Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on cinema
This article may be affected by the following current event: 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. Information in this article may change rapidly as the event progresses. Initial news reports may be unreliable. The last updates to this article may not reflect the most current information. (March 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic has had a substantial impact on the film industry. Across the world and to varying degrees, cinemas and movie theaters have been closed, festivals have been cancelled or postponed, and film releases have been moved to future dates or delayed indefinitely. As cinemas and movie theaters closed, the global box office dropped by billions of dollars, streaming became more popular, and the stock of film exhibitors dropped dramatically. Many blockbusters originally scheduled to be released between March and August were postponed or canceled around the world, with film productions also halted.
The Chinese film industry had lost US$2 billion by March 2020, having closed all its cinemas during the Lunar New Year period that sustains the industry across Asia. The United States saw its lowest box office weekend since 1998 between March 13–15.
Countries that are pandemic hot-spots have closed or restricted cinemas and movie theaters, negatively affecting film revenue. Attendance has also been lower in other regions. Following the pandemic in mainland China, 70,000 cinemas were closed in January 2020. In the first two months of 2020, China's box office was down to US$3.9 million, compared to US$2.148 billion in the first two months of 2019. Later, as a result of the pandemic in Italy, on March 8, 2020 the Italian government ordered all cinemas to be closed, for up to a month. Before the closure, box office tracking estimated a 94% drop for the weekend of March 6–8 compared to the same period the previous year. Because of the growing pandemic in France, cinemas are operating at half capacity, leaving strategic seats unavailable to reduce proximity in the screens, a move followed days later by the Irish and Northern Irish cinema chain Omniplex Cinemas. On March 12, Qatar also closed all cinemas, as the US did on March 17, and the UK on March 20.
Percentage box office losses (outside of mainland China) for January to March 3, 2020 are: 70–75% in Italy, 60% in South Korea, 35% in Hong Kong, the Philippines, and Singapore, and 30% in Taiwan. The Los Angeles box office, a key movie market and local economic backbone, was projected to fall by 20% in April 2020 compared to its 2019 figures, based on the state of emergency declared in the county at the start of March 2020. Despite the state of emergency, as single screens within movie theaters do not hold more than 1,000 people, they were granted an exemption from the ban on mass public gatherings in California. A National Association of Theatre Owners representative for California and Nevada announced that theaters would stay open; historically, movie theaters have remained open during other similar emergencies. However, a survey of Americans over the opening March weekend showed support for closing movie theaters. On March 15, Deadline reported that over 100 movie theaters in the US had closed, some due to local rulings and others because of an inability to keep them open with no demand; on March 17, with national restrictions to social gatherings, cinemas across the United States closed. However, drive-in theaters, where customers stay in their own cars, were not closed, and quickly grew in popularity again.
The opening March weekend saw a dramatically lower box office than the same weekend in 2019. The 2019 opening March weekend saw the release of Captain Marvel, which alone earned over US$153 million domestically that weekend, compared to the 2020 weekend's biggest film, Onward, with around US$39 million. The next weekend saw the lowest total US box office intake since October 1998, with lower percentage drops than the weekend after 9/11, at US$55.3 million. Onward itself saw the biggest weekend-to-weekend drop of any Pixar film, making $10.5 million, though was still the weekend's biggest film and the only one to make over $10 million. On March 19, Walt Disney Studios and Universal Pictures announced that they would no longer report box office figures.
On March 26, after local transmission of the virus had dropped to 0% in China, movie theaters there began to re-open, with reports that 250–500 theaters were opening, but the next day authorities re-closed all movie theaters in the country.
Two award ceremonies were held after the coronavirus became widespread: the 45th César Awards on February 28, and the 43rd Japan Academy Film Prize on March 6. The Japanese Academy Prize ceremony went ahead on March 6. However, the ceremony was conducted without any guests or journalists. The 14th Seiyu Awards cancelled its live ceremony scheduled for March 7 in Tokyo and instead broadcast the winners on Nippon Cultural Broadcasting's internet radio program. The 40th Golden Raspberry Awards were initially intended to take place as planned on March 14. However, it was ultimately cancelled. The ceremony's winners were announced on the Razzies YouTube channel on March 16.
The International Indian Film Academy Awards, planned to take place on March 27, was canceled, while the Italian Academy's David di Donatello ceremony has been postponed from April 3 to May 8. The American Film Institute's lifetime achievement ceremony to honor Julie Andrews was pushed back from April to the summer. The Royal Television Society Programme Awards in London is to be held with only nominees and the RTS representatives attending. The 2020 Platino Awards were also postponed.
Nickelodeon's Kids' Choice Awards were postponed after previously being scheduled for March 22, 2020; a spokesperson said the company "will have further information about a new date in the future".
