2020 coronavirus pandemic in Mexico
|2020 coronavirus pandemic in Mexico|
Map of the outbreak in Mexico (as of 6 April)
|First outbreak||Wuhan, Hubei, China|
(via Italy and the United States)
|Index case||Mexico City and Los Mochis|
|Arrival date||28 February 2020|
(1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
|Recovered||634 (as of April 2, 2020) |
|‡Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.|
On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.
On 22 January 2020, the Secretariat of Health issued a statement saying that the novel coronavirus COVID-19 did not present a danger to Mexico. 441 cases have been confirmed in China, Thailand, South Korea, and the United States, and a travel advisory was issued on 9 January.
On January 30, 2020 before the declaration of a pandemic by the World Health Organization the Government of Mexico designed a Preparation and Response Plan that was made by the National Committee for Health Safety, a working group led by Secretariat of Health composed by different health entities aiming to act upon the imminent arrival of the pandemic. This group carried out a series of alert measures, rehabilitation and updating of epidemiological regulations based on the International Health Regulations, being the first Latam country that deployed a mathematical modelling of infectious disease.
The cruise ship Grand Princess docked in Puerto Vallarta (15 February), Manzanillo (16 February), Mazatlán (17 February) and Cabo San Lucas(18 February), spending 9 to 12 hours in each port. The first COVID-19 death in California was a man who had been on this ship on an earlier cruise. This ship was later quarantined off San Francisco and docked in Oakland 11 March with 21 onboard who tested positive for the coronavirus.
The cruise ship MSC Meraviglia, which was not allowed to dock in the Cayman Islands or Jamaica, docked in Cozumel, Quintana Roo, on 27 February. Three passengers were diagnosed with influenza A virus, but no cases of coronavirus were found.
On 28 February, Mexico confirmed its first three cases. A 35-year-old man and a 59-year-old man in Mexico City and a 41-year-old man in the northern state of Sinaloa tested positive and were held in isolation at a hospital and a hotel, respectively. They had travelled to Bergamo and stayed in Italy for a week in mid-February.
March 1 to 15Edit
On 1 March, a fifth case was announced in Chiapas in a student who had just returned from Italy. On 6 March, a sixth case was confirmed in the State of Mexico in a 71-year-old man who had returned from Italy on 21 February.
COVID-19 was the topic of conversation at the meeting of the National Governors' Conference (Conago) held on 5 March 2020. In addition to governors from different states (or state health representatives), the directors of Instituto de Salud para el Bienestar (INSABI), IMSS, and ISSSTE participated.
On March 6 during the first session of National Council of Health, Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, one of the main strategists and spokespersons of Mexican Government on pandemics, led the first daily press conference on Covid-19.
On 10 March, an eighth case was reported in Puebla, a 47-year-old German man who had returned from a business trip to Italy. On the same date, 40 members of a dance company in Puebla, returning from a tour in Italy, were quarantined. The Mexican Stock Exchange fell to a record low on 10 March due to fears of the coronavirus and because of falling oil prices. The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which fell 14% to 22.929 per US dollar.
On 11 March, a ninth case was confirmed in the city of Monterrey, Nuevo León. A 57-year-old man, who had recently come back from a trip all across Europe, was placed under quarantine. The man, who has remained anonymous, came back from his trip a week before and had contact with eight other people who have also been placed under quarantine in their houses. The man has been confirmed to reside in the city of San Pedro Garza García.
On 12 March, Mexico announced it had a total of 15 confirmed cases, with new cases in Puebla and Durango. A day later, senator Samuel García Sepúlveda accused the federal government of hiding the true number of confirmed cases. After that, the government of Nuevo León declared Phase 2. Mexico on 13 March had confirmed a total of 16 cases.
On 13 March, it was confirmed that the Mexican Stock Exchange Chairman, Jaime Ruiz Sacristan, tested positive as an asymptomatic case. Later, the Secretariat of Health announced in press conference that the number of confirmed cases had risen to 26. Several universities, including the UNAM and Tec de Monterrey, switched to virtual classes. Authorities announced to be considering the cancellation of the Festival Internacional de Cine de Guadalajara. In Mérida, the Tianguis Turístico was postponed to September. Several major sporting events were also canceled.
On 14 March, Fernando Petersen, the secretary of health of the state of Jalisco, confirmed the first two cases of COVID-19 were detected in Hospital Civil de Guadalajara. Two new cases were confirmed in Nuevo León, and the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP) announced that all sporting and civic events in schools would be canceled. The same day, the Secretariat of Education announced that Easter break, originally planned from 6 to 17 April, would be extended from 20 March to 20 April as a preventive measure. The Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (SCHP) announced it was taking measures to prevent a 0.5% fall in gross domestic product (GDP). Drugstores in Cuernavaca report shortages of masks, antibacterial gel, and other items. On the same day the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, (UANL) (the country's third largest university in terms of student population) suspended classes for its more than 206,000 students starting on March 17 and ending on April 20.
