Martinair, legally Martinair Holland N.V., is a Dutch cargo airline headquartered and based at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. The airline was founded in 1958 by Martin Schröder. Since 2011, Martinair has operated entirely as a cargo airline with scheduled services to 20 destinations worldwide and additional charter flights. Prior to that date, passenger flights were also operated.
|Founded||24 May 1958|
|Hubs||Amsterdam Airport Schiphol|
|Company slogan||Your choice|
|Parent company||Air France-KLM|
|Headquarters||Amsterdam Airport Schiphol|
The airline was founded on 24 May 1958 as Martin's Air Charter (MAC), by Martin Schröder and John Block, with one aircraft, a de Havilland Dove, and five employees. In 1963 Mr. Schröder sold 49% of the company to four equal shipping company shareholders (12.25% each, these eventually combining as Nedlloyd). KLM would later purchase the 50+% that Mr. Schröder owned, buying him out.
In 1991, the first aircraft with the Martinair Cargo name was introduced, and Holland was dropped from all aircraft. In 1996, Martinair bought a 40% stake in Colombian cargo carrier TAMPA Cargo, based in Medellín, which it increased to 58% in 2003. The share in TAMPA was sold in February 2008 to Avianca, a Colombian company.
Martinair president and CEO Martin Schröder, who received the Tony Jannus Award in 1995 for his contributions to commercial aviation, retired in 1998 from day-to-day activities. Also that year, the European Commission in Brussels refused KLM's offer to purchase Nedlloyd's shares, which would have made KLM the sole owner.
The first McDonnell Douglas MD-11 was delivered in December 1994. Throughout the next three years six other brand-new MD-11s were delivered to Martinair. In total four McDonnell Douglas MD-11CFs (convertible freighter) and two full freighters were delivered. Martinair was the launch customer of the convertible freighter. In 2004 another MD-11F was added to the fleet, this one was previously owned by Swissair, and then converted to full freighter. From 1995 to 2006 some of the convertible MD-11 were reconfigured to transport passengers in the high passenger peaks during the summer period. The passenger configuration was fitted with 390 seats. After 2006 the demand lowered and Martinair did not need extra seats anymore.
Development since the 2000sEdit
In June 2007, Martinair announced that it wanted one shareholder, preferably KLM, and in 2008 permission was obtained from the European commission. The transfer of remaining shares took place on 31 December 2008. In November 2007, Martinair ceased its short haul operations to concentrate on its cargo activities and intercontinental flights.
In 2009 three out of the four 747s were stored because of the economic crisis. In September 2010, a restructuring was announced which would involve dropping all passenger services from November 2011, which will be partly taken over by KLM, and leaving only cargo services. In November 2010, the European Commission fined Martinair €29.5 million, following an investigation into price-fixing.
In the end of 2010 two of the 747-400s were leased to Air Cargo Germany. The remaining 747 (PH-MPS) returned into service in May 2011 with an untitled colour scheme, because Martinair wasn't sure yet if the plane would remain operating for them.
In October 2011, Martinair ceased passenger service, which it had operated since its founding in 1958. Martinair had passenger service throughout Europe, the Americas, Asia, and Africa from Amsterdam. The last passenger flight took place on 31 October 2011, leaving it as a freight carrier only until today.
In March 2015, Air France-KLM announced an intention to shrink their dedicated cargo operations. Therefore, all of Martinair's McDonnell Douglas MD-11Fs were phased out by 2016 without replacement. Additionally, 330 jobs might be cut due to the downsizing.
Martinair has its head office in the TransPort Building, Schiphol East, on the grounds of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands. Martinair moved to its current head office on Friday 4 June 2010. The TransPort Building, developed by Schiphol Real Estate, houses both Martinair and Transavia, which moved into TransPort on 3 May 2010.
