Government of the 33rd Dáil

The Government of the 33rd Dáil or the 32nd Government of Ireland is the government of Ireland which was formed on 27 June 2020, following negotiations on a programme for government for a coalition government of Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael and the Green Party that followed the 2020 general election to Dáil Éireann held on 8 February. Fianna Fáil leader Micheál Martin will serve as Taoiseach, with Fine Gael leader Leo Varadkar serving as Tánaiste. It has been agreed that the government will last until December 2022, after which the positions will rotate, with Varadkar forming a new government as Taoiseach, and Martin serving as Tánaiste.[1] It is the first time that Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael have participated in the same government, which Varadkar has suggested signifies the end of what has often been referred to as Civil War politics.[2][3]

Government of the 33rd Dáil
32nd Government of Ireland
Micheál Martin TD (cropped).jpg
Date formed27 June 2020
People and organisations
PresidentMichael D. Higgins
TaoiseachMicheál Martin
TánaisteLeo Varadkar
No. of ministers15
Member partiesFine Gael
Fianna Fáil
Green Party
Status in legislatureMajority (coalition)
84 / 160 (53%)
Opposition cabinetSinn Féin Front Bench
Opposition partySinn Féin
Opposition leaderMary Lou McDonald
History
Election(s)2020 general election
Legislature term(s)33rd Dáil
26th Seanad
Budget(s)2021
Incoming formation2020 government formation
Predecessor31st Government

32nd Government of IrelandEdit

Nomination of TaoiseachEdit

The members of the 33rd Dáil first met on 20 February. Taoiseach and Fine Gael leader Leo Varadkar, Fianna Fáil leader Micheál Martin, Sinn Féin leader Mary Lou McDonald and Green Party leader Eamon Ryan were each proposed for nomination as Taoiseach. None of the four motions were successful. Varadkar announced that he would resign as Taoiseach but that under the provisions of Article 28.11 of the Constitution, the members of the government would continue to carry out their duties until their successors were appointed.[4][5]

On 27 June, the Dáil again debated nominations for the position of Taoiseach. The nomination of Martin was approved by the Dáil.[6] Martin was then appointed as Taoiseach by President Michael D. Higgins.[7][8]

27 June 2020
Nomination of Micheál Martin (FF) as Taoiseach

Motion proposed by Norma Foley and seconded by James O'Connor
Absolute majority: 81/160[9]
Vote Parties Votes
 Y Yes Fianna Fáil (37), Fine Gael (35), Green Party (12), Independents (9)
93 / 160
No Sinn Féin (37), Independents (7), Labour Party (6), Social Democrats (6),
Solidarity–People Before Profit (5), Aontú (1), Right To Change (1)
63 / 160
Abstain Independents (3)
3 / 160
Not voting Ceann Comhairle (1)
1 / 160

Members of the GovernmentEdit

After his appointment as Taoiseach by the president, Micheál Martin proposed the members of the government and they were approved by the Dáil.[8][10][11] They were appointed by the president on the same day.[12][13]

Office Name Term Party
Taoiseach Micheál Martin[a] 2020– Fianna Fáil
Tánaiste Leo Varadkar 2020– Fine Gael
Minister for Enterprise, Trade and Employment Fine Gael
Minister for the Environment, Climate and Communications[b] Eamon Ryan 2020– Green Party
Minister for Transport[c] Green Party
Minister for Tourism, Culture, Arts, Gaeltacht, Sport and Media[d] Catherine Martin 2020– Green Party
Minister for Children, Equality, Disability, Integration and Youth Roderic O'Gorman 2020– Green Party
Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe 2020– Fine Gael
Minister for Foreign Affairs[e] Simon Coveney 2020– Fine Gael
Minister for Defence Fine Gael
Minister for Justice Helen McEntee 2020– Fine Gael
Minister for Further and Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Science[f] Simon Harris 2020– Fine Gael
Minister for Rural and Community Development Heather Humphreys 2020– Fine Gael
Minister for Social Protection Fine Gael
Minister for Education Norma Foley 2020– Fianna Fáil
Minister for Housing, Local Government and Heritage[g] Darragh O'Brien 2020– Fianna Fáil
Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine Barry Cowen 2020 Fianna Fáil
Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform Michael McGrath 2020– Fianna Fáil
Minister for Health Stephen Donnelly 2020– Fianna Fáil

Changes 15 July 2020Edit

Following the sacking of Barry Cowen on 14 July 2020.[21][14][22][23]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine Dara Calleary 2020 Fianna Fáil