Businessman José Kuri was reported in critical condition on 14 March after a trip to Vail, Colorado, United States, although early reports of his death were false. As of 14 March, there have been 41 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Mexico.
The 14 and 15 March Festival Vive Latino (rock and Latin music) in Mexico City opened according to schedule, in spite of fears of contagion. Temperatures of the 70,000 people who attend each day were taken at the door and anti-bacterial gel was widely distributed. Organizers said that the Passion Play of Iztapalapa would continue as scheduled in Holy Week. Tito Domínguez, vice president of the organizing committee, noted that a miracle had saved Iztapalapa during the cholera outbreak in 1833.
On 15 March, Head of Government Claudia Sheinbaum stated that Mexico City expects to spend an extra MXN $100 million (US$4.4 million) to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The first confirmed case of coronavirus in Acapulco, Guerrero, was reported. Querétaro reported two new cases, bringing the total to six. Nuevo Leon reported its fifth case. The Norteño group Los Tres Tristes Tigres released a song on 15 March titled "El corrido del coronavirus".
March 16 to 22Edit
As of 16 March, President López Obrador continued to downplay the impact of coronavirus. "Pandemics ... won't do anything to us," and accused the press and the opposition for its reportage. On 16 March, lawyer Marco Antonio del Toro petitioned the federal courts to cease all but essential activities for a period of 30 to 40 days because of the coronavirus outbreak. The total of confirmed cases reached 82. The Autonomous University of the State of Morelos, (UAEM) suspended classes for its 22,000 students. A diplomatic incident arose between the governments of Mexico and El Salvador, concerning 12 Salvadorean citizens wearing face masks on a plane departing from Mexico City to San Salvador. Nayib Bukele, president of El Salvador denounced as "irresponsible" that they were allowed to board the plane along with other passengers and offered to send a plane to transport them without contact with other people. The claim was supported by Avianca airline while the Mexican government said that there were no reasons to assume that they were positive for COVID-19. Eventually, the flight was cancelled. Marcelo Ebrard, head of Foreign Affairs announced after negative results of COVID tests of that Salvadorean passengers.
On 17 March, 11 new cases were confirmed, raising the national total to 93, with Campeche being the only state with no confirmed cases. Mexico's limited response, including allowing a large concert and the women's soccer championship, as well as a lack of testing, have been criticized. Critics note that president López Obrador does not practice social distancing but continues to greet large crowds, and the borders have not been closed. Of particular concern is the health of thousands of migrants in temporary camps along the border with the United States. The former national commissioner for influenza in Mexico during the 2009 flu pandemic, Alejandro Macías, said the problem is compounded by the fact that Mexico lacks sufficient intensive care unit beds, medical care workers and ventilators.
On 18 March, 25 more cases were confirmed raising the total to 118 cases and 314 suspected cases. Authorities in Jalisco are concerned about a group of 400 people who recently returned from Vail, Colorado; 40 people have symptoms of COVID-19. The same day, the Mexican government announced that they will allocate 3.5 billion pesos (approx. 146 million US dollars) to buy medical and laboratory equipment, washing and disinfection material, and ventilators. During the night the first COVID-19 related death in the country was confirmed, a 41-year-old man without a travel history outside the country who was hospitalized at the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER). Colima Governor José Ignacio Peralta declared a state of emergency after the state's first case, a man who had recently returned from Germany, was reported on 17 March. Ford, Honda, and Audi closed their manufacturing plants in Mexico. Hundreds of hotel employees in Cancún were fired.
Authorities announced on 18 March that they were looking for hundreds of citizens who may be carriers of the coronavirus, especially in the states of Puebla, Jalisco, Aguascalientes, and Guerrero. A four-member family in Puebla who had traveled to the United States kept their symptoms secret as they visited neighbors in La Vista and visited a gym. Authorities were still trying to track down the 400 people in Jalisco and Nayarit who recently traveled to Vail, Colorado. In Aguascalientes they were looking to track down passengers of Fight 2638 who traveled with a sick man from New York. The Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) in Chilpancingo closed after a female student tested positive for the virus. The Technical Institute of Guerrero and the state Supreme Court also closed.
Morelos had its first two confirmed cases on 19 March—a 54-year-old woman from Cuautla and a 37-year-old man from Cuernavaca. Sinaloa announced its third case, a 20-year-old woman from Culiacán.
