Succeeded byRegina Doherty
Minister for Health
In office
11 July 2014 – 6 May 2016
TaoiseachEnda Kenny
Preceded byJames Reilly
Succeeded bySimon Harris
Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport
In office
9 March 2011 – 11 July 2014
TaoiseachEnda Kenny
Preceded byPat Carey
Succeeded byPaschal Donohoe
Teachta Dála
Assumed office
June 2007
ConstituencyDublin West
Personal details
Born
Leo Eric Varadkar

(1979-01-18) 18 January 1979 (age 40)
Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
NationalityIrish
Political partyFine Gael
Domestic partnerMatthew Barrett (2015–present)
Parents
  • Ashok Varadkar
  • Miriam Varadkar
EducationThe King's Hospital
Alma materTrinity College Dublin
WebsiteOfficial website
Constituency website

Varadkar was born in Dublin and studied medicine at Trinity College Dublin. He spent several years as a non-consultant hospital doctor, eventually qualifying as a general practitioner in 2010. In 2004, he joined Fine Gael and became a member of Fingal County Council and later served as Deputy Mayor. He was elected to Dáil Éireann for the first time in 2007. He later served in the Kenny Government, as Minister for Social Protection from 2016 to 2017, Minister for Health from 2014 to 2016 and Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport from 2011 to 2014.[1]

In May 2017, Kenny announced that he would resign as Taoiseach and Fine Gael Leader. Varadkar stood in the leadership election to replace him; although more party members voted for his opponent, Simon Coveney, he won by a significant margin among members of the Oireachtas, and was elected leader on 2 June. 12 days later, he was appointed Taoiseach, and at 38 years old became the youngest person to hold the office.[2]

During the 2015 same-sex marriage referendum, Varadkar came out to the public as gay, becoming the first Irish Minister to do so.[3] He is Ireland's first, and the world's fourth, openly gay head of government in modern times.[4] He is also the first Taoiseach of Indian heritage.

Early lifeEdit

Born on 18 January 1979, in the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Varadkar is the third child and only son of Ashok and Miriam (née Howell) Varadkar. His father was born in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, and moved to the United Kingdom in the 1960s, to work as a doctor.[5] His mother, born in Dungarvan, County Waterford, met her future husband while working as a nurse in Slough.[6] They married in the UK, early in 1971,[7] then lived in Leicester, where the eldest of their three children, Sophie, was born. The family moved to India, before settling in Dublin in 1973, where their second child, Sonia, was born.

Varadkar's parents agreed to raise their son, born to a Hindu father and a Catholic mother, in the Catholic faith.[8] He was educated at the St Francis Xavier National School, Blanchardstown. His second-level education took place at The King's Hospital in Palmerstown, a boarding school run by the Church of Ireland.

During his secondary schooling, he joined Young Fine Gael. He was admitted to Trinity College Dublin (TCD), where he briefly studied law. He later switched to medicine. At TCD he was active in the university's Young Fine Gael branch and served as Vice-President of the Youth of the European People's Party, the youth wing of the European People's Party, of which Fine Gael is a member.[9] Varadkar was selected for the Washington Ireland Program for Service and Leadership (WIP), a prestigious half-year personal and professional development program in Washington, D.C., for students from Ireland.[10]

He graduated from the School of Medicine (Trinity College Dublin) in 2003, after he completed his internship at KEM Hospital in Mumbai.[11] He then spent several years working as a junior doctor in St. James's Hospital and Connolly Hospital, before qualifying as a general practitioner in 2010.[12]

Early political careerEdit

Fingal County Council (2003–2007)Edit

Varadkar was twenty years old and a second-year medical student when he unsuccessfully contested the 1999 local elections in the Mulhuddart electoral area. Varadkar was co-opted to Fingal County Council in 2003, for the Castleknock local electoral area, as a replacement for Sheila Terry. At the 2004 local elections, he received the highest first-preference vote in the country with 4,894 votes and was elected on the first count.[13]

Dáil Éireann (2007–present)Edit

Varadkar was elected to Dáil Éireann at the 2007 general election.[14] Then Leader of the Opposition, Enda Kenny, appointed him to the Front Bench as Spokesperson for Enterprise, Trade and Employment until a 2010 reshuffle, when he became Spokesperson on Communications, Energy and Natural Resources.[15] At the 2011 general election, Varadkar was re-elected to Dáil Éireann, with 8,359 first-preference votes (a 19.7% share of the poll in a four-seat constituency).[13]

