COVID-19 pandemic in Bahrain

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Bahrain on 21 February, 2020.[3] As of 25 May, there have been a total of 9,138 confirmed cases, of which 4,587 have recovered and 14 have died.[1][2]

COVID-19 pandemic in Bahrain
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationBahrain
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseManama
Arrival date21 February 2020
(3 months and 6 days)
Confirmed cases9,366[1]
Recovered4,938[2]
Deaths
14[2]
Government website
www.moh.gov.bh/COVID19/News

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[4][5]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[6][7] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[8][6]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Bahrain  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-24
2 0(n.a.)
2020-02-25
23(+1050%) 0(n.a.)
2020-02-26
33(+43%) 0(n.a.)
2020-02-27
33(=) 0(n.a.)
2020-02-28
38(+18%) 0(n.a.)
2020-02-29
41(+7.9%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-01
47(+15%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-02
49(+4.3%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-03
49(=) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-04
52(+6.1%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-05
55(+5.8%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-06
60(+9.1%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-07
85(+25%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-08
85(=) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-09
109(+28%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-10
110(+0.9%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-11
195(+77%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-12
197(+1.0%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-13
210(+6.6%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-14
212(+1.0%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-15
214(+0.9%) 0(n.a.)
2020-03-16
228(+6.5%) 1
2020-03-17
241(+5.7%) 1(=)
2020-03-18
256(+6.2%) 1(=)
2020-03-19
279(+9.0%) 1(=)
2020-03-20
298(+6.8%) 1(=)
2020-03-21
310(+4.0%) 1(=)
2020-03-22
334(+7.7%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-23
377(+13%) 2(=)
2020-03-24
392(+4.0%) 3(+50%)
2020-03-25
419(+6.9%) 4(+33%)
2020-03-26
458(+9.3%) 4(=)
2020-03-27
466(+1.7%) 4(=)
2020-03-28
476(+2.1%) 4(=)
2020-03-29
499(+4.8%) 4(=)
2020-03-30
515(+3.2%) 4(=)
2020-03-31
567(+10%) 4(=)
2020-04-01
569(+0.4%) 4(=)
2020-04-02
643(+13%) 4(=)
2020-04-03
672(+4.5%) 4(=)
2020-04-04
688(+2.4%) 4(=)
2020-04-05
700(+1.7%) 4(=)
2020-04-06
756(+8.0%) 4(=)
2020-04-07
811(+7.3%) 5(+25%)
2020-04-08
823(+1.5%) 5(=)
2020-04-09
887(+7.8%) 5(=)
2020-04-10
925(+4.3%) 6(+20%)
2020-04-11
1,040(+12%) 6(=)
2020-04-12
1,136(+9.2%) 6(=)
2020-04-13
1,361(+17%) 6(=)
2020-04-14
1,528(+12%) 7(+17%)
2020-04-15
1,671(+9.4%) 7(=)
2020-04-16
1,700(+2.3%) 7(=)
2020-04-17
1,740(+2.4%) 7(=)
2020-04-18
1,773(+1.9%) 7(=)
2020-04-19
1,881(+6.1%) 7(=)
2020-04-20
1,907(+1.4%) 7(=)
2020-04-21
1,973(+3.5%) 7(=)
2020-04-22
2,027(+2.7%) 7(=)
2020-04-23
2,217(+9.4%) 8(+14%)
2020-04-24
2,518(+14%) 8(=)
2020-04-25
2,588(+2.8%) 8(=)
2020-04-26
2,647(+2.3%) 8(=)
2020-04-27
2,723(+2.9%) 8(=)
2020-04-28
2,811(+3.2%) 8(=)
2020-04-29
2,921(+3.9%) 8(=)
2020-04-30
3,040(+4.1%) 8(=)
2020-05-01
3,170(+4.3%) 8(=)
2020-05-02
3,284(+3.6%) 8(=)
2020-05-03
3,383(+3.0%) 8(=)
2020-05-04
3,533(+4.4%) 8(=)
2020-05-05
3,720(+5.3%) 8(=)
2020-05-06
3,934(+5.8%) 8(=)
2020-05-07
4,199(+6.7%) 8(=)
2020-05-08
4,444(+5.8%) 8(=)
2020-05-09
4,774(+7.4%) 8(=)
2020-05-10
4,941(+3.5%) 8(=)
2020-05-11
5,236(+6.0%) 8(=)
2020-05-12
5,531(+5.6%) 9(+13%)
2020-05-13
5,816(+5.2%) 10(+11%)
2020-05-14
6,198(+6.6%) 10(=)
2020-05-15
6,583(+6.2%) 12(+20%)
2020-05-16
6,747(+2.5%) 12(=)
2020-05-17
6,956(+3.1%) 12(=)
2020-05-18
7,184(+3.3%) 12(=)
2020-05-19
7,532(+4.8%) 12(=)
2020-05-20
7,888(+4.7%) 12(=)
2020-05-21
8,174(+3.6%) 12(=)
2020-05-22
8,414(+2.9%) 12(=)
2020-05-23
8,802(+4.6%) 13(+8.3%)
2020-05-24
9,138(+3.8%) 14(+7.6%)
2020-05-25
9,171(+0.4%) 14(=)
2020-05-26
9,366(+2.1%) 14(=)
Cases: The number of cases reported by the Government
Sources:Data sourced from Ministry of Health and JHU

