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Joan Burton (born 1 February 1949) is an Irish Labour Party politician who served as Tánaiste and Leader of the Labour Party from 2014 to 2016, Minister for Social Protection from 2011 to 2016, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2014, Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs from 1994 to 1997 and Minister of State at the Department of Social Welfare 1993 to 1994. She has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin West constituency since 2002, and previously from 1992 to 1997.[1]

Joan Burton

Joan Burton (official portrait).jpg
Tánaiste
In office
4 July 2014 – 6 May 2016
TaoiseachEnda Kenny
Preceded byEamon Gilmore
Succeeded byFrances Fitzgerald
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
4 July 2014 – 20 May 2016
DeputyAlan Kelly
Preceded byEamon Gilmore
Succeeded byBrendan Howlin
Minister for Social Protection
In office
9 March 2011 – 6 May 2016
TaoiseachEnda Kenny
Preceded byÉamon Ó Cuív
Succeeded byLeo Varadkar
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
In office
4 October 2007 – 4 July 2014
LeaderEamon Gilmore
Preceded byLiz McManus
Succeeded byAlan Kelly
Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs
In office
20 December 1994 – 26 June 1997
TaoiseachJohn Bruton
Preceded byTom Kitt
Succeeded byLiz O'Donnell
Minister of State at the Department of Social Welfare
In office
14 January 1993 – 15 December 1994
TaoiseachAlbert Reynolds
Preceded byNew office
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Teachta Dála
Assumed office
May 2002
In office
November 1992 – June 1997
ConstituencyDublin West
Personal details
Born (1949-02-01) 1 February 1949 (age 70)
Stoneybatter, Dublin, Ireland
NationalityIrish
Political partyLabour Party
Spouse(s)Patrick Carroll (m. 1978)
Children1
Alma materUniversity College Dublin
Websitejoanburton.ie

Burton was first elected to Dáil Éireann at the 1992 general election. From 1995 to 1997, she was Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs. She lost her seat at the 1997 general election, but was re-elected to the Dáil at the 2002 general election.[2] She was deputy leader of the Labour Party under Eamon Gilmore, between 2007 and 2014. She was Tánaiste (Deputy Prime Minister) from 2014 to 2016 and Minister for Social Protection from 2011 to 2016. She resigned as Labour Party leader in May 2016, following heavy losses by the party in the 2016 general election.[3]

Early lifeEdit

Burton is a native of the Stoneybatter area of Dublin. She was adopted by the Burtons as a baby and brought up in Inchicore. Her adoptive father worked in the local iron foundry. She was educated at St. Gabriel's NS, Cowper Street and St. Joseph Sisters of Charity Secondary School, Stanhope Street and University College Dublin (UCD), where she graduated with a degree in commerce. She is also a fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants. She has worked as a lecturer in Accountancy in the Dublin Institute of Technology and the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.[citation needed]

Political careerEdit

Early years: 1989–1997Edit

Burton first stood for election at the 1989 general election, as one of two Labour Party candidates in the Dublin Central constituency; she failed to be elected.[4] At the local elections in 1991, she was elected to Dublin County Council for the Mulhuddart electoral area.[4]

Burton was first elected to Dáil Éireann at the 1992 general election, representing Dublin West in the 27th Dáil.[4] She was appointed Minister of State at the Department of Social Welfare in the Fianna Fáil–Labour Party coalition that was formed after that election.[citation needed] With the breakdown of that coalition and the establishment of a Rainbow Coalition between Fine Gael, Labour and Democratic Left in early 1995, she became Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs, a position she held until the coalition's defeat at the 1997 general election.[4]

Loss of seat and re-election: 1997–2007Edit

She lost her seat at the 1997 general election, to Joe Higgins of the Socialist Party. Burton was re-elected to Fingal County Council in the 1999 local elections, on this occasion winning a seat in the Castleknock electoral area.[4] She was re-elected to the Dáil for Dublin West at the 2002 general election.[4] She was then appointed Labour Party Spokesperson for Finance. She was a candidate for the deputy leadership of the party in 2002, obtaining 24% of the first preference vote,[citation needed] but was unsuccessful.