U.S Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced on 20 March there would be restrictions on travel across the Mexico–United States border. Said restrictions would not apply to cargo. The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) announced that the archaeological zones Teotihuacán, Xochicalco, and El Tepozteco will be closed on 21–22 March. Chichén Itzá will close indefinitely starting 21 March. Guachimontones will close 21, 22, and 23 March. Palenque, Tula and Tingambato will close 21 March. Alsea, which operates restaurants such as Starbucks, VIPS, and Domino's Pizza offered its employees unpaid leave. Mayor Juanita Romero (PAN) of Nacozari de García Municipality, Sonora, declares a curfew, in effect until 20 April. Only the President of Mexico has the legal authority to declare such a declaration. During the night, 38 more cases and one more death were confirmed raising the total to 203 cases, 2 deaths, and 606 suspected cases.
On 22 March, bars, nightclubs, movie theaters, and museums were closed in Mexico City. Governor Enrique Alfaro Ramírez of Jalisco announced that beginning Thursday, 26 March, Jalisco and seven other states in the Bajío and western Mexico will block flights from areas such as California that have a high rate of coronavirus. He also said that they will purchase 25,000 testing kits.
March 23 to 31Edit
Mexico entered Phase 2 of the coronavirus pandemic on 23 March 2020, according to the World Health Organization, with 367 confirmed cases. Phase 2 includes cases where the sick individuals did not have direct contact with someone who had recently been in another country. On the same day it was confirmed that two more people died from COVID-19, raising the total to 4 reported deaths. That day was announced on President López Obrador's daily press conference the realization of the National Campaign of Healthy Distancing (Jornada Nacional de Sana Distancia) a national program of non-pharmaceutical measures based on social distancing among the behavioral changes suggested by WHO as hand washing, covering one's mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who suspect they are infected. On that same day in the daily press conference was announced also a media campaign led by "Susana Distancia" (wordplay of a healthy distance) a fictional female superhero aiming to promote social distancing into the people.
Meanwhile, a Mitofsky poll showed that 63% of Mexicans feared contracting Covid-19 and 25.5% feared dying from it. 28% said they were not willing to stay in their homes. 38.6% believed President López Obrador was handling the situation well, and 37% disapproved. Access to supermarkets in Coahuila was limited to one person per family, and the temperature of that person was taken before entering. The same rule applies to drugstores and convenience stores in the state, which has 12 confirmed cases of Covid-19.
At his morning news conference on 24 March, President López Obrador announced that Mexico entered Phase 2 of the coronavirus pandemic, in effect until April 30. Gatherings of more than 100 people are prohibited, and both the army and the navy will participate. The armed forces have 1,738 doctors, 1,727 nurses, 100 intensive therapy ambulances, and 400 ambulances for transportation. The military also has 5 high specialty hospitals, 36 second-level hospitals, and 272 first-level hospitals with 262 health brigades across the country. 4 deaths, 367 confirmed cases, and 826 suspected cases of COVID-19 have been reported. The first Mexican woman died from COVID-19 on March 24, raising the total to 5 reported deaths in the country. On the same day 405 total cases of COVID-19 were confirmed.
On 25 March, Dr. Abelardo Ávila, researcher at the Salvador Zubirán National Institute of Health Sciences and Nutrition warned that Mexico was particularly vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic because of underlying chronic illnesses such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. Also on 25 March President López Obrador ordered the Mexican Air Force to rescue Mexicans trapped in Argentina. In Baja California, PROFECO closed two businesses in Tijuana for price-gouging. In Mexico City, Head of Government Claudia Sheinbaum announced financial support for families and micro industries affected by the pandemic. She also announced that automobile verification would be suspended through April 19. Movie theaters, bars, nightclubs, gyms, and other entertainment centers will remain closed. The same day it was reported that one man died from COVID-19 in San Luis Potosí, raising the total to 6 reported deaths in Mexico and 475 confirmed cases. Governor Miguel Barbosa Huerta (Morena) claimed that only the wealthy were at risk, since the poor are immune to COVID-19.
On 26 March, President López Obrador revealed he asked the G20 to ensure that wealthy countries cannot take control of the world's medical supplies. He also called for assurances that borders would not be closed to commerce and that tariffs would not be unilaterally increased. Lastly, he called for an end to racism and discrimination. The Mexican government announced it would suspend most sectors' activities starting 26 March until 19 April, with the exception of health and energy sectors, the oil industry; and public services such as water supply, waste management and public safety. Protesters in Sonora insisted that the government limit border crossings with the United States. Chihuahua announced that “in the next few days” it will start to quarantine migrants who are returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing. About 65 migrants are deported from El Paso, Texas daily, about 5,200 this year. Two more deaths were reported on this day; 585 cases were confirmed, and there were 2,156 suspected cases. Human Rights Watch accused AMLO of endangering lives by not providing accurate information about the pandemic. The government of San Luis Potosi reported the death of a 57-year-old man on March 26, bringing the total number of deaths in the country to nine. He had hypertension and diabetes. Citizens of Nogales, Sonora block border crossing from Nogales, Arizona in order to prevent the entrance of individuals with the virus infection and to prevent shortages of food, bottled water, toilet paper and cleaning supplies in local stores.
