Brasília International Airport

Brasília–Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport[4] (IATA: BSB, ICAO: SBBR) is the only international airport serving Brasília. The airport was named after Juscelino Kubitschek (1902–1976), the 21st President of Brazil.[5] It is located in the administrative region of Lago Sul, in the Federal District. Some of its facilities are shared with the Brazilian Air Force. It is operated by Inframerica.[6]

Brasília–Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport

Aeroporto Internacional de Brasília–Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek
Aeroporto do Brasilia logo.svg
Brasilia aerea aeroportojk.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OperatorConsórcio Inframérica
ServesBrasília
Hub for
Time zoneTime in Brazil (UTC−03:00)
Elevation AMSL1,066 m / 3,497 ft
Coordinates15°52′09″S 047°55′15″W / 15.86917°S 47.92083°W / -15.86917; -47.92083Coordinates: 15°52′09″S 047°55′15″W / 15.86917°S 47.92083°W / -15.86917; -47.92083
Websitewww.bsb.aero
Map
BSB is located in Brasília
BSB
BSB
Location in the Federal District
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11R/29L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
11L/29R 3,200 10,499 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers16,727,177 Decrease 6%
Aircraft Operations143,772 Decrease 7%
Metric tonnes of cargo71,3 Increase 33%
Statistics: Inframérica[1]
Sources: Airport Website,[2] ANAC[3]

HistoryEdit

 
Airport Diagram
 
Airport in 1959

Brasília was only a project when in 1956 President Juscelino Kubitschek landed for the first time in the Central Plateau. Vera Cruz Airport, built in 1955 by the then Deputy-Governor of Goiás, Bernardo Sayão, at the request of the chairman of the location of the New Federal Capital, Marechal José Pessoa, already existed. On 2 October 1955, the airport received the first crew of workers that would build the new capital. This facility was located where today is the Integrated Bus and Train Terminal of Brasília. It had a dirt runway of 2,700 metres (8,900 ft) and a passenger terminal in a makeshift, cob-wall shack covered with buriti-leaves.[7]

This facility, however, was only temporary. The relocation to a definitive site had already been identified as a priority and construction works started on 6 November 1956. The works lasted for only over six months and required the clearing of an area of 1,334 million square metres (14,360×10^6 sq ft), 178,500 square metres (1,921,000 sq ft) of earthwork, base-stabilized 40,900 square metres (440,000 sq ft), covering 73,500 square metres (791,000 sq ft), topographical services, positioning and leveling. The runway was designed to have a length of 3,300 metres (10,800 ft) but initially it had only 324 metres (1,063 ft), and was 45 metres (148 ft) wide. The passenger terminal was built of wood. On 2 April 1957, the presidential aircraft landed for the first time at the site and the official inauguration took place on 3 May 1957. That year, on the same location the Brasília Air Force Base was also commissioned.[7]

In 1965 Oscar Niemeyer proposed a project for Brasília Airport to replace the wooden terminal. However, due to the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état, the military-government chose to build the project of Tércio Fontana Pacheco, an architect of the Brazilian Air Force Ministry. The airport is thus one of the few important buildings in Brasília that is not related to Niemeyer.[8] This building was opened in 1971 and since 1990 it has been under renovation following an architectural concept of the architect Sergio Roberto Parada.

In 1990 Brasília International Airport underwent its first major renovation and began to gain its present form with a central body and two satellites. The first phase included the construction of an access-viaduct to the passenger terminal and metal cover inaugurated in 1992 and the first circular satellite, inaugurated in 1994. In the second phase, the main body of the passenger terminal was renovated to include a shopping-mall and the satellite received nine jetways. In 2005, a second runway was opened.[7] In April 2014 the South Concourse, which serves domestic flights, was opened.

