Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport

Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Arturo Merino Benítez)[3] (IATA: SCL, ICAO: SCEL), also known as Santiago International Airport and Nuevo Pudahuel Airport, located in Pudahuel, 15 km (9.3 mi) north-west of downtown Santiago, is Chile's largest aviation facility and busiest international airport.

Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport
Terminal Aeropuerto Pudahuel.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic and Military
OperatorNuevo Pudahuel
ServesSantiago
LocationPudahuel, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile
Opened2 February 1967 (1967-02-02)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,555 ft / 474 m
Coordinates33°23′34″S 70°47′08″W / 33.39278°S 70.78556°W / -33.39278; -70.78556Coordinates: 33°23′34″S 70°47′08″W / 33.39278°S 70.78556°W / -33.39278; -70.78556
WebsiteNuevo Pudahuel
Map
SCL is located in Chile
SCL
SCL
Location of airport in Chile
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17R/35L 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
17L/35R 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passenger Numbers8,514,340
ILS Category/RunwayCAT II & IIIb / 17L[1]
Passenger Statistics from Groupe ADP[2]
View of the tarmac

Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport has domestic and international services to destinations in Europe, Oceania, Asia and the Americas. In 2011 it was the ninth busiest airport in Latin America and the sixth busiest in South America by passenger traffic. It was the seventh busiest airport in Latin America by aircraft movements, serving 124,799 operations.[4] Its location in Chile's most populated area, as well as in the central part of the country makes of it an ideal main hub and maintenance center for most local airlines such as LATAM and Sky Airline. LATAM Airlines accounts for approximately 82% of the airport's total commercial operations.[5]

The airport is owned by the Chilean government and has been operated since October 2015 by Nuevo Pudahuel, a consortium of companies formed by Aéroports de Paris (France), Vinci (France) and Astaldi (Italy). Air traffic control is handled by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation.

Its ICAO category is 4F. The airport functions as a joint civil-military facility. It is the headquarters of the Chilean Air Force 2nd Air Brigade and where its 10th Aviation Group is based.

Santiago International is the longest non-stop destination for most European carriers including Iberia, Air France, and British Airways from their respective hubs in Madrid–Barajas Airport, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, and London–Heathrow Airport. In addition, LATAM flies to Frankfurta via Madrid.

The airport is also South America's main gateway to Oceania, with scheduled flights to Sydney, Auckland, Easter Island, Papeete and Melbourne. The Santiago–Rome non-stop flight operated by Alitalia is the longest flight to ever fly out of this airport.

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The demands of the growing metropolitan area of Santiago and the need for modern, jet-era airport facilities, which could safely accommodate both domestic and intercontinental flights, drove the need to relocate the Chilean capital's principal airport from Los Cerrillos Airport (ICAO: SCTI; IATA: ULC) in the denser southwest metropolitan region of Santiago to the more rural northwest metropolitan area.

Construction of the original terminal building, the eastern runway (17L/35R), control tower, east apron and cargo facilities commenced in 1961. On February 2, 1967, the airport was commissioned Aeropuerto Internacional de Pudahuel, due to its location in the municipality of Pudahuel. On March 19, 1980, the airport was rechristened Air Commodore Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport in honour of the founder of the Chilean Air Force and Chilean carrier LATAM Chile.

1994 expansionEdit

The facility was expanded in 1994 with a new international terminal that covered 90,000 square meters, inspired by the architecture of Marseille Provence Airport in France. The building is located between the two parallel runways. This expansion added a new control tower, jetways, a duty-free zone, hotel, and greater parking area. The old terminal was used for domestic flights until 2001, when all passenger operations were merged into the same building.

In 2000, Lan Chile joined Oneworld, making of Arturo Merino Benitez Airport a main hub for the alliance, its first one in Latin America and its second in the Southern Hemisphere (after Qantas' Sydney Kingsford Smith International Airport in Australia). As of April 2014, 71% of international and 75% of domestic passengers were carried by Oneworld member airlines. During the 2010 Chile earthquake, the passenger terminal building suffered internal damages and the collapse of a pedestrian bridge between the vehicle ramp and the departures area. Nevertheless, both runways and control tower were unharmed, allowing the realization of a massive humanitarian air-bridge held by the Chilean Air Force to Concepción, Chile (Carriel Sur International Airport), close to the most damaged area by this earthquake and subsequent tsunami. The airport authority had closed off all commercial flight operations after around 1200 UTC on February 27, resuming full operations on March 3, 2010.[6][7]