According to the Secretary of Health, a plurality of the 585 people infected in Mexico, 70, are between 30 and 34 years old. People over 65 are second, followed by those 25 to 29 and 45 to 49. The states with the most incidents are Mexico City (83), Jalisco (64) and Nuevo Leon (57).
On March 27 the federal government bought 5,000 ventilators from China as the government prepares for Phase 3 of the pandemic. The total confirmed cases rose to 717; twelve deaths were reported, and there were 2,475 suspected cases. PROFECO (Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer) said it will fine merchants who unfairly raise the prices on household goods. The governors of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila asked the federal government to close the border with the United States.
On March 28, Governor Omar Fayad of Hidalgo announced in a tweet that he tested positive for the virus and said that he was in self-quarantine. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mexico said services should be held indoors with no more than twenty people present. They may cancel all Holy Week celebrations if things do not improve. In the evening the Secretariat of Health reported 131 new confirmed cases and four more deaths, raising the total to 848 confirmed cases and 16 deaths. Governor Cuauhtémoc Blanco of Morelos announced the seventh case and first death due to COVID-19 in the state, a 37-year-old man who had recently traveled to the United States. San Luis Potosi suspended wakes and funerals; the dead should be taken directly from the hospital to the crematorium.
Tabasco Governor Adán Augusto López Hernández tested positive for COVID-19 on 29 March. Two tunnels with disinfectant spray were installed in the subways system of Escobedo, Nuevo León. The government of Yucatán threatens fines of $86,000 pesos and up to three years in prison for individuals who have tested positive for coronavirus and do not self-quarantine. The state of Querétaro registered its first death from COVID-19, a 56-year-old man. The same day 993 cases of COVID-19 and 20 deaths from the disease were confirmed. Between 27 and 29 March, 566 Mexicans were brought home from other countries: 62 from Colombia, 53 from Eucador, 299 from Peru, 28 from Guatemala (via land), and 134 from Cuba. In turn, the Mexican government helped 86 people return to Ecuador, 99 to Peru, and 49 to Cuba.
On 30 March, the total number of cases of COVID-19 surpassed one thousand with 1,094 confirmed cases and 28 reported deaths in the country. In the evening, a national health emergency was declared in Mexico by Secretary Marcelo Ebrard; all sectors in the country are urged to stop most of their activities.
In the early morning of 31 March, 50,000 test kits, 100,000 masks and five ventilators (donated by Jack Ma and the Alibaba Foundation of China) arrived at the Mexico City International Airport. Nurses in Jalisco have been forced to get off public transportation and physically attacked by people fearful of COVID-19. Medical workers there and elsewhere have been advised not to wear their uniforms outside the hospital. The same day the total confirmed cases of COVID-19 reached 1215 and one more death was reported. The government of Mexico City announced that 90% of the businesses in Mexico City would have to close because of the national health emergency declaration of the day before. In Austin, Texas, Public Health officials started investigating an apparent cluster of COVID-19 after 28 of 70 “spring breakers” (students at the University of Texas at Austin) tested positive following their trip to Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur in early March. The Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) in Monclova, Coahuila, reported that 29 medical and nursing staff tested positive for COVID-19. No patients have been infected.
April 1 to 15Edit
It was reported on 1 April that seven migrants from Puebla residing in New York have died of COVID-19. Authorities reported 46% of cases as recoveries, which represents approximately 634 recoveries. In Coahuila, 21 health workers contracted the virus and one doctor died from it, bringing the number of deaths among doctors employed by IMSS to four. Nineteen of the 21 cases in Coahuila are mild and the individuals are ambulatory. Later the same day, 1,378 cases and 37 deaths of COVID-19 were reported in Mexico.
On April 2, 1,510 cases of COVID-19 and 13 more deaths related to the disease were confirmed by Mexican authorities. In Mexico City, as hotels are forced to close, hotel guests are evicted from their rooms.
On 5 April, President López Obrador presented his plan to reactivate the economy. He said he did not want to increase fuel prices or taxes, and he was looking to hire more medical professionals for the armed forces. He said there was sufficient money to build the proposed thermoelectric plants that are needed in Yucatán, Baja California and elsewhere. He stated that he had support from the private sector and he expressed his confidence that Mexico would soon overcome the current crisis. On the same day , the total number of cases surpassed two thousand with 2143 cases and 94 deaths.
President López Obrador and Governor Blanco of Morelos dedicated the ISSSTE hospital “Carlos Calero” in Cuernavaca that was going to be set aside to care for patients with COVID-19. Fifteen new deaths were registered on 5 April, bringing the total to 94. The age range of the deceased was from 26 to 91 years old with a median age of 56.5. Of the 94 dead, 79% were males and 21% were females.