February 2020Edit

On 21 February 2020, Bahrain confirmed the first COVID-19 cases, a school bus driver who came from Iran via Dubai.[3]

On 24 February, a Bahraini woman arriving at the Bahrain International Airport from Iran via Dubai was examined as part of the precautionary measures and tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. She had arrived from Iran with her husband and sister in-law. Everyone was moved to isolation.[9] Bahrain suspended all flights from Dubai Airport and Sharjah Airport for 48 hours.[3] It also announced a travel ban on Iran.[10][11]

On 25 February, Bahrain confirmed nine new cases, raising the total count to 17 cases.[3] The nine cases involved four Bahraini women and two Bahraini men coming from Iran via Sharjah, two Saudi women coming from Iran through Sharjah and one Bahraini coming through Dubai.[3]

Bahrain suspended all schools, nurseries and universities for two weeks to curb the spread of COVID-19 infection.[10] CBSE exams were postponed.[12]

On 26 February, Bahrain confirmed nine new cases, raising the total count to 26 cases, including three new cases involving three women travelling to the country from Iran.[13][14]

Civil Aviation Affairs in Bahrain announced that suspension of flights to and from Dubai International Airport was extended for an additional 48 hours. Flights to and from Iraq and Lebanon were suspended until further notice.[15] The Health Ministry announced compulsory health check ups for all citizens and residents who traveled to Iran in February.[16]

On 27 February, Bahrain confirmed seven new cases, raising the total count to 33 cases. Most of the new cases came from Iran via indirect flights. Infected individuals were taken to Ebrahim Khalil Kanoo Community Medical Center for isolation.[15][17]

On 28 February, Bahrain confirmed two new cases, a Bahraini national and a Saudi Arabia national who had come from Iran via indirect flights.[18] As of 28 February, there have been 38 confirmed cases in Bahrain.[18]

March 2020Edit

On 8 March, the Health minister of Bahrain said that there are 94 confirmed cases and 14 recovered cases.[19]

On 12 March, hundreds of prisoners were ordered released.[20] At this point, among countries with at least one million citizens, Bahrain had the world's fourth-highest per capita rate of positive COVID-19 cases in the world, at 114.6 cases per million people (twice the rate of China).[21]

On 16 March, the Ministry of Health reported that a 65-year-old Bahraini woman had died from the coronavirus, marking the first death in Bahrain and the Gulf from the disease. The woman was believed to suffer from chronic diseases.[22] On the same day, the national coronavirus task force launched an appeal for volunteers to provide medical and administrative support during the crisis. The Civil Aviation Authority also announced a significant reduction of incoming flights to Bahrain.[23]

On 17 March, the Bahraini government unveiled an $11.39 billion stimulus package to support the country's economy during the pandemic, also covering water and electricity bills over the next 3 months.[24]

