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Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport

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Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport (Slovene: Letališče Jožeta Pučnika Ljubljana) (IATA: LJU, ICAO: LJLJ), also known by its previous name Brnik Airport (Slovene: Letališče Brnik), is the international airport of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. The airport is located near the village of Brnik, 24 km (15 mi) northwest[2] of Ljubljana and 9.5 km (5.9 mi) east of Kranj on the road between Kranj and Mengeš. Until 30 September 2019, it served as the homebase for Adria Airways, the largest airline based in Slovenia and the only one operating scheduled international services.

Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport

Letališče Jožeta Pučnika Ljubljana
Ljubljana airport 2017.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerFraport Slovenia d.o.o.[1]
OperatorFraport Slovenia d.o.o.
ServesLjubljana, Slovenia
LocationZgornji Brnik
Elevation AMSL388 m / 1,273 ft
Coordinates46°13′28″N 14°27′22″E / 46.22444°N 14.45611°E / 46.22444; 14.45611 (Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport)Coordinates: 46°13′28″N 14°27′22″E / 46.22444°N 14.45611°E / 46.22444; 14.45611 (Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport)
Websitelju-airport.si
Map
LJU is located in Slovenia
LJU
LJU
Location of airport in Slovenia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers1,812,411
Passenger change 17–18Increase 7.3%
Aircraft Movements35,512
Movements change 17-18Increase 3.0%
Source: Slovenian AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]
Statistics from Ljubljana Airport[3]

HistoryEdit

The airport was officially opened in December 1963.[4] It replaced Polje Airport in the former Municipality of Polje (Ljubljana) near Ljubljana,[5] which served as the city's airport from 1933 and was Slovenia's first civil airport.[6] Regular flights from the new airport at Brnik began in January 1964.[4]

On June 27, 1991, two days after Slovenia's Independence from Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav People's Army began its military operations within the country. The airport was bombed during the first day of the war. On June 28, the next day, two journalists from Austria and Germany, Nikolas Vogel and Norbert Werner, were killed from a missile that struck their car near the airport, where they were both driving by during that time. Four Adria Airways airliners also took serious damage from the Yugoslav Air Force.

Finally on June 29, the JPA soldiers at the Airport surrendered to Slovenian TO forces, who surrounded the entire facility overnight. The fighting ended on July 7 with the Brioni Agreement.[7][8]

On December 8, 2004, the airport received its first annual millionth passenger. Overall, the airport handled 1,812,411 passengers in 2018, representing a 7.3% rise in traffic figures compared to the previous year.

In 2007, the then centre-right government proposed renaming the airport from Aerodrom Ljubljana to Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport. Jože Pučnik was a Slovene public intellectual, dissident, politician, and leader of the Democratic Opposition of Slovenia (Demos) between 1989 and 1992.

Due to growing air traffic and Slovenia's EU entry, which requires the separation of traffic into Schengen and non-Schengen, Aerodrom Ljubljana Airport Authorities have prepared a redevelopment plan for the passenger terminal. The expansion was to be carried out in two phases. Works on the first phase began in early July 2007 to accommodate Slovenia's entry into the Schengen Area in December 2007. The terminal building (T1) was extended with a new upper level which added an additional 4,000 m2 (43,000 sq ft) to the departure lounge and four jetways have also been installed for easier passenger access to and from the terminal. In 2013 the second phase of terminal expansion which included a new terminal T2 was scrapped by the minority stakeholders.[9]

In 2014 the Slovenian government initiated a privatisation process of the airport. The bid was won by Fraport which, in turn, acquired 75.5% stake in the airport.[10] The remaining shares were acquired in the following months resulting in Fraport taking 100% ownership of the airport.

FacilitiesEdit

RunwayEdit

The airport has a 3,300 m × 45 m (10,827 ft × 148 ft) paved runway which is equipped with ILS Cat IIIb on runway 30. NDB and VOR approach are also available. The runway of Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport was closed to air traffic in April 2010 during which time, the entire length of the asphalt surface of the runway was renovated, as well as the asphalt surface on some parts of the taxiways.

Expansion planEdit

In April 2017 the airport operator Fraport Slovenia announced a plan to expand the existing passenger terminal.[11] A modular solution is planned which means that construction can be carried out in phases that are effectively and continuously adapted to traffic development needs.

In the first phase of the terminal expansion, capacity of the departures area will be increased from the current 500 passengers per hour to 1,250 passengers per hour. A new 10,000 m2 (110,000 sq ft) extension will be built to the west of the existing terminal building.[12] It will include a large duty-free shop, a new business lounge, one new air bridge, as well as renovated food & beverage and promotional areas. There will be 22 check-in desks and 5 long security lines. A new baggage sorting area will be added to the existing one. In addition, the baggage reclaim area will be expanded and equipped with three long carousels.

The existing passenger terminal, which covers 13,000 m2 (140,000 sq ft), will be partly renovated and functionally incorporated with the new building. The construction began in July 2019[13] and will be completed in 2021 in time for Slovenia's Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The entire renovated and expanded terminal complex will cover a total of 28,587 m2 (307,710 sq ft).