On 6 April, 2439 cases were confirmed and the total number of deaths surpassed one hundred with 125 deaths reported.
|State of Mexico||320||9||102|
|Baja California Sur||56||2||6|
|San Luis Potosí||41||3||23|
Cases per 100,000 inhabitantsEdit
|State||Cases||Population[a]||Cases per 100,000 inhabitants[b]|
|Baja California Sur||54||712,029||7.6|
|State of Mexico||261||16,187,608||1.6|
|San Luis Potosí||37||2,717,820||1.4|
Curve of infectionEdit
New cases and deaths per dayEdit
Graphs based on daily reports from the Mexican Secretariat of Health on confirmed cases of COVID-19.
According to the Secretariat of Health, there are three phases before the disease (COVID-19) can be considered as an epidemic in the country:
|1°||Viral Import||February 28, 2020||March 23, 2020||
|2°||Community Transmission||March 24, 2020||TBA||
The Mexican Stock Exchange fell to a record low on 10 March due to fears of the coronavirus and because of falling oil prices. The Bank of Mexico (Banxico) stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which fell 14% to 22.929 per US dollar. World markets are seeing falls similar to those of 1987. Moody's Investors Service predicted that the economy will contract 5.2% during the first trimester of the year and 3.7% by the end of the year. Banxico announced on 1 April that foreign investors have withdrawn MXN $150 billion (US $,6.3 billion) from Mexico, mostly in Certificados de la Tesorería ((Treasury Certificates, Cetes) since February 27 when the first COVID-19 case in Mexico was diagnosed. The problem is compounded by the low oil price, only US $10.37 per barrel, a 20.29% drop since the beginning of the 2020 Russia–Saudi Arabia oil price war.
Some financial analysts say there has been too little, too late. Carlos Serrano of BBVA México predicts a 4.5% economic contraction in 2020, while analysts at Capital Economics in London argue that the government has to do more to support the economy. They forecast a 6% contraction this year. HR Ratings, Latin America’s first credit rating agency, said that the performance of the economy this year will depend on the government’s response to the COVID-19 crisis.
The Consejo Nacional Empresarial Turístico (National Tourism Business Council, CNET) sent two letters in March to Alfonso Romo, Chief of Staff to the President, outlining the importance of tourism to the economy and asking for government support for the sector. Tourism provides 4 million jobs in Mexico, and 93% of the companies have ten or fewer employees. COVID-19 has forced the closure of 4,000 hotels (52,400 rooms) and 2,000 restaurants, while the airline industry has lost MXN $30 billion (US $1.3 billion). Tourism accounts for 10% of Gross domestic product (GDP) in the world.
The association of car dealers, ADMA, predicts a decrease in sales in Mexico between 16% and 25% this year. J.D. Power estimated a 20% decrease, 264,000 vehicles, in Mexico and a 15% drop across the world. The Employers Confederation of the Mexican Republic (COPARMEX) criticized the government on 29 March for not suspending the payment of taxes, saying the government does not care about unemployment. Fernando Treviño Núñez, president of the organization, explained that businesses cannot afford to pay salaries for more than three months without receiving income. Gasoline and diesel fuel importers have not noted a decrease in demand since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and they fear that health precautions could cause fuel delays at ports of entry. Watco Companies said that cargo on the Houston Ship Channel for delivery to San Luis Potosí increased 25% in March compared to January. Mexico imports 65% of its gasoline.
On 24 March, Grupo Modelo, makers of Corona beer, promised to donate 300,000 bottles of antibacterial gel to the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS). The Conacintra (National Chamber of the Processing Industry) announced on 2 April they were suspending all beer production in the country, as breweries are not an essential industry and there was sufficient supply in the country for a month. Tequila producers plan to stay open.
Panic buying in mid-March is causing shortages in Mexico of Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, which U.S. President Donald Trump, with no backing from the scientific or medical communities, says is helpful in preventing COVID-19. The Comisión Federal para la Protección de Riesgos Sanitarios (Federal Commission for the Protection of Health Risks, Cofepris) has put controls on the sale of both products. Hidroxicloroquina is used in the treatment of malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Plaquenil tablets are produced in Mexico by the French company Sanofi; the raw material comes from Hungary. Shortages of medicine for these diseases can be expected soon.
Authorities are concerned about supermarket robberies. A gang of 70 people robbed a grocery store in Tecámac, State of Mexico, on March 23, and a gang of 30 looted a supermarket in Oaxaca City on March 24. Calls for supermarket looting, warning of food shortages, are making the rounds of social media. Four such social media groups in Tijuana were broken up in Baja California on 29 March. The number of murders has not decreased due to the coronavirus pandemic, and drug cartels are fighting each other in Guerrero and Michoacan.
