Green Party in Northern Ireland
The Green Party in Northern Ireland is the Northern Ireland branch of the Green Party. Like many green political parties around the world, its origins lie in the anti-nuclear, labour and peace movements of the 1970s and early 1980s.
|Leader||Clare Bailey MLA|
|Deputy Leader||Cllr Malachai O'Hara|
|Youth wing||Young Greens|
|LGBTQ wing||Queer Greens|
|National affiliation||Green Party|
|European affiliation||European Green Party|
|International affiliation||Global Greens|
|European Parliament group||European Greens–European Free Alliance|
|Colours||Green and blue|
|House of Commons|
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2 / 90
|NI Local Councils|
8 / 462
Since 2006, the party has operated as a region of the Green Party of Ireland and also maintains links with other Green parties, including the Scottish Green Party and the Green Party of England and Wales.
The party has a youth wing operating in Northern Ireland, the Young Greens.
The party also has LGBTQ policies and an activist group operating in Northern Ireland, the Queer Greens.
The Green Party has four key values: social justice, environmental sustainability, grassroots democracy and non-violence. It is considered to be more to the left than most parties in Northern Ireland.[dead link]
The Green Party has been involved in several major campaigns since entering the Northern Ireland Assembly, including clean rivers and anti-nuclear campaigns, opposition to fracking, and fighting the austerity agenda. It has also campaigned against the development of incinerators at Belfast North Foreshore and Lough Neagh, and against proposals to extend the airport runway at George Best Belfast City Airport.
The Green Party campaigns not just for more environmental protection but also for politics for the common good. MLA Steven Agnew has championed the rights of children in Northern Ireland through his Private Member's Bill which is seeking to establish a statutory duties on government departments to work together to deliver optimum children's services. Agnew has also been a long-standing supporter of integrated education and a society based on equal rights and mutual respect for all traditions. This has included bringing forward the first motion on same-sex marriage to the Northern Ireland Assembly in 2011. The party has also called for funding to be focused on improving public transport infrastructure and supports the creation of an independent environmental protection agency for Northern Ireland. They also campaign for a shift to alternative energy for Northern Ireland and were involved in the setting up of a lobby group for the sector. The Green Party in Northern Ireland campaigns for transparency in political funding, responsive local government, effective community planning, dynamic and sustainable local economies, environmental protection, and for animal welfare.
On the constitutional status of Northern Ireland, the Green Party's former leader Steven Agnew believes the status quo should remain "until the people of Northern Ireland decide otherwise", but stated that the Green Party does not consider the issue as one that should divide its members or society. The party has also called for greater transparency in politics, arguing that political donations in Northern Ireland should be made public. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom where political donations are secret.
In the Northern Ireland local elections of May 1981, Peter Emerson, Avril McCandless and Malcolm Samuels stood as the first candidates to use the Ecology label in Northern Ireland and gained 202, 81 and 61 votes respectively; the first in a large urban area, the other two in smaller rural constituencies. Emerson had previously stood in the same area in 1977.
In May 1983, the Northern Ireland Ecology Party was launched at a press conference held in the Europa Hotel, Belfast, with members of the British and Irish Ecology parties in attendance. At the same time, the three parties put forward one combined policy on Northern Ireland, the first time that UK and Irish political parties had held a common Northern Ireland policy.
In 1985, ecology parties throughout the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom changed their names to Green Party.
The party became a region of the Green Party of Ireland in 2006. These arrangements are said to demonstrate the Northern Ireland party's cross-community nature, as the Green Party claim to be the only party that actually lives the Good Friday Agreement through its operational set up through north–south and east–west links.
In 2007, a Green society was established at Queen's University Belfast. In 2010, the LGBT Greens NI were established: a policy group and lobby group specialising in LGBT community issues within Northern Ireland. The LGBT group dissolved in early 2012 as their main aim—pushing for the inclusion of same-sex marriage within party policy—was achieved at the 2011 AGM after a unanimous vote.
In February 2015, the Queer Greens party group was set up to become the LGBTQ issues and activist wing of the party. The group is taking charge of party policy on LGBTQ rights, issues, welfare, campaigning, lobbying and raising awareness.
On 14 January 2016, the party announced that it had selected Ellen Murray as its candidate to contest the 2016 Northern Ireland Assembly elections for West Belfast, making her the first openly Transgender person to stand for election on the island of Ireland.
The party's first electoral success in Northern Ireland was at the local council elections of 2005. Cllr Raymond Blaney was elected onto Down District Council and Brian Wilson, formerly of the Alliance Party, took a seat on North Down Borough Council. The party's third local councillor was Ciaran Mussen, elected to Newry and Mourne District Council.
At the 2007 Northern Ireland Assembly election, the Green Party won its first seat in the Northern Ireland Assembly, when Brian Wilson won a seat in the North Down constituency. Overall the party won 11,985 first preference votes or 1.7% of the total – a rise of 1.4% since the 2003 Assembly election.
