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Marcelo Luis Ebrard Casaubón (Spanish pronunciation: [maɾˈselo eˈβɾaɾð]; born October 10, 1959) is a Mexican politician who was affiliated with the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) until 2015. He serves as the current president of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities. He was the successful candidate of the PRD-led electoral alliance to serve as Head of Government of the Federal District in the 2006 Federal District election, a position he held until 2012. He also served as secretary-general of the former Mexican Federal District Department, minister of public security, and minister of social development of the Mexican capital. In 2010, Ebrard was nominated as the "world's best mayor" by the Project World Mayor.[1] From 2009 to 2012, he was the chair of the World Mayors Council on Climate Change.[2]

Marcelo Ebrard
Marcelo Ebrard Casaubón.jpg
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
1 December 2018
PresidentAndrés Manuel López Obrador
Preceded byLuis Videgaray Caso
President of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities
In office
3 September 2012 – 3 February 2014
Appointed byJoan Clos
Preceded byPosition established
5th Head of Government of the Federal District
In office
5 December 2006 – 4 December 2012
Preceded byAlejandro Encinas
Succeeded byMiguel Ángel Mancera
Personal details
Born
Marcelo Luis Ebrard Casaubón

(1959-10-10) 10 October 1959 (age 59)
Mexico City, Mexico
Political partyNational Regeneration Movement (2018–present)
Other political
affiliations
Institutional Revolutionary (Before 1999)
Democratic Center (1999–2000)
Democratic Revolution (2000–2015)
Citizens' Movement (2015–2018)
Spouse(s)Francesca Ramos Morgan (Before 2005)
Mariagna Pratts (2006–2011)
Rosalinda Bueso (2011–present)
EducationCollege of Mexico (BA)
École nationale d'administration

Contents

Personal life and educationEdit

A descendent of the French emigrant wave from Barcelonette in 1915, Ebrard is the son of architect Marcelo Ebrard Maure and Marcela Casaubón. He received a bachelor's degree in international relations from El Colegio de México, and specialized in public administration and planning at the École nationale d'administration of France. He was married to Francesca Ramos Morgan and had two daughters and one son: Francesca, Anne Dominique, and Marcelo Ebrard Ramos.[citation needed] He later divorced and married Mexican soap-opera actress Mariagna Pratts. In April 2011, Marcelo Ebrard announced his divorce from Mariagna Pratts through an official press release.[3] In October 7, 2011, Ebrard married for the third time to Rosalinda Bueso, the former Honduran ambassador to Mexico.[4]

Political careerEdit

Ebrard became a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 1978. After volunteering in the presidential campaigns of 1976 and 1982, serving as an advisor to the secretary-general in 1988, and being elected to the Chamber of Deputies, he left the PRI with Manuel Camacho Solís in 1995 to found the now-extinct Party of the Democratic Center (PCD). In 2000 he briefly campaigned for the 2000 Head of Government election for the PCD before stepping down in March 2000 and throwing his support behind Andrés Manuel López Obrador as the candidate of the multi-party Alliance for Mexico City.

Following the election, he joined López Obrador's cabinet as secretary of public security in 2000 and became a member of the Party of the Democratic Revolution on September 12, 2004. On July 8, 2006, the French newspaper Le Monde ran an article indicating that Ebrard was an emerging leader of the Mexican Left. Manuel Camacho Solís, for whom Ebrard is a political protégé, has a reputation for running articles in foreign newspapers to indicate his political intentions.[citation needed] Many have seen this as an attempt to dismiss López Obrador and now rely on Ebrard to win the presidency in the 2012 presidential elections.[5] On December 7, 2010, he was awarded the World Mayor prize in recognition of his environmental and civil-rights initiatives within the Federal District.[6]

Head of Government of the Federal District (2006–2012)Edit

Ebrard ran as the PRD's candidate for Head of Government in the Federal District election held on 2 July 2006, which he won with 47% of the votes.

He continued and expanded programs that Andrés Manuel López Obrador has initiated. A new initiative was the Prepa Sí program, which granted scholarships to low-income students. This reduced the school-dropout rate in the city to 6% and raised the grade point average from 7.2 to 8.2.[citation needed]

He expanded pensions for the elderly, so that it was a right of every inhabitant of Mexico City who had reached 68 years of age, sending an initiative to the Legislative Assembly of the Federal District, to elevate it to the status of law.[citation needed]

Among his actions having the greatest impact according to public opinion was the expropriation of properties and buildings that functioned as operational centers of crime. This included a property in the Tepito neighborhood, supposedly a drug-trafficking center; a large area of the Iztapalapa delegation, involved in the sale of stolen car parts, and two more drug sales properties in Santa María la Ribera. Although some in the business sector criticized these actions as an attack on private property — actions that received the support of the federal government — the initiative to seize ownership of these properties, as well as the introduction of video surveillance cameras, together with social development, helped reduce the crime index by 11% in Mexico City compared to 2006. He also created a special intelligence unit to fight against money laundering.[citation needed]

Ebrard made significant changes to the Historic Center, returning it to the citizens of Mexico City and its visitors, by relocating the street vendors beginning in mid-2007. His action was classified by the press as one of his government's successes, since informal traders had significantly increased their numbers in recent years. Some people criticized the decision of one of its dependencies to demolish historic buildings in the first square of the city to enable the relocation of street vendors, although it was supported by the National Institute of Anthropology and History. He also rehabilitated the Monument to the Revolution and the Alameda.[citation needed]

In the area of health, he built hospitals in Tláhuac, Iztapalapa and Tlalpan and promoted the development of medical specialties that did not exist in Mexico City's public health system.[citation needed]

During his mandate, he was recognized for his actions in the fight against climate change, the construction of a mobility infrastructure, through the transformation of public transport with the EcoBici (bike sharing) system; the expansion by 350% of the Metrobús system and the construction of Metro Line 12.