Multiple festivals and events have been cancelled or postponed. Postponements include the Thessaloniki Documentary Festival, set to begin on March 5 and rescheduled for June 2020; the Beijing International Film Festival, planned for April 2020 and postponed indefinitely; the Prague International Film Festival, moved from late March to sometime later in 2020; the Bentonville Film Festival, set for April 29 – May 2 and moved to August; the Istanbul International Film Festival set for April 10 to 21 and postponed to a later date in 2020; and Tribeca Film Festival also postponed its 2020 edition. The Cinequest Film & Creativity Festival, a two-week festival in March, experienced low attendance during its first week and postponed its second week to August 2020. The 20th Beverly Hills Film Festival scheduled from April 1 to 15 is postponed indefinitely. The 2020 Metro Manila Summer Film Festival, originally scheduled for April 11 to 21, was also postponed after the decision to place Metro Manila under community quarantine was announced.
Canceled events include the Swiss International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights, planned for early March; the Red Sea International Film Festival, which was to be held for the first time in March 2020; the March 2020 South by Southwest (SXSW), which would have included film screenings; the 2020 BFI Flare: London LGBTIQ+ Film Festival; Nickelodeon's 2020 Slimefest festival; the Disney+ European launch press event; Fox Broadcasting Company's upfronts and program presentations; Qumra, the Doha Film Institute's international directors' conference; Hong Kong Filmart, a large film market event; the National Association of Theatre Owners' CinemaCon 2020; and Lille's Series Mania television festival. The 22nd edition of Ebertfest and the 44th edition of the Cleveland International Film Festival are cancelled. New Jersey's global film festival, Garden State Film Festival, scheduled for March 25 to 29, cancelled their in-person Asbury Park-based festival, however will be proceeding with the original schedule in a real-time live-streaming online format.
The 2020 Cannes Film Festival sent out invitations on March 6, despite France implementing limits on public gatherings beyond its scheduled dates; the Cannes Television Festivals Canneseries and MIPTV chose not to run, however, with Canneseries rescheduling for October and MIPTV canceling its event. On March 19, the Festival de Cannes announced that it cannot be held on the scheduled dates, from May 12 to 23. Several options are considered in order to preserve its running, the main one being a simple postponement, in Cannes, until the end of June-beginning of July, 2020. Cannes' main venue has been converted into a temporary homeless shelter.
Some festivals, including Tribeca, SXSW, ReelAbilities, TCM Classic Film Festival, and the Greenwich International Film Festival have created new online progamming in lieu of having an in-person festival.
Within the industry, it is suggested that after the pandemic is contained and major events reschedule, the less-important business events and festivals may be more permanently removed from industry calendars, to allow more important events to happen, because they may be deemed unnecessary if no great effect is felt by their cancellations, and to ease finances of the industry as it enters a recession brought about by coronavirus-caused losses.
On January 22, the Chinese blockbuster Lost in Russia canceled its theatrical release and was sent to streaming platforms. It was made available to watch for free, a move said to encourage people to watch it and so stay at home. The next day, all theaters in China were closed. On January 31, Enter the Fat Dragon also premiered online. Lost in Russia was streamed by 180 million accounts in the first three days after its release; China's highest-grossing film (and the highest-grossing non-English film ever) was 2017's Wolf Warrior 2, which had sold a total of 159 million tickets worldwide. At the beginning of February, American films set to premiere in China over February and March were officially canceled. Chinese media companies began making more films free online through January. Asian markets also saw Chinese and Hong Kong film distributors cancel exports over the Lunar New Year holiday, including for the films Vanguard, Detective Chinatown 3, The Rescue, and Legend of Deification; Taiwanese film Do You Love Me As I Love You had its Asian release moved to April. Cinemas in Asian countries without public restrictions have been increasing hygiene measures, with the spokesperson for one chain saying that they added more hand sanitizer dispensers, performed temperature checks on staff and moviegoers, cleaned facilities more frequently, and displayed public health warnings on the movie screens. The Lunar New Year holiday is a large market for film releases across Asia, but was stunted in 2020 as the outbreak began rapidly spreading over this period.
At the start of March, the James Bond film No Time to Die, which was scheduled to premiere in March 2020 and to wide release in April 2020, was postponed to November. No Time to Die was the first film to change its planned release outside of China because of the coronavirus outbreak, and has opened discussions of dramatic implications on the film economy: many other productions had avoided scheduling releases at the same time as the 25th Bond film, and its new November date is in the busy holiday release period, leading to low box office intake in March/April and uncertain intake in November. However, the postponement could reportedly generate more publicity for the film, and is also taking the familiar November release slot of the past two Bond films. It has also been suggested that other high-profile films will follow and postpone releases, creating a similar effect. Several other films soon followed in postponing their releases worldwide: the heavily-promoted Polish slasher film W lesie dziś nie zaśnie nikt (Nobody Sleeps in the Woods Tonight) was postponed from March 13 to some point in the future when the situation had settled, and the political documentary Slay the Dragon had its theatrical release moved from March 13 to April 3.