Construction on the building, which has 10,800 square metres (116,000 sq ft) of lettable space, began on 17 March 2009. Schiphol Group and the architect firm Paul de Ruiter designed the building, while De Vries and Verburg, a firm of Stolwijk, constructed the building. The Dutch Green Building Council awarded its first Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM-NL) certificate to Schiphol Real Estate for building the TransPort Building. In 2011 the United States Green Building Council awarded TransPort the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification. A parking facility is located beneath the TransPort building, with parking available by payment.
The airline previously occupied the Schiphol Center (Dutch: Schiphol Centrum) at Schiphol Airport. After Martinair moved into the new building, Martinair sold its old head office back to the airport.
In addition to its headquarters at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Martinair operates offices around the globe. The first international office has been opened in Hong Kong in 1975. Martinair USA, later Martinair Americas Originally operated in New York City, but the USA operations office moved to Boca Raton, Florida in the Miami Metropolitan Area in 1993. This office moved again and is currently located in Doral, Florida in the Miami area. This office is located in the Doral Corporate Center One.
The Martinair Flight Academy is a flight academy based at Lelystad Airport for both private pilot training and airline transport pilot training. MFA operates four Socata TB-10s and two Socata TB-20s. In 2011 a Diamond DA42 NG was added to the fleet. Additionally, Martinair operates the Regional Jet Center, a technical service center for aircraft maintenance.
As of July 2016, Martinair operates scheduled freight services to 20 destinations as well as additional charters. The company ended its additional passenger operations in October 2011 after 53 years.
As of October 2019, the Martinair fleet consists of the following aircraft:
|Aircraft||In service||On order||Cargo capacity||Notes|
|Boeing 747-400BCF||1||1||113.489 kg|
Martinair previously operated the following aircraft:
|Airbus A310-200||2||1984||1995||Disposed to Fedex Express|
|Boeing 737-800||3||2004||2007||Leased from Miami Air International|
|Boeing 747-200SF||1||2003||2006||Leased from Southern Air.|
|Boeing 747-300M||1||2000||2000||Leased from KLM|
|Boeing 747-300SF||1||2003||2007||Transferred from KLM Cargo.|
Former Boeing 747-200M/SUD aircraft.
|Boeing 747-400BCF||3||2007||2017||One aircraft is currently stored|
|McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30||4||1968||1993|
|McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF||5||1980||1995||Two aircraft are disposed to Royal Netherlands Air Force|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-11CF||4||1994||2016||Two aircraft are currently stored|
|McDonnell Douglas MD-11F||3||1996||2014||Two aircraft are currently stored|
One aircraft was disposed to Fedex Express
|McDonnell Douglas MD-82||3||1981||1992|
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- On 4 December 1974, Martinair Flight 138, a Douglas DC-8, operating on behalf of Garuda Indonesia, flew into the side of a mountain while on landing approach in Colombo, Sri Lanka. All 191 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On 21 December 1992, Martinair Flight 495, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10, crashed during landing at Faro Airport, Portugal, killing 56 people (including two crew members) out of 340 on board. The cause of the accident was microburst-induced wind shear in combination with crew errors which included the continuation of an un-stabilized approach and the relative passivity of the captain.
- A Martinair Cargo MD-11 on an international flight from Rafael Hernandez Airport in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, to London Stansted Airport in London, England, suffered substantial damage after a fire broke out on engine number one during its takeoff roll on August 30, 2013. While there were no injuries among the aircraft's crew, the airplane suffered damage on one engine, nacelles and structure. The takeoff was cancelled.
- martinair.com - Network retrieved 22 July 2016
- Air International March 1973, pp. 122–123.
- Short history of Martinair Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine at Martinair.com
- More Fleet Details Planespotters.net – Martinair
- MD-11 Details Airfleets.net
- PH-MCY general information Planesporrters.net – MD-11 information
- Martinair's Corporate Video 2003 Starts at 4:00 information about the reconfiguration of the MD-11.