 
The Bahrain International Exhibition and Convention Centre

On 22 March, a 51 year old Bahraini female was reported to have died from coronavirus, becoming the second confirmed death in the country. The woman contracted the disease while in Iran and was amongst a group of Bahrainis repatriated from the country in February. She was believed to have had chronic health problems and was quarantined upon arrival to Bahrain.[25] On the same day, Bahrain banned public gatherings of more than 5 individuals with all gatherings in public parks and beaches being strictly prohibited - violators could be punished by a fine of 5000 Bahraini dinars[A] and/or 3 years imprisonment.[26] The country also announced it was participating in the World Health Organization's SOLIDARITY trial which researches new evidence-based treatment modalities for coronavirus - being the first such Arab country to participate.[27]

On 23 March, the National Taskforce for Combating the Coronavirus designated the Bahrain International Exhibition & Convention Centre as the main testing centre for COVID-19. The centre is divided into three separate halls depending on COVID-19 exposure, a rapid treatment area, and a pharmacy. It has at least 500 beds and 1,200 seats for patients.[28]

On 24 March, a 65-year-old Bahraini male with chronic illnesses died of the coronavirus, becoming the third confirmed death in the country.[29] Bahrain banned the export of hand sanitizers and detergents for a period of 3 months owing to unprecedented domestic demand.[30] The same day, the Central Bank of Bahrain ordered currency exchange companies to sterilise local and international currencies by exposing banknotes to ultraviolet germicidal irradiation, high temperatures, or isolating them for at least three days as a precautionary act to safeguard bank employees and the public.[31] The country's lower house of parliament approved an urgent proposal for a partial curfew from 6 pm to 5 am which is to be reviewed by the upper house of parliament. Only 23 out of the 40 MPs were present during the three-hour session and 19 voted in favour, with 2 against and 2 abstaining.[32]

On 25 March, a 78-year-old Bahraini male with chronic illnesses reportedly died of the coronavirus, becoming the fourth confirmed death in the country. On the same day, a group of 61 Bahraini pilgrims were evacuated from Iran on a chartered flight and placed in quarantine or treatment centers, 30% of whom tested positive for COVID-19.[33][34]

The executive committee of the Bahraini government announced the closure of all non-essential commercial enterprises from March 26 onward. Exceptions to this rule included supermarkets, banks, bakeries, and healthcare facilities. The closure would take effect at 7 pm on March 26 and last until 7 pm on April 9. All businesses will be allowed to re-open from April 9 to April 23.[35]

On 28 March, the National Health Regulatory Authority announced that asymptomatic patients can seek private healthcare treatment at their own expense at the Regis Hotel, Best Western Hotel, and Taj Plaza Hotel which would be staffed by healthcare professionals from the Middle East Hospital.[36] A later announcement on 17 April 2020 by the Regis Hotel owner Varghese Kurian declared that Bahrainis would be treated for free at that specific hotel.[37] Furthermore, the Novotel Hotel is also manned by medical staff from the Bahrain Specialist Hospital.[38]

On 30 March, the Ministry of Health set up COVID-19 sampling stations in Manama, Durrat Al Bahrain and Budaiya, aimed at processing random test samples from the elderly and populations at risk to the virus. This included workers in supermarkets, bakeries and pharmacies. The Civil Defence announced that it had conducted 5,618 disinfection operations across the country.[39] St. Christopher's School began 3-D printing face visors for healthcare staff at the Bahrain Defence Force Hospital and Awali Cardiac Centre.[40]

On 31 March, Bahrain's Information & eGovernment Authority released the BeAware Bahrain application on the Apple & Google Play store. The application uses GPS location data to alert users about nearby active cases of COVID-19 or locations visited by positive cases of the disease.[41]

April 2020Edit

On 1 April, the Ministry of Health announced over 316 patients with COVID-19 have recovered since the start of the outbreak and that more than 34,159 people had been tested for the virus.[42]

On 6 April, the iGA began distributing electronic waterproof wristbands with location-tracking to monitor individuals under home quarantine. The measures were announced to reduce the spread of COVID-19 from non-compliant quarantined individuals; the wristband is paired with the user's smartphone and sends an automatic warning once there is a 15-metre distance between the two. Violators are liable to imprisonment for 3 months and a fine of 1000-10000 Bahraini dinars.[43] Random testing of the population revealed a Bangladeshi man testing positive for COVID-19. Contact tracing revealed all 15 of his neighbours in the same building had also tested positive - all of whom have been quarantined.[44]