Peter Rabbit 2 was initially scheduled to be released in the UK and the US in late March and early April respectively, but due to uncertainty over the outbreak, the film was postponed to early August. Sony Pictures, the film's production company, said that the changes internationally were because of coronavirus fears, with the US release moved in sync over worries of pirate copies and because the rival children's film DreamWorks/Universal's Trolls World Tour had moved its release date earlier, to the same weekend Peter Rabbit 2 was initially planned to release on. Trolls World Tour's forward rescheduling takes it to what would have been No Time to Die's weekend (both are distributed by Universal), and leaves it as the biggest film in April.
Other major films have postponed releases in certain countries. The Disney/Pixar film Onward, released on the opening March weekend, was not opened in the areas most affected by the coronavirus outbreak; while cinemas were closed in China, it also chose not to open in South Korea, Italy or Japan. Other March 2020 releases A Quiet Place Part II and Mulan postponed their releases in affected areas, too. This prompted worry that, should March film openings underperform, blockbusters set for release in May (specifically Disney/Marvel's Black Widow and Universal's F9) would move their dates later in the calendar. Mulan not opening in China, where it aimed to make most of its money, was particularly concerning, especially with the possibility that pirate copies will appear and prevent Chinese people from going to see it in cinemas when it is released. Comparatively, A Quiet Place Part II had not anticipated a large Chinese draw, as the box office for the first A Quiet Place in the country was only 10% of its total.
On March 12, 2020, it was announced that the global release of A Quiet Place Part II would be delayed, based on widespread advice and policies against large gatherings. On the same day, the release of Indian film Sooryavanshi, which was initially scheduled to release on March 24, was postponed indefinitely, and the release of F9 was pushed to April 2, 2021. Mulan's March 12 London premiere went ahead without a red carpet, and on March 13 it was announced that the film's wide release will be postponed; Disney also postponed the releases of Antlers and The New Mutants, but not Black Widow. This is speculated to be because the other films are standalone, while moving Black Widow – the first film of the Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase Four – would affect the development and distribution of the future Marvel Cinematic Universe and the Marvel Disney+ works, with Disney holding off on an early postponement announcement until March 17, when they postponed Black Widow and their other May releases, The Personal History of David Copperfield and The Woman in the Window. Though it had earlier been speculated that Black Widow would be able to take Marvel's November release date planned for The Eternals, it was not initially given a new date.
Warner Bros. followed Disney by announcing the postponement of the rest of their upcoming catalog on March 24; Wonder Woman 1984 was pushed to August 14, 2020 with Scoob!, In the Heights, and Malignant being delayed indefinitely. Prior to this, on March 19, Universal and Illumination announced that Minions: The Rise of Gru had been pulled from its intended release date of July 3, 2020, not only due to the pandemic but also due to the temporary closing of its French Illumination Mac Guff animation studio in response to the pandemic, which would leave the film's animation to be unfinished on its original date.
Early home media releasesEdit
The 2019 film Frozen II was originally planned to be released on Disney+ on June 26, 2020, before it was moved up to March 15. Disney CEO Bob Chapek explained that this was because of the film's "powerful themes of perseverance and the importance of family, messages that are incredibly relevant". On March 16, 2020, Universal announced that The Invisible Man, The Hunt, Emma – all films in theaters at the time – would be available on demand as early as March 20 at a suggested price of US$19.99 each. Trolls World Tour will receive the same treatment, being available both in theaters and on demand upon its release on April 10 in the United States and April 20 internationally. After suffering poor box office since its release at the start of March, Onward was made available to purchase digitally on March 21, and will be added to Disney+ on April 3. Announced on March 20, Sonic the Hedgehog is also planning to have an early release to video on demand, on March 31. On March 16, Warner Bros. announced that Birds of Prey would be released early to video on demand on March 24.
Film productions in the key outbreak zones (predominantly China, South Korea, and Italy) have changed their schedules, changed location, or have shut down completely. Sony Pictures closed its offices in London, Paris, and Poland after an employee was thought to have been exposed to the virus. The Writers Guild of America and SAG-AFTRA have canceled all in-person meetings. The Hengdian World Studios in Dongyang, China, has closed indefinitely. The Filipino movie studios Star Cinema, Regal Entertainment and Cinema One Originals also suspended shooting of their films, effective March 15, the same day as a quarantine in Metro Manila and Cainta, Rizal was enacted.
Several Chinese and Hong Kong films have stopped production, including Blossoms, the upcoming film directed by Wong Kar-wai, was scheduled to shoot in Shanghai; Jia Zhangke's next film, which was planning to begin filming in China in April, but has been put on hold until at least next spring, with Zhangke saying he might even rewrite the script; and Polar Rescue, a Donnie Yen film, which shut down production until the end of the year.
