Research I university

Research I university is a category that the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education uses to indicate universities in the United States that engage in the highest levels of research activity.

HistoryEdit

The 1994 edition of the Carnegie Classification defined Research I universities as those that:

  • Offer a full range of baccalaureate programs
  • Are committed to graduate education through the doctorate
  • Give high priority to research
  • Award 50 or more doctoral degrees each year
  • Receive annually $40 million or more in federal support[1]

The Carnegie Foundation reported that 59 institutions met these criteria in 1994.[2]

In their interim 2000 edition of the classification, the Carnegie Foundation renamed the category to Doctoral/research universities-extensive in order to avoid the inference that the categories signify quality differences."[3] The foundation replaced their single classification system with a multiple classification system in their 2005 comprehensive overhaul of the classification framework [3][4] so that the term "Research I university" was no longer valid, though many universities continued to use it.

In 2015, the Carnegie Classification System reinstated the "Research I university" designations along with "Research II" and "Research III." The current system, introduced in 2018, includes the following three categories for doctoral universities:[5]

  • R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity
  • R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity
  • D/PU: Doctoral/Professional Universities

In the 2018 classification, institutions were classified as either R1 or R2 if they "conferred at least 20 research/scholarship doctorates in 2016-17 and reported at least $5 million in total research expenditures."[5] A "research activity index" was then calculated that included the following measures:

  • Research & development (R&D) expenditures in science and engineering (S&E)
  • R&D expenditures in non-S&E fields
  • S&E research staff (postdoctoral appointees and other non-faculty research staff with doctorates)
  • Doctoral conferrals in humanities, social science, STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields, and in other fields (e.g., business, education, public policy, social work)

These four measures were combined using principal component analysis to create two indices of research activity, one representing an aggregate level of research activity and the other representing per-capita research activity. Institutions that were high on both indices were classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity."[5]

InstitutionsEdit

There are 131 institutions that are classified as "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity" in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.[6]

These universities have a very high level of both research activity and per capita in such research activity, using aggregate data to determine both measurements. These two classifications can be seen as the aggregate supply and aggregate demand of research, respectively.[7]

Doctoral Universities – Very High Research Activity
Institution Control City State
Arizona State University Public Tempe AZ
Auburn University Public Auburn AL
Binghamton University Public Vestal NY
Boston College Private (Non-profit) Chestnut Hill MA
Boston University Private (Non-profit) Boston MA
Brandeis University Private (Non-profit) Waltham MA
Brown University Private (Non-profit) Providence RI
California Institute of Technology Private (Non-profit) Pasadena CA
Carnegie Mellon University Private (Non-profit) Pittsburgh PA
Case Western Reserve University Private (Non-profit) Cleveland OH
Clemson University Public Clemson SC
Colorado State University Public Fort Collins CO
Columbia University Private (Non-profit) New York NY
Cornell University Private (Non-profit) Ithaca NY
Dartmouth College Private (Non-profit) Hanover NH
Drexel University Private (Non-profit) Philadelphia PA
Duke University Private (Non-profit) Durham NC
Emory University Private (Non-profit) Atlanta GA
Florida International University Public Miami FL
Florida State University Public Tallahassee FL
George Mason University Public Fairfax VA
George Washington University Private (Non-profit) Washington DC
Georgetown University Private (Non-profit) Washington DC
Georgia Institute of Technology Public Atlanta GA
Georgia State University Public Atlanta GA
Graduate Center, CUNY Public New York NY
Harvard University Private (Non-profit) Cambridge MA
Indiana University Bloomington Public Bloomington IN
Iowa State University Public Ames IA
Johns Hopkins University Private (Non-profit) Baltimore MD
Kansas State University Public Manhattan KS
Louisiana State University Public Baton Rouge LA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Private (Non-profit) Cambridge MA
Michigan State University Public East Lansing MI
Mississippi State University Public Mississippi State MS
Montana State University Public Bozeman MT
New Jersey Institute of Technology Public Newark NJ
New York University Private (Non-profit) New York NY
North Carolina State University Public Raleigh NC
Northeastern University Private (Non-profit) Boston MA
Northwestern University Private (Non-profit) Evanston IL
Ohio State University Public Columbus OH
Oklahoma State University–Stillwater Public Stillwater OK
Oregon State University Public Corvallis OR
Pennsylvania State University Public University Park PA
Princeton University Private (Non-profit) Princeton NJ
Purdue University Public West Lafayette IN
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Private (Non-profit) Troy NY
Rice University Private (Non-profit) Houston TX
Rutgers University–New Brunswick Public New Brunswick NJ
Stanford University Private (Non-profit) Stanford CA
Stony Brook University Public Stony Brook NY
Syracuse University Private (Non-profit) Syracuse NY
Temple University Public Philadelphia PA
Texas A&M University Public College Station TX
Texas Tech University Public Lubbock TX
Tufts University Private (Non-profit) Medford MA
Tulane University Private (Non-profit) New Orleans LA
University at Albany, SUNY Public Albany NY
University at Buffalo Public Buffalo NY
University of Alabama Public Tuscaloosa AL
University of Alabama at Birmingham Public Birmingham AL
University of Arizona Public Tucson AZ
University of Arkansas Public Fayetteville AR
University of California, Berkeley Public Berkeley CA
University of California, Davis Public Davis CA
University of California, Irvine Public Irvine CA
University of California, Los Angeles Public Los Angeles CA
University of California, Riverside Public Riverside CA
University of California, San Diego Public San Diego CA
University of California, Santa Barbara Public Santa Barbara CA
University of California, Santa Cruz Public Santa Cruz CA
University of Central Florida Public Orlando FL
University of Chicago Private (Non-profit) Chicago IL
University of Cincinnati Public Cincinnati OH
University of Colorado Boulder Public Boulder CO
University of Colorado Denver Public Denver CO
University of Connecticut Public Storrs CT
University of Delaware Public Newark DE
University of Florida Public Gainesville FL
University of Georgia Public Athens GA
University of Hawaii at Manoa Public Honolulu HI
University of Houston Public Houston TX
University of Illinois at Chicago Public Chicago IL
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Public Champaign IL
University of Iowa Public Iowa City IA
University of Kansas Public Lawrence KS
University of Kentucky Public Lexington KY
University of Louisville Public Louisville KY
University of Maryland, College Park Public College Park MD
University of Massachusetts Amherst Public Amherst MA
University of Miami Private (Non-profit) Coral Gables FL
University of Michigan Public Ann Arbor MI
University of Minnesota Public Minneapolis MN
University of Mississippi Public Oxford MS
University of Missouri Public Columbia MO
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Public Lincoln NE
University of Nevada, Las Vegas Public Las Vegas NV
University of Nevada, Reno Public Reno NV
University of New Hampshire Public Durham NH
University of New Mexico Public Albuquerque NM
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Public Chapel Hill NC
University of North Texas Public Denton TX
University of Notre Dame Private (Non-profit) Notre Dame IN
University of Oklahoma Public Norman OK
University of Oregon Public Eugene OR
University of Pennsylvania Private (Non-profit) Philadelphia PA
University of Pittsburgh Public Pittsburgh PA
University of Rochester Private (Non-profit) Rochester NY
University of South Carolina Public Columbia SC
University of South Florida Public Tampa FL
University of Southern California Private (Non-profit) Los Angeles CA
University of Southern Mississippi Public Hattiesburg MS
University of Tennessee Public Knoxville TN
University of Texas at Arlington Public Arlington TX
University of Texas at Austin Public Austin TX
University of Texas at Dallas Public Richardson TX
University of Texas at El Paso Public El Paso TX
University of Utah Public Salt Lake City UT
University of Virginia Public Charlottesville VA
University of Washington Public Seattle WA
University of Wisconsin–Madison Public Madison WI
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Public Milwaukee WI
Vanderbilt University Private (Non-profit) Nashville TN
Virginia Commonwealth University Public Richmond VA
Virginia Tech Public Blacksburg VA
Washington State University Public Pullman WA
Washington University in St. Louis Private (Non-profit) Saint Louis MO
Wayne State University Public Detroit MI
West Virginia University Public Morgantown WV
Yale University Private (Non-profit) New Haven CT