In 2009 he was named president of the World Mayors Council on Climate Change and in 2010 he received the World Mayor award from the City Mayors Foundation.

Ebrard has stated one of his goals is the revival of the Nahuatl language. His plan calls for city workers to learn the language as an initial effort at reviving the language.[7]

Marcelo Ebrard was the first head of government of the Federal District to complete his six-year term as governor, starting on December 5, 2006, and ending on December 5, 2012.

ControversyEdit

The city's chief of police, Ebrard, and Federal Secretary of Public Safety, Ramón Huerta, were accused of not organizing a timely rescue effort when three undercover federal police officers were lynched by a mob in one of the capital's most impoverished suburbs in Tláhuac on November 23, 2004. After a thorough investigation, López Obrador gave Ebrard a vote of confidence, despite a request from President Fox that Obrador relieve him of his duties. Later, using his constitutional powers, Fox fired Ebrard in what critics believe was a politically motivated move to derail his political future.[8][9] Ramón Huerta was also implicated in the incident, yet Fox gave Huerta his full support, and did not remove him from office. For this incident Ebrard is currently under investigation,[needs update] as are the federal authorities who also failed to act. He was later reinstated as Secretary of Social Development by López Obrador.

2012 Presidential electionEdit

On March 30, 2010, Ebrard publicly announced his intention to contest for the candidacy of his party for the Presidency of Mexico in 2012. As a pre-campaign platform he founded his Progressive Vanguard movement. On 11 June 2011, the PRD movement of Jesús Ortega "Nueva Izquierda", also known as "Los Chuchos," named him the party's candidate for the Presidency of Mexico. In contrast, the current National Democratic Left, led by Dolores Padierna Luna, ruled in favor of Andrés Manuel López Obrador. On 15 November 2011, it was announced that the method to select a candidate for the Presidency in 2012, would be a series of polls, which made Andrés Manuel López Obrador a winner. Ebrard refused to compete for the candidacy of 2012. As a formal Presidential candidate, Andrés Manuel López Obrador proposed Ebrard would be made Secretary of the Interior if he won the presidential elections, but Enrique Peña Nieto was elected president of Mexico.[10]

President of Global Network of Safer CitiesEdit

In September 2012, Ebrard was elected to serve as president of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities[11][12] which is part of the Urban Initiatives through the United Nations.[13][14] He renounced his position on 3 February 2014, in order to contend for the Presidency of the PRD.[15][16]

Designate Secretary of Foreign AffairsEdit

 
Ebrard speaks with a United States delegation in October 2018

Ebrard was part of López Obrador's 2018 campaign team, responsible for interaction in Mexico's northwestern states.[17] After López Obrador won the election on July 1, 2018, he was announced as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs a couple of days later, replacing Héctor Vasconcelos, who would instead become a Senator.[18][19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "La historia de amor de Marcelo Ebrard y Mariagna Prats". CNN Mexico. April 6, 2011.
  2. ^ "Mayor Park of Seoul takes the helm of WMCCC from Mayor Ebrard of Mexico City". World Mayors Council on Climate Change. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  3. ^ "Ebrard y Mariagna anuncian fin de su matrimonio". El Universal. April 5, 2011.
  4. ^ "Ebrard se casa hoy con Rosalinda". El Universal. October 7, 2011.
  5. ^ CORRESPONDANTE, Joëlle Stolz-MEXICO (July 8, 2006). "Marcelo Ebrard est élu à la mairie de Mexico et prend la tête des manifestations de la gauche" – via Le Monde.
  6. ^ vom Hove, Tamm (December 7, 2010). "Marcelo Ebrard, Mayor of Mexico City awarded the 2010 World Mayor Prize". worldmayor.com. World Mayor Project. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
  7. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard quiere revivir lengua azteca". elperiodicodemexico.Com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  8. ^ "Focus Human Rights in Mexico" (PDF). centroprodh.org.mx. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 30, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  9. ^ "Weekly News Update on the Americs Issue 774, November 28, 2004". tulane.edu. Archived from the original on May 4, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  10. ^ "Propuesta de gabinete de Andrés Manuel López Obrador". lopezobrador.org. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
  11. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard, Mexico City Mayor, is elected President of the Global Network on Safer Cities". metropolis.org. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  12. ^ "Ebrard announced president of the Global Network of Safer Cities". The Global Network of Cities, Local and Regional Governments.
  13. ^ "Global Network on Safer Cities". Urban Initiatives. UN HABITAT. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  14. ^ "Press Conference to Present Outcome Statement of Global Network on Safer Cities". News and Media Division. United Nations Department of Public Information. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  15. ^ "Ebrard renuncia a cargo en la ONU". El Economista. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  16. ^ "Confirma Ebrard que deja la ONU para contender por presidencia del PRD". Excelsior. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  17. ^ "Ebrard y Monreal operarán estados que no favorecen a AMLO". Politico MX. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  18. ^ "Mexico's president-elect Lopez Obrador picks Marcelo Ebrard as foreign minister". Reuters. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  19. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard a la Cancillería; Héctor Vasconcelos va al Senado: AMLO". Aristegui Noticias. Retrieved July 6, 2018.

Further readingEdit

  • Diccionario biográfico del gobierno mexicano (1992), Ed. Fondo de Cultura Económica, Mexico

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Luis Videgaray Caso
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
2018–present
Incumbent