Prairie View A&M University

Prairie View A&M University (PVAMU or PV) is a public historically black university (HBCU) in Prairie View, Texas. Founded in 1876, it is one of Texas's two land-grant universities and the second oldest public institution of higher learning in the state.[5] It offers baccalaureate degrees in 50 academic majors, 37 master's degrees and four doctoral degree programs through eight colleges and the School of Architecture. PVAMU is a member of the Texas A&M University System and Thurgood Marshall College Fund.

Prairie View A&M University
Prairie View A&M University seal.svg
Former names
Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Benefit of Colored Youth
Prairie View University
MottoPrairie View Produces Productive People.
TypePublic, HBCU
Land-grant
Established1876
Endowment$84 million [1]
PresidentRuth Simmons
Academic staff
486 Full-time and 80 Part-time[2]
Students8,940 (Fall 2019)[3]
Location, ,
United States
CampusRural, 1,440 acres (5.8 km2)
ColorsRoyal purple and gold[4]
   
AthleticsNCAA Division ISWAC
NicknameThe Hill, Panthers & Lady Panthers
AffiliationsTexas A&M University System
APLU
TMCF
Sports16 varsity sports teams
MascotPanther
Websitewww.pvamu.edu
Prairie View A&M University logo.svg

Prairie View A&M fields 16 intercollegiate sports team, commonly known by their "Prairie View A&M Panthers" nickname. Prairie View A&M competes in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I and the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC). Prairie View A&M is the only charter member remaining in the conference.

HistoryEdit

 
An early campus photo

The university was established by Article 7 of the Texas Constitution of 1876, created near the end of the Reconstruction Era after the American Civil War. In that year, State Senator Matthew Gaines and State Representative William H. Holland – both former slaves who became leading political figures – crafted legislation for the creation of a state-supported "Agricultural and Mechanical" college. In the article, the constitution stated that "Separate schools shall be provided for the white and colored children, and impartial provisions shall be made for both." The legislation made Prairie A&M the first state supported institution of higher learning for African Americans in Texas.[6]

In an effort to comply with these constitutional provisions, the Fifteenth Texas Legislature, consistent with terms of the federal Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act – which provided public lands for the establishment of colleges – authorized the "Alta Vista Agriculture and Mechanical College for the Benefit of Colored Youth" as part of the Agriculture and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University).[4]

In 1945, the name of the institution was changed from Prairie View Normal and Industrial College to Prairie View University, and the school was authorized to offer, "as need arises," all courses offered at the University of Texas. In 1947, the Texas Legislature changed the name to Prairie View A&M College of Texas and provided that "courses be offered in agriculture, the mechanics arts, engineering, and the natural sciences connected therewith, together with any other courses authorized at Prairie View at the time of passage of this act, all of which shall be equivalent to those offered at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas at Bryan." And finally in 1973, the legislature changed the name of the institution to Prairie View Agricultural & Mechanical University (Prairie View A&M University).[7]

 
Entrance of campus

In 1983, the Texas Legislature proposed a constitutional amendment to restructure the Permanent University Fund (PUF) to include Prairie View A&M University as a beneficiary of its proceeds. The 1983 amendment also dedicated the University to more enhancements as an "institution of the first class" under the governing board of the Texas A&M University System. The constitutional amendment was approved by the voters on November 6, 1984.[8]

In 2000, the Governor of Texas signed the Priority Plan, an agreement with the U.S. Department of Education Office of Civil Rights to establish Prairie View A&M University as an educational asset accessible by all Texans. The Priority Plan mandates creation of many new educational programs and facilities. It also requires removing language from the Institutional Mission Statement which might give the impression of excluding any Texan from attending Prairie View A&M University.[9]

AcademicsEdit

Prairie View A&M University offers academic programs through the following administrative units:

  • Nathelyne A. Kennedy College of Architecture
 
Don K. Clark building (left) and Agriculture & Business building (right)
  • College of Agriculture and Human Sciences
  • Marvin and June Brailsford College of Arts and Sciences
  • College of Business
  • Whitlow R. Green College of Education
  • Roy G. Perry College of Engineering
  • College of Juvenile Justice and Psychology
  • College of Nursing
  • Office of Graduate Studies

In 2004, Prairie View A&M established the Texas Undergraduate Medical Academy (UMA) which is a highly selective and rigorous pre-medical program designed to prepare and mentor academically talented undergraduate students for success in medical school.[10] UMA began as a result of a Texas legislative mandate in 2003 and is state funded with a mission to increase minority representation in the medical field and redress statewide physician and dentist shortages.[11]

Additionally, Prairie View A&M established a highly selective honors program for academically exceptional undergraduates who meet the specified criteria.[12]

Prairie View A&M is consistently recognized as one of the top institutions in the country for producing the highest number of African-American architects and engineers by Diverse Issues in Higher Education.[13][14]

Prairie View A&M annually awards the second most STEM degrees in the Texas A&M University System.[15]

Prairie View A&M academic programs are accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges and each college within the university holds additional accreditation or certifications.[16]