Government MinisterEdit

Minister for Transport, Tourism, and Sport (2011–2014)Edit

When Fine Gael formed a coalition government with the Labour Party, Varadkar was appointed Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport on 9 March 2011.[16] This was considered a surprise appointment, as Varadkar was not known as a sports lover. He said that while he knew "a lot of facts ... I don't play the sports."[17]

In May 2011, Varadkar suggested Ireland was "very unlikely" to resume borrowing in 2012 and might need a second bailout, causing jitters on international markets about Ireland's credibility.[18][19] Many of his cabinet colleagues frowned on Varadkar's forthrightness, as did the European Central Bank.[20][21] Taoiseach Enda Kenny repeated the line of the Government of Ireland, that the State would not require a further EU-IMF bailout, and said he had warned all Ministers against publicly disparaging the economy.[22][23] Varadkar said that reaction to the story was hyped up but that he was not misquoted.[24] The Evening Herald repeatedly described Varadkar as gaffe prone.[25][26]

Minister for Health (2014–2016)Edit

 
Health Minister Varadkar with Tánaiste Joan Burton at the opening of a unit at Connolly Hospital, Blanchardstown, July 2014

In the cabinet reshuffle of July 2014, Varadkar replaced James Reilly as Minister for Health.[27][28]

He was returned to the Dáil at the 2016 general election. He retained the health portfolio in an acting capacity until May that year, due to the delay in government formation. In one of his final acts as Minister for Health, Varadkar cut €12 million from the €35 million allocated to that year's budget for mental health care, telling the Dáil that the cuts were "necessary as the funding could be better used elsewhere."[29]

Minister for Social Protection (2016–2017)Edit

On 6 May 2016, after government formation talks had concluded, Taoiseach Enda Kenny appointed Varadkar as Minister for Social Protection.[30] During his time in the ministry, he launched a campaign against welfare fraud.[31]

14th Taoiseach (2017–present)Edit

2017Edit

On 2 June 2017, Varadkar was elected leader of Fine Gael, defeating Simon Coveney.[32] Although Coveney had the support of more Fine Gael members than Varadkar, the electoral college system more strongly weighted the votes of the party's parliamentarians, with these strongly backing Varadkar.[33]

Like Enda Kenny, Varadkar relied upon the support of Independents and the abstention of Fianna Fáil TDs to support his premiership. On 14 June 2017, he was appointed Taoiseach in a 57–50 vote with 47 abstentions.[34] He became Ireland's first openly gay Taoiseach, as well as the youngest.[nb 1] He is not, however, the youngest head of an Irish government; both Éamon de Valera and Michael Collins were younger on assuming their respective offices prior to the establishment of the current Irish Republic. He is also the first head of government who is of half-Indian descent.[35] It was also the first time that one Fine Gael Taoiseach was succeeded by another.[nb 2]

One of Varadkar's first acts as Taoiseach was to announce a referendum on abortion for 2018. He said that the government would also lay out a road map for achieving a low carbon economy.[36]

His government nearly collapsed as a result of the Garda whistleblower scandal and Tánaiste (Deputy Prime Minister) Frances Fitzgerald's role in it. Fianna Fáil, the main opposition party, who were in a confidence-and-supply agreement with Fine Gael, threatened a motion of no confidence in the Tánaiste. This action would have collapsed the government and caused a general election. Despite days of gridlock, the crisis was averted, after Fitzgerald resigned from the cabinet to prevent the election, which most of the country did not want due to the possibility of it jeopardising the Irish position in Brexit negotiations. Shortly after this, Varadkar appointed former leadership rival and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade Simon Coveney as Tánaiste, Heather Humphreys as Minister for Business, Enterprise and Innovation and Josepha Madigan as Minister for Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, in a small reshuffle of the cabinet.

