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Jüri Ratas (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈjy.ri ˈrɑ.tɑs]) (born 2 July 1978) is an Estonian politician who has been Prime Minister of Estonia and Leader of the Centre Party since 2016. The current government of Ratas, active since April 2019, has been notable for its share of public scandals, resignations of ministers and the amount of public apologies from Ratas, mostly connected to the activities of the nationalist EKRE party, a coalition member. [1][2] His tenure has also seen the national budget of Estonia going into deficit after years of being in surplus. [3] According to a national poll conducted in November 2019, Ratas was the preferred person for the seat of the prime minister in the country for 36% of voters, thus scoring the highest result in the poll. [4]

Jüri Ratas
Jüri Ratas 2017-05-25 (cropped).jpg
Ratas in 2017
18th Prime Minister of Estonia
Assumed office
23 November 2016
PresidentKersti Kaljulaid
Preceded byTaavi Rõivas
Leader of the Centre Party
Assumed office
5 November 2016
Preceded byEdgar Savisaar
Mayor of Tallinn
In office
15 November 2005 – 5 April 2007
Preceded byTõnis Palts
Succeeded byEdgar Savisaar
Personal details
Born (1978-07-02) 2 July 1978 (age 41)
Tallinn, Estonia
Political partyCentre Party
Spouse(s)Karin Ratas
Children4
Alma materTallinn University of Technology

CareerEdit

He acted as the vice-president of the Riigikogu from 2007 to 2016 and Mayor of Tallinn from 2005 to 2007. As a mayor of Tallinn he initiated the European Green Capital Award programme.[5]

In the 2015 Estonian parliamentary election, Ratas was re-elected to the parliament with 7,932 individual votes.[6] In March he was elected as the second deputy speaker of the Riigikogu.[7]

On 5 November 2016, Ratas was elected to succeed Edgar Savisaar as the leader of the Centre Party.[8] After Taavi Rõivas' second cabinet split in November 2016 due to internal struggle, coalition talks began between Centre Party, Social Democratic Party, and Pro Patria and Res Publica Union.[9] On 19 November, the three parties agreed on the conditions of Ratas' first cabinet.[10] Ratas was sworn in as the prime minister of Estonia on 23 November.[11][12]

After 2019 parliamentary election, Ratas turned down an offer from the liberal, election-winning Reform Party for coalition and instead entered into talks with the conservative Isamaa and the often-considered as far-right, EKRE. On 17 April, Riigikogu granted Ratas the authority to form the government and remain Prime Minister.[13] These talks resulted in the formation of Ratas' second cabinet in April 2019.

During his tenure, the national budget of Estonia went into deficit after years of being in surplus. This drew widespread criticism, notably from the European Commission and the Estonian Central Bank. [14][15]

Coalition formation controversy of 2019Edit

In the elections of 2019, the party of Ratas, the Estonian Centre Party, lost support while the oppositional, liberal Estonian Reform Party, gained support and became the largest party by parliament seats in Estonia. After the elections, Ratas turned down an offer by the Reform party for coalition talks and entered into talks with Isamaa and EKRE, the latter being widely considered a far-right party. Ratas had previously ruled out forming a coalition with EKRE during the election campaign because of its hostile views.[16]

"When I said before that it would be impossible for me to cooperate with a political party which cuts heads off, doesn't agree to certain nationalities or races, then EKRE has indeed said those things."[16]

— Ratas talking about EKRE in November 2018, widely interpreted as ruling out a coalition with EKRE.

The subsequent reversal of his stance and the inclusion of EKRE by Ratas in coalition talks after the elections was met with local and international criticism. In a poll conducted after the start of the coalition talks, the party of Jüri Ratas further lost support.[17][18]

The critics of the decision have claimed that Ratas is willing to sacrifice his party's values, the confidence of his voters and the stability and reputation of the country to keep his position as prime minister. Ratas has countered that his first duty is to look for ways to get his party included in the government to be able to work in the benefit of his voters and that the coalition would continue to firmly support the EU, NATO and would be sending out messages of tolerance.[19][20][21]

Some key members and popular candidates of the party of Ratas have been critical of the decision, with Raimond Kaljulaid leaving the party in protest. Yana Toom, a member of the party and its representative in the European Parliament expressed criticism of the decision. Mihhail Kõlvart, popular among the Russian-speaking voters and the newly-elect mayor of Tallinn, has said the Centre party cannot govern with EKRE's approach.[22][23][24]

The decision was also criticized by Guy Verhofstadt, leader of the ALDE group in the European Parliament where The Centre Party of Ratas is a member, suggesting that Ratas should break off coalition talks with the national-conservative EKRE. Ratas responded in the Estonian media that "Brussels should not dictate to us what our coalition should be like."[25][26]