Changes 2 September 2020Edit

Following the resignation of Dara Calleary on 21 August 2020.[24][25][26][27]

Office Name Term Party
Minister for Agriculture and the Marine Charlie McConalogue 2020– Fianna Fáil
  1. ^ Martin served as Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine between the sacking of Cowen on 14 July 2020 and the appointment of Calleary to government on 15 July 2020.[14] He served again from 21 August to 2 September 2020 after the resignation of Calleary.
  2. ^ On 24 September 2020, the Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment was renamed the Department of the Environment, Climate and Communications.[15]
  3. ^ On 17 September 2020, the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport was renamed the Department of Transport.[16]
  4. ^ On 30 September 2020, the Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht was renamed the Department of Tourism, Culture, Arts, Gaeltacht, Sport and Media.[17]
  5. ^ On 24 September 2020, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade was renamed the Department of Foreign Affairs.[18]
  6. ^ On 2 August 2020, the Department of Further and Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Science was established. Harris was a minister without portfolio until that date.[19]
  7. ^ On 30 September 2020, the Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government was renamed the Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage.[20]

Attorney GeneralEdit

Paul Gallagher SC was appointed by the president as Attorney General on the nomination of the Taoiseach, a role he had previously served in from 2007 to 2011.[8][13]

Ministers of StateEdit

On 27 June 2020, the government on the nomination of the Taoiseach appointed Dara Calleary, TD, Hildegarde Naughton, TD, and Sen. Pippa Hackett as Ministers of State, each of whom attend at cabinet without a vote.[8] Pippa Hackett is the first senator to have been appointed as a Minister of State. On 1 July, the government appointed a further seventeen Ministers of State on the nomination of the Taoiseach.[28][13]

Name Department(s) Responsibility Party
Dara Calleary
(In attendance at cabinet)
Taoiseach
Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
Transport, Tourism and Sport
Government Chief Whip[29]
Gaeltacht and Sport
Fianna Fáil
Hildegarde Naughton
(In attendance at cabinet)
Transport International and Road Transport and Logistics Fine Gael
Pippa Hackett
(In attendance at cabinet)
Agriculture, Food and the Marine Land Use and Biodiversity Green Party
Thomas Byrne Taoiseach
Foreign Affairs
European Affairs Fianna Fáil
Patrick O'Donovan Public Expenditure and Reform Office of Public Works Fine Gael
Ossian Smyth Public Expenditure and Reform Public Procurement and eGovernment Green Party
Jack Chambers Finance Financial Services, Credit Unions and Insurance Fianna Fáil
Josepha Madigan Education Special Education and Inclusion Fine Gael
Martin Heydon Agriculture, Food and the Marine Research & Development, Farm Safety and New Market Development Fine Gael
Anne Rabbitte Health
Children, Equality, Disability, Integration and Youth
Disability[30] Fianna Fáil
Colm Brophy Foreign Affairs Overseas Development Aid and Diaspora Fine Gael
Charlie McConalogue Justice and Equality Law Reform Fianna Fáil
Niall Collins Further and Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Science Skills and Further Education Fianna Fáil
Joe O'Brien Rural and Community Development Community Development and Charities[31] Green Party
Peter Burke Housing, Local Government and Heritage Local Government and Planning Fine Gael
Malcolm Noonan Housing, Local Government and Heritage Heritage and Electoral Reform Green Party
Robert Troy Business, Enterprise and Innovation Trade Promotion Fianna Fáil
Damien English Business, Enterprise and Innovation Employment Affairs and Retail Businesses Fine Gael
Mary Butler Health Mental Health and Older People[32] Fianna Fáil
Frank Feighan Health Public Health, Well Being and National Drugs Strategy Fine Gael

Changes 15 July 2020Edit

Following the appointment of Calleary to Government.[22]

Name Department(s) Responsibility Party
Jack Chambers
(In attendance at cabinet)
Taoiseach
Tourism, Culture, Arts, Gaeltacht, Sport and Media
Government Chief Whip[33]
Gaeltacht and Sport
Fianna Fáil
Seán Fleming Finance Financial Services, Credit Unions and Insurance Fianna Fáil

Changes 2 September 2020Edit

Following the appointment of McConalogue to Government.[25]

Name Department(s) Responsibility Party
James Browne Justice and Equality Law Reform Fianna Fáil

Events during the governmentEdit

Minister for Agriculture and Marine Barry Cowen was sacked on 14 July 2020 because of driving offences which he had committed but not disclosed to Micheál Martin prior to his appointment to cabinet.[21] He was replaced by Dara Calleary.