Labour Deputy Leadership: 2007–2014Edit

Burton became deputy leader of the Labour Party in September 2007. She was re-elected to represent Dublin West at the 2011 general election, topping the poll on the 1st count with 9,627 votes,[5] and was the first TD in the country to be elected to the 31st Dáil.[6]

Labour Leadership: 2014–2016Edit

Labour polled badly at the 2014 local and European elections; this led to the resignation of Eamon Gilmore as leader. Burton announced her candidacy for the leadership to replace him. On 4 July 2014, she won the leadership election, defeating Alex White by 78% to 22%.[7] Taoiseach Enda Kenny, appointed her as Tánaiste on the same day. Upon her election she said that the Labour Party "would focus on social repair, and govern more with the heart".[7] She became the first woman to lead the Labour Party.

On 11 July 2014, Burton announced the Labour Party cabinet ministers, with party deputy leader Alan Kelly appointed as Minister for the Environment, Alex White as Minister for Communications, Energy and Natural Resources, Jan O'Sullivan as Minister for Education and Skills and Gerald Nash as Minister of State for Business and Employment. Brendan Howlin remained Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform. Burton also remained in her ministry at the Department of Social Protection.

Despite a Millward Browne poll that predicted she would lose her constituency seat a month prior to the 2016 general election, Burton polled better than expected and retained her Dublin West seat.[8][9]

At the Women In Media conference that took place in April 2016, following elections and during negotiations to form a governing coalition, Burton discussed how women were excluded from the government negotiation process. She criticized what she called the misogyny and abuse female politicians faced during the election, and as well as the "vulgar, crude, and demeaning" Late Late Show broadcast during the election that offered Freudian interpretations of politicians' body language.[10]

Labour returned to opposition following the 2016 general election, greatly reduced in numbers. Burton remained as Tánaiste and Minister for Social Protection in an acting capacity during prolonged talks on government formation.[11] On 6 May 2016, Enda Kenny announced in the Dáil that Frances Fitzgerald would be the new Tánaiste, while Burton's constituency rival Leo Varadkar took her old job in the Department of Social Protection.

On 10 May 2016, she announced her resignation as Labour Party leader, which took effect on 20 May 2016, when her replacement Brendan Howlin was chosen unopposed.[12][13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Joan Burton". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Kenny elected Taoiseach, appoints Gilmore Tánaiste". The Irish Times. 9 March 2011.
  3. ^ Doyle, Kevin (10 May 2016). "'Regrets, I've had a few' – Joan Burton refuses to name successor as she resigns as Labour Party leader". Irish Independent. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Joan Burton". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  5. ^ "Dublin West". RTÉ News. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ Slattery, Laura (26 February 2011). "Burton elected on first count". The Irish Times.
  7. ^ a b "Need to govern with more heart, says Joan Burton". RTÉ News. 4 July 2014.
  8. ^ "Burton to lose her seat: poll - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Dublin West constituency | The Irish Times". The Irish Times. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  10. ^ Burton: ‘disproportionate maleness’ in govt talks‘disproportionate maleness’ in govt talks The Irish Times, 16 April 2016
  11. ^ McGrath, Meadhbh (6 May 2016). "Revealed: The salaries TDs pocketed over 10 weeks of government talks". Irish Independent.
  12. ^ Sarah Bardon (10 May 2016). "Joan Burton resigns as Labour leader". Irish Times. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  13. ^ Sarah bardon (21 May 2016). "Brendan Howlin chosen to be new Labour leader". Irish Times. Retrieved 21 May 2016.

External linksEdit

Oireachtas
Preceded by
Tomás Mac Giolla
Workers' Party
Labour Party Teachta Dála
for Dublin West

1992–1997
Succeeded by
Joe Higgins
Socialist Party
Preceded by
Constituency reestablished
Labour Party Teachta Dála
for Dublin West

2002–present
Incumbent
Political offices
New office Minister of State at the Department of Social Welfare
1993–1994
Position abolished
Preceded by
Tom Kitt
Minister of State for Overseas Development Aid and Human Rights
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Liz O'Donnell
Preceded by
Éamon Ó Cuív
Minister for Social Protection
2011–2016
Succeeded by
Leo Varadkar
Preceded by
Eamon Gilmore
Tánaiste
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Frances Fitzgerald
Party political offices
Preceded by
Liz McManus
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
2007–2014
Succeeded by
Alan Kelly
Preceded by
Eamon Gilmore
Leader of the Labour Party
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Brendan Howlin