In 2011, IATA recognized the DGAC (Chile’s provider of air navigation services) and SCL (Santiago Airport) with the Exceptional Recognition Award to the cooperative efforts of SCL and DGAC Chile that facilitated a quick recovery from the devastation that followed the Chilean earthquake on 27 February 2010. "Both airport and air navigation services were restored quickly with no impact on rates or charges for passengers or airlines. DGAC Chile and SCL are widely regarded as leaders in Latin America for efficiency, quality, and customer focus.[8]

 
Departure gates

In June 2011, Santiago International Airport received the Air Cargo Excellence Award, as the best Latin American Cargo Airport.[9]

Second runwayEdit

Construction on Runway 17R/35L began in 2004 and opened to traffic in September 2005. However, within months defects were discovered and the runway required repairing, completed in January 2006. Unfortunately further study of the problem discovered that the initial repairs were insufficient, needing additional work. Finally, 17R/35L reopened for traffic in March 2007.

2020 Master plan and expansionEdit

In 2008, the airport terminal reached its maximum design capacity of 9.5 million annual passengers, two years earlier than forecast, and with the repairs needed after the 2010 Chile earthquake, the Ministry of Public Works announced in 2012 that it would call for proposals for the expansion and administration of the airport, two years prior to the end of the contract with the current operator.

The ministry decided to investigate a new airport master plan instead of an expansion of the single passenger terminal building, as initially proposed by the current operator. The feasibility studies for this master plan cost 4,560 million Chilean pesos (US$9.4 million) considered in the 2011 fiscal budget. For this new master plan, the Government hired the consultancy services of Aéroports de Paris Ingeniérie (ADP-I), the architecture, engineering and technical branch of the French airport corporation.[10]

The master plan took into account a capacity growth to 14 million annual passengers by 2014, thirty-four million by year 2034 and 50 million passengers by 2045. New detached passenger terminal buildings for international and domestic flights, additional commercial areas and the construction of a light railway connecting the airport with the Santiago Metro network were considered.[11]

In June 2013, the Chilean Ministry of Public Works started Phase 1 of the airport expansion.[12]

On February 4, 2015, the consortium "Nuevo Pudahuel", formed by French companies Aéroports de Paris (45%), Vinci Airports (40%) and Italian infrastructure company Astaldi (15%) won the bidding process to manage and develop the airport for 20 years since October 1, 2015. The main missions of the new administration will be "the renovation of existing installations with the redesign and extension of the current terminal; the funding, design and construction of a new 175,000-square-meter terminal which will increase the airport's capacity to 30 million passengers, with potential for expansion beyond 45 million; the operation and commercial development for the duration of the concession (20 years) of the main infrastructures: existing terminal and new terminals, car parks and future property developments. Building works will be executed by Astaldi (50% of conception-construction pool) and Vinci Construction Grands Projets (50%)".[13]

Passenger terminalEdit

 
View of the domestic terminal

The terminal building has four levels:

  • Ground floor: Arrivals, duty-free shop, baggage claim, customs and border control, transport services, parking areas, hotel access.
  • First floor: Administrative offices, VIP lounges (access through the second floor).
  • Second floor: Departures, check-in areas, border control police, duty-free shops, restaurants, boarding halls and gates.
  • Third floor: Restaurants and VIP check-in areas (LATAM).

The terminal building hosts the following services: bank office, Chilean Automobile Club, telecommunication companies (Claro, Movistar and Entel PCS), pharmacy, travel agencies, insurance offices and a police station (Carabineros de Chile).

ShoppingEdit

The airport has four tax-free shops. They are handled by the Spanish duty-free operator Aldeasa. One of them is located just after the police border control at departures, while another one is located before the baggage claim area.[14]

Souvenirs, jewellery, Chilean handcrafts and wine shops, music and accessories among others, are available in more than 70 stores.[citation needed]

RestaurantsEdit

The airport has 21 restaurants, coffee shops and bars, located in the public area and in the national and international departing lounges.[citation needed]

Airline loungesEdit

In the international terminal, the operators are:

  • LATAM Airlines Lounge: Located on 4th & 5th floor. Access after passport control. Access for LATAM's Premium Business Class travellers, LATAM Pass or LATAM Fidelidade Platinum, Black and Black Signature frequent flyers.
  • American Airlines Admirals Club: Located next to boarding gate 19. O Access for Admirals Club members, AAdvantage Platinum & Executive Platinum elite frequent flyers, AA International Premium Class, Oneworld First and Business Class passengers, as well as Oneworld Sapphire and Emerald tier status members.
  • Delta Air Lines Sky Club: Located next to boarding gate 17. Access for Delta Sky Club Members, Delta's passengers travelling in the Delta One cabin or on SkyTeam alliance Premium cabin and SkyTeam Elite Plus tier status members.
  • Avianca Sala VIP: Located by gate 12B (one floor below departures level). Access for Avianca's International Business Class passengers, Lifemiles Elite Members (Silver, Gold & Diamond Levels), as well as Star Alliance Silver & Gold tier status frequent flyers.
  • Pacific Club (Priority Pass)