2010Edit

Until April 2014, the terminal was capable of handling 9 million passengers per year, but actually handled around 14 million. With numbers constantly increasing, the former terminal for general aviation originally built in 1988 was renovated and transformed into Passenger Terminal 2. It was opened for traffic on 2 August 2010.[9]

Following a decision made on 26 April 2011 by the Federal Government for private companies being granted concessions to operate some Infraero airports,[10] on 6 February 2012, the administration of the airport was granted for 25 years to the Consortium Inframérica, formed by the Brazilian Engineering Group Engevix (50%) and the Argentinean Group Corporación América (50%).[11] Inframérica also won the concession of Gov. Aluízio Alves International Airport in Natal.[12] Infraero, the state-run organization, retains 49% of the shares of the company incorporated for the administration.[13][14]

The Brazilian Integrated Air Traffic Control and Air Defense Center section 1 (Cindacta I) is located in the vicinity of the airport.[15]

On 31 August 2009, Infraero unveiled a BRL514.8 million (US$306.06 million; EUR224.76 million) investment plan[16] to renovate Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport, focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Brasília being one of the venue cities, and the Summer Olympics in 2016 which were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil:

  • Enlargement of apron and taxiways (BRL 34.5 million). Completed in April 2013
  • Renovation of the existing passenger terminal (BRL 22.5 million). Completed in November 2015
  • Enlargement of the passenger terminal (BRL 439 million). Completed in April 2015
  • Parking (BRL 18 million). Completed in April 2014

Between 2012 and 2014, the consortium INFRAMERICA invested R$1.2 billion:[17] remodeling the terminal, increasing from 13 to 29 jetways and 40 to 70 airplane positions.

For 2016-19 there are planned investments for the international area, new parking construction, four new hotels in the vicinity, a new business area and other facilities.[citation needed]

New international service started in 2019: Cancún, Mexico (started June 28th - 2 weekly flights), Santiago, Chile ( started Oct. 15th – 3 weekly flights) , Lima, Peru ( started Nov. 14th – 3 weekly flights) and Asunción, Paraguay ( started Dec. 15th – daily flights)

2020Edit

Brasília International Airport acquired 2 robots to help clean the 2 terminal floors, making it the first airport in South America to do it so. The machines stores 45 liters of water and can clean up to 1200 m² per hour, with a battery life of 4 hours. [18]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Azul Brazilian Airlines Belo Horizonte–Confins, Campinas, Cuiabá, Goiânia, Recife, Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen (resumes 5 November 2020)[19]
Gol Transportes Aéreos Aracaju, Belém, Belo Horizonte–Confins, Boa Vista, Campinas, Campo Grande, Carajás, Cruzeiro do Sul, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, João Pessoa, Londrina, Macapá, Maceió, Manaus, Marabá, Natal, Navegantes, Palmas, Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont, Salvador da Bahia, Santarém, São Luís, São Paulo–Congonhas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Teresina, Vitória
Gol Transportes Aéreos
operated by Voepass
Araguaína, Barreiras, Rondonópolis, São José do Rio Preto, Sorriso
LATAM Brasil Aracaju, Belém, Belo Horizonte–Confins, Boa Vista, Campo Grande, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, Imperatriz, João Pessoa, Macapá, Maceió, Manaus, Marabá, Natal, Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont, Salvador da Bahia, Santarém, São Luís, São Paulo–Congonhas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Teresina, Vitória
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon[20]
Voepass Linhas Aéreas Ribeirão Preto, Uberlândia
 
South Concourse of BSB. The concourse is connected to BSB's main terminal and opened in April 2014.
 