Shortly after the Fitzgerald crisis, an impasse was reached in the Brexit talks, as leader of the DUP Arlene Foster objected to a deal agreed to by Varadkar, British Prime Minister Theresa May and President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker.[citation needed] This prevented an agreement from being reached as the deadline approached. Varadkar stated he was 'surprised' and 'disappointed' the UK couldn't reach a deal. However, later in the week a consensus deal was finalised. Varadkar stated he had received guarantees from the UK there would be no hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. He later said he and his cabinet had 'achieved all we set out to achieve' during the talks before quoting former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, by saying 'This is not the end, this is the end of the beginning". An Irish Times poll taken during these days showed Varadkar with a 53% approval rating, the highest for any Taoiseach since 2011, and showed Fine Gael with an eleven-point lead over Fianna Fáil. Government satisfaction was also at 41%, the highest in almost 10 years.[37] Irish Times columnist Pat Leahy claimed Varadkar had ended 2017 'on a high' and IrishCentral called it the Taoiseach's 'finest hour'.[38][39]

2018Edit

In January 2018, his opinion poll approval ratings reached 60%, a ten-year high for any Taoiseach.[40]

In January 2018, he announced that the referendum to repeal Ireland's 8th Amendment which prevented any liberalisation of restrictive abortion laws would take place in May. If passed, it would allow the government to introduce new legislation. It was proposed that women would be allowed unrestricted access to abortion up until 12 weeks, with exceptions if the mother's life is in danger up until six months. Varadkar said he would campaign for liberalising the laws, saying his mind was changed by difficult cases during his tenure as Minister for Health.[41] The referendum was passed by a 2:1 majority.

2019Edit

 
Varadkar and US President Donald Trump in Shannon, Ireland in June 2019

On 24 January 2019, Varadkar said in an interview with Euronews he was standing firm on the Irish backstop and called Brexit an act of self-harm that was not fully thought through. He also said the technology promised by the Brexiteers to solve the Northern Ireland border issue "doesn't yet exist".[42]

Varadkar stated he will refuse to ratify the EU–Mercosur free trade agreement unless Brazil commits to protecting the environment.[43][44] The fear is that the deal could lead to more deforestation of the Amazon rainforest as it expands market access to Brazilian beef.[45]

Personal lifeEdit

Varadkar is the first Irish government leader of Indian origin and has visited the country on a number of occasions. He completed his medical internship at KEM Hospital in his father's childhood city of Mumbai.

During an interview on RTÉ Radio on 18 January 2015 (his 36th birthday), Varadkar spoke publicly for the first time about being gay: "it's not something that defines me. I'm not a half-Indian politician, or a doctor politician or a gay politician for that matter. It's just part of who I am, it doesn't define me, it is part of my character I suppose".[46] Varadkar was a prominent advocate of the same-sex marriage referendum.[47][48] His partner, Matthew Barrett, is a doctor at Mater Misericordiae University Hospital.[49][50]

In June 2019, to mark the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots, an event widely considered a watershed moment in the modern LGBTQ rights movement, Queerty named him one of the Pride50 "trailblazing individuals who actively ensure society remains moving towards equality, acceptance and dignity for all queer people".[51]