HotelsEdit

  • Holiday Inn Hotels finished the construction of a five-floor building in July 2007, internally connected to both terminals (international and domestic). The hotel has 112 rooms, restaurants, bars, room-service, a conference hall for 170 people, gym, covered swimming pool, spa and wi-fi internet access.
  • Hotel Diego de Almagro is located 2 km outside the airport area.
  • The Hilton Garden Inn Santiago Airport Hotel is located 2.8 km from the Santiago International Airport within the ENEA, one of the largest business complex in Santiago de Chile which hosts offices, industry and entertainment. The hotel has 144 rooms, a fitness center, indoor swimming pool, sauna, seven meeting spaces including a ballroom and business center.
  • The LQ Hotel Santiago Airport (La Quinta Inns & Suites) is under construction and will be the newest hotel near the airport and the first LQ Hotel in Chile. The hotel is located 2.8 km from Santiago International Airport. The hotel will have a restaurant, indoor swimming pool, fitness center, wifi, business center and meeting space. [3]

Military functionsEdit

The airport is the headquarters of the Chilean Air Force II Air Brigade and hosts the 10th Aviation Group facilities. The 10th Aviation Group is in charge of Strategic Air Transportation, the Airborne Early Warning & Control Squadron, medical air transport emergencies and the air transportation of the President of Chile. Some of its units are C-130 Hercules, Boeing 767-300, Boeing 737 Classic, Gulfstream IV, CASA C-212 Aviocar, F-16 Fighting Falcon, AEW&C Condor. The FIDAE, Latin America's most important air show takes place in the 10th Aviation Group facilities.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Córdoba
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Canada Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Toronto–Pearson
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK (begins May 6, 2021)
Avianca Bogotá
British Airways London–Heathrow
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas
Gol Transportes Aéreos São Paulo–Guarulhos (resumes 28 March 2021)[15]
Iberia Madrid
JetSmart Antofagasta, Arequipa, Arica, Balmaceda, Belo Horizonte–Confins (begins 28 March 2021), Bogotá, Buenos Aires–El Palomar, Calama, Cali, Castro,[16] Concepción, Copiapó, Foz do Iguaçu, Iquique, La Serena, Lima, Puerto Montt, Puerto Natales, Punta Arenas, Salvador da Bahia, Temuco, Trujillo, Valdivia
JetSmart Argentina Córdoba, Mendoza
KLM Amsterdam
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Antofagasta, Arica, Asunción, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calama, Castro, Concepción, Copiapó, Córdoba, Coyhaique, Easter Island, Florianópolis, Frankfurt, Guayaquil, Iquique, La Paz, La Serena, Lima, Los Angeles, Madrid, Mendoza, Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, New York–JFK, Osorno, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas, Punta del Este, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Stanley–Mount Pleasant, Tel Aviva, Temuco, Valdivia
LATAM Perú Cusco, Lima
Level Barcelona
Qantas Sydney
Sky Airline Antofagasta, Arica, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Calama, Concepción, Copiapó, Córdoba, Coyhaique, Iquique, La Serena, Lima, Mendoza, Osorno, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Temuco, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Valdivia
Seasonal: Florianópolis, Montevideo, Puerto Natales, Punta del Este
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental

a The LATAM Chile flight to Tel Aviv has a stop in São Paulo. The same aircraft then continues to Tel Aviv under the same flight number. The same occurs on the return flight.

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Atlas Air Miami, Campinas
Avianca Cargo Bogotá
Cargolux[17] Amsterdam, Aguadilla, Bogota, Luxembourg
China Cargo Airlines Los Angeles
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Lagos, Campinas[18]
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon, Campinas
LATAM Cargo Chile Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Campinas, Miami
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Aguadilla, Amsterdam, Bogotá, Guayaquil, Miami, Quito
UPS Airlines Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Campinas
Western Global Airlines Miami

StatisticsEdit

 
Santiago domestic non-stop routes (as of July 2015)
 