When on the third week of coalition talks, Martin Helme of EKRE accused gynaecologists of violating their Hippocratic Oath by performing abortions, Ratas demanded the party to stop accusing doctors – with this being the first public criticism of EKRE by Ratas after the start of the coalition talks.[27]

On 17 April, Riigikogu voted in favor for granting Ratas the authority to form the government.[13]

Personal lifeEdit

Ratas was born in Tallinn, Estonia.[28] His father is Centre Party politician Rein Ratas.[29] He attended secundary school in Nõmme. He graduated in Business Management from Tallinn University of Technology and obtained a Master´s degree in Economic Sciences from the same university. He also holds a Bachelor´s degree in Law from the University of Tartu.[30]

Ratas is married, he has a daughter and three sons.

Ratas regards himself to be a believer and has completed the Alpha course at St. Olaf's Church.[31] Although in the press he has been described as a baptist,[32] he has denied this.[33] Apart from the Estonian language, Ratas is fluent in English and has an understanding of Russian, Swedish and Portuguese.

His hobbies include chess, reading and horse riding.[34]

HonoursEdit

Foreign honourEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/environment/europeangreencapital/about_submenus/background.html Archived July 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Riigikogu valimised 2015: Detailne hääletamistulemus". Vabariigi Valimiskomisjon. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Eiki Nestor re-elected as Parliament Speaker, Seeder and Ratas as deputies". ERR. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  8. ^ "Jüri Ratas elected chairman of the Center Party". ERR. 5 November 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Prime Minister loses no confidence vote, forced to resign". ERR. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Coalition agreement ready, ministries distributed". ERR. 19 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  11. ^ "49th cabinet of Estonia sworn in under Prime Minister Jüri Ratas". ERR. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Estonian PM invites far-right to join cabinet". 12 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
  13. ^ a b "Riigikogu backs Centre-EKRE-Isamaa coalition, Ratas to remain PM". ERR. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  14. ^ ERR, Mart Linnart (21 March 2019). "Keskpanka teeb majandustõusu ajal tekkinud riigieelarve puudujääk murelikuks". ERR.
  15. ^ "Euroopa Komisjon: Eesti defitsiit on ebameeldiv üllatus". Äripäev.
  16. ^ a b ERR (22 November 2018). "Ratas peab koalitsiooni EKRE-ga võimatuks". ERR. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Kõlvart: erakonna püsimine on tähtsam kui olemine opositsioonis". Poliitika. 13 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Uuring: valijad eelistavad kõike muud kui Keskerakonna-EKRE-Isamaa liitu". Poliitika. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Jüri Ratase ränk solvumine: Keskerakonna esimees on võimu nimel kõigeks valmis". Eesti Ekspress. 16 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Keskerakond ei nõustu Reformierakonna ühiskondlikku ebavõrdsust suurendava ettepanekuga - Keskerakond". keskerakond.ee. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  21. ^ "Jüri Ratas: «See küsimus on juba eos vale»". Poliitika. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  22. ^ ERR, Mait Ots (12 March 2019). "Kaljulaid ERR-ile: enne lõhenegu Keskerakond, kui EKRE võimule aidatakse". ERR. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  23. ^ ERR (11 March 2019). "Toom: ma ei näe EKRE-s väärilist partnerit". ERR. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  24. ^ ERR, ERR (12 March 2019). "Kõlvart on EKRE's views: We cannot govern with their approach". ERR. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Ratas: Brüssel ei peaks Eestile ette kirjutama, missugune on meie uus koalitsioon". Postimees. 13 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  26. ^ ERR (13 March 2019). "Guy Verhofstadt implores Jüri Ratas to call off EKRE talks". ERR. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  27. ^ ERR, ERR (22 March 2019). "Ratas to EKRE: Blaming gynaecologists, women must stop". ERR.
  28. ^ "Juri Ratas is Estonia's new Prime Minister". 21 November 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  29. ^ "Peaminister Jüri Ratase perre sündis neljas laps". err.ee. 13 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  30. ^ "Prime Minister Jüri Ratas". Government of the Republic of Estonia. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  31. ^ "Oleviste koguduse vanempastor Siim Teekel annab Jüri Ratasele üle Piibli". Eesti Kirik. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  32. ^ "Tallinna linnapea Jüri Ratas on baptist". Delfi Publik. 23 December 2005. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  33. ^ "Vaata pikka intervjuud uue peaministriga". Eesti Televisioon. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  34. ^ "Знакомьтесь, премьер-министр". dv.ee. 2016-11-21. Retrieved 2019-04-20.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Tõnis Palts
Mayor of Tallinn
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Edgar Savisaar
Preceded by
Taavi Rõivas
Prime Minister of Estonia
2016–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Edgar Savisaar
Leader of the Centre Party
2016–present
Incumbent