Varadkar completed a course in professional Irish, and devised an Irish language form for his surname, Leo de Varad.[52]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The List of Irish heads of government since 1919 shows that two Irish heads of government since 1919, Éamon de Valera (born 14 October 1882, and aged 36 on 1 April 1919) and Michael Collins (born 16 October 1890, and aged 31 on 16 January 1922), have been younger than Varadkar (born 18 January 1979, and aged 38 on 14 June 2017). But both were before the title Taoiseach was adopted under the 1937 Constitution, and indeed before the state came into internationally recognized existence on 6 December 1922.
  2. ^ The List of Irish heads of government since 1919 shows that by the end of August 1922, two heads of government from the Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin party had died in office: Arthur Griffith (who died on 12 August 1922) and Michael Collins (who died on 22 August 1922). They were succeeded by W. T. Cosgrave of the same Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin faction, which, after being known as Cumann na nGaedheal from 1923 to 1933, merged with two smaller parties in 1933 to form Fine Gael, which was soon led by Cosgrave from 1934 to 1944. But that was before the title Taoiseach was adopted under the 1937 Constitution, before the name "Fine Gael" was adopted in 1933, and indeed before the state came into internationally recognized existence on 6 December 1922.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "More 'disappointments than appointments' over cabinet selection – Varadkar". RTÉ News. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017. Mr Varadkar, who is on course to be elected taoiseach in the Dáil next Wednesday, ... He described his meetings with Fianna Fáil and Independents yesterday as "fruitful".
  2. ^ "Leo Varadkar: Born to an Indian father, a historic gay PM for Ireland". Hindustan Times. New Delhi: HT Media. Agence France-Presse. 3 June 2017. ISSN 0972-0243. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  3. ^ Armstrong, Kathy (2 June 2017). "'Significant step for equality'- the world reacts to Leo Varadkar becoming the new Fine Gael leader". Irish Independent. Dublin: Independent News & Media. ISSN 0021-1222. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  4. ^ Kwak, Bethia (27 May 2017). "Ireland appears set to elect first openly gay prime minister". NBC News. Retrieved 13 November 2017. If elected, Varadkar would only be the fourth openly gay world leader in modern history. The others include Prime Minister of Luxembourg, Xavier Bettel, former Prime Minister of Belgium, Elio Di Rupo, and former Prime Minister of Iceland, Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir.
  5. ^ "Varad village in Maharashtra rejoices as Leo Varadkar is set to be Irish PM". IndianExpress.com. 3 June 2017.
  6. ^ McDonald, Henry (2 June 2017). "Leo Varadkar, gay son of Indian immigrant, to be next Irish PM". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  8. ^ Bielenberg, Kim (4 June 2011). "Why Leo, the petulant political puppy, is still happily wagging his tail". Irish Independent. Independent News & Media. ISSN 0021-1222. Retrieved 3 June 2017. His father is Hindu and his mother Catholic. When they got married in church they had to get special permission and agree to bring up the children as Catholic. Varadkar once said: "They deliberately decided that if we were to be brought up in a Western country that we would be brought up in the culture of our country. I think it's a sensible thing."
  9. ^ McGee, Harry (20 November 2010). "The Saturday Interview". The Irish Times. Dublin. ISSN 1393-3515. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  10. ^ "First Trinity Graduate elected Taoiseach". Trinity News and Events. 13 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Ireland's new Prime Minister Leo Varadkar is a 'real global Indian', says family back home - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  12. ^ "Leo Varadkar | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Leo Varadkar". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
  14. ^ "Leo Varadkar". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
  15. ^ Bardon, Sarah (3 June 2017). "Profile: Leo Varadkar (FG)". The Irish Times. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  16. ^ "Noonan named as new Finance Minister". RTÉ News. 9 March 2011.
  17. ^ Sheahan, Fionnan (15 September 2011). "'True blue' Varadkar gets red card as Dáil officials flag problem". Irish Independent.
  18. ^ "To borrow a phrase, Minister". The Irish Times. 1 June 2011.
  19. ^ Bartha, Emese; Quinn, Eamon (30 May 2011). "Bond Auctions Test Contagion Fears". The Wall Street Journal.
  20. ^ Collins, Stephen; Beesley, Arthur (31 May 2011). "Cabinet colleagues angered at Varadkar bailout view". The Irish Times.
  21. ^ Noonan, Laura (10 June 2011). "Trichet talks 'verbal discipline' after Leo's gaffe". Irish Independent.
  22. ^ O'Regan, Michael; O'Halloran, Marie (31 May 2011). "State 'won't require' second bailout". The Irish Times.
  23. ^ Sheahan, Fionnan; Kelpie, Colm (1 June 2011). "Kenny lays down law to ministers after Varadkar's gaffe on bailout". Irish Independent.
  24. ^ "Bailout comments were 'hyped up' – Varadkar". RTÉ News. 2 June 2011.