Santiago international non-stop routes (as of June 2017)
Busiest international routes January–December (2019)[19]
Rank City Passengers % Change Airlines
1 Lima, Peru 1.796.183   8,5% Avianca Perú, JetSmart, LATAM, Sky Airline
2 Buenos Aires, Argentina (Ezeiza and Aeroparque) 1.612.412   0,4% Aerolíneas Argentinas, Air Canada, LATAM, Sky Airline, KLM, JetSmart
3 São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil 1.392.222   7,7% LATAM, GOL Linhas Aereas Inteligentes, JetSmart, Emirates, Sky Airline
4 Bogotá, Colombia 662.425   3,0% Avianca, LATAM
5 Madrid, Spain 521.485   9,8% Iberia, LATAM
6 Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Brazil 512.990   0,5% LATAM, GOL Linhas Aereas Inteligentes, Sky Airline
7 Panama City, Panama 468.416   2,1% Copa Airlines
8 Miami, FL, US 467.427   0,1% American Airlines, LATAM
9 Mendoza, Argentina 298.059   19,7% LATAM, Sky Airline
10 Mexico City, Mexico 288.788   0,7% Aeroméxico, LATAM
Busiest domestic routes January–December [2019][19]
Rank City Passengers % Change Airlines
1 Calama 2.042.703   13,2% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
2 Antofagasta 1.822.066   4,9% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
3 Puerto Montt 1.430.272   10,5% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
4 Iquique 1.420.833   13,5% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
5 Concepción 1.332.730   11,6% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
6 Temuco 975.800   6,9% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
7 Punta Arenas 901.822   0,5% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
8 Arica 875.646   9,0% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
9 La Serena 866.512   12,9% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart
10 Copiapó 615.383   8,7% LATAM, Sky Airline, Jetsmart

Ground transportationEdit

RoadsEdit

 
Costanera Norte Expressway

Arturo Merino Benitez is about 17 kilometres (11 mi) by car from Santiago's city center. The airport is well served by the six-lane expressway Costanera Norte (Exit # 31), which crosses through the city from West to East bordering the Mapocho river, while it is also well connected to the West, North and North-East of Santiago by the Vespucio Norte Express Ring motorway (Exit # 18).

Taxi and shuttle servicesEdit

There are two official airport taxi services: Taxi Oficial and Taxi Vip. TransVip shuttle services reach most of Santiago's hotels, business and residential districts.

BusEdit

 
Buses at the Departures Level

Centropuerto buses connect the airport with Los Héroes station of Santiago Metro. Their frequency is every 10 minutes during weekdays and 15 minutes during weekends. Turbus offers a similar service to its Alameda terminal. Both these services stop at the Pajaritos metro station/bus terminal on the way.

Rental servicesEdit

Car rental services are available from the airport.[20]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 1, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Trafic de l'année 2019". Groupe ADP - Service presse (in French). January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  3. ^ Ministerio de Defensa Nacional de Chile (March 19, 1980). "Decreto ley 3245: Denomina Aeropuerto Arturo Merino Benítez al actual Aeropuerto de Pudahuel". Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile (in Spanish). Archived from the original on January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  4. ^ Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil. DGAC (2013-07-15). Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  5. ^ Aeropuerto Internacionale de Santiago de Chile – SCL Archived 2013-01-20 at the Wayback Machine. Aeropuertosantiago.cl. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  6. ^ "Reuters earthquake report". Reuters. February 27, 2010. Archived from the original on October 6, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
  7. ^ (in French) Business Travel, "Aéroport de Santiago au Chili: retour à la normale mercredi" Archived 2010-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, 2 March 2010 (accessed 3 March 2010)
  8. ^ Announces Eagle Awards Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine. IATA. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  9. ^ Air Cargo Excellence / Home Archived 2011-05-18 at the Wayback Machine. Air Cargo World. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  10. ^ Portal de Registro y Autentificación El Mercurio Archived 2016-12-20 at the Wayback Machine. Diario.elmercurio.cl. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  11. ^ Portal de Registro y Autentificación El Mercurio Archived 2016-12-20 at the Wayback Machine. Diario.elmercurio.cl. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  12. ^ [1] Archived 2014-03-27 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2013-11-18.
  13. ^ "VINCI : Aeroports de Paris, VINCI Airports and Astaldi presented the best offer for the Santiago de Chile International Airport concession". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Shopping and services". Aeropuerto de Santiago. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
  15. ^ "Essa é a programação atual da volta dos voos internacionais da GOL". Aeroin (in Portuguese). November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  16. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/294254/jetsmart-adds-castrochiloe-service-from-dec-2020/
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Ethiopian Cargo adds Nanjing service from May 2018". Airline Route. June 25, 2018. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  19. ^ a b [2] Archived September 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "LetsGoChile > » Car Rental in Chile". Archived from the original on May 28, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport at Wikimedia Commons