Travel restrictions are making it more difficult for Mexican drug cartels to operate, because chemicals from China, which are the raw materials for synthesizing illegal drugs, cannot be imported. As a result, the price of illegal methamphetamine has increased from 2,500 pesos (€95/$102) to 15,000 pesos per pound. Cartels are also struggling to smuggle drugs across the border to the United States, where many customers live, because border crossings have been shut down. The reduction in international air travel has made it easier for authorities to track planes used for transporting illegal drugs.
- 9 January, 2020 – A travel advisory for people traveling to or from China was issued.
- 22 January – The Secretariat of Health issued a statement saying that the novel coronavirus COVID-19 did not present a danger to Mexico.
- 30 January – The Government of Mexico designed a Preparation and Response Plan that was made by the National Committee for Health Safety, a working group led by Secretariat of Health composed by different health entities aiming to act upon the imminent arrival of the pandemic. This group carried out a series of alert measures, rehabilitation and updating of epidemiological regulations based on the International Health Regulations.
- 5 March – The National Governors' Conference (Conago) met to discuss the coronavirus outbreak. The directors of INSABI, IMSS and ISSSTE also participated.
- 6 March – Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez led the first daily press conference on COVID-19.
- 10 March – As the stock market and the price of oil fell, ‘‘Banxico’’ stepped in to prop up the value of the peso, which had fallen 14%.
- 13 March – The National Autonomous University of Mexico suspended in-person classes. Authorities canceled or postponed major tourist events in Guadalajara and Merida.
- 14 March
- The SEP announced that all sporting and civic events in schools would be canceled and that Easter break, originally planned from 6 to 17 April, would be extended from 20 March to 20 April. On 31 March the school closings were extended through 30 April.
- The SCHP announced it was taking measures to prevent a 0.5% fall in GDP.
- The ‘‘Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León’’ (UANL) suspended classes for its more than 206,000 students starting on March 17.
- 15 March – Mexico City mayor Claudia Sheinbaum declared that Mexico City expected to spend an extra MXN $100 million to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
- 18 March – Authorities announced that they were looking for hundreds of citizens who might be carriers of the coronavirus, especially in the states of Puebla, Jalisco, Aguascalientes and Guerrero. The Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) in Chilpancingo closed after a female student tested positive for the virus.
- 22 March
- Bars, nightclubs, movie theaters and museums were closed in Mexico City.
- Governor Alfaro Ramírez announces that Jalisco and seven other states would block flights from areas such as that had a high rate of coronavirus. He also said that they would purchase 25,000 testing kits.
- Governor Jaime Rodríguez Calderón of Nuevo León said he will not rule out the use of force to get people to stay at home.
- 23 March
- The WHO announced that Mexico had entered into the community contact phase of infection.
- The National Campaign of Healthy Distancing, a national program of non-pharmaceutical measures based on social distancing, began. A media campaign led by "Susana Distancia", who is a fictional female superhero aiming to promote social distancing, was launched. "Susana Distancia" is in fact a wordplay roughly meaning "(maintaining) a healthy distance".
- Access to supermarkets, drugstores and convenience stores in Coahuila was limited to one person per family, and the temperature of that person was taken before entering.
- 24 March – President López Obrador announced that Mexico had entered Phase 2 of the coronavirus pandemic, in effect until April 30. Gatherings of more than 100 people were prohibited, and both the Mexican Army and the Mexican Navy would participate.
- 25 March
- President López Obrador ordered the Mexican Air Force to rescue Mexicans trapped in Argentina.
- Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer (Profeco) closed two businesses in Tijuana, Baja California, for price-gouging.
- In Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum announced financial support for families and micro industries affected by the pandemic, and she suspended automobile smog checks through April 19. She closed movie theaters, bars, nightclubs, gyms and other entertainment centers.
- The government announced that it would continue receiving cruise ships "for humanitarian reasons," but that passengers would be individually "fumigated" before being taken directly to airports to be returned to their home countries. The protocol will apply to the MS Europa, currently docked in Puerta Vallarta.
- 26 March
- President López Obrador addressed the Group of Twenty regarding medical supplies and trade and tariffs. The federal government announced it would suspend most sectors' activities from 26 March to 19 April.
- The Secretary of Health estimated that Phase 3 of the pandemic, when the number of cases reaches its peak, will be about 19 April.
- Authorities in Chihuahua announced that it would start to quarantine migrants who were returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing.
- The Comisión Federal para la Protección de Riesgos Sanitarios (Federal Commission for the Protection of Health Risks, Cofepris) put controls on the sale of hidroxicloroquina and azithromycin, used in the treatment of malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, but not shown to be effective against COVID-19. Nonetheless, panic buying of these medicines is likely to soon lead to a shortage.
