Kovalam is a region in the city of Trivandrum, around 13 km southwest of the city center, whose beaches are a tourist destination.[1]

Kovalam beach, Trivandrum
Kovalam beach, Trivandrum
Kovalam is located in Kerala
Kovalam is located in India
Coordinates: 8°24′01″N 76°58′43″E / 8.4004°N 76.9787°E / 8.4004; 76.9787Coordinates: 8°24′01″N 76°58′43″E / 8.4004°N 76.9787°E / 8.4004; 76.9787
DistrictThiruvananthapuram district
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyCorporation of Trivandrum
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
View of Kovalum from Light House
Hawa Beach, Kovalam
Palm grove in Kovalam
Boat Houses of Kovalam


Kovalam means "coconut grove," after the coconut trees which are common there.


Kovalam first received attention when the Regent Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore constructed her beach resort, Halcyon Castle, here towards the end of the 1920s. Thereafter the place was brought to the public eye by her nephew the Maharaja of Travancore.[2] The European guests of the then Travancore kingdom discovered the potentiality of Kovalam beach as a tourist destination in the 1930s. In the early 1970s many hippies came on their way to Ceylon in the Hippie Trail, beginning the transformation of a casual fishing village of Kerala into a significant tourist destination.[3]



Kovalam has three beaches separated by rocky outcroppings in its 17 km coastline, the three together form the crescent of the Kovalam beach.[4]

  • Lighthouse Beach
The southernmost beach, the Lighthouse Beach, is the one most frequented by tourists. It got its name due to the old Vizhinjam Lighthouse located on top of the Kurumkal hillock, 35 metres high. The lighthouse is built using stones, is colored in red and white bands and stands at a height of 118 feet (36 m).[5] [6]
  • Hawah Beach
Eve’s Beach, more commonly known as Hawa Beach, ranks second, in the early day, is a beehive of activities with fishermen setting out for sea. It consists of a high rock promontory and a bay.
  • Samudra Beach
A large promontory separates this part from the southern side. The local fishermen ply their trade on this part.

Detour past Kovalam junction to land on Samudra Beach which is to the north of Ashoka Beach. One has the option to walk along the sea-wall too, where the sea can be sighted above the rocks.

Shallow waters stretching for hundreds of metres are ideal for swimming. The beaches have steep palm covered headlands and are lined with shops that offer a variety of goods and services.[7]

Evening time view of the beach

Places to visitEdit

  • Karamana River - Karamana River originates from the southern part of Sahyadri Range. The river predominantly flows through an outskirt region of Kovalam called Karmana, hence the nomenclature.
  • Vellayani Lake
  • Halcyon Castle
  • Kovalam Art Gallery
  • Valiyathura Pier
  • Neyyar Dam
  • Aruvikkara Dam
  • Thiruvallam Parasurama Temple
  • Vizhinjam Rock Cut Cave Temple
Kovalam lighthouse evening view

Tourist facilitiesEdit

There are a large number of beach resorts in and around Kovalam.[citation needed] The sea port of Vizhinjam is about 3 km away and famous for its special varieties of fish, old Hindu temples, churches and a mosque.[citation needed] The Proposed International Trans shipment Terminal at Vizhinjam is also close to Kovalam.[citation needed]

Kovalam was among the most prominent tourist spots in India during the hippy era.[citation needed] It still has a high status among tourists, who arrive mostly from Europe and Israel.[citation needed] Kovalam is finding a new significance in the light of several Ayurvedic salons, and recuperation and regeneration resorts which provide a wide variety of Ayurvedic treatments for tourists.[8]

Kovalam Beach Resort, by Charles Correa

One of the first hotels to open there was the Kovalam Beach Resort, which was designed by Charles Correa from 1969–74.[9][10]


The nearest train station is Thiruvananthapuram Central railway station, about 16 km (9.94 mi) away. The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport, about 10 km (6.21 mi) away.


Kovalam assembly constituency is part of Trivandrum (Lok Sabha constituency).[11] In 2016 Kerala Assembly elections, M Vincent of the Indian National Congress defeated incumbent Jameela Prakasham by over 2,500 votes.[12]


See alsoEdit

A few other beaches in Kerala


  1. ^ "Kovalam". KTDC. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Paradise of South India - Kovalam". kovalam.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
  3. ^ "Kovalam". kovalam.hotels.com. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
  4. ^ "Kovalam video". travel trends360.wordpress.com. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  5. ^ Kovalam Travel Guide Archived 2015-02-22 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "kovalam.org". kovalam.org. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
  7. ^ Ayub, Akber (ed), Kerala: Maps & More, 2006 edition 2007 reprint, p. 97, Stark World Publishing, Bangalore, ISBN 81-902505-2-3
  8. ^ Ayurveda Archived 15 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine Ayurveda in Kovalam
  9. ^ "Kovalam Beach Resort by Charles Correa: Open to sky space Approach". 16 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Kovalam Beach Resort". 13 March 2022.
  11. ^ Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies (PDF) (Report). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  12. ^ "Election trends". Retrieved 5 August 2016.

External linksEdit