- "KLM to become Martinair's sole shareholder", Martinair Media Releases page. Accessed: 18 December 2008
- "Martinair to axe passenger operation next year". Flightglobal.com. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
- "E.U. Fines 11 Airlines Over Billion in Cargo Cartel". The New York Times. 9 November 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- History of the PH-MPQ Two Boeing 747s were leased to Air Cargo Germany
- History of the PH-MPP Two Boeing 747s were leased to Air Cargo Germany
- The Last 747 returns to service Luchtvaartnieuws.nl – Written in Dutch
- "Laatste passagiersvlucht Martinair". Blik op Nieuws.nl. 31 October 2011. Archived from the original on 1 November 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
- "Martinair to phase out MD-11(F)s by June 2016; 330 jobs at stake". ch-aviation.com. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "New visiting address Martinair Headquarters." Martinair. Retrieved 16 February 2011. "Martinair’s head office will relocate to the new TransPort building at Schiphol East on Friday, June 4, 2010." and "Visiting address Martinair Holland N.V. Piet Guilonardweg 17 1117 EE Schiphol"
- "Worldwide Offices Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine." Martinair. Retrieved 16 February 2011. "Martinair HQ Postbus 7507 1118 ZG Schiphol Airport "
- "New building Martinair Headquarters." Martinair. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Proud of our new energy-saving head office." Public Report 2009/2010 Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Transavia.com. 8 (8/13). Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Schiphol Real Estate delivers "TransPort" sustainable office building Archived 2014-01-06 at the Wayback Machine." (PDF) Schiphol Group. Retrieved Wednesday February 16, 2011.
- "Schiphol awarded first LEED Platinum certification for sustainable construction in the Netherlands." Schiphol Group. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Visiting address and directions." Transavia. Retrieved 7 February 2011. "Piet Guilonardweg 15: TransPort Building 1117 EE Schiphol Airport PO Box 7777, 1118 ZM Schiphol Airport (NL)."
- "History Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine." Martinair. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Geschiedenis Archived 2011-10-27 at the Wayback Machine." Martinair. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "Martinair Customer Contact Center." Martinair. Retrieved 16 February 2011. "Martinair Holland N.V. Havenmeesterweg 201 1118 CD Schiphol Centrum The Netherlands"
- "Colofon." Jaar Verslag 2006 Annual Report 2007." Martinair. Retrieved 16 February 2011. "Martinair Holland N.V. Havenmeesterweg 201 Postbus 7507 1118 ZG Luchthaven Schip"
- "Martinair Customer Contact Center" (). Martinair. February 17, 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2014. Martinair, the Americas Americas Headquarters 8750 NW 36th Street, Suite 300 Doral, FL 33178"
- "Worldwide Offices" (). Martinair. Retrieved March 8, 2009. "Martinair, the Americas Americas Headquarters 8750 NW 36th Street, Suite 300 Doral, FL 33178"
- "Doral Corporate Center." Hines Interests Limited Partnership. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- Bowden, Marilyn. "Hines buys Doral Corporate Center for $55.75 million." Miami Today. Week of December 7, 2006. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- Martinair. "Vliegschool Martinair Flight Academy". martinairvliegschool.nl. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Netherlands civil aircraft register search, using "Martinair Vestiging Vliegveld Lelystad" as the search parameter. Search conducted 18 December 2008.
- Photo of delivery-flight. airliners.net. October 7, 2011.
- "Regional Jet Center Martinair technical maintenance". RegionalJetCenter.org. Martinair. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "Martinair Holland Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- "AIR FRANCE KLM MARTINAIR Cargo - Our Fleet". afklcargo.com. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-8-55F PH-MBH Maskeliya". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF PH-MBN Faro Airport (FAO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft 30-AUG-2013 McDonnell Douglas MD-11F PH-MCW". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- "A Sheep With Five Legs", Air Enthusiast, 4, Bromley, England: Fine Scroll, March 1973, pp. 121–124, 146