One of the first big production shutdowns was that of Mission: Impossible 7, which was filming in Venice, Italy when the crew was sent home and the sets left behind. After actor Tom Hanks became infected with the coronavirus, the Elvis Presley biopic he was working on in Queensland, Australia, was shut down, with everyone on the production put into quarantine. Production company Warner Bros. began working with the Australian public health services to identify other people who may have been in contact with Hanks and his wife Rita Wilson, who had been performing at venues including the Sydney Opera House shortly before both were tested positive. The Marvel Studios film Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings, which was also shooting in Australia, had its first unit production temporarily suspended on March 12, 2020 due to director Destin Daniel Cretton self-isolating himself while awaiting results for a coronavirus test, which came back negative.
- Avatar 2
- Avatar 3
- The Batman
- The Card Counter
- The Forgiven
- Jurassic World: Dominion
- King Richard
- The Last Duel
- The Matrix 4
- Midnight in the Switchgrass
- Mission: Impossible 7
- Nightmare Alley
- The Northman
- Official Competition
- The Prom
- Red Notice
- Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings
Theatrical releases delayed or cancelledEdit
- Beastie Boys Story – IMAX release on April 3, 2020 cancelled and to be released on Apple TV+ on April 24.
- Enter the Fat Dragon – Premiered online.[a]
- Lost in Russia – Theatrical release cancelled and sent to streaming.
- The Lovebirds – Theatrical release cancelled and to be released on Netflix on a yet-to-be determined date.
- Time to Hunt – Theatrical release cancelled and to be released on Netflix on April 10, 2020.
|Film||Original release date||New release date or action taken|
|Antebellum||April 24, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Antlers||April 17, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Black Widow||May 1, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Bloodshot||March 13, 2020||Delayed in China.|
|Blithe Spirit||May 1, 2020||September 4, 2020|
|Blue Story||March 20, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|The Climb||March 27, 2020||July 17, 2020|
|Detective Chinatown 3||January 24, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Digimon Adventure: Last Evolution Kizuna||March 25, 2020||Delayed in the United States.|
|Doraemon: Nobita's New Dinosaur||March 6, 2020||August 7, 2020|
|Dream Horse||April 17, 2020||Delayed in the United Kingdom|
|F9||May 22, 2020||April 2, 2021|
|Fate/stay night: Heaven's Feel III. spring song
||May 7, 2020||Delayed in the United States and Canada.|
|In the Heights||June 26, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Koko-di Koko-da||March 27, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Legend of Deification||January 25, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Majo Minarai o Sagashite||May 15, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Malignant||August 14, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Minions: The Rise of Gru||July 3, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Mulan||March 27, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|My Spy||March 13, 2020||April 17, 2020|
|The New Mutants||April 3, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|No Time to Die||April 2, 2020||November 25, 2020|
|Onward||March 6, 2020||Delayed in Italy, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea|
|Our Ladies||April 24, 2020||September 11, 2020|
|Peter Rabbit 2: The Runaway||April 3, 2020||August 7, 2020|
|The Personal History of David Copperfield||May 8, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Pretty Cure Miracle Leap: A Wonderful Day with Everyone||March 20, 2020||May 16, 2020|
|A Quiet Place Part II||March 20, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Recorder: The Marion Stokes Project||April 17, 2020||Delayed in the United Kingdom until September 17, 2020|
|The Rescue||January 25, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Run||May 8, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Scoob!||May 15, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|The Secret Garden||April 3, 2020||August 14, 2020|
|Shimajirō to Sora Tobu Fune||February 28, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Slay the Dragon||March 13, 2020||April 3, 2020|
|Sooryavanshi||March 24, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Sonic the Hedgehog||February 14, 2020||Delayed in China and Japan until further notice|
|Spiral||May 15, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Ultraman Taiga The Movie||March 6, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Vanguard||January 25, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|The Woman in the Window||May 15, 2020||TBA/TBD|
|Wonder Woman 1984||June 5, 2020||August 14, 2020|
The stock of exhibitors, companies that own and finance showing films in cinemas and theaters, began and continued falling even as the global stock market rebounded. Mid-week on March 4, 2020, Cinemark fell by 0.53% and AMC by 3.5%. That day, No Time to Die had its release postponed; by March 6, AMC's shares had fallen by 30% over two weeks. Between March 4 and 6, Cineworld's shares fell 20%, and fell another 24% on March 12. The falls result from a combination of AMC closing selected cinemas in Italy and the lack of confidence in the market created by No Time to Die moving its release date; other new releases on its original opening weekend will not be as much of a draw for moviegoers and could result in financial losses for the chains showing them. The in-theater advertising company National CineMedia also reported stock falling, by 1.25% on March 4. By March 12, Cinemark, AMC and National CineMedia stocks had all fallen by over 35% since the beginning of the month. Cineworld, which is the second biggest cinema chain in the world, warned on March 12, when multiple films pushed back their releases, that extended disruption and continuing falling stock could cause the company to collapse. Some film distributors have created new partnerships with small movie theaters and art houses to provide a portion of online streaming sales, including Kino Lorber, Film Movement, Music Box Films, and Oscilloscope Labs.
