Skopje International Airport
Skopje International Airport (Macedonian: Меѓународен аеродром Скопје, romanized: Megjunaroden aerodrom Skopje, Albanian: Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Shkupit, IATA: SKP, ICAO: LWSK), also known as Skopje Airport (Macedonian: Аеродром Скопје, romanized: Aerodrom Skopje) and previously known as Petrovec Airport (Macedonian: Аеродром Петровец, romanized: Aerodrom Petrovec) and Skopje Alexander the Great Airport (Macedonian: Аеродром „Александар Велики“ Скопје, romanized: Aerodrom "Aleksandar Veliki" Skopje), is the larger and busier of the two international airports in North Macedonia, with the other being the St. Paul the Apostle Airport in Ohrid which is located 170 km (110 mi) southwest from the national capital Skopje.
Skopje International Airport
Меѓународен аеродром Скопје
Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Shkupit
|Serves||Skopje, North Macedonia|
|Hub for||Wizz Air|
|Elevation AMSL||238 m / 781 ft|
The airport was built in 1928. The first commercial flights in Skopje were introduced in 1929 when the Yugoslav carrier Aeroput introduced a route linking the city with the capital, Belgrade. A year later, the route was extended to Thessaloniki and further extended to Athens in 1933. In 1935, Aeroput linked Skopje with Bitola and Niš, and also operated a longer international route linking Vienna and Thessaloniki through Zagreb, Belgrade and Skopje.
After the Second World War, Aeroput was replaced by JAT Yugoslav Airlines, which linked Skopje to a number of domestic and international destinations until the dissolution of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.
Development since the 2000sEdit
In December 2006, the conservative VMRO-DPMNE-led government of the Republic of Macedonia renamed the airport after Alexander the Great, sparking further controversy in the ongoing diplomatic feud with Greece. Both countries consider Alexander the Great as part of their respective heritages, demonstrated by the fact that the regional airport of Kavala in Greek Macedonia is also named after Alexander. However, the airport in Kavala was the first to be named as such since 1992.
In 2008, the Macedonian Government signed a contract with the Turkish company Tepe Akfen Ventures (TAV) for a twenty-year-long concession during which this company would manage Macedonia's two existing airports - the Skopje Alexander the Great Airport and the St. Paul the Apostle Airport in Ohrid. In September 2011, the new terminal building, extension of the runway, new administrative building, cargo building and new access road with parking facilities were opened.
In February 2018, Alexander the Great was dropped from the airport's name in a move to improve relations with Greece. A few months before, Aegean Airlines announced future flights between Athens and Skopje, the first flights to Greece for several years, another example of improved relations between the two countries following the Prespa agreement.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Skopje:
The number of passengers has increased since 1990, from 312,492 passengers in that year, to 2,158,258 passengers in 2018, but this was not a steady increase. In 2000 the airport handled 1,005,852 passengers, but in 2001 the number of passengers dropped to 499,789. This was influenced in part by a number of airlines replacing services to Skopje with services to nearby. In 2014 Skopje airport handled 1,208,359 passengers, surpassing one million for the first time since 2000.
|Year||Passengers||Change||Cargo (t)||Change||Aircraft movements||Change|
Most frequent routesEdit
|City||Airport(s)||Airline(s)||Market Share (1st half of 2019)|
|Istanbul||Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport||Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines||10.1%|
|Zürich||Zürich Airport||Germania Flug, Edelweiss Air, Helvetic Airways||6.9%|
|Basel Switzerland, Mulhouse France, Freiburg Germany||Basel/Mulhouse Airport||Wizz Air||5.4%|
|Vienna||Vienna Airport||Austrian Airlines||5.4%|
|Malmö||Malmö Airport||Wizz Air||4.3%|
|Bratislava||Bratislava Airport||Wizz Air||3.4%|
Largest airlines (2019)Edit
|Rank||Carrier||Market share (1st half of 2019)|
Taxis to Skopje are available. There is also a bus service linking the airport and the city with several stops.
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- On 24 July 1992, an Antonov 12BK of Volga-Dnepr Airlines, crashed on a mountain Lisec village, on approach at Skopje Airport, after the crew strayed off course while trying to circumnavigate a thunderstorm because the DME at Skopje Airport was inoperative. All 8 occupants died and the plane was written off.
- On 5 March 1993, Palair Macedonian Airlines Flight 301, a Fokker 100 bound for Zurich, crashed seconds after takeoff from runway 34. Investigation into the accident determined the cause of the accident to be the failure of the flight crew to have the aircraft deiced before departure. Of the 97 people on board, 83 died.
- On 12 January 2008, a Mil Mi-17 of the Macedonian Air Force, from Mostar en route to Skopje Airport, crashed on a hill near Katlanovsko Blato in dense fog and burned out. All 11 occupants died and the helicopter was written off.
- On 13 February 2009, Austrian Airlines Flight OS780, Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 scheduled flight from Skopje to Vienna failed to retract landing gear after take-off and performed an emergency landing on Skopje Airport.
- On 14 November 2011, a private flight Socata TBM700N (TBM850), from Maastricht Aachen Airport to Skopje, hit several treetops and approach light while landing and missed the extended asphalt of the runway and touched down on grass. All five occupants escaped unharmed. The plane received substantial damage and was sent to Daher-Socata at Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées Airport for repairs.
- On 11 February 2012, Czech Airlines Flight 848, Boeing 737-55S a scheduled flight from Prague to Skopje made an emergency landing at Skopje, because of reported smoke that came out of the aircraft. Airport firefighters and ambulance were alarmed. The plane had a minor damage and all passengers escaped uninjured.
- On 6 September 2016, a private Piper PA-34-200T Seneca II crashed near Vetersko, Veles while landing in Skopje, killing all 6 on board. The aircraft was written off.
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Media related to Skopje Airport at Wikimedia Commons