  25. ^ Doyle, Kevin (30 May 2011). "New gaffe is just one of a growing list". Evening Herald. Dublin: Independent News & Media. ISSN 0791-6892. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2018. He spent years tongue-lashing Calamity Coughlin for her gaffes, but now Leo Varadkar is building up a bit of a reputation himself. The Fine Gael 'Young Turk' has a growing list of slip-ups, with the latest being the most serious.
  26. ^ Lynch, Andrew (5 September 2008). "Leo won't become king of the political jungle with his roaring gaffes". Evening Herald. Dublin: Independent News & Media. ISSN 0791-6892. Retrieved 26 August 2018. In a week where the Government should have been feeling the heat over its economic woes, Varadkar has landed himself in hot water with his suggestion that unemployed immigrants should be offered six months' worth of dole money in return for going back to their own countries.
  27. ^ "Taoiseach announces new Cabinet". RTÉ News. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  28. ^ Kelly, Fiach (11 July 2014). "Leo Varadkar to replace Reilly as Minister for Health". The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  29. ^ McKeowen, Michael (27 April 2016). "Varadkar: 'Mental health funding cuts were not supposed to happen but they are necessary as the funding could be better used elsewhere'". The Liberal. Ireland. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  30. ^ Leo Varadkar insists new ministry is not a demotion Archived 8 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Irish Mirror, 7 May 2016
  31. ^ McDermott, Stephen (11 June 2017). "The Government saved THIS much investigating dole fraud in Dublin". dublinlive. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  32. ^ "Varadkar 'delighted and humbled' by election result". RTÉ.ie. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  33. ^ "Results of the combined votes cast by the Electoral College. #FGLE17". Twitter. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  34. ^ "Leo Varadkar elected as Republic of Ireland's taoiseach". BBC News. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  35. ^ McDonald, Henry (3 June 2017). "Leo Varadkar, gay son of Indian immigrant, to be next Irish PM". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  36. ^ "Abortion referendum to be held next year, Varadkar says". Irish Times.
  37. ^ "Fine Gael support surges on back of Brexit row". The Irish Times. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  38. ^ "Pat Leahy: Varadkar ends 2017 on a high thanks to Brexit talks". Irishtimes.com. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  39. ^ "Finest hour for Taoiseach Varadkar over Brexit border issue". Irishcentral.com. 9 December 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  40. ^ Loscher, Damian (25 January 2018). "Leo Varadkar's popularity rating grows to Bertie Ahern proportions". Irish Times. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  41. ^ Murray, Shona; Doyle, Kevin (29 January 2018). "Leo Varadkar reveals abortion referendum will be held in May". Independent.ie. Retrieved 30 January 2018. “As minister for health I became convinced that abortion had no place in the constitution” said Mr Varadkar. Of the most compelling cases was that of “Miss Y” a migrant woman was turned away from an English port when she went to the UK for an abortion. “She went on hunger strike and became suicidal” said the Taoiseach.
  42. ^ R, James; erson (24 January 2019). "Leo Varadkar: Brexit was 'not fully thought through'". POLITICO. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  43. ^ "Amazon fires: France and Ireland threaten to block EU trade deal". BBC. 23 August 2019.
  44. ^ "Amazon fires spark European rift at G7 over Mercosur trade deal". Deutsche Welle. 24 August 2019.
  45. ^ Watts, Jonathan (2 July 2019). "We must not barter the Amazon rainforest for burgers and steaks". The Guardian.
  46. ^ "Leo Varadkar: 'I am a gay man', Minister says". The Irish Times. 18 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  47. ^ "Leo Varadkar: 'I wanted to be an equal citizen . . . and today I am'". The Irish Times.
  48. ^ Nial O'Connor (23 May 2015). "10 factors behind the 'Yes' side's victory". The Irish Independent.
  49. ^ "Meet the dashing doctor boyfriend supporting Leo Varadkar in his Fine Gael leadership bid". The Independent. 21 February 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  50. ^ Barton, Sarah (17 May 2017). "Fine Gael leadership race: Leo Varadkar". The Irish Times. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  51. ^ "Queerty Pride50 2019 Honorees". Queerty. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  52. ^ "Maith an fear: Taoiseach awarded certificate for Irish language course". www.irishtimes.com. Retrieved 15 June 2019.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Pat Carey
Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Paschal Donohoe
Preceded by
James Reilly
Minister for Health
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Simon Harris
Preceded by
Joan Burton
Minister for Social Protection
2016–2017
Succeeded by
Regina Doherty
Preceded by
Enda Kenny
Taoiseach
2017–present
Incumbent
Minister for Defence
2017–present
Party political offices
Preceded by
Enda Kenny
Leader of Fine Gael
2017–present
Incumbent