In 2009, the Green Party stood Steven Agnew in the European election — he secured 15,674 votes, trebling the Green Party's share of the vote. The Greens fought the election on the Green New Deal, calling for job creation in the green energy sector.
Brian Wilson MLA stood down ahead of the 2011 Assembly election, in which the party won a seat on North Down council, with their candidate Steven Agnew. Agnew subsequently stepped down from his position on North Down Borough Council as the party took a strong stand against so called 'double jobbing' or dual mandate; he was replaced by John Barry.
In 2019 the Greens picked up seats in local elections across the country. They managed to double the seats and won 4 seats in Belfast City Council.
Devolved legislature electionsEdit
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|1||6th||11,985||1.7%||Opposition||Kelly Andrews and John Barry|
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|Election||Seats (in NI)||±||Position||Total votes||% (in NI)||% (in UK)||Government|
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1983 general electionEdit
|North Antrim||Malcolm Samuel||451||1.0||6|
1987 general electionEdit
|East Londonderry||Malcolm Samuel||281||0.6||6|
|Upper Bann||Peter Doran||576||1.6||9|
1997 general electionEdit
|Belfast North||Peter Emerson||539||1.3||5|
2010 general electionEdit
|Belfast South||Adam McGibbon||1,036||3.0||5|
|North Down||Steven Agnew||1,043||3.1||5|
|South Down||Cadogan Enright||901||2.1||6|
2015 general electionEdit
|Belfast East||Ross Brown||1,058||2.7||4|
|Belfast South||Clare Bailey||2,238||5.7||6|
|Fermanagh and South Tyrone||Tanya Jones||788||1.5||4|
|North Down||Steven Agnew||1,958||5.4||4|
|West Tyrone||Ciaran McClean||780||2.0||6|
2017 general electionEdit
|Belfast East||Georgina Milne||561||1.3||5|
|Belfast North||Malachi O'Hara||644||1.4||5|
|Belfast South||Clare Bailey||2,241||5.1||5|
|Fermanagh and South Tyrone||Tanya Jones||423||0.8||5|
|North Down||Steven Agnew||2,549||6.5||4|
|West Tyrone||Ciaran McClean||427||1.0||6|
2019 general electionEdit
|East Antrim||Philip Randle||685||1.8||7|
|West Tyrone||Susan Glass||521||1.3||7|
|Election||Candidate||Seats won||Position||First Pref votes||%|
The Green Party's Chairperson is Kate Barry and the Secretary is Liz Byrne. The party treasurer is Luke Robinson.
The Party has spokespeople in the following areas:
- North Down: Rachel Woods MLA / Cllr. John Barry
- South Belfast: Clare Bailey MLA
- East Belfast: Cllr Anthony Flynn
- North Belfast: Cllr Malachai O'Hara
- Fermanagh & South Tyrone: Tanya Jones
- Strangford: Ricky Bamford
- Lagan Valley: Luke Robinson
- West Tyrone: Ciaran McClean
- Young Greens: Ashley Jones
- Queer Greens: Cllr Anthony Flynn
- Stephen Dunlop, Bangor Central, Ards & North Down Council
- Kathryn McNickle, Holywood and Clandeboye, Ards & North Down Council
- Barry McKee, Bangor West, Ards & North Down Council
- Anthony Flynn, Ormiston, Belfast City Council
- Brian Smyth, Lisnasharragh, Belfast City Council
- Áine Groogan, Botanic, Belfast City Council
- Malachai O'Hara, Castle, Belfast City Council
- Si Lee, Castlereagh South, Lisburn & Castlreagh City Council
- Steven, Agnew (30 March 2015). "Greens' growth has just begun". The Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Northern Ireland/UK". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- "Greens working for peaceful progress in Northern Ireland". 13 December 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- "Profile: Green Party". BBC News. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Mannion, A.M. (12 January 2006). Carbon and Its Domestication. Springer. p. 222.
- "Our Principles". Green Party in Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Clarke, Liam (20 April 2011). "Green Party manifesto unveiled by new leader". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "Green Party leader Steven Agnew reacts to leader debate". BBC News. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Walker, Stephen (29 March 2014). "Green Party's Steven Agnew in political donations call". BBC News. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Belfast election results 1973–1981, ARK, accessed 13 January 2013
- "QUB Greens Blog". qubgreens.blogspot.com. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Whyte, Dr Nicholas. "Local Government Elections 2005". ark.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "Green Party NI candidates in 2010 general election". BBC News. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "Green Party to elect Northern Ireland leader". BBC News. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "Green MLA Steven Agnew steps down from council". BBC News. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "European election predictions: Full analysis of how DUP, Sinn Fein, UUP, SDLP and others could perform in May". Belfast Telegraph. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.