 
John B. Coleman Library

John B. Coleman LibraryEdit

The John B. Coleman Library is the main library on campus. It is a five-story, 150,000 square foot building completed in 1988. The library provides several services to assist students and is home to over 370,000 Volumes, including over 700 print periodicals, and close to 4,000 media materials. The library is also home to an art gallery and a vast collection of historic and special archives.[17][18]

CampusesEdit

The university has over 50 buildings on its 1,440-acre (5.8 km2) main campus in Prairie View, Texas which is 48.8 miles (78.5 km) northwest of Downtown Houston.[19] The campus is often referred to as "The Hill" because it rests on a hill in the region. The campus is also often described as one of the most beautiful in Texas.[20][21][22]

The university has two smaller branch campuses in Houston with the Northwest Houston Center and the College of Nursing in the Texas Medical Center. The branch campuses offer several degree programs.[23][24]

DemographicsEdit

As of fall 2014 the university enrolled 6,932 undergraduate students, 1,265 students in masters programs, and 146 in doctorate programs. 5,111 (61%) of the undergraduate students were female and 3,232 (39%) were male.[25] Also as of fall 2014, of the 8,343 students enrolled, 6,958 (83%) were African-American, non-Hispanic; 267 (3%) were white, non-Hispanic; 420 (5%) were Hispanic; 234 (3%) were Asian; 33 were Native American or Alaska natives; 6 were Hawaiian; 144 (2%) were multiracial; 237 (3%) were "international;" and the ethnicity of 44 (1%) was unknown or unreported. The percentage of African-Americans slightly dropped from 86% in fall 2010 and the percentage of Hispanic and international students had slightly increased.[5] 7,682 (92%) of the students were from Texas, 456 (5%) were from other states, and 205 (2%) were from other countries.[26]

Student lifeEdit

HousingEdit

In 1998 ACC was awarded the contract to develop, build, and manage a student housing property at PVAMU.[27] Both student residence housing properties at PVAMU are owned and operated by American Campus Communities.[28][29] Freshmen students on campus may reside in the University College community. Upperclassmen may live in apartment style living in University Village[30] (phases I, II, III, VI, and VII). The first of these apartment buildings was built in 1995. The University Square, completed in October 2017, is the newest student housing facility on campus with 466 beds available for juniors, seniors, and graduate students.[31]

More than 50% of PVAMU undergraduate students live on campus.[32]

Previous buildings that formerly housed students include Alexander Hall, Banks Hall, Buchanan Hall, Collins Hall, Drew Hall, L. O. Evans Hall, Fuller Hall, Holley Hall, and Suarez Hall. Suarez Hall was already closed in 1996. In 1997 Alexander Hall, Buchanan Hall, and Collins Hall had closed. In 1998 Holley Hall had closed. In 2000 Drew Hall, Evans Hall, and Fuller Hall had closed. During the same year, Alexander, Buchanan, and Holley had been demolished. In 2001 Banks Hall had closed.[33]

Student organizationsEdit

PVAMU is home to over 150 honorary, professional, special interest, and Greek organizations established on campus. Since 1982, the Student Government Association (SGA) has been the highest ranking student organization on campus and official voice of the student body to the University Administration, as well as all internal and external organizations.[34][35]

Student activitiesEdit

AthleticsEdit

Prairie View A&M University offers a wide variety of varsity and intramural sports programs.

Men's and women's athletic teams are nicknamed the Panthers and the team colors are purple and gold. Prairie View A&M is a charter member of the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC), and is a member of the West Division. Prairie View competes in NCAA Division I in all varsity sports; in football, the Panthers play in the Division I FCS.

Prairie View's most notable rivals are Texas Southern University and Grambling State University.

FootballEdit

In summer 2016, Prairie View A&M completed the first phase of construction on its $60 million football stadium and athletic field house. The state-of-the-art facility is 55,000 square feet and holds up to 15,000 people. The final phase of construction will increase capacity to 30,000 people.[36]

Men's basketballEdit

All home basketball games are held in the William Nicks Building which was built in the early 1960s. The building has gone through several renovations since its inception and holds approximately 6,500 people.[37]

BaseballEdit

Prior to a double header against the Texas Southern Tigers, a ribbon cutting ceremony was held for the renovated baseball stadium on April 26, 2014. Along with the opening, the stadium was formally dedicated to former Panthers baseball coach, John W. Tankersley. The renovated stadium features seating for 512 including 192 chair backed seats, new concession stand, new restrooms, press box, and bricked dugouts. The stadium is also Wi-Fi enabled.[38] The Panthers dedicated the stadium sweeping the double header winning 9-0 and 7-4.[39]

Marching StormEdit

 
The Marching Storm performing during halftime of the 2019 State Fair Classic

Prairie View A&M's marching band is officially known as the Marching Storm and has close to 300 active members. Some of the band accomplishments include performing at the Super Bowl, the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, a U.S. presidential inauguration, the Tournament of Roses Parade, the Honda Battle of the Bands, the Houston Rodeo, the grand opening of the NRG Stadium, and at a 2004 Dallas Cowboys game with Destiny's Child. Also the band made an appearance on MTV in 2011.[40][41][42] From 1984 to 2009 the marching band was directed by George Edwards.[43] The band is currently under the direction of Dr. Tim Zachary.[44][45]

