United Democratic Front (Kerala)
The United Democratic Front (UDF) is an alliance of Centre to centre-left political parties in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the two major political alliances in Kerala, the other being CPI(M)-led LDF, each of which has been in power alternately for the last four decades. UDF has won elections to the State Legislature of Kerala in the years 1982, 1991, 2001, and 2011. The alliance currently acts as the main opposition in the state legislature of Kerala post-May 2016 election. The alliance consists of Indian National Congress, Indian Union Muslim League, Kerala Congress, Revolutionary Socialist Party, Forward Bloc and a variety of other smaller parties. The front follows the principle of Social democracy. It is a part of United Progressive Alliance at national level.
|Headquarters||Indira Bhavan, Vellayambalam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
18 / 20
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
3 / 9
|Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly|
41 / 140
The front was created by the Indian National Congress (then known as Congress-Indira) party leader K. Karunakaran in 1978, as a successor to the erstwhile United Front. In the last elections conducted to the state legislature in 2016, UDF managed to win 47 out of 140 seats to the assembly, and Ramesh Chennithala was elected as the leader of opposition. In 2019 Indian general election, UDF won 19 out of 20 seats in the state.
The coalition politics of Kerala began with second election held to the state legislative assembly in 1960. In 1970's, the major political parties in the state were unified under two major coalitions, one of them led by Indian National Congress, and the other by CPI(M). The front led by Indian National Congress was initially called United Front, which had ruled the state from 1970 to 1979. The United Democratic Front (UDF) was formed as successor to the United Front just before 1980 state election. UDF first came into power in Kerala in 1982 under K. Karunakaran. It led the Government of Kerala in 1982–87 (K. Karunakaran), 1991–96 (K. Karunakaran and A. K. Antony), 2001–06 (A. K. Antony and Oommen Chandy), and 2011–16 (Oommen Chandy). The alliance currently serves as the opposition in the Kerala Assembly.
The parties in the alliance and their representation in Kerala Legislative Assembly are currently as follows:
Out of the 20 Lok Sabha (House of the People) constituencies in Kerala, 19 were won by the United Democratic Front in 2019 Lok Sabha election. Later when the Kerala Congress (M) left UDF to join LDF in 2020, the number of seats of UDF fell into 18. The following is the list of United Democratic Front Parliament (Lok Sabha) members from the state of Kerala:
|No.||Parliamentary Constituency||Member (MP)||Party Affiliation|
|5||Kozhikode||M. K. Raghavan||INC|
|6||Malappuram||P. K. Kunhalikutty||IUML|
|7||Ponnani||E. T. Muhammed Basheer||IUML|
|8||Palakkad||V. K. Sreekandan||INC|
|10||Thrissur||T. N. Prathapan||INC|
|15||Pathanamthitta||Anto Antony Punnathaniyil||INC|
|16||Kollam||N. K. Premachandran||RSP|
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The BJP's primary rival, the centrist Indian National Congress (Congress), won only 52 seats.
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