In 2017 Fraport Slovenija also published a revised Master Plan for the period 2010-2040.[14] It includes a plan to construct a new 6,000 m2 (65,000 sq ft) cargo terminal to the east of the airport complex by 2022, expansion of passenger and aircraft maintenance aprons by 2025 and a relocation of the general aviation apron to the west. To the north, a business and logistics center named Airport City is planned. It will include various business and logistic facilities as well as a new hotel, there are multiple subsidies as well as incentives for the potential investor.[15] In January 2018 a new road from Kranj to Mengeš that will enable the development of the Airport City has been opened.[16]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

 
Construction site of the airport in 1963
 
The airport in 1967
 
Passenger terminal
 
Terminal interior
 
Aerial view of the airport and its surroundings

Traffic figures and developmentEdit

Pre-2000[26]
Year Passengers Change Cargo (t) Change Aircraft Movements Change
1964 78,179 / 88 / 2,343 /
1965 133,184   70% 177   101% 3,180   36%
1966 136,584   3% 235   33% 4,099   29%
1967 136,665   0% 306   30% 4,479   9%
1968 68,303   50% 304   1% 3,807   15%
1969 96,108   41% 1,068   251% 4,474   18%
1970 171,503   78% 1,879   76% 5,728   28%
1971 273,946   60% 2,288   22% 6,509   14%
1972 275,460   1% 3,016   32% 8,525   31%
1973 367,872   34% 4,578   52% 8,633   1%
1974 668,599   82% 7,210   57% 13,123   52%
1975 553,565   17% 7,376   2% 11,645   11%
1976 528,490   5% 5,922   20% 10,797   7%
1977 541,592   2% 6,179   4% 10,964   2%
1978 475,242   12% 5,758   7% 8,941   18%
1979 661,254   39% 7,602   32% 12,397   39%
1980 581,103   12% 6,085   20% 11,312   9%
1981 659,465   13% 7,328   20% 11,805   4%
1982 627,931   5% 6,627   10% 10,870   8%
1983 595,260   5% 6,808   3% 9,743   10%
1984 623,588   5% 7,356   8% 10,050   3%
1985 668,285   7% 6,751   8% 11,624   16%
1986 785,281   18% 7,507   11% 12,518   8%
1987 886,281   13% 7,450   1% 14,038   12%
1988 835,206   6% 7,261   3% 13,716   2%
1989 725,064   13% 6,752   7% 14,296   4%
1990 765,033   6% 5,878   13% 16,253   14%
1991 347,583   55% 4,662   21% 8,794   46%
1992 248,851   28% 5,074   9% 8,861   1%
1993 402,563   62% 8,420   66% 12,898   46%
1994 497,456   24% 9,881   17% 15,821   23%
1995 638,268   28% 10,499   6% 17,868   13%
1996 668,532   5% 9,294   11% 18,190   2%
1997 713,696   7% 10,161   9% 20,279   11%
1998 786,600   10% 10,953   8% 25,723   27%
1999 895,540   14% 11,093   1% 27,219   6%
Traffic at Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport
Year Passengers Change Cargo (t) Change Aircraft Movements Change
2000 991,693   11% 12,396   12% 29,965   10%
2001 894,130   10% 12,403   1% 29,050   3%
2002 872,966   2% 12,021   3% 28,751   1%
2003 928,397   6% 12,080   1% 31,737   10%
2004 1,048,238   13% 11,780   2% 35,502   12%
2005 1,218,896   16% 11,560   2% 37,767   6%
2006 1,334,355   9% 15,309   32% 40,991   9%
2007 1,524,028   14% 21,717   42% 46,517   13%
2008 1,673,050   10% 17,188   21% 47,926   3%
2009 1,433,855   14% 14,333   17% 45,492   5%
2010 1,388,651   3% 17,310   21% 42,569   6%
2011 1,369,485   1% 19,659   14% 39,267   8%
2012 1,198,911   12% 17,031   13% 35,019   11%
2013 1,321,153   10% 17,777   4% 33,112   5%
2014 1,338,619   1.3% 18,983   6.8% 31,405   5.0%
2015 1,464,579   9,4% 18,852   0.07% 32,894   1,5%
2016 1,411,476   3,7% 19,802   5% 32,701   0,06%
2017 1,688,558   22.7% 24,314   18.7% 34,444   5.3%
2018 1,818,229   7.6% 25,907   6.5% 35,512   3.1%
2019 1,450,849 (Sept 2019)   1.9% 8.544   5.5% 26.396   3.2%
Source: Fraport[27]
Traffic at Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport - graphical demonstration
Passenger numbers
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
2016
2018