Black FoxesEdit

The Black Foxes is the 15–20 sized danceline that accompanies the band.[46]

Twirling ThunderEdit

The Twirling Thunder is the 20-25 sized color guard that performs with the band.[47]

Notable alumniEdit

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
Hise Austin 1973 Former NFL defensive back
Sandra Bland 2009 Activist
Sebastian Barrie 1992 Former NFL defensive tackle [48]
Clora Bryant Jazz trumpeter [49]
Zelmo Beaty 1962 Professional and College Basketball Hall of Fame legend who played in the NBA and ABA from 1962 to 1975
Julius W. Becton, Jr. 1960 Lieutenant General US Army, Federal Emergency Management Agency Director, educator, and past president of PVAMU
Dr. J. Don Boney 1948 First president of the University of Houston–Downtown [50]
Charlie Brackins 1955 One of the first African-American NFL quarterbacks [51]
Kirko Bangz (real name Kirk Randle) Attended Hip-Hop artist [52]
David L. Brewer III 1970 Retired vice admiral of the United States Navy and superintendent of the Los Angeles Unified School District (2006–2008) [53]
Charles Brown 1942 Legendary blues recording artist and member of Rock & Roll Hall of Fame [54]
Emanuel Cleaver 1972 Member of the U.S. House of Representatives for the 5th district of Missouri since 2005 [55]
Cecil Cooper Attended 5-time MLB All-Star who played first baseman from 1971 to 1987, Houston Astros manager from 2007 to 2009 [56]
Cynthia Cooper-Dyke 2005 Former WNBA player, Women's Basketball Hall of Fame inductee, published author, and Head Coach of the USC women's basketball team
Clem Daniels 1959 Former NFL running back [57]
Bertha Des Verney Musician and educator in Harlem [58]
Dorrough (real name Dorwin Demarcus Dorrough) Attended Rapper [59]
Terry Ellis 1990 Vocalist and member of female R&B group En Vogue [60]
Adrian Hamilton 2012 Linebacker for the Baltimore Ravens of the NFL since 2012
Ken Houston 1966 Member Pro Football Hall of Fame, 13-year career as strong safety with Houston Oilers and Washington Redskins
Louise Daniel Hutchinson Historian [61]
Lenwood Johnson Activist for the Fourth Ward, Houston and Allen Parkway Village [62]
Jim Kearney 1964 Defensive back in the NFL and AFL from 1965 to 1976
Kase Lawal 1978 Chairman & CEO of Erin Energy Corporation
Loni Love 1991 Comedienne, actress, and co-host and producer of The Real
Jermaine McGhee 2007 Former NFL defensive end
Sidney A. McPhee 1976 President of Middle Tennessee State University
Jim Mitchell 1968 Former NFL tight end [63]
Thomas Monroe 1990 AFL Ironman of the Year
Frederick D. Patterson Founder of United Negro College Fund
DJ Premier (real name Christopher Edward Martin) Attended Member of Gang Starr [64]
Inez Beverly Prosser 1913 First African-American woman to receive a doctoral degree in psychology [65]
Dewey Redman Jazz saxophonist
Alvin Reed 1966 Former NFL tight end [66]
Clay Smothers Member of the Texas House of Representatives from Dallas County from 1977 to 1981; operator of St. Paul Industrial Training School in Malakoff, Texas [67]
Quinton Spears 2011 Current NFL linebacker
James H. Stewart Member of the Texas House of Representatives from Robertson County from 1885 to 1887 [68]
Mr. T (real name Laurence Tureaud) Attended Actor who played B. A. Baracus in The A-Team [69]
Otis Taylor Former NFL wide receiver and member of 1969 World Champion Kansas City Chiefs Hall of Fame
Bonita H. Valien Sociologist at Fisk University, author of books about school desegregation [70]
Preston Valien Sociologist at Fisk University and Brooklyn College; cultural attache in Nigeria [71]
Calvin Waller 1959 U.S. Army General and Deputy Commander-in-Chief in the Persian Gulf War [72]
Craig Washington 1966 Member of the U.S. House of Representatives for the 18th district of Texas from 1989 to 1994 [73]
Craig Watkins 1990 District attorney of Dallas County, Texas since 2007 [74]
Mark Hanna Watkins 1926 Linguist and anthropologist; first African-American to be awarded a Ph.D. in anthropology; first American to write a grammar of an African language [75]
Dave Webster 1959 Former American Football League All-Pro football player for the Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs, Prairie View A&M University Hall of Fame inductee and one of the first blacks to play professional football in the American Football League.
James E. White 1986 Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from Tyler County [76]
Clarence Williams 1968 Former NFL defensive end [77]
Donnie Williams American football player
Megan Thee Stallion Attended Rapper

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

Coordinates: 30°05′31″N 95°59′22″W / 30.09194°N 95.98944°W / 30.09194; -95.98944