- 27 March
- President López Obrador practiced social distancing during his tour in Nayarit. The president had been widely criticized for shaking hands, kissing and hugging as he met with people.
- The federal government bought 5,000 ventilators from China.
- Profeco (Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer) announced it would fine merchants who unfairly raised the prices on household goods.
- Víctor Villalobos Arámbula, Secretary of Agriculture and Rural Development (SADER) met with food producers to discuss guaranteeing the food supply in spite of the pandemic.
- March 28
- Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, Deputy Secretary of Health, said that with 16 deaths and 848 cases of infection, this is the last opportunity to prevent accelerated growth of COVID-19. He called on the population to act responsibly to prevent its spread. Milenio reported that López-Gatell said there is a legal basis for the use of force to enforce stay-at-home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Health officials, accompanied by a representative of the military and Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard made a video urging the populace to stay home. AMLO did not appear in that video, but he made a separate one with the same message.
- 30 March – A national health emergency was declared in Mexico and stricter measures aimed at containing the spread of the virus were introduced.
- 1 April
- Beaches throughout the country are closed.
- INEGI asked everyone who has not taken part of the 2020 census to contact them via their webpage or by calling them before 15 April.
- The Governor of Nuevo León ordered a halt to production and distribution of beer in the state, beginning April 3.
- 3 April
- AMLO issues a decree to abolish 100 public trusts related to science and culture; the Fianance Ministry (SHCP) will receive the money directly. The move is expected to MXN save $250 billion (US $10 billion) which can be spent to strengthen the economy, pay for social programs and pay off the debt.
- Claudia Sheinbaum promised to donate two months of her salary (a total of MXN $156,728) to the struggle against COVID-19 and invited other officials to do so also.
- 5 April
- President López Obrador presented his plan to reactivate the economy without increasing fuel prices or taxes. He said he would increase oil production and that he had support from the private sector.
- A health official in Oaxaca was fired after spitting on doctors, nurses, and patients at the Hospital Regional del ISSSTE “Presidente Juárez” because the service was slow.
- 7 April – Governor Diego Sinhué Rodríguez Vallejo of Guanajuato announced he would donate his salary (MXN $153,000) during the contingency.
Cancellations, suspensions, and closingsEdit
- Archaeological sites
Teotihuacán, Xochicalco, El Tepozteco closed 21–22 March. Chichén Itzá closed indefinitely starting 21 March.
- Educational institutions
- Basic educationThe SEP announced on 14 March that all sporting and civic events in schools would be cancelled and that Easter break would be from 20 March to 20 April.
- Higher education: The UNAM and Tec de Monterrey, switched to virtual classes on 13 March. Autonomous University of the State of Morelos, (UAEM) suspended classes on 16 March. Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon, (UANL) suspended classes from 17 March to 20 April. Autonomous University of Guerrero (UAGRO) and Technical Institute of Guerrero (Chilpancingo) closed 18 March.
- Fairs: Authorities announced on 14 March they were considering the cancellation of the Festival Internacional de Cine de Guadalajara. In Mérida, the Tianguis Turístico was postponed to September.
- Musical: Chicago suspended until 17 April
- Concerts: The Magic Numbers, Los Tigres del Norte, Red Orange County [sic], Mercury Rev, María León, Sasha Sloan and Ricky Martin
- Conference: Michelle Obama
- Other: Bars, nightclubs, movie theaters, and museums were closed in Mexico City on 22 March.
President López Obrador suspended non-essential activities from 26 March to 19 April. The health and energy sectors, the oil industry, and public services such as water supply, waste management and public safety continued to function.
Ford Motor Company, Honda and Audi closed their manufacturing plants in Mexico on 18 March. Hundreds of hotel employees in Cancún were fired. Alsea (Starbucks, VIPS, Domino's Pizza, Burger King, Italianni's, Chili's, California Pizza Kitchen, P. F. Chang's China Bistro and The Cheesecake Factory) offered its employees unpaid leave. PROFECO closed two businesses in Tijuana Baja California, for price-gouging on 25 March. Cinépolis and Cinemex announced that they will temporarily close all of their theaters starting March 25.
- Ports of entry
- Air: Governor Alfaro Ramírez of Jalisco announced that beginning Thursday, 26 March, eight states in the Bajío and western Mexico woud block flights from areas that had a high rate of coronavirus. The restrictions would apply at the Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Guadalajara International Airport and the Licenciado Gustavo Díaz Ordaz International Airport in Puerto Vallarta.
- Land: The United States Department of State announced on 20 March there would be restrictions on travel across the Mexico–United States border. The restrictions would not apply to cargo. On 26 March, protesters in Sonora insisted that the government limit border crossings with the United States. Chihuahua (state) announced that it would start to quarantine migrants who are returned to the Ciudad Juárez border crossing. Citizens of Nogales, Sonora, blocked border crossing from Nogales, Arizona, in order to prevent the entrance of individuals with the virus infection and to prevent shortages of food, bottled water, toilet paper and cleaning supplies in local stores.