Map of institutionsEdit

 
 
UAB
 
AU
 
UA
 
ARK
 
ASU
 
ARIZ
 
UCD
 
CAL
 
STAN
 
UCSC
 
UCSB
 
UCLA
 
USC
 
UCI
 
CATEC
 
UCR
 
UCSD
 
Montana State
 
CSU
 
CU Boulder
 
CU Denver
 
CONN
 
YALE
 
GW
 
GTWN
 
UD
 
FIU
 
FSU
 
UF
 
UCF
 
USF
 
MIAMI
 
EMORY
 
UGA
 
GSU
 
GT
 
IOWA
 
ISU
 
NU
 
CHI
 
UIC
 
ILL
 
IND
 
PUR
 
ND
 
KU
 
KSU
 
UK
 
LOU
 
LSU
 
TULN
 
UMASS
 
BC
 
BRDIS/BU
 
 
 
NE/MIT
 
 
HARV/TUFTS
 
JHU
 
MD
 
WAYNE
 
MICH
 
MSU
 
MINN
 
MIZ
 
WUSTL
 
MISS
 
USM
 
MSU
 
UNC
 
NCSU
 
DUKE
 
NEB
 
UNR
 
UNLV
 
DART
 
UNH
 
RUTG
 
PRIN
 
NJIT
 
UNM
 
BUFF
 
BING
 
ALBY
 
STON
 
SYR
 
COR
 
UR
 
NYU
 
CLMB
 
GCUNY
 
OSU
 
CIN
 
CWRU
 
OU
 
OSU
 
ORE
 
ORST
 
PENN
 
CMU
 
PSU
 
PITT
 
TEM
 
BRWN
 
SCAR
 
CLEM
 
TENN
 
VAN
 
RICE
 
TEX
 
TA&M
 
UNT
 
TTU
 
HOU
 
UTA
 
UTD
 
UTEP
 
UTAH
 
UVA
 
VT
 
VCU
 
GMU
 
WASH
 
WSU
 
WIS
 
UWM
 
WVU
A map of all tier one research universities in the contiguous United States. The University of Hawaii at Manoa is the only R1 institution that is not pictured. Blue dots represent public institutions whereas red dots represent private institutions.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ University of Washington. "Carnegie Research I Universities". Retrieved 2009-03-18.
  2. ^ David Weerts, State Governments and Research Universities: A Framework for a Renewed Partnership. New York: Routledge, 2002, p. 26.
  3. ^ a b Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. "Carnegie Classifications FAQs". Archived from the original on 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
  4. ^ Educause. "Appendix E: Carnegie Classification (2000) Definitions" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-27. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
  5. ^ a b c "Basic Classification Description". Center for Postsecondary Research. 2019. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  6. ^ "Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity". Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Basic Classification Methodology". Carnegie Classifications. Retrieved 19 February 2018.

External linksEdit