Terminal interior
 
View of the apron before the expansion

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
LATAM Cargo Brasil Manaus, São Paulo-Guarulhos

StatisticsEdit

Annual passenger trafficEdit

Year Passengers % Rank
2003 6.840.843 --- 3
2004 9.926.786   +45,1% 3
2005 9.426.569  -5% 3
2006 9.699.911   +2,8% 3
2007 11.119.872   +14,6% 3
2008 10.443.393   -6% 4
2009 12.213.825   +16,9% 3
2010 14.347.061   +15,8% 3
2011 15.398.737   +7,3% 3
2012 15.891.530   +3,2% 4
2013 16.489.987   +3,8% 4
2014 18.146.405   +10% 2
2015 19.821.796   +9,2% 2
2016 17.947.153   -10% 3
2017 16.912.680   -6,1% 3
2018 17.855.163   +5,6% 3
2019 16.727.177   -6,3% 3
Annual passenger traffic
Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo (tons) Mail (kg)
Year Domestic International Total Domestic International Total Domestic International Total Total
2019 16.109.562 617.615 16.727.177 138.976 4.796 143.772 66.777 4.558 71.335 5.600
2018 17.335.008 520.075 17.855.163 150.251 3.546 153.796 48.743 5.336 54.079 1.635
2017 16.447.183 465.497 16.912.680 145.259 3.360 148.619 43.800 5.236 49.036 6.344
2016 17.328.213 618.940 17.947.153 156.685 4.482 161.167 39.481 4.461 44.398 24.995
2015 19.110.04 711.756 19.821.796 180.972 5.405 186.377 41.158 5.179 46.337 12.560
2014 17.516.090 630.315 18.146.405 178.658 5.216 183.874 43.065 4.715 47.780 9.291
2013 15.967.191 522.796 16.489.987 175.280 4.376 179.656 46.213 5.773 51.986 15.644
2012 15.480.033 411.497 15.891.530 183.361 5.167 188.528
2011 15.015.205 383.532 15.398.737 185.676 3.894 189.570
2010 14.145.379 201.682 14.347.061 174.327 1.999 176.326
2009 12.056.634 157.191 12.213.825 160.595 1.754 160.349
2008 10.273.998 169.395 10.443.393 139.060 2.417 141.477
2007 11.047.041 72.831 11.119.872 125.706 1.147 126.853
2006 9.666.701 33.210 9.699.911 125.545 882 126.427

Busiest international routesEdit

Rank City Passengers airlines
1   Miami, USA 166.326 American Airlines, Gol Linhas Aéreas
2   Lisbon, Portugal 134.583 TAP Portugal
3   Buenos Aires, Argentina 110.032 Gol Linhas Aéreas
4   Orlando, USA 101.870 Gol Linhas Aéreas
5   Panama City, Panama 95.347 Copa
6  Cancún, Mexico 21.859 Gol Linhas Aéreas
7  Santiago, Chile 12.090 LATAM Chile
8  Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 9.535 LATAM
9  Lima, Peru 5.608 LATAM Peru


 
A LATAM Brasil aircraft in the Rio Olympics 2016 livery landing at BSB

Busiest domestic routes (2019)Edit

Rank Airport Passengers City State
1 São Paulo–Congonhas Airport 2.065.854 São Paulo   São Paulo
2 Guarulhos International Airport (GRU) 1.349.650 Guarulhos   São Paulo
3 Santos Dumont Airport 1.106.342 Rio de Janeiro   Rio de Janeiro
4 Belo Horizonte International Airport 927.263 Confins   Minas Gerais
5 Viracopos International Airport 787.064 Campinas   São Paulo
6 Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport 732.718 Rio de Janeiro   Rio de Janeiro
7 Fortaleza Airport 718.193 Fortaleza   Ceará
8 Recife/Guararapes–Gilberto Freyre International Airport 614.853 Recife   Pernambuco
9 Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport 614.439 Salvador   Bahia
10 Salgado Filho International Airport 583.571 Porto Alegre   Rio Grande do Sul
11 Eduardo Gomes International Airport 538.448 Manaus   Amazonas
12 Val de Cães International Airport 465.283 Belém   Pará
13 Marechal Rondon Airport 436.000 Cuiabá   Mato Grosso
14 Zumbi dos Palmares International Airport 431.845 Maceio   Alagoas
15 Afonso Pena International Airport 415.680 Curitiba   Paraná


Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • 22 December 1959: a Vickers 827 Viscount carrying 26 passengers en route from Brasilia to Rio de Janeiro/Galeão suffered a mid air collision with a military training plane. All 26 passengers and 6 crew members died, along with 10 more people on the ground, as the aircraft had crashed in a residential area.[21][22]
  • 22 December 1962: a Varig Convair CV-240-2 registration PP-VCQ flying from Belo Horizonte-Pampulha to Brasília descended below the prescribed altitude while on final approach to Brasília, struck trees, skidded and fell to one side. One crew member died.[23]
  • 25 April 1970: a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 en route from Brasília to Manaus-Ponta Pelada was hijacked by a person who demanded to be flown to Cuba. The hijack lasted a day.[24]
  • 14 May 1970: a Viação Aérea São Paulo Boeing 737-2A1 en route from Brasília to Manaus-Ponta Pelada was hijacked by a person who demanded to be flown to Cuba. The hijack lasted a day.[25]
  • 22 February 1975: a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 registration PP-SMU en route from Goiânia to Brasília was hijacked by a person who demanded ransom. The hijacker was taken down.[26]
  • 25 May 1982: a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 registration PP-SMY made a hard landing with nose gear first at Brasília during rainy weather. The gear collapsed and the aircraft skidded off the runway breaking in two. Two passengers out of 118 occupants died.[27]

AccessEdit

The airport is located 11 km (7 mi) from downtown Brasília. Regular buses, numbers 102 and 102.1, are frequent and link the airport to the main bus terminal at Rodoviária, from where travelers can catch buses or the subway to other parts of the city. The airport is also served by taxis.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Brasília International Airport at Wikimedia Commons

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Estatísticas". Inframérica (in Portuguese). Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Aeroporto de Brasília". Inframérica (in Portuguese). Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Aeródromos". ANAC (in Portuguese). 22 August 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Law 9794/1999". Presidência da República (in Portuguese). 20 April 1999. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Lei n˚9.794, de 20 de abril de 1999" (in Portuguese). Lei Direto. 22 April 1999. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b c "Aeroportos: Brasília" (in Portuguese). Jetsite. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  8. ^ Parada, Sergio Roberto. "Aeroporto de Brasília, uma questão de arquitetura" (PDF) (in Portuguese). IABDF. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  9. ^ "Terminal 2 do aeroporto de Brasília recebe voos regulares" (in Portuguese). Infraero. 1 September 2010. Archived from the original on 2 July 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  10. ^ Bitencourt, Rafael (26 April 2011). "Governo define concessão de obras em 3 aeroportos, diz Palocci" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
  11. ^ Rittner, Daniel (7 February 2012). "Cumbica, Viracopos e Brasília são privatizados" (in Portuguese). Valor Econômico. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  12. ^ Guimarães, Ligia (22 August 2011). "Consórcio Inframérica vence leilão de aeroporto São Gonçalo do Amarante" (in Portuguese). G1. Archived from the original on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  13. ^ Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (1 June 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo: Economia. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  14. ^ "Brazil moves swiftly (at last) to award airport concessions". CAPA. 9 February 2012. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Cindacta I" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force: Departamento de Controle do Espaço Aéreo DECEA. Archived from the original on 2 July 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  16. ^ Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (31 August 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  17. ^ "Investments". Inframérica. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Purchase of 2 cleaning robots".
  19. ^ "Copa Airlines anuncia retorno a Brasília e Belo Horizonte". Panrotas (in Portuguese). 7 October 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  20. ^ "Operação TAP: De volta a ligá-lo ao mundo". TAP Air Portugal (in Portuguese). Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  21. ^ Ranter, Harro. "accident description Vickers 827 Viscount". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  22. ^ "Trinta e cinco mortos no desastre do Viscount". Journal do Brasil. 23 December 1959. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  23. ^ "Accident description PP-VCQ". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
  24. ^ "Incident description Vasp April 25, 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  25. ^ "Incident description Vasp May 14, 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  26. ^ "Incident description PP-SMU". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  27. ^ "Accident description PP-SMY". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 19 March 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011.