International traffic per countryEdit

Scheduled flights (2018)
Rank Country Destination airport(s) Airline(s) Passengers Change
(2017)
Rank
(2018)
1
  United Kingdom London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester Adria Airways, easyJet, Wizz Air 249,100   1.88%
2
3
  Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk Turkish Airlines 155,600   10.43%
3
4
  Switzerland Zürich Adria Airways 105,600   2.67%
4
5
  Belgium Brussels Airport, Brussels South Charleroi Airport Adria Airways, Wizz Air 107,800   3.65%
5
6
  France Paris-Charles de Gaulle Adria Airways, HOP! 102,300   19.65%
6
7
  Netherlands Amsterdam Adria Airways, Transavia 102,100   32.6%
14
8
  Austria Vienna Adria Airways 65,300   0.0%
8
9
  Serbia Belgrade Air Serbia 61,300   1.3%
7
10
  Montenegro Podgorica Adria Airways, Montenegro Airlines 61,300   13.5%
9
Source: SURS[28]
Charter flights (2017)
Rank Country Passengers Change
(2016)
Rank
(2016)
1
  Greece 50,900   11.0%
1
2
  Tunisia 15,200   127.8%
3
3
  Turkey 13,800   45.0%
2
4
  Egypt 9,400   535.8%
10
5
  Spain 6,000   3.8%
4
6
  Malta 4,700   8.7%
5
7
  Cyprus 4,600   113.1%
9
8
  Italy 3,600   8.7%
6
9
  Israel 2,700   29.8%
7
10
  Iceland 2,300   31.2%
8
Source: SURS[29]

Ground transportEdit

The airport is served by an exit off the A2 motorway and by bus services connecting it with the surrounding cities of Ljubljana, Kranj, Kamnik as well as Klagenfurt and its airport in Austria. Plans for a railway line connecting the airport with the city of Ljubljana and possibly also Kranj and Kamnik have been presented in the past, however the line most likely won't be built in the near future. The Airport is connected with many bigger Slovenian cities by bus and shuttle connections. Klagenfurt is connected by the Alpe Adria bus line. Other means of transportation to and from the airport are limited to the taxi services which are not controlled by the airport authority or Fraport Slovenija.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Ljubljana Airport statistics". Archived from the original on April 26, 2007.
  4. ^ a b Pirc, Samanta (March 2005). "Zgodovinski pregled letališč v Republiki Sloveniji s poudarkom na cerkljansko letališče" [A Historical Overview of Airports in the Republic of Slovenia with an Emphasis on the Cerklje Airport] (PDF) (in Slovenian). High School of Commerce and Business, Celje. pp. 13–14.
  5. ^ Pataky, Nenad (17 November 2010). "Izgubljena Ljubljana" [Lost Ljubljana]. Dnevnik (in Slovenian).
  6. ^ "7622: Ljubljana - Staro letališče" [Ljubljana: The Old Airport]. Register of the Cultural Heritage of Slovenia (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture, Slovenia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  7. ^ "Slovenia". Political Chronology of Europe. Europa Publications. 2003. pp. 234+. ISBN 978-1-135-35687-3.
  8. ^ "Yugoslav Planes Bomb Key Airports in Slovenia - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 1991-06-30. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
  9. ^ "STA: Mali delničarji Aerodroma Ljubljana zavrnili investicijo v nov terminal". www.sta.si.
  10. ^ Burns, Justin. "Fraport AG buys 75.5% stake in Ljubljana Airport - Airport World Magazine". www.airport-world.com.
  11. ^ "Aerodrom Ljubljana rebrands as Fraport Slovenija, terminal expansion about to begin". lju-airport.si.
  12. ^ "Environmental permit for the new passenger terminal" (PDF).
  13. ^ "Uradni list RS - Portal javnih naročil". www.enarocanje.si.
  14. ^ Fraport Slovenia Sustainability report 2017
  15. ^ "Gorenjski glas | Rastemo hitreje kot letališča v regiji". www.gorenjskiglas.si.
  16. ^ "Promet je stekel po novi cesti mimo brniškega letališča". RTVSLO.si.
  17. ^ "Flight Schedules". lju-airport.si.
  18. ^ "Air Serbia to launch twelve routes from Niš". exyuaviation.com. 8 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Zorana Mihajlovic signs agreement on 12 airlines of public interest from Niš". ekapija.com. 9 May 2019.
  20. ^ Airways, British. "LOOK AHEAD TO SUMMER AS SCHEDULE SHAPES UP". mediacentre.britishairways.com.
  21. ^ "Brussels Airlines to launch flights to Ljubljana Slovenia". press.brusselsairlines.com. 1 October 2019.
  22. ^ "Lufthansa and Swiss are also establishing new flights to Brnik". rtvslo.si. 2 October 2019.
  23. ^ "SWISS adds Ljubljana to its route network". rustourismnews.com. 2 October 2019.
  24. ^ "Wizz Air maintains flights between Brussels South Charleroi and Ljubljana this winter". aviation24.be. 13 October 2019.
  25. ^ a b swiftair.com - Routes retrieved 1 November 2019
  26. ^ "Traffic Figures - Aerodrom Ljubljana, d.d." (PDF).
  27. ^ "Fraport Traffic Figures July 2018" (PDF). Fraport. Fraport. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  28. ^ "Zračni transport, Slovenija, 2017". stat.si. SURS. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  29. ^ "Zračni transport, Slovenija, 2017". stat.si. SURS. Retrieved 12 August 2017.

External linksEdit