- Sea: The government announced on 25 March it would continue receiving cruise ships but that passengers would be individually "fumigated" before being taken directly to airports to be returned to their home countries.
- Religious events
San Luis Potosi suspended wakes and funerals on March 29.
- Curfew established
Misinformation and criticismEdit
Mexico's federal government has been slow to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic as of late March 2020, with a great deal of criticism. Through 1 April, the government only performed 10,000 tests, compared to 200,000 which had been completed in New York state. Therefore, official statistics are likely to greatly underestimate the actual number of cases.
Miguel Barbosa Huerta, the governor of Puebla, claimed that only the wealthy were at risk of COVID-19, since the poor are immune. There is no evidence that wealth affects a person's vulnerability to the virus.
- In 2015.
- Calculated by dividing the number of cases by the total population of the state and multiplying the result by 100,000.
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- Tourism: 10% of world GDP at risk (in English) by Maricarmen Cortes, Dinero en Imagen, 26 Mar 2020
- Despair of industries (in English) by José Yuste, Dinero en Imagen, 25 Mar 2020
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- Fears Grow Among Gasoline Importers Due to Demand Drop (in English) By Amy Stillman & Jeffrey Bair, Bloomberg/Inforbae, 26 Mar 2020
- Grupo Modelo donará 300 mil botellas de gel antibacterial al IMSS para combatir al COVID-19(in Spanish) Sin Embargo, 24 Mar 2020
- Beer will not be produced for a month; Not an essential activity: Canacintra (in Spanish) El Universal, 2 Apr 2020
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- Compras de pánico escasean la hidroxicloroquina (in English) by José Yuste, Dinero en Imagen, 26 Mar 2020
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- Sader delimita acciones para garantizar abasto de alimentos (in Spanish) by Carolina Gómez Mena, La Jornada, 27 Mar 2020
- Última oportunidad de evitar crecimiento acelerado de COVID-19: López-Gatell; van 16 muertes y 848 contagiados (in Spanish) Arestegui Noticias, 28 Mar 2020
- Última oportunidad para permanecer en casa: López Gatell (in Spanish) by Fanny Miranda, Milenio, 28 Mar 2020
- In Tijuana video address, Mexico’s president toughens coronavirus stance (in English) By WENDY FRY, The San Diego Union-Tribune, 28 Mar 2020
- Anuncia Salud cierre de playas ante emergencia por COVID-19 (in Spanish) Notimex/Informador, 1 April 2020
- Inegi pide a ciudadanos censarse por internet antes del 15 de abril (in Spanish) Milenio, 1 April 2020
- NL government anticipates high production and distribution of alcoholic beverages throughout the country (in Spanish) Forbes Mexico, 1 April 2020
- AMLO issues decree for the extinction of public trusts (in Spanish) by Carlos Lara, El Sol de México, 3 Apr 2020
- With extinction of trusts 250 thousand mp will be saved: AMLO (in Spanish) by Sarahi Uribe, El Sol de México, 3 Apr 2020
- Sheinbaum donará dos meses de su salario para enfrentar Covid-19 (in Spanish) by Israel Zamarrón, El Sol de México, 4 Apr 2020
- Official with COVID-19 who spit on doctors fired Excelsior, 7 Apr 2020
- Guanajuato Governor to donate $ 153,000 salary to COVID-19 La Jornada, 7 Apr 2020
- "Ocesa suspende todos sus eventos hasta el 19 de abril por el coronavirus" [Ocesa suspends all its events until April 19 due to the coronavirus]. El Universal (in Spanish). 16 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- Ricky Martin cancels all his concerts in Mexico due to coronavirus (in Spanish) El Universal, 13 Mar 2020
- "Cinépolis regresará el dinero de boletos programados". El Universal (in Spanish). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Cinemex cierra todas sus salas en México por coronavirus". Milenio (in Spanish). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- "Suspenden Viacrucis de Iztapalapa; actos a puerta cerrada y vía tv" [Way of the Cross of Iztapalapa suspended; acts behind closed doors and via tv]. La Jornada (in Spanish). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "Mexico: Mexicans Need Accurate COVID-19 Information". Human Rights Watch. 26 March 2020.
- "Experts decry Mexico coronavirus policy delay". America Magazine. AP. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- "AMLO Goes off the Rails". Slate. 2 April 2020.
- "Mexican governor prompts outrage with claim poor are immune to coronavirus". The Guardian. 26 March 2020.
- Rivers, Matt; Gallón, Natalie. "Mexican governor claims poor people are 'immune' from coronavirus". CNN. Retrieved 6 April 2020.