Legislation was passed to allow each of three Ministers of State who attend cabinet meetings to receive an allowance, as previous legislation had provided an allowance for two only.[34] After public dissatisfaction with the proposal, the three ministers of state agreed on 28 July 2020 to share the existing allowance between them, rather than accept the increase.[35]

Minister for Agriculture and Marine Dara Calleary resigned on 21 August 2020 after the fallout from the Oireachtas Golf Society scandal.[24] Phil Hogan resigned as European Commissioner for Trade on 26 August 2020 in response to the same events.[36]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "FF, FG and Green Party agree historic coalition deal". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. 26 June 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  2. ^ Blackall, Molly; agencies (27 June 2020). "Micheál Martin becomes Irish taoiseach in historic coalition". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 28 June 2020. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  3. ^ O'Halloran, Marie; Kelly, Fiach; Leahy, Pat (27 June 2020). "Micheál Martin elected Taoiseach as head of coalition". The Irish Times. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  4. ^ Constitution of Ireland, Article 28.11.
  5. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Thursday, 20 February 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach (Resumed) – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Saturday, 27 June 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  7. ^ "President Higgins presents Taoiseach with Seal of Office". President of Ireland. 27 June 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d "Appointment of Taoiseach and Nomination of Members of Government: Motion – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Saturday, 29 June 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Nomination of Taoiseach (Resumed) – Votes – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Saturday, 27 June 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 28 June 2020. That Dáil Éireann nominate Deputy Micheál Martin for appointment by the President to be Taoiseach
  10. ^ Lehane, Mícheál (27 June 2020). "New coalition Cabinet: who has got what". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Statement by the Taoiseach, Micheál Martin TD, Announcement of Government". gov.ie. Government of Ireland. 27 June 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  12. ^ "President appoints members of Government". President of Ireland. 27 June 2020. Retrieved 29 June 2020. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  13. ^ a b c "Appointment of Ministers and Ministers of State – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Tuesday, 7 July 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Termination of Ministerial Appointment: Announcement by Taoiseach – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Tuesday, 14 July 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Communications, Climate Action and Environment (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 2020". Irish Statute Book. 22 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  16. ^ "Transport, Tourism and Sport (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 2020". Irish Statute Book. 15 September 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  17. ^ "Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 2020". Irish Statute Book. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  18. ^ "Foreign Affairs and Trade (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 2020". Irish Statute Book. 22 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Ministers and Secretaries and Ministerial, Parliamentary, Judicial and Court Offices (Amendment) Act 2020". Irish Statute Book. 2 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  20. ^ "Housing, Planning and Local Government (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 2020". Irish Statute Book. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  21. ^ a b Lehane, Mícheál (14 July 2020). "Barry Cowen sacked as Minister for Agriculture". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Nomination of Member of Government: Motion – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Wednesday, 14 July 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Dara Calleary appointed new Minister for Agriculture". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Dara Calleary resigns after breaching Covid-19 guidelines at Galway golf event". Irish Examiner. 21 August 2020. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  25. ^ a b "Nomination of Member of Government: Motion – Dáil Éireann (33rd Dáil) – Wednesday, 2 September 2020". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  26. ^ Keaveny, Michael (2 September 2020). "Charlie McConalogue named as new Minister for Agriculture". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  27. ^ "President appoints Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine". President of Ireland. 2 September 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  28. ^ "Minister of State Appointments". MerrionStreet.ie. 1 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  29. ^ "Statistics (Delegation of Ministerial Functions) Order 2020". 13 July 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  30. ^ "Health (Delegation of Ministerial Functions) (No. 2) Order 2020". 22 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  31. ^ "Rural and Community Development (Delegation of Ministerial Functions) Order 2020". 22 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  32. ^ "Health (Delegation of Ministerial Functions) Order 2020". 22 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  33. ^ "Statistics (Delegation of Ministerial Functions) (No. 2) Order 2020". 27 July 2020. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  34. ^ Curran, Ian (24 July 2020). "Dáil approves €16,000 top-up payments for 'super junior' ministers amid criticism". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  35. ^ Regan, Mary (28 July 2020). "Super junior ministers to share €32,000 allowance between them". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  36. ^ Connelly, Tony (26 August 2020). "Phil Hogan resigns from EU role following golf controversy". RTÉ News and Current Affairs. Retrieved 28 August 2020.