On 7 April, the Ministry of Health announced 55 new cases of COVID-19, bringing the total active cases to 349. The Ministry also revealed a total of 50,127 individuals had been tested for the virus.[45] On the same day, the Ministry also announced the 5th death due to COVID-19; a 70 year old Bahraini man with chronic diseases.[46] The Bahraini Ministry of Foreign Affairs have announced that the country had repatriated 1,200 Bahrainis worldwide since the start of the pandemic in January.[47] The government announced a continuation of restrictions on public gatherings but permitted the opening of commercial enterprises from April 9 to April 23, provided that they follow hygiene guidelines. The government also announced that wearing face masks is mandatory while in public.[48]

On 8 April, the government announced that it would spend US$570 million to pay for the salaries of all Bahraini employees (an estimated 100,000) working in the private sector from April to June 2020.[49]

On 10 April, the Ministry of Health announced the 6th death from COVID-19; a 63 year old Bahraini male with chronic illnesses who had returned from Iran.[50] On the same day, the Bahrain Defence Force Hospital opened a 130-bed field intensive care unit, intended for treating COVID-19 patients. The field unit took 7 days to establish and is located on the third floor of the hospital's car park.[51]

On 13 April, the Ministry of Health announced the largest spike of confirmed cases of COVID-19 with 212 new cases, of which 206 were migrant workers.[52]

On 15 April, the Ministry of Health announced the 7th death from COVID-19; a 60 year old Bahraini male with chronic illnesses who contracted the virus from a returnee. On the same day, it was announced that 3 public bus drivers had tested positive for COVID-19 during random testing at a labour camp in Askar, this led to reductions in bus route frequencies and schedule changes.[53]

On 16 April, the Royal Humanitarian Foundation launched the Feena Khair (There is Good in Us) campaign that aims to collect financial and material donations to assist in tackling the pandemic in Bahrain. Donations received include food, medical equipment and at least 5 million BHD.[54]

On 17 April, 44 new cases of COVID-19 were announced; 22 were returnees from Iran, 10 contracted the disease from contacts, 2 were migrant workers while the aetiology of the spread is unspecified in the remaining 10 patients.[37]

On 18 April, 125 stranded Bahraini nationals in India were evacuated from Pune and brought back to the country.[55]

On 22 April, the Bahraini Government Executive Committee announced the extension of social-distancing protocols into the Islamic month of Ramadan, adding that the general public should refrain from attending public iftars, ghabgas, and majlises.[56]

On 23 April, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce opened a virtual mall website called mall.bh. The e-service was setup to enable more than 100 participating shops to sell goods and services to customers amid physical closures of stores.[57]

On 24 April, the country reported its largest single-day increase in new cases, with 301 confirmed cases of COVID-19 detected, 212 of whom are migrant workers.[58]

On 25 April, the government announced it converted a number of public transport buses into mobile testing centres.[59]

On 27 April, research from Google reportedly showed that Bahrain had the least reduction in mobility (-21.2%) amongst the Gulf Cooperation Council states, largely believed to be due to an avoidance of a complete lockdown as opposed to its neighbours. [60]

By the end of April and as Ramadan began, the country announced that total active cases had reached 1,493 out of a total of 2,811 confirmed cases since the outbreak began, in addition to 121,706 tests being conducted in total. [61]

May 2020Edit

Bahrain had many cases in May as well. The cases have increased to more than 7,000 as of 17th May.

On 13 May, 31 members of the same family had all tested positive for COVID-19 after not following appropriate social distance protocols.[62]

On 14 May, Bahrain's National Health Regulatory Authority issued permits to private hospitals to conduct COVID-19 testing on non-infected patients or asymptomatic cases for a fee. The samples would still be sent to the public health laboratory for testing. [63]

On 18 May, the country reported that total active cases exceeded 4,000 individuals and that the total number of tests stood at 236,828.[64]

StatisticsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ equivalent to US $13,520, UK £10,658 as of 2020.03.29
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External linksEdit