The BBC noted that popularity of streaming services could increase, especially if more people are isolated at home, with The Guardian suggesting that non-blockbuster films may be sent to streaming more quickly than anticipated after release, to catch this market. One popular movie to stream was 2011's Contagion, which moved up from being the 270th most-watched Warner Bros. film in December 2019 to become its 2nd most-watched film in 2020 (by March) and entered the top 10 on ITunes movie rentals, said to be because of the similarities its story bears to the outbreak. The stock of Netflix increased in 2020 by March 12. The platform had released its original docu-series Pandemic: How to Prevent an Outbreak at the end of January 2020. Disney+ went live in India on March 11, eighteen days before it was set to, though Disney's shares had fallen by 23% on March 9.
- Chinese New Year film – a type of family film designed to be a blockbuster in Asia over the Chinese New Year
- List of events canceled due to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
- Socio-economic impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on television
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on education
- Epstein, Adam (March 9, 2020). "Coronavirus is pushing an already vulnerable film industry closer to the edge". Quartz. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Shoard, Catherine (March 6, 2020). "Cinema bullish in the face of coronavirus despite projected $5bn loss". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- Clark, Travis (March 3, 2020). "China's box office is down nearly $2 billion as movie theaters remain closed amid coronavirus concerns". Business Insider. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Grater, Tom; Tartaglione, Nancy (March 9, 2020). "Italy's Box Office Suffers Disastrous Weekend As Government Closes All Cinemas To Combat Coronavirus". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Whitten, Sarah (March 11, 2020). "More than a third of US adults say movie theaters should close amid coronavirus outbreak". CNBC. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- "Cinema chain's 'empty seat' policy to combat virus". BBC News. March 10, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Countries enforce mass closures to stem virus". BBC News. March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "AMC, Regal, Landmark, Cineplex & Alamo Drafthouse Theaters Close". ComingSoon. March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Ravindran, Manori; Ramachandran, Naman (March 20, 2020). "U.K. Government to Cover 80% of Wages of Those Not Working, Closes Cinemas and Theaters". Variety. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 5, 2020). "Coronavirus Concern At The B.O.: After 'No Time To Die' Move, Could 'Black Widow' & 'F9' Be Next?". Deadline. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- "U.S. Movie Theaters Aim to Stay Open Amid Coronavirus Concerns". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 15, 2020). "Weekend Box Office Headed To 22-Year-Low At $58M+ As Coronavirus Fears Grip Nation". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- Homan, Timothy R. (March 19, 2020). "Drive-in movie theaters see resurgence during coronavirus". The Hill. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Brueggemann, Tom (March 5, 2020). "'Onward' Leads a Weak Box-Office Weekend, and Coronavirus Isn't to Blame". IndieWire. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Clark, Travis. "'Onward' had the worst opening-weekend box office of any Pixar movie in the Disney era". Business Insider. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Hollywood movie studios suspend release of box office data after coronavirus slump". Reuters. March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Davis, Rebecca (March 26, 2020). "Shanghai to Re-Open 205 Cinemas Closed Due to Coronavirus". Variety. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
- Grater, Tom (March 27, 2020). "China Orders Re-Closing Of All Cinemas Nationwide". Deadline. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
- Schilling, Mark (March 6, 2020). "'Journalist' Named Best Picture at Guest-Free Japan Academy Awards, Held Amid Coronavirus Fears". Variety. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- "Winners of the 14th Seiyuu Awards". My Anime List. March 8, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- "Razzies to Proceed as Planned Despite Coronavirus Outbreak". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Razzie Awards 2020 Winners: Cats Dominates 40th Golden Raspberry Awards". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- Pedersen, Erik; Hipes, Patrick (March 11, 2020). "Coronavirus: List Of Canceled Or Postponed Hollywood & Media Events". Deadline. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- Shoard, Catherine (March 9, 2020). "Cannes: 'Nothing has changed' despite new ban on gatherings of over 1,000". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- "Covid-19: Aplazan los Premios Platino". larepublica.pe (in Spanish). March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- Low, Elaine (March 11, 2020). "Nickelodeon to Postpone 2020 Kids' Choice Awards Amid Coronavirus Outbreak". Variety. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Full list of cancelled or postponed film, music and TV events due to coronavirus". The Independent. March 6, 2020. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- Davis, Rebecca (March 8, 2020). "Beijing International Film Festival Indefinitely Postponed Due to Coronavirus". Variety. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- "39th Istanbul Film Festival is postponed". İKSV. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- Pizarro, Sal (March 7, 2020). "Cinequest film festival rescheduled over coronavirus concerns". The Mercury News. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- "Urgent Update | Beverly Hills Film Festival | Official Site". Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- "MMFF Summer Festival postponed due to COVID-19". GMA News. March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Statt, Nick; Peters, Jay (March 6, 2020). "SXSW 2020 canceled due to coronavirus". The Verge. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- BFI [@BFIFlare] (March 16, 2020). "An announcement about BFI Flare: London LGBTIQ+ Film Festival 2020" (Tweet). Retrieved March 16, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Nickelodeon [@Nickelodeon] (March 12, 2020). "Important update on SlimeFest 2020" (Tweet). Retrieved March 7, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Nickelodeon [@Nickelodeon] (March 7, 2020). "The outdoor public festival Slimefest has been postponed out of an abundance of caution given the mounting concerns over COVID-19" (Tweet). Retrieved March 12, 2020 – via Twitter.
- Pedersen, Erik; D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 11, 2020). "CinemaCon Canceled Amid Coronavirus Fears". Deadline. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Jevens, Darel (March 12, 2020). "Coronavirus: Ebertfest canceled in Champaign". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- "Health and Safety - Cleveland International Film Festival :: April 7 - 18, 2021". clevelandfilm.org. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- "2020 Garden State Film Festival Screenings To Be Streamed, Festival Events Are Cancelled". NewJerseyStage.com. March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- "Cannes film festival still on track, but television festival cancelled over coronavirus". RFI. March 7, 2020. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- "Cannes International Film Festival Press Release". Festival de Cannes 2019. March 19, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- REUTERS (March 25, 2020). "Cannes festival venue opens doors to homeless instead of cinema figures". Daily Sabah. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Kenigsberg, Ben (March 25, 2020). "Select Film Festivals and Indie Movies Figure Out Online Access". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
- Littleton, Cynthia; Low, Elaine (March 18, 2020). "Hollywood Braces for Coronavirus Financial Hit That Could Change the Industry Forever". Variety. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Wilkinson, Alissa (February 28, 2020). "How the coronavirus outbreak is roiling the film and entertainment industries". Vox. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- Rose, Steve (March 12, 2020). "Coronavirus: when binge-watching goes viral". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (January 29, 2020). "China Coronavirus: High-Profile Film Productions Shut Down As Quarantines Spread". Deadline. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- "Covid-19: Local cinema operators take extra cleaning measures | The Star Online". thestar.com.my. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- Pallotta, Frank (March 6, 2020). "'No Time to Die' was the first major film to delay its release due to coronavirus. It may not be the last". cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- "Could coronavirus hit more Hollywood films?". BBC News. March 5, 2020. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- "W lesie dziś nie zaśnie nikt – premiera filmu z Julią Wieniawą przesunięta". Gazeta.pl. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- Staff (March 10, 2020). "Peter Rabbit 2 film release delayed by four months amid coronavirus fears". bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- "'Peter Rabbit 2' Pushed to August Over Coronavirus Fears (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- Mendelson, Scott. "Box Office: 'Trolls: World Tour' Gets A New Trailer For A New Release Date". Forbes. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- Rubin, Rebecca (March 8, 2020). "Box Office: 'Onward' Debuts to $28 Million Overseas Amid Coronavirus Outbreak". Variety. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Clark, Travis. "5 movies that have been drastically impacted by the coronavirus, from 'Mulan' to 'No Time to Die'". Business Insider. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Grater, Tom (March 12, 2020). "'A Quiet Place II' Global Release Delayed To Avoid Coronavirus Crisis – Update". Deadline. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Akshay Kumar's 'Sooryavanshi' POSTPONED Amid Coronavirus Scare". ABP Live. March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Sooryavanshi release date postponed due to coronavirus: Will be back when the time is right". India Today. March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Fast and Furious 9 put back by 11 months". BBC News. March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Shoard, Catherine (March 13, 2020). "Disney delays release of Mulan, The New Mutants and Antlers as Black Widow speculation grows". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Rubin, Rebecca (March 17, 2020). "'Black Widow' Release Pulled Amid Coronavirus Pandemic". Variety. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- "Why Disney Delayed New Mutants But Not Black Widow". ScreenRant. March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Galuppo, Mia (March 24, 2020). "Warner Bros. Delays Release of 'In the Heights,' 'Scoob!' Due to Coronavirus". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- McClinkton, Pamela (March 19, 2020). "Universal Delays 'Minions: The Rise of Gru' Early July Release". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
- Donnelly, Matt (March 14, 2020). "Disney Plus to Stream 'Frozen 2' Three Months Early 'During This Challenging Period'". Variety. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- "'Frozen 2' to Debut On Disney+ Months Earlier Than Planned". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 16, 2020). "Universal Making 'Invisible Man', 'The Hunt' & 'Emma' Available In Home On Friday As Exhibition Braces For Shutdown; 'Trolls' Sequel To Hit Cinemas & VOD Easter Weekend". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- "Pixar's Onward Releases On-Demand Tonight, Hits Disney+ in April". ScreenRant. March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- McNary, Dave (March 20, 2020). "'Sonic the Hedgehog' Speeds to Early Release on Digital". Variety. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Bui, Hoi-Tran (March 20, 2020). "Pixar's 'Onward' is Releasing Today on Digital, Just Two Weeks After It Hit Theaters". Slashfilm. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Rubin, Rebecca (March 16, 2020). "'Birds of Prey' Will Be Released on VOD Early". Variety. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- "PH movie companies suspend film production". Rappler. March 14, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- Sharf, Zack (March 5, 2020). "Coronavirus Cancellations: Every Film, TV Show, and Event Affected by the Outbreak". IndieWire. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- "Tom Hanks and Rita Wilson test positive for virus". BBC News. March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Marvel's 'Shang-Chi' Temporarily Suspends Production as Director Self-Isolates (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Destin Cretton on Instagram: "Last Friday, I decided to be tested for the Corona virus. I was working in close proximity with some people who had potentially been…"". Instagram.
- Bulbeck, Pip (March 16, 2020). "Coronavirus: 'Avatar' Sequels Shut Down Production in New Zealand". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 14, 2020). "'The Batman' UK Production Put On Two-Week Hold By Warner Bros". Deadline. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- Jr, Mike Fleming; Jr, Mike Fleming (March 16, 2020). "Paul Schrader's 'The Card Counter' Shutters Five Days From Finish Over A Positive Coronavirus Test".
- Grater, Tom; Grater, Tom (March 16, 2020). "Sony's 'Cinderella' Musical UK Shoot Shut Down For Two Weeks Over Coronavirus".
- Macnab, Geoffrey (March 16, 2020). "'The Forgiven' starring Ralph Fiennes and Jessica Chastain halts production in Morocco". Screen International. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- Kroll, Justin (March 14, 2020). "Universal Halts Production on Live-Action Films Including 'Jurassic World: Dominion' Due to Coronavirus".
- D'Alessandro, Anthony; D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 16, 2020). "'Fantastic Beasts 3' & 'King Richard' Warner Bros. Productions Are Also On Hiatus: Coronavirus".
- Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (March 13, 2020). "Disney Suspends Film Production Amid Coronavirus Concerns". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Denzel Washington, Frances McDormand, Joel Coen A24 ‘Macbeth’ Movie On Hiatus
- D'Alessandro, Anthony; D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 16, 2020). "'The Matrix 4' Production Pauses In Berlin Amid Coronavirus Climate".
- Jr, Mike Fleming; Jr, Mike Fleming (March 16, 2020). "Indie 'Midnight In The Switchgrass' Postpones Puerto Rico Shoot Over Coronavirus Scare".
- D'Alessandro, Anthony; D'Alessandro, Anthony (February 24, 2020). "'Mission: Impossible 7' Venice, Italy Shoot To Halt Due To Coronavirus; Paramount Cites Abundance Of Caution – Update".
- "Coronavirus fears halt Line of Duty filming in Northern Ireland". Belfast Telegraph. March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- Grater, Tom; Grater, Tom (March 13, 2020). "Spain's Mediapro Suspends Shoot On Penélope Cruz, Antonio Banderas Movie 'Official Competition' & Two Series Over Coronavirus".
- Patten, Dominic; Patten, Dominic (March 12, 2020). "Ryan Murphy's 'The Prom' Film Shuts Down Production Over Coronavirus Concerns".
- "Studios Suspend Film Productions Amid Coronavirus Concerns". The Hollywood Reporter.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony; D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 15, 2020). "Sylvester Stallone Superhero Thriller 'Samaritan' Going On Two-Week Hiatus".
- "Secret Blumhouse Thriller 'Vengeance' Suspends Production Over Coronavirus Concerns (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- Wiseman, Andreas; Wiseman, Andreas (March 16, 2020). "Coronavirus Halts Dominican Republic Shoot On AGC's Andrea Riseborough Thriller 'Geechee'".
- Kroll, Justin (March 13, 2020). "Disney Halts Production on Most Live-Action Films Including 'The Last Duel'". Variety. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony; D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 14, 2020). "Sony Halts Production On Kevin Hart's 'Man From Toronto', 'Shrine' & 'The Nightingale'".
- Kroll, Justin (March 16, 2020). "Sony's 'Uncharted' Halts Production Due to Coronavirus". Variety. Archived from the original on March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 20, 2020). "Kumail Nanjiani & Issa Rae Comedy 'The Lovebirds' To Nest At Netflix". Deadline. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Ramos, Dino-Ray; Ramos, Dino-Ray (March 17, 2020). "'Beastie Boys Story' Theatrical Release Postponed Amid Coronavirus Pandemic, Will Stream On AppleTV+ As Planned".
- Reality Entertainment (January 28, 2020). "The fat dragon is finally here! You can now watch Enter The Fat Dragon in cinemas near you. #EnterTheFatDragon #ThisIsREALITY".
- Kwak, Yeon-soo (March 23, 2020). "'Time to Hunt' skips theaters and goes straight to Netflix". The Korea Times. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- Sneider, Jeff (March 17, 2020). "Lionsgate Delays Chris Rock's 'Saw' Movie, Janelle Monae's 'Antebellum'". Collider. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
- "'Mulan' Release Pushed Back Amid Coronavirus Pandemic". The Hollywood Reporter.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 17, 2020). "'Black Widow' No Longer Opening May 1 Due To Coronavirus Fears & Exhibition Shutdown". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
- Clark, Travis (March 13, 2020). "18 movies that have been drastically impacted by the coronavirus, including 'Fast and Furious 9' and 'Mulan'". Business Insider. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- "Blithe Spirit". Launching Films. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Siegel, Tatiana. "Paramount Pulls 'The Lovebirds' and 'Blue Story' Because of Coronavirus". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (March 17, 2020). "Sony Pictures Classics' Release 'The Climb' Postponed In Wake Of NY & LA Theater Closures". Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Animation, Toei (March 17, 2020). "To all DigiDestined, from the @ToeiAnimation and @fathomevents team:pic.twitter.com/DfvRTAHis2". External link in
- "Doraemon: Nobita no Shin Kyoryū Film Rescheduled for August 7, Stand By Me Doraemon 2 Film Delayed". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
- Brew, Simon (March 13, 2020). "Eight more movies have their release dates pulled".
- @AniplexUSA (March 21, 2020). "An update regarding Fate/stay night [Heaven's Feel] III. spring song and upcoming theatrical release with @fathomevents:" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Rubin, Rebecca (March 24, 2020). "'Wonder Woman 1984' Release Pushed Until August, 'In the Heights' Postponed Due to Coronavirus Pandemic". Variety. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
- "Release of KOKO-DI KOKO-DA and THE CLIMB Postponed, Theaters Close Due to Coronavirus". Vimooz. March 17, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
- Pallotta, Frank [@frankpallotta] (March 19, 2020). "JUST IN: Illumination's Minions: The Rise of Gru, which was set to release on July 3, has now been moved to a release date that will be announced at a later time" (Tweet). Retrieved March 19, 2020 – via Twitter.
- "Dave Bautista's 'My Spy' Pushed Back a Month". Variety. March 7, 2020. Retrieved March 7, 2020.
- "Our Ladies". Empire Cinemas. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- "Spring 2020 Precure Anime Film Delayed Due to Coronavirus COVID-19 Concerns". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Precure Miracle Leap Anime Film Opens on May 16". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Violet Pictures (March 14, 2020). "Due to the developing conditions and restrictions of COVID-19, we have made the difficult decision to postpone the release of Recorder: The Marion Stokes Project until the 17th of September. With love, The Violet Pictures team".
- "How coronavirus is hitting entertainment events". BBC News. March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- "Doraemon, Shimajirō Anime Films Delayed Due to COVID-19 Coronavirus as Japan Asks Schools to Close Until April". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
- Ashcraft, Brian (March 6, 2020). "The Sonic the Hedgehog movie was originally scheduled to open on March 27 in Japan. However, due to the coronavirus, the movie's Japanese release is being pushed back. The new release date is to be announced". Kotaku. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- "TAAF 2020 Event Cancels All Programs, Ultraman Taiga Film Delayed, Namjatown Amusement Park Temporarily Closes". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- Goldsmith, Jill (March 4, 2020). "Movie Theater Stocks Dim As James Bond Release Pushed To Fall". Deadline. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- "Coronavirus: More Hollywood films delayed as Disney closes all its theme parks". Sky News. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Berg, Madeline. "Hollywood Braces For Coronavirus Slump: The Movie Releases Pushed Back So Far". Forbes. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Rosen, Christopher. "The Coronavirus Pandemic Has Wiped Out Some of the Year's Biggest Blockbusters". Vanity Fair. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
- Haring, Bruce (March 5, 2020). "Coronavirus Fears Spark Sales Surge For 'Contagion' Film, Dean Koontz Novel". Deadline. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- Gilbey, Ryan (January 30, 2020). "When old films go viral: how coronavirus gave Contagion an unexpected